"A global strategy to optimize the use of Africa's resources for the benefit of all Africans"

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1 "A global strategy to optimize the use of Africa's resources for the benefit of all Africans"

2 AGENDA 2063 NEWSLETTER ISSUE No 1: MAY 2013 TO JAN 2014 OUTLINE A WORD FROM THE AUC CHAIRPERSON: AFRICA IN 2063, AN FROM THE FUTURE PAGE 2 EDITORIAL BY MANDLA MADONSELA PAGE 8 SUMMARY OF THE 50TH OAU/AU ANNIVERSARY SOLEMN DECLARATION PAGE 9 AGENDA 2063: KEY FEATURES, RATIONALE AND VALUE ADDED PAGE 10 MEMBER STATES INITIATIVES : Example of Namibia PAGE 16 INTERVIEW WITH MARIA EUGÉNIA NETO, WIDOW OF DR. ANTÓNIO AGOSTINHO NETO, FOUNDER OF THE POPULAR REPUBLIC OF ANGOLA PAGE 17 PHOTO ALBUM PAGE 22 UPCOMING EVENTS PAGE 25 ARTICLES PAGE 34 THE 50TH OAU/AU ANNIVERSARY SOLEMN DECLARATION DECLARATION DU CINQUANTENAIRE DE L OUA/UA PAGE 40 1

3 A WORD FROM THE AU CHAIRPERSON from the Future, By Nkosazana Clarisse Dlamini Zuma During the Ministerial retreat of the Executive Council of the African Union held in Bahir Dar, Ethiopia, from 24th to 26th January 2014, the Chairperson of the AU Commission, Dr Nkosazana Dlamini Zuma outlined her vision for Africa in 50 years time, through an from the future. Written to a hypothetical Kwame in the year 2063: Au cours de la Retraite ministérielle du Conseil exécutif de l Union africaine qui s est déroulée à Bahir Dar, Éthiopie, du 24 au 26 janvier 2014, la Président de la Commission de l UA, Dr Nkosazana Dlamini Zuma a exposé sa vision pour l Afrique dans 50 ans, à travers L du Futur. Adressé en l an 2063, à un ami fictif nommé Kwamé. Date: 24 January 2063 To: From: Subject: African Unity My dear friend Kwame, Greetings to the family and friends, and good health and best wishes for I write to you from the beautiful Ethiopian city of Bahir Dar, located on Lake Tana, as we finalize preparations for the Centenary celebrations of the Organisation of African Unity, which became the African Union in 2002 and laid the foundation for what is now our Confederation of African States (CAS). Yes, who would have thought that the dream of Kwame Nkrumah and his generations, when they called in 1963 on Africans to unite or perish, would one day become a reality. And what a grand reality. At the beginning of the twenty first century, we used to get irritated with foreigners when they treated Africa as one country: as if we were not a continent of over a billion people and 55 sovereign states! But, the advancing global trend towards regional blocks, reminded us that integration and unity was the only way for Africa to leverage its competitive advantage. Date : Le 24 janvier 2063 À : De : Objet : Unité africaine Mon cher ami Kwame, Mes salutations aux parents et amis, et mes meilleurs voeux de bonne santé pour Je vous écris de la belle ville éthiopienne de Bahir Dar, aux environs du lac Tana, alors que nous finalisons les préparatifs des célébrations du Centenaire de l Organisation de l unité africaine devenue l Union africaine en 2002, qui a jeté les bases de ce qui est maintenant notre Confédération des États de l Afrique (CAS). Oui, qui aurait pensé que le rêve de Kwame Nkrumah et de sa génération, lorsqu en 1963 ils ont appelé les Africains à s unir ou périr, deviendrait un jour une réalité? Et quelle réalité grandiose! Au début du XXIe siècle, nous nous irritions de ce que les étrangers considéraient l Afrique comme un pays : comme si nous n étions pas un continent de plus d un milliard d habitants et constitué de 55 États souverains! Mais, l évolution de la tendance mondiale en faveur des blocs régionaux nous a rappelé que l intégration et l unité sont le seul moyen pour l Afrique de tirer parti de son avantage concurrentiel. 2

4 In fact, if Africa was one country in 2006, we would have been the 10th largest economy in the world! However, instead of acting as one, with virtually every resource in the world (land, oceans, minerals, energy) and over a billion people, we acted as fifty-five small and fragmented individual countries. The bigger countries that should have been the locomotives of African integration, failed to play their role at that time, and that is part of the reasons it took us so long. We did not realize our power, but instead relied on donors, that we euphemistically called partners. That was the case in 2013, but reality finally dawned and we had long debates about the form that our unity should take: confederation, a united states, a federation or a union. As you can see, my friend, those debates are over and the Confederation of African States is now twelve years old, launched in What was interesting was the role played by successive generations of African youth. Already in 2013 during the Golden Jubilee celebrations, it was the youth that loudly questioned the slow progress towards integration. They formed African Union Clubs in schools and universities across the continent, and linked with each other on social media. We thus saw the grand push for integration, for the free movement of people, for harmonization of education and professional qualifications, with the Pan African University and indeed the university sector and intelligentsia playing an instrumental role. We were a youthful continent at the start of the 21st century, but as our youth bulge grew, young men and women became even more active, creative, impatient and assertive, often telling us oldies that they are the future, and that they (together with women) form the largest part of the electorates in all our countries! Of course this was but one of the drivers towards unity. The accelerated implementation of the Abuja Treaty and the creation of the African Economic Community by 2034 saw economic integration moved to unexpected levels. Economic integration, coupled with infrastructure development, saw intra-africa trade mushrooming, from less than 12% in 2013 to almost 50% by This integration was further consolidated with the growth of commodity exchanges and continental commercial giants. Starting with the African pharmaceutical company, Pan African companies now not only dominate our domestic market of over two billion people, but they have overtaken multi-nationals from the rest of the world in their own markets. Even more significant than this, was the growth of regional manufacturing hubs, around the beneficiation of our minerals and natural resources, such as in the Eastern Congo, North-Eastern Angola and Zambia s copper belt and at major Silicon valleys in Kigali, Alexandria, Brazzaville, Maseru, Lagos and Mombasa, to En fait, si l Afrique était un pays en 2006, nous aurions été la 10e puissance économique du monde! Cependant, au lieu de nous unir dans l action, alors que nous possédions pratiquement toutes les ressources du monde (les terres, les océans, les minéraux, l énergie) et avions une population de plus d un milliard d habitants, nous avons agi comme cinquante-cinq petits pays individuels fragmentés. Les plus grands pays qui auraient dû être les locomotives de l intégration africaine n ont pas joué leur rôle à ce moment-là, et c est une des raisons qui explique tout le temps pris pour arriver où nous sommes aujourd hui. Nous n avons pas usé de notre puissance, mais nous nous sommes plutôt appuyés sur les bailleurs de fonds qui nous appellent par euphémisme partenaires. C était le cas en Maintenant, nous avons enfin pris conscience de la réalité et avons eu de longs débats sur la forme que nous voulions donner à notre unité : une Confédération, des États unis, une fédération ou un syndicat. Comme vous pouvez le voir, mon ami, ces débats ont pris fin et la Confédération des États d Afrique a été lancée en 2051, il y a douze ans. Le plus intéressant était le rôle joué par des générations successives de jeunes africains. Déjà en 2013, lors des célébrations du Jubilé d or, ce sont les jeunes qui ont exprimé leur impatience face à la lenteur des progrès sur la voie de l intégration. Ils ont formé des Clubs de l union africaine dans les écoles et les universités à travers le continent et ont créé des liens les uns avec les autres par le biais des médias sociaux. Nous avons donc assisté à un important mouvement en faveur de l intégration, de la libre circulation des personnes, de l harmonisation de l éducation et des qualifications professionnelles. L Université panafricaine et le secteur universitaire et l intelligentsia jouent un rôle déterminant dans ce processus. Nous étions un continent jeune au début du 21e siècle, mais avec l explosion démographique de jeunes, les jeunes hommes et les jeunes femmes sont devenus encore plus actifs, créatifs, impatients et sûrs d eux-mêmes, nous disant souvent à nous, plus âgés, qu ils représentent l avenir, et qu ils (conjointement avec les femmes) forment la plus grande partie de l électorat de tous nos pays! Bien sûr, ce n était là qu un des moteurs de l unité. La mise en oeuvre accélérée du Traité d Abuja et la création de la Communauté économique africaine en 2034 ont entrainé une progression spectaculaire de l intégration économique. L intégration économique, associée au développement des infrastructures, a vu la multiplication des échanges intra-africains qui sont passés de moins de 12 % en 2013 à près de 50 % en Cette intégration a été davantage renforcée par la croissance des échanges de produits de base et la présence de géants commerciaux africains. Commençant par l entreprise pharmaceutique africaine, les entreprises panafricaines dominent non seulement notre marché intérieur de plus de deux milliards de personnes à présent, mais elles ont dépassé les multinationales du reste du monde sur leurs propres marchés. 3

5 mention but a few such hubs. My friend, Africa has indeed transformed herself from an exporter of raw materials with a declining manufacturing sector in 2013, to become a major food exporter, a global manufacturing hub, a knowledge centre, beneficiating our natural resources and agricultural products as drivers to industrialization. Pan African companies, from mining to finance, food and beverages, hospitality and tourism, pharmaceuticals, fashion, fisheries and ICT are driving integration, and are amongst the global leaders in their sectors. We are now the third largest economy in the world. As the Foreign Minister s retreat in Bahir Dar in January 2014 emphasised, we did this by finding the balance between market forces and strong and accountable developmental states and Regional Economic Communities (RECS) to drive infrastructure, the provision of social services, industrialization and economic integration. Let me recall what our mutual friend recently wrote: The (African) agrarian revolution had small beginnings. Successful business persons (and local governments) with roots in the rural areas started massive irrigation schemes to harness the waters of the continent s huge river systems. The pan-african river projects - on the Congo, the Nile, Niger, Gambia, Zambezi, Kunene, Limpopo and many others financed by Public Private Partnerships (PPPs) that involved African and BRIC investors, as well as the African Diaspora, released the continent s untapped agricultural potential. By the intelligent application of centuries-old indigenous knowledge, acquired and conserved by African women who have tended crops in all seasons, within the first few years bumper harvests were being reported. Agronomists consulted women about the qualities of various grains which ones survived low rainfalls and which thrived in wet weather; what pests threatened crops and how could they be combated without undermining delicate ecological systems. The social impact of the agrarian revolution was perhaps the most enduring change it brought about. The status of women, the tillers of the soil by tradition, rose exponentially. The girl child, condemned to a future in the kitchen or the fields in our not too distant past, now has an equal chance of acquiring a modern education (and owning a farm or an agribusiness). African mothers today have access to tractors and irrigation systems that can be easily assembled. The producers cooperatives, (agribusinesses) and marketing boards these women established help move their produce and became the giant food companies we see today. We refused to bear the brunt of climate change and aggressively moved to promote the Green economy and to claim the Blue Le plus important de tous ces progrès, c est la croissance des centres de fabrication régionaux pour la valorisation de nos ressources minérales et naturelles, comme dans l est du Congo, au nord-est de l Angola et dans la ceinture de cuivre de Zambie et les grandes vallées de silicium de Kigali, d Alexandrie, de Brazzaville, de Maseru, de Lagos et de Mombasa, pour n en citer que quelques-uns. Mon ami, l Afrique s est en effet transformée, passant d un exportateur de matières premières avec un secteur manufacturier en déclin en 2013, à un exportateur de produits alimentaires, une plateforme mondiale de production industrielle, un centre de connaissances, en valorisant nos ressources naturelles et nos produits agricoles comme moteurs de l industrialisation. Les Entreprises panafricaines, allant de l extraction, des finances, des produits alimentaires et des boissons, de l hôtellerie et du tourisme, des produits pharmaceutiques, de la mode, de la pêche et des TIC, stimulent l intégration et font partie des leaders mondiaux dans leurs secteurs. Nous sommes à présent la troisième puissance économique mondiale. Comme le soulignait la retraite des ministres des Affaires étrangères à Bahir Dar en janvier 2014, nous y sommes parvenus en trouvant l équilibre entre les forces du marché, des États développementistes forts et responsables et des CER, pour donner une impulsion aux infrastructures, à la prestation de services sociaux, à l industrialisation et à l intégration économique. Permettez-moi de rappeler ce que notre ami commun a récemment écrit : «la révolution agraire (africaine) a eu des débuts modestes. Des entrepreneurs connaissant la réussite (et les gouvernements locaux) ayant des racines dans les zones rurales ont lancé de vastes programmes d irrigation afin d exploiter les eaux des vastes systèmes hydrographiques du continent. Les projets panafricains de bassins fluviaux - sur le Congo, le Nil, le Niger, la Gambie, le Zambèze, le Kunene, le Limpopo et bien d autres - financés par les PPP avec la participation de l Afrique et des investisseurs BRIC, ainsi que de la diaspora africaine, ont libéré le potentiel agricole inexploité du continent. Grâce à l application intelligente des connaissances indigènes séculaires acquises et conservées par les femmes africaines qui se sont, de tout temps, occupées des cultures, des récoltes exceptionnelles ont été signalées dès les premières années. Les agronomes ont consulté les femmes sur la qualité des différentes graines celles qui ont survécu aux faibles chutes de pluie et celles qui ont bien poussé par temps pluvieux ; les types de maladies qui ravagent les cultures et comment les combattre sans nuire à l équilibre des systèmes écologiques. L impact social de la révolution agraire a sans doute été le changement le plus durable qu elle a suscité. Le statut des femmes, des travailleurs de la terre par tradition s est amélioré de façon exponentielle. La fillette condamnée à passer sa vie dans la cuisine ou dans les champs dans un passé pas trop lointain, a maintenant, comme le garçon, la possibilité d acquérir une éducation moderne (et de posséder une ferme ou une entreprise agroalimentaire). Aujourd hui, les mères africaines ont accès aux tracteurs et aux systèmes d irrigation pouvant être facilement assemblés. 4

6 economy as ours. We lit up Africa, the formerly dark continent, using hydro, solar, wind, geo-thermal energy, in addition to fossil fuels. And, whilst I m on the Blue economy, the decision to form Africawide shipping companies, and encourage mining houses to ship their goods in vessels flying under African flags, meant a major growth spurt. Of course the decision taken in Dakar to form an African Naval Command to provide for the collective security of our long coastlines, certainly also helped. Let me quote from our mutual friend again: Africa s river system, lakes and coast lines abound with tons of fish. With funding from the different states and the Diaspora, young entrepreneurs discovered that the mouths of virtually all the rivers along the east coast are rich in a species of eel considered a delicacy across the continent and the world. Clever marketing also created a growing market for Nile perch, a species whose uncontrolled proliferation had at one time threatened the survival of others in Lake Victoria and the Nile. Today Namibia and Angola exploit the Benguela current, teaming with marine life, through the joint ventures funded by sovereign funds and the African Development Bank. On the east coast, former island states of Seychelles, Comoros, Madagascar and Mauritius are leading lights of the Blue economy and their universities and research institutes attract marine scientists and students from all over the world. Dear friend, you reminded me in your last how some magazine once called us The hopeless continent, citing conflicts, hunger and malnutrition, disease and poverty as if it was a permanent African condition. Few believed that our pledge in the 50th Anniversary Declaration to silence the guns by 2020 was possible. Because of our firsthand experience of the devastation of conflicts, we tackled the root causes, including diversity, inclusion and the management of our resources. If I have to single out one issue that made peace happen, it was our commitment to invest in our people, especially the empowerment of young people and women. By 2013 we said Africa needed a skills revolution and that we must change our education systems to produce young people that are innovative and entrepreneurial and with strong Pan African values. From early childhood education, to primary, secondary, technical, vocational and higher education we experienced a true renaissance, through the investments we made, as governments and the private sector in education and in technology, science, research and innovation. Coupled with our concerted campaigns to eradicate the major Les coopératives de producteurs (agro-industries) et les offices de commercialisation créés par ces femmes ont permis d accroitre leur production et sont devenus les géants alimentaires que nous voyons aujourd hui. Nous avons refusé de faire les frais des changements climatiques et avons activement fait la promotion de l économie verte, faisant de l économie bleue notre cheval de bataille. Nous avons éclairé l Afrique, continent autrefois sombre, au moyen de l énergie hydraulique, solaire, éolienne, géothermique, en plus des combustibles fossiles. Parlant de l économie bleue, la décision de former des compagnies maritimes à l échelle continentale et d encourager les sociétés minières à expédier leurs marchandises par des navires battant pavillon africain signifiait une importante poussée de croissance. Bien sûr, la décision prise à Dakar de créer un Commandement des forces navales africaines afin d assurer la sécurité collective de nos longues côtes y a certainement également contribué. Permettez-moi une fois de plus de citer notre ami commun : «Le système des bassins fluviaux africain, les lacs et les côtes abondent de poissons. Grâce au financement des différents États et de la diaspora, les jeunes entrepreneurs ont découvert que les embouchures de pratiquement toutes les rivières de la côte Est sont riches en espèces d anguilles considérées comme une délicatesse à travers le continent et dans le monde. Un marketing adroit a également créé un marché en croissance pour la perche du Nil, une espèce dont la prolifération incontrôlée eu, à un moment, menacé la survie d autres espèces dans le lac Victoria et dans le Nil. La Namibie et l Angola exploitent aujourd hui le courant de Benguela regorgeant d espèces marines, à travers des projets communs financés par des fonds souverains et la Banque africaine de développement». Sur la côte Est, les anciens États insulaires des Seychelles, des Comores, de Madagascar et de Maurice sont chefs de file en matière d économie bleue et leurs universités et instituts de recherche attirent les spécialistes des sciences de la mer et les étudiants du monde entier. Cher ami, vous m avez rappelé dans votre dernier qu un magazine nous a une fois appelé «Le continent sans espoir», citant les conflits, la faim et la malnutrition, la maladie et la pauvreté comme si c était un état permanent de l Afrique. Peu de personnes croyaient en notre engagement pris dans la Déclaration du cinquantième anniversaire de faire taire les armes en En raison de notre expérience directe de la dévastation résultant des conflits, nous nous sommes attaqués aux causes profondes, notamment la diversité, l inclusion et la gestion de nos ressources. Si je ne devais relever qu une seule question qui a fait de la paix une réalité, ce serait notre engagement à investir dans nos peuples, en particulier l autonomisation des jeunes et des femmes. Nous avons dit en 2013 que l Afrique avait besoin d une révolution en matière de compétences et que nous devions changer nos systèmes éducatifs pour former des jeunes qui ont le sens de l innovation et l entreprise et possèdent de fortes valeurs panafricaines. De l éducation de la petite enfance, à l enseignement secondaire, technique, professionnel et supérieur - nous avons connu une véritable renaissance, 5

7 diseases, to provide access to health services, good nutrition, energy and shelter, our people indeed became and are our most important resource. Can you believe it my friend, even the dreaded malaria is a thing of the past. Of course this shift could not happen without Africa taking charge of its transformation, including the financing of our development. As one esteemed Foreign minister said in 2014: Africa is rich, but Africans are poor. With concerted political determination and solidarity, and sometimes one step back and two steps forward, we made financing our development and taking charge of our resources a priority, starting with financing the African Union, our democratic elections and our peacekeeping missions. The Golden Jubilee celebrations were the start of a major paradigm shift, about taking charge of our narrative. Agenda 2063, its implementation and the milestones it set, was part of what brought about this shift. We developed Agenda 2063 to galvanize and unite in action all Africans and the Diaspora around the common vision of a peaceful, integrated and prosperous Africa. As an overarching framework, Agenda 2063 provided internal coherence to our various sectoral frameworks and plans adopted under the OAU and AU. It linked and coordinated our many national and regional frameworks into a common continental transformation drive. Planning fifty years ahead, allowed us to dream, think creatively, and sometimes crazy as one of the Ministers who hosted the 2014 Ministerial retreat said, to see us leapfrog beyond the immediate challenges. Anchored in Pan Africanism and the African renaissance, Agenda 2063 promoted the values of solidarity, self-belief, non-sexism, self-reliance and celebration of our diversity. As our societies developed, as our working and middle classes grew, as women took their rightful place in our societies, our recreational, heritage and leisure industries grew: arts and culture, literature, media, languages, music and film. WEB du Bois grand project of Encyclopedia Africana finally saw the light and Kinshasha is now the fashion capital of the world. From the onset, the Diaspora in the traditions of Pan Africanism, played its part, through investments, returning to the continent with their skills and contributing not only to their place of origin, but where the opportunities and needs were found. Let me conclude this , with some family news. The twins, after completing their space studies at Bahir Dar University, decided to take the month before they start work at the African Space Agency to travel the continent. My old friend, in our days, grâce aux investissements que nous avons faits, en tant que gouvernements et secteur privé, dans l éducation et dans la technologie, la science, la recherche et l innovation. Associés à nos campagnes concertées pour éradiquer les principales maladies, fournir un accès aux services de santé, à une bonne alimentation, à l énergie et au logement, nos peuples sont en effet devenus et restent notre ressource la plus importante. Pouvez-vous le croire mon ami, même le paludisme redoutable est de l histoire ancienne. Bien sûr, ce changement ne pouvait se faire sans l appropriation par l Afrique de sa transformation, notamment le financement de son développement. Comme l ont déclaré les ministres des Affaires étrangères en 2014 : l Afrique est riche, mais les Africains sont pauvres. Avec une détermination politique et une solidarité communes, et faisant parfois un pas en arrière et deux pas en avant, nous avons fait du financement de notre développement et de l appropriation de nos ressources une priorité, en commençant par le financement de l Union africaine, de nos élections démocratiques et de nos missions de maintien de la paix. Les festivités du Jubilé ont marqué le début d un changement radical de paradigme concernant l appropriation de notre histoire. L Agenda 2063, sa mise en oeuvre et les étapes qu il a fixées ont permis ce changement. L Agenda 2063 a pour objectif de mobiliser et d unir tous les Africains et la diaspora dans l action autour de la vision commune d une Afrique pacifique, intégrée et prospère. Comme cadre global, l Agenda 2063 a permis la cohésion interne de nos différents cadres et plans adoptés sous l égide de l OUA et de l UA. Il a relié et coordonné nos nombreux cadres nationaux et régionaux dans une dynamique de transformation continentale commune. La planification à l horizon des 50 ans nous a permis de rêver, de penser de façon créative, et de devenir parfois fous comme l a déclaré l un des ministres qui a accueilli la retraite ministérielle 2014, en nous voyant franchir les obstacles immédiats. Ancré dans le panafricanisme et la Renaissance africaine, l Agenda 2063 a promu les valeurs de solidarité, de confiance en soi, de non-sexisme, d autonomie et de célébration de notre diversité. Au fur et à mesure que nos sociétés se développaient, que nos classes ouvrières et moyennes augmentaient, que les femmes prenaient leur place dans nos sociétés, notre héritage et nos industries de loisirs ont augmenté, de même que nos arts et notre culture, notre littérature, nos médias, nos langues, notre musique et notre cinéma. Le grand projet d Encyclopédia Africana de WEB du Bois devint enfin réalité et Kinshasa est aujourd hui la capitale mondiale de la mode. D entrée de jeu, la diaspora, dans les traditions du panafricanisme, a joué son rôle grâce aux investissements, en revenant sur le continent, dotée de ses compétences et apportant sa contribution non seulement au lieu d origine, mais là où il y avait des besoins et des opportunités. Permettez-moi de conclure cet , avec quelques nouvelles de la famille. Les jumeaux, après avoir achevé leurs études spatiales à 6

8 trying to do that in one month would have been impossible! But, the African Express Rail now connects all the capitals of our former states, and indeed they will be able to crisscross and see the beauty, culture and diversity of this cradle of humankind. The marvel of the African Express Rail is that it is not only a high speed-train, with adjacent highways, but also contains pipelines for gas, oil and water, as well as ICT broadband cables: African ownership, integrated planning and execution at its best! The continental rail and road network that now crisscross Africa, along with our vibrant airlines, our spectacular landscapes and seductive sunsets, the cultural vibes of our cities, make tourism one of our largest economic sectors. Our eldest daughter, the linguist, still lectures in KiSwahili in Cabo Verde, at the headquarters of the Pan African Virtual University. KiSwahili is now a major African working language, and a global language taught at most faculties across the world. Our grand children still find it very funny how we used to struggle at AU meetings with English, French and Portuguese interpretations, how we used to fight the English version not in line with the French or Arabic. Now we have a lingua franca, and multi-lingualism is the order of the day. Remember how we used to complain about our voice not being heard in trade negotiations and the Security Council, how disorganized, sometimes divided and nationalistic we used to be in those forums, how we used to be summoned by various countries to their capitals to discuss their policies on Africa? How things have changed. The Confederation last year celebrated twenty years since we took our seat as a permanent member of the UN Security Council, and we are a major force for global stability, peace, human rights, progress, tolerance and justice. My dear friend, I hope to see you next month in Haiti, for the second round of unity talks between the Confederation of African States and the Caribbean states. This is a logical step, since Pan Africanism had its roots amongst those early generations, as a movement of Africans from the mother continent and the Diaspora for liberation, self-determination and our common progress. I end this , and look forward to seeing you in February. I will bring along some of the chocolates from Accra that you so love, which our children can now afford. Till we meet again, Nkosazana. l Université de Bahir Dar, ont décidé de prendre un mois de vacances pour parcourir le continent avant de commencer leur travail à l Agence spatiale africaine. Mon vieil ami, il aurait été impossible de le faire en un mois à notre époque! Mais, l African Express Rail relie maintenant toutes les capitales de nos anciens États, et ils pourront en effet sillonner et voir la beauté, la culture et la diversité de ce berceau de l humanité. La merveille de l African Express Rail, c est que c est non seulement un train à grande vitesse avec des autoroutes adjacentes, mais il contient également des pipelines pour le gaz, le pétrole et l eau, ainsi que des câbles TIC à large bande : la propriété, la planification et l exécution intégrées africaines à leur meilleur niveau! Les réseaux routiers et ferroviaires continentaux qui sillonnent maintenant l Afrique, nos compagnies aériennes dynamiques, nos paysages spectaculaires et nos magnifiques couchers de soleil, les initiatives culturelles de nos villes, font du tourisme l un des secteurs les plus importants de notre économie. Notre fille aînée, la linguiste, donne des conférences en kiswahili au Cap-Vert, siège de l Université virtuelle panafricaine. Le Kiswahili est maintenant l une des principales langues de travail de l Afrique, et mondialement enseignée dans la plupart des facultés à travers le monde. Nos petits-enfants rient encore des difficultés que nous rencontrions avec les interprétations en anglais, en français et en portugais lors des réunions de l UA, comment nous dénoncions le manque d harmonisation entre la version anglaise et la version française ou arabe. Maintenant, nous avons une lingua franca, et le multilinguisme est à l ordre du jour. Rappelez-vous comment nous nous plaignions que notre voix ne soit pas entendue dans les négociations commerciales et au Conseil de sécurité, comment nous étions désorganisés, parfois divisés et nationalistes dans ces forums, comment nous étions convoqués par les différents pays dans leurs capitales pour discuter de leurs politiques sur l Afrique? Comme les choses ont changé! L an dernier, la Confédération a fêté vingt ans depuis que nous avons un siège de membre permanent du Conseil de sécurité des Nations unies, et nous sommes un pôle majeur pour la stabilité, la paix, les droits humains, le progrès, la tolérance et la justice dans le monde. Mon cher ami, j espère vous voir le mois prochain en Haïti pour le second cycle des pourparlers d unité entre la Confédération des États de l Afrique et les États des Caraïbes. Il s agit d une étape logique, car le panafricanisme tire son origine des premières générations en tant que mouvement de libération, d autodétermination et de progrès communs des Africains du continent mère et de la diaspora. Je conclus cet et me réjouis de vous voir en février. J apporterai quelques-uns des chocolats d Accra que vous aimez tant et que nos enfants peuvent maintenant s offrir. Au revoir et à la prochaine! Nkosazana. 7

9 EDITORIAL AN EYE ON THE FUTURE OF AFRICA IN 50 YEARS BY MANDLA MADONSELA Dear Reader, Happy New Year 2014, and welcome to this first issue of the African Agenda 2063 Newsletter! This issue, which coincides with the beginning of the second 50 years since the establishment of the Organization of African Unity and subsequent launching of the African Union in 2002, casts an eye on the future of Africa in 50 years. It comes at the back of a successful 2013 that resonated throughout the continent with Golden Jubilee celebrations that paved the way for Africans to interrogate their Africa in the next 50 years. Highlights in this issue include a report on the Agenda 2063 consultative process, especially on people s view about the Africa they want in 2063, how they will build this Africa and the role they will play towards the realization of this dream. We may not be tempted to condense all the outcomes of consultations in this issue. We, however, will concentrate on the main findings coming through these consultations. This newsletter, which will be issued every six months, will provide readers with progress made on the preparation, implementation and evaluation of the Agenda As Africa reflected on its successes, challenges and lessons of the past 50 years, it brought about an impetus in them to focus on their Africa in 2063, and begin to reclaim, take charge of the African narrative and Africa s rightful place in the global arena. The Agenda 2063 provides that chance. It also provides a great opportunity to galvanize and unite in action all Africans on the continent and in the Diaspora around a common vision of a peaceful, integrated and prosperous Africa. In her imaginary to a hypothetical Kwame delivered at a Ministerial retreat of the Executive Council of the African Union in Bahir Dar, Ethiopia on January 24, 2014, the Chairperson of the African Union Commission, Her Excellency, Dr Nkosazana Dhlamini Zuma, reminded the participant of how important the Agenda 2063 helped consolidate AU Vision. She justified that planning 50 years ahead allowed Africa to dream, think creatively, sometimes crazy. Indeed Africa needs to think big, begin to do things differently however crazy it may seem. The Agenda 2063 is the African renaissance, which is people centered and will continue to promote ideals of Pan Africanism. Voices of the people will be heard loud and far and their aspirations integrated in the Agenda As an overarching framework, the Agenda 2063 will, for the first time, provide an internal coherence of Member States, regional and continental plans and frameworks, both current and those developed during the OAU days into a common continental transformative drive. It comes at a time when Africa is registering unprecedented growth rates, coupled with improving governance, bulging working and middle class, young population and stronger regional institutions. These and others provide a solid foundation for the Agenda 2063 to take shape. Recognizing this importance, the Heads of State and Government in their 50th Anniversary Solemn Declaration signed during the crescendo of celebrations in May 2013, reiterated their commitment to make progress in eight areas of: African Identity and Renaissance. Continue the struggle against colonialism and the right to self-determination of people still under colonial rule. The Integration Agenda Agenda for Social and Economic Development Peace and Security Agenda Democratic Governance Determining Africa s Destiny Africa s Place in the World They further pledged that while these ideals form part of the Agenda 2063 development process, they will also be integrated in their national development plans. It is therefore up to us readers to be inspired into taking part in the development of the Agenda and take charge and own our aspirations. It is time Africans change their mentality about themselves in the world and people around them. Destiny is ours. This issue also provides interviews with African citizens, selected press releases and papers in addition to a road map of what lays ahead in the development of the Agenda In this connection, and finally, I would like to seize this opportunity to thank all those who made various contributions to this maiden edition; and invite all our esteemed readers to continue making such invaluable gestures in order to make the Agenda 2063 a successful story! Get connected, Have your say, Discuss Africa, Vote, Share a multimedia and Become a Partner by logging on 8

10 CELEBRATION OF THE 50TH OAU/AU ANNIVERSARY, ADDIS ABABA, ETHIOPIA SUMMARY OF THE 50TH OAU/AU SOLEMN ANNIVERSARY DECLARATION In the context of celebrating 50 years of the founding of the OAU, the AU Heads of State and Government through their 50 th Anniversary Solemn Declaration adopted in May 2013, while acknowledging past successes and challenges, rededicated themselves to the continent s development and pledged their commitment to make progress in eight key areas: o African Identity and Renaissance. o Continue the Struggle against Colonialism and the Right to Self-determination of People still under colonial rule. o The Integration Agenda: Implement the Continental Free Trade Area to ultimately establish a united and integrated Africa; o Agenda for Social and Economic Development: o Peace and Security Agenda o Democratic Governance o Determining Africa s Destiny o Africa s Place in the World The AU Heads of State and Government pledged to integrate these ideals and goals in regional and national development plans as well as in the development of the Continental Agenda 2063, through a people-driven process for the realization of the vision of the AU for an integrated, people-centered, prosperous Africa, at peace with itself. The African Union Commission, working closely with the NEPAD Coordinating Agency (NPCA) and supported by the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA), is developing this continental agenda as requested by the 21st Ordinary Session of the Assembly of Heads of State and Government of the African Union, at Addis Ababa, 26 May Full text of the Declaration on page 42 9

11 AGENDA 2063: KEY FEATURES, RATIONALE AND VALUE ADDED In their 50th Anniversary Summit of 26 May 2013, the AU Heads of State and Government while acknowledging past successes and challenges, rededicated themselves to the continent s development and envisioned an integrated, prosperous and peaceful Africa, driven by its own citizens and representing a dynamic force in the global arena. The Summit instructed the African Union Commission, working closely with the New Partnership for Africa s Development (NEPAD) Coordinating Agency (NPCA) and supported by the African Development Bank (AfDB) and the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) to develop Agenda What? Agenda 2063 represents the aspirations of Africans for a better future, anchored in achievements, objective assessments of obstacles and lessons learned over the past half century, and premised on a desire to achieve inclusive growth, socioeconomic transformation and sustainable development. Aims to develop an Action Plan for the realization of the AU Vision of a prosperous, integrated and peaceful Africa. It is a call to action to all segments of African society to work together to build a common future and destiny based on the AU Vision. It also takes account of the Solemn Declaration made during the Golden Jubilee anniversary of the founding of the OAU/AU in May Builds on Africa s strategic frameworks, e.g., the Abuja Treaty, New Partnership for Africa s Development (NEPAD), Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP), Accelerated Industrial Development of Africa (AIDA), Minimum Integration Programme (MIP), Program Infrastructure Development for Africa (PIDA), AU/ NEPAD Science and Technology Consolidated Plan of Action, and Agribusiness And Agro-Industries Development Initiative (3ADI), Agenda Takes full cognizance of Africa s diversities and endowments and promotes efficient management of diversities and respects each AU member s sovereignty and offers the necessary political and policy space. The choice of a 50 year time must be understood for its significance in the context of the Golden Jubilee of the establishment of the OAU; and the need for Africa to take stock of past achievements and challenges and set its 50 year goals to be realized when the AU will be marking centenary celebrations. Why? The preparation of Agenda 2063 is both important and timely for a number of reasons: Changing global context. Globalization and the 10 information technology revolution have provided unprecedented opportunities for countries and regions with the right policies to make significant advances and lift huge sections of populations out of poverty, improve incomes and catalyze economic and social transformation. Building on the NEPAD experience. National, regional and global efforts made to implement NEPAD, unseen during the Lagos Plan of Action (LPA) and the Abuja Treaty, have enabled AU to build institutions (e.g., African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM), etc.), demonstrate unprecedented commitment to implementing agreed agenda, and generate valuable lessons that present strong foundation for Agenda Indeed, Agenda 2063 is a logical and natural continuation of NEPAD and other initiatives. A more united and strong Africa. Africa today is more united, a global power to reckon with, capable of rallying support around a common agenda and speaking with one voice with demonstrated strong capacity to negotiate and withstand the influence of forces that would like to see it divided. Strong and well-functioning regional institutions. Africa s regional institutions have been rationalized and the eight officially AU recognized Regional Economic Communities Community of Sahel-Saharan States (CEN- SAD, Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa

12 (COMESA), East African Community (EAC), Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS), Economic Community Of West African States (ECOWAS), Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), Southern African Development Community (SADC) and Arab Maghreb Union (UMA) are today strong development and political institutions that citizens can count on and Agenda 2063 can stand on. New development and investment opportunities. Africa today is faced with a confluence of factors that present great opportunity for consolidation and rapid progress. These include: Unprecedented positive and sustained growth trajectory of many African countries; Significant reduction in violent conflict, increased peace and stability, coupled with advances in democratic governance; A rising middle class, coupled with the youth bulge, which can act as catalyst for further growth, particularly in the consumer sectors and services; Changes in international finance architecture, with the rise of the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) and improved flows of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI). The need to align continental frameworks, improve coherence and synergy. At the continental level, the AU has endorsed several frameworks to advance the integration agenda, promote social and economic development, peace and security and democracy. In many cases, these remain isolated from each other and sectoral in approach. Agenda 2063 is an important opportunity to harmonize these continental frameworks, improve coherence and synergy and lay strong foundation for their full implementation. A long-term strategy The need for Africa to develop its own long-term strategy to regain own destiny. Several regions and countries reflecting on their long-term strategies see Africa as an important continent for their future prosperity and security. Africa must therefore develop its own long-term strategy based on African aspirations as well as its people s ingenuity, creativity and hard work to regain its own destiny. The factors outlined above constitute a unique opportunity for Africa to capitalize upon. However, success depends upon acting in unity, transparency, willingness and capability to assess performance and correct mistakes and build on successes, placing citizens first, and sound governance and values. The desire to chart a new chapter in Africa s development and the realization of the aspirations for a better future must be matched by renewed and sustained political commitment as exemplified by the 50th Anniversary Solemn Declaration. This can be further strengthened through: Participation and inclusion 11 of all key stakeholders in the conception, design, implementation and monitoring and evaluation of Agenda 2063 as a critical success factor, which will enhance awareness, ownership of Agenda 2063 and strengthen collective commitments; A results-based approach with concrete targets that are measurable and can be tracked and monitored; Tailoring actions to suit the circumstances of different countries; while providing a general framework and a common set of goals and targets, Agenda 2063 also takes cognizance of Africa s diversity, and addresses issues related to this diversity; and Ensuring that Agenda 2063 is an integral part of the African Renaissance which calls for changes in attitudes, values and mindsets to inculcate the right set of African values of pan Africanism, self-esteem, hard work, entrepreneurship and collective prosperity. Agenda 2063 Preparation Process and Methodology: It involves a two pronged approach: A people driven process anchored in an extensive consultation process with key stakeholders at the continental, REC and national levels, the general public online based, and AU organs; and A technical process: evidence based anchored in rigorous situational analysis, review of planning and policy making experiences and undertaking trend analysis and scenario planning.

13 Agenda 2063: Progress to date A draft Agenda 2063 Framework Document has been prepared in close collaboration with the NEPAD Planning and Coordinating Agency, the African Development Bank and the UN Economic Commission for Africa. This Framework Document has been considered by the PRC and Ministerial Council; and decisions of Council are presented below. In preparing the Framework Document, the Commission undertook the following: setting up of technical support; stakeholder consultations; review of national medium term plans and visions; preliminary indicators and base line information; national and regional level consultations; and development of a Communication Strategy for Agenda 2063 Technical Support: A small Technical Team was established from early September 2013 drawing upon existing Commission staff and other support. Additional support is envisaged from collaborating institutions in specialized areas financing, trends analysis & scenario planning, among other tasks. Stakeholder Consultations: Agenda 2063 consultations commenced in September 2013 with the primary objectives of providing participants the forum to share their vision of the Africa they want in 2063 and propose goals, milestones, key drivers and enablers as well as priority actions to be taken. The meetings were organized in the following parts: Part I involved learning from the past through a review the African development experience at the national, sub-regional and continental levels Part II dealt with looking into the future through a discussion of the type of Africa participants want, key goals, milestones, priorities and actions they propose. Part III involved a discussion of how to make it happen through exploring and proposing a broad Agenda 2063 implementation, monitoring and evaluation framework, as well as strategies for financing Agenda To date the following consultations have been held: Private sector (12-14 September 2013); African Academics / Think Tanks (16-18 September 2013; Planning Experts & Development Specialists (27-28 September 2013); Civil Society Organizations (30 September 2 October 2013); Diaspora (8-10 October 2013); RECs and AU Organs (21-23 October 2013); Youth (1-3 November 2013); Media (9-10 December 2013); Women (12-13 December 2013); and Web based consultations (continuous and interactive) Outputs of these consultations include: African aspirations for 2063 drivers and enablers; proposals on how to make it happen as well as risks, threats and mitigation strategies. Technical analysis and review, which included: Review of National Plans, Regional and Continental Frameworks: So far, plans from 20 member states have been reviewed with a plan to cover all 54 member states in the coming few months. Lessons from the review of national medium and long term plans, as well as those of RECs and AU Organs including continental frameworks, for example, PIDA, CAADP, IADA, Africa Mining Vision (AMV), African Media Initiative (AMI), constitutes a major building block of Agenda Preliminary indicators and base line information: This aims to establish a baseline for Agenda 2063 to facilitate comprehensive situational analysis, trends analysis, target setting and monitoring. It involves unpacking the eight ideals stated by the AU Heads of States and Governments Solemn Declaration as well as the Vision; identification of a set of themes, sub-themes and indicators that capture the spirit and substance of the Solemn Declaration and the Vision; description and analysis of each indicator in a manner that would enable the setting of ambitious but achievable milestones and targets. Development of Guidelines for National and Regional Level Consultations: The guidelines adopted during consultations with RECs and AU Organs will facilitate the preparation conduct and reporting of the National and Regional level consultations. 12

14 AFRICAN ASPIRATIONS, FOUNDATIONS OF AGENDA 2063, MILESTONES AND TARGETS, KEY DRIVERS, ENABLERS AND RISKS; AND THREATS African Aspirations for an outcome of stakeholder consultations on Agenda 2063, these are: A Prosperous Africa based on inclusive growth and sustainable development, where Africa, among other things, moves from current low to middle and high income status; economic growth is translated into equitable wealth and employment creation; and is capable of mobilizing its own financial resources, reliant on trade not aid. An integrated continent, politically united, and based on the ideals of Pan Africanism where Africa is fully independent, self-reliant and integrated that trades with itself; the African Union Anthem is taught and sung in all schools and universities, and the African Union Flag is used by all member states at all official platforms; speaks with one voice in international engagements; the values of the AU and Pan-Africanism are integrated into the curriculum of our schools; and the Founders dream or vision of OAU of a united states of Africa, a union of African states with: one central bank system and currency; one central government, president; one African passport; one continental nationality including the diaspora is fulfilled. An Africa of good governance, respect for human rights, justice and the rule of law - a continent that is corruption-free and governed by democratic rules; where public institutions are at the service of its people at all levels; with effective grassroots participation in national development; and the culture of accountability by all stakeholders is encouraged. A Peaceful and Secure Africa - free of conflict and at peace with itself and secure; harmony prevails among communities regardless of ethnicity/tribe, religion, class, etc.; peaceful but militarily strong to defend its interests and ensures security; the African Peace & Security Architecture (APSA) is fully implemented; exercises full ownership of a united army and navy commanded by the Assembly of AU Heads of States and Government. An Africa with a strong cultural identity, values and ethics - African people imbued with a sense of their fundamental cultural unity, a sense of a common destiny and African identity and Pan-African consciousness; and work is vital ethic and value. An Africa whose development is peopledriven, especially relying on the potential offered by its youth and women - effectively addresses the acute needs for education, health, jobs and opportunities for selfadvancement as well as for democracy and self-realization; and gender equality and women empowerment and youth concerns are effectively promoted. Africa as a strong and influential global player and partner - plays a prominent role in world affairs with a permanent seat in the UN Security Council); ascends to a second biggest economic block that addresses its own needs and manages its own resources with substantial rise in its share of world output and trade; effectively owns and manages its blue economy; and implements multilateral agreements it is party too. The above aspirations in conjunction with the AU Vision, the OAU/AU 50th Year Golden Jubilee Anniversary Solemn Declaration, member states medium and long-term plans as well as technical studies and analytical works constitute the foundations of Agenda 2063 milestones, goals and targets as the diagram below illustrates: 13

15 The Foundation for Agenda 2063 Goals, Milestones and Targets To realize African Aspirations presented above, Stakeholder Consultations identified also drivers and enablers as well as risks and threats, which included: Drivers (factors considered critical for Africa s transformation) include: Strong political leadership fully committed to development, democratic rule, equity, justice and rule of law Population dynamics large population and urbanization Industrialization- value addition and the shift from export of raw materials to export of processed goods Climate change adverse impacts and coping capacities Technological change in agriculture, energy and communications, and Markets (domestic and foreign) expanding of existing markets and creation of new ones Infrastructure development Enablers factors that constitute essential conditions accompanying the drivers Good governance Policy and legal environment, Human and institutional capacity, Responsible and efficient private sector and media Key risks and threats - likely disruptive elements Social and economic inequalities; Management of diversities; Terrorism and organized crime; Religious extremism, ethnicism, Corruption and nepotism; Natural disasters (sudden and slow onset) and environmental degradation 14

16 THE WAY FORWARD Agenda 2063 Preparation: Way Forward In order to consolidate the progress made so far leading to the finalization of Agenda 2063 Document, further work will include the following: Incorporation of the comments and guidance of the Policy Organs of the AU into a revised draft framework document which will form the basis for the preparation of the comprehensive Agenda 2063 document; Completion of the review of national and regional plans and continental frameworks; In-depth technical analysis of the base line situation pertaining to the key goals of Agenda 2063 approved by the PRC and the Executive Council; Trends analysis, prospective studies and Scenario planning of key strategic thrusts / factors technology, climate change, demographics, etc and how they impact on Agenda 2063; Further consultations with AU Organs, AUC Departments, Agencies and RECs to facilitate integration of continental frameworks into Agenda 2063 and defining the milestones Sector specific consultations and analytical work on the feasibility of targets / milestones and strategies to be incorporated into Agenda 2063 Consultations with African Statisticians General to harmonize indicators for Agenda 2063 with ongoing efforts Development / preparation of the Comprehensive Agenda 2063 Document; Regional Validation workshops / meetings on Draft Agenda 2063 Document; and Final draft Agenda 2063 Document for submission to AU Summit in June

17 AGENDA 2063, MEMBER STATE INITIATIVES: The example of Namibia Simataa urges proactivity in defining African agenda - The Namibian NEWS - NAMIBIA Simataa urges proactivity in defining African agenda By Luqman Cloete The Deputy Minister of Information and Communications Technology, Stanley Simataa, has encouraged Namibians to play an active role in defining African Agenda African Agenda years from now - aims at enabling Africa to take full charge of its own destiny and propel itself into a prosperous and peaceful future. Simataa said the ministerial lecture on African Agenda 2063 held at Keetmanshoop on Tuesday for //Karas Region inhabitants was the first of a series government plans to hold in six other regions which include Erongo, Omusati, Kavango East, and the Zambezi to commence the consultation process on the future of the African continent which is also aimed at gathering inputs from citizenry country wide in defining African Agenda These consultations are all the more important because Africa s development trajectory has often relied on narratives and paradigms developed by others and it is long overdue for Africans to reclaim their own narrative, said Simataa, acknowledging that the African Agenda 2063 was drafted without input of fellow Africans. Furthermore, Simataa highlighted failure to implement and retain human capital as the biggest challenges facing Africa. Our biggest challenge is that we resolve and resource to plan but fail to resolve and resource implementation. We must create a conducive environment to retain human capital, otherwise Agenda 2063 will remain an unfulfilled dream, Simataa remarked. Simataa described Pan- Africanism - an ideology and movement that encourages the solidarity of Africans worldwide - as an eternal journey spanning over generations, urging future generations to travel this road with H.E. Hifikepunye Pohamba, President of the Republic of Namibia resilience and unwavering commitment. Also speaking at the event, Democratic Republic of Congo Ambassador, Anastas Kaboba Kasongo Wa Kimba, who doubles up as Dean of the Diplomatic Corps, shared the experiences of his country on issues of Pan-Africanism, accusing the imperialists of funding wars in Africa to destabilise these countries. They are the masterminds of wars in Africa, but let the African people fight to destabilise African countries. They do not want socio-economic development of Africans, said Kimba. Kimba has advocated for intra-africa trade and pushed for the speedy abolishment of visa systems which would enable all Africans to move freely within their continent. The Namibian - 16

18 INTERVIEW Agenda 2063, lessons from the past, adjustments of the present and planning a successful future! Maria Eugénia Neto, widow of Dr. António Agostinho Neto, Founder of the Popular Republic of Angola presente-se pessoalmente Quem é a Senhora? Chamo-me Maria Eugénia Neto, viúva do Dr. António Agostinho Neto, Fundador da República Popular de Angola e seu primeiro Presidente. Nasci em Portugal, Trás-os-Montes, e tenho duas nacionalidades: Portuguesa e Angolana. Sou escritora Infanto-Juvenil e Poetisa. Present yourself - Who are you? My name is Maria Eugénia Neto, widow of Dr. António Agostinho Neto, Founder of the Popular Republic of Angola and its first president. I was born in Trás-os- Montes, Portugal and I have a dual citizenship: Portuguese and Angolan. I am a writer specializing on children and youth, and also a poet. I have published several books on children and youth. I also published two poetry books and three testimonies on Agostinho Neto. One of them relates to events that took place in Cape Verde when Agostinho Neto was a political deportee, and at the same time appointed as health delegate to the island of Santo Antão. My book E nas Florestas os Bichos Falaram... (And in the forests the Bugs spoke) We cannot say was prized by the UNESCO that the vision of Commission at the FAIR Dr. Agostinho Neto is OF THE MOST BEAUTIFUL being accomplished BOOKS IN THE WORLD, and Africa is being in 1978, in Leipzig. It was translated into several restored within the languages. This book of splendor envisaged by mine is an elegy of love the poet but... to the Angolan people in which animals, for fear of Tenho diversos livros publicados Infanto-Juvenis. Tenho publicados também: dois livros de Poesia e três Testemunhos sobre Agostinho Neto: um deles, passandose em Cabo Verde quando era deportado politico, mas nomeado como Delegado de Saúde da Ilha de Santo Antão. O meu livro E nas Florestas os Bichos Falaram... recebeu um Prémio pela Comissão da UNESCO na FEIRA DOS MAIS BELOS LIVROS DO MUNDO, em 1978, em Leipzig. Foi traduzido em diversas línguas. Este meu livro é uma elegia de amor ao povo angolano em que os animais, com medo da guerra, discutem em Assembleia se devem ficar ou abandonar o território, mas resolvem ficar e pôr-se ao lado dos guerrilheiros. Em 2012 fui Galardoada com o Prémio Nacional de Cultura e Artes na Disciplina de Literatura. Como guardiã do espólio de Agostinho Neto, fiz diversas reedições das suas Obras, dentre elas, o seu célebre livro, Sagrada Esperança, o qual teve, em tamanho de álbum, uma Edição de luxo em três línguas: português, francês, inglês, ilustradas por Pimentel Domingues. Publiquei, postumamente, o seu livro Renúncia Impossível, na altura do seu sexagésimo aniversário. Neste momento sou a Presidente da Fundação Dr. António Agostinho Neto. Durante a Luta de Libertação de Angola, na Tanzânia, dei a minha contribuição na retaguarda com outras mulheres de combatentes nas tarefas do MPLA a nós acessíveis, tais como: programas de rádio para a Angola Combatente, a rádio que era ouvida no país e funcionava como mobilizadora do povo. Tarefas da Organização da Mulher Angolana (fui responsável do correio da Organização para o exterior). Nessas tarefas inseriam-se contactos com individualidades progressistas, residentes em Dar-es-Salam. É assim que conhecemos Marga Holness que traduziria para inglês e prefaciaria a Obra poética, Sagrada Esperança, a obra mais conhecida então de Agostinho Neto, a qual foi publicada pela Tanzania Publishing House e lançada à estampa, por Julius Nyerere, na State House. Foi nessa altura também que escrevi diversas pequenas 17

19 war, debated in an assembly whether they should stay or leave the country, but decided to stay and teamed up with the freedom fighters. In 2012, I was bestowed with the National Culture and Art Prize in the specialty of literature. As a keeper of Agostinho Neto s heritage, I ordered several reeditions of his writings, among which, his most famous book Sagrada Esperança (Sacred Hope) which had a size of a photo album, a luxury edition in three languages: Portuguese, French and English, with illustrations from Mr. Pimental Domingos. I posthumously published his book renúncia impossível (impossible abandonment) during his 60th birthday. I am currently the Chairperson of the Agostinho Neto Foundation. During the struggle for the liberation of Angola, I gave my contribution in the rear base, in Tanzania, with other freedom fighters wives in carrying out Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA) tasks given to us such as the radio programs Angola Combatente (Angola Combatant), a radio program that people inside the country listened to and served as a conduit to mobilize the Angolan general public. As for the duties within the Organization of Angolan Women, I was in charge of the Organization s mails to foreign countries. These tasks included contacts with progressist individuals living in Dar-es-salaam. That is how we met Mrs. Marga Holness who translated our documents into English and wrote the forewords of the poetic book Sagrada Esperança Agostinho Neto s most renowned work printed by Tanzania Publishing House and launched by President Julius Nyerere in the State House. It was during this time that I wrote several small histories on MPLA heroes which circulated as materials to denounce the colonial war which I compiled into books after our independence. Can we know more about your husband, his life, his vision, and his actions in his country, his region and the continent? Do you think his vision is being realized? António Agostinho Neto was born in Caxicane, territory of Icolo e Bengo, which is around 60 kms from Luanda. His father was a Protestant priest and a primary school grade 4 teacher, the then compulsory education. As we know, the majority of Angolan natives lived under immense difficulties. That is why, after concluding his secondary education and before moving to Portugal, Agostinho neto had to work as a state administration clerk. His parents were educated by American missionaries who gave them an exquisite education. Once in Portugal, he enrolled at the Coimbra Faculty of medicine, where he completed the first three years of medicine which he went on to conclude in Lisbon. Meantime, while still in Coimbra, he started to participate in some political and cultural activities and collaborating in magazines and journals. That is when his first poems started to emerge in several magazines among which the Vértice Magazine, which made his name and figure known. Back to Lisbon, he was several times arrested by PIDE, the histórias sobre heróis do MPLA que circulavam como materiais de denúncias da guerra colonial, as quais, depois da Independência, juntei em livros. Fale um pouco mais do seu esposo, a sua vida, a sua visão, bem como as suas acções no seu país, na sua região e no continente? António Agostinho Neto nasceu em Caxicane, terras de Icolo e Bengo, ou seja, a 60kms de Luanda. Seu pai foi um Pastor Protestante que, além das práticas religiosas, ensinou alunos que levou a exame da 4ª classe, o ensino obrigatório de então. Como nós sabemos a maior parte dos naturais de Angola vivia com bastantes dificuldades. É assim que depois de feita a escola secundária, antes de embarcar para Portugal, Agostinho Neto trabalhou nos serviços administrativos do Estado. Os seus pais foram educados pelos missionários americanos os quais lhes deram uma educação primorosa. Uma vez em Portugal, inscreve-se na Faculdade de Medicina de Coimbra, e aí completa os três primeiros anos de medicina tendo, todavia, terminado o Curso em Lisboa. No entanto, uma vez em Coimbra, começou a participar em actividades político-culturais, colaborando em revistas e jornais, começando a aparecer os seus primeiros poemas em diversas revistas, entre as quais a Revista Vértice, tornando-se notável esta Figura. Regressado a Lisboa, é preso diversas vezes Não poderemos pela polícia secreta dizer que a sua visão portuguesa PIDE, esteja a ser realizada acusado de actividades subversivas contra a e que a África ressurja Segurança do Estado. no esplendor almejado De 1955 a 1957,esteve do Poeta mas... encarcerado na cadeia 18

20 Portuguese Secret Police which accused him of subversive activities against the state security. From 1955 to 1957 he was incarcerated in Porto alongside 55 Portuguese young progressists who were fighting against fascism and the colonial war. He was lucky that a robust global campaign for his freedom was launched by some influential writers and artists. He was on the verge of not concluding his course of medicine, the objective that brought him to Portugal. Freed from prison in June 1957, he concluded his course in October 1958 and got married with Maria Eugenia da Silva, the young girl who helped him while he was in prison from 1955 to He went back to Luanda at the end of 1959 with his wife Maria Eugenia and son Mario Jorge who was only few weeks old. Once in Angola he began his work of uniting Angolan nationalists and creating awareness of the future battles that needed to be fought for the independence of Angola. This took him back to prison and the point of being deported on 8 June 1960 to the Island of Santo Antão, Cape Verde, as health delegate, being the only medical doctor for a population of inhabitants. On 17 September 1962, he was again arrested and transferred to the prison of Aljube, Portugal. His provisional release after 6 months provided the opportunity for the Portuguese Communist Party to organize his escape to Morocco. From Morocco he went to Congo Kinshasa where the MPLA Office was located and was subsequently elected MPLA s President during a Conference of its militants. That was the beginning of his leadership of MPLA and its political and military struggle as Commander in Chief of the guerrilla forces. The context of the Angolan war of liberation was very difficult. The MPLA as a progressist force and Agostinho Neto as its leader registered several victories but also suffered a lot of pressure and setbacks committed by neocolonialists. Agostinho Neto was too much of a nationalist. Wary that the struggle for liberation could end up benefiting a handful of people, he proclaimed that this process should not be only for the elite, but a process in which all our people can participate Agostinho Neto wanted Angola to be a nonaligned country. This option did not please many people including within the MPLA itself which was plagued by intrigue by a group of militants who, often, confused the skin color of certain people with the enemy. There was therefore a need to make clear, during political meetings, who was the enemy. It was in that crucial moment for the MPLA that Agostinho Neto wrote his famous speech Who is the Enemy? which he delivered to the students and professors at the University of Dar-es-salaam. It is a historic speech which pinpoints the difficulties of Africa to rediscover itself by not allowing any confusion to set in, but clearly identify who the enemy is. do Porto com mais 55 jovens progressistas portugueses que lutavam contra o fascismo e o fim da guerra colonial. Valeulhe ter uma grande campanha internacional a seu favor dos maiores escritores e artistas mundiais para que fosse posto em liberdade. Por um pouco não terminaria o seu curso de medicina, o objectivo que o levou a Portugal. Saído da prisão em Junho de 1957, terminaria o seu curso em 27 de Outubro de 1958 e casaria com Maria Eugénia da Silva, a jovem que o apoio na cadeia durante todo o percurso de 1955 a Em Fins de 1959, regressa a Luanda com a sua esposa Maria Eugénia e o seu filho Mário Jorge, de apenas algumas semanas. Uma vez em Angola, começa o seu trabalho de unidade e consciencialização junto do povo para as futuras lutas que teriam de iniciar para Independência. Isso levá-lo-ia de novo à cadeia, e a 8 de Junho de 1960 é preso e deportado para Cabo Verde, para a Ilha de Santo Antão como Delegado de Saúde, sendo o único médico para uma população de trinta mil pessoas. Mas a 17 de Setembro de 1962 é feito de novo prisioneiro e enviado para a cadeia do Aljube, em Portugal, onde após seis meses é posto em liberdade condicional, permitindo ao Partido Comunista Português organizar a sua fuga para o Marrocos. Uma vez em Marrocos, parte para o Congo Kinshasa aonde se encontrava o Bureau do MPLA e numa Conferência de militantes, é eleito seu Presidente. Começa a sua liderança no seio do Movimento tendo assumido a direcção da luta político-militar, e Comandante em Chefe da guerrilha. O contexto da luta de libertação de Angola foi muito difícil. O MPLA como força progressista e Agostinho Neto como seu Líder tiveram muitas vitórias, mas sofreram muitas pressões e reveses manipulados pelos neocolonialistas. Agostinho Neto era demasiado nacionalista, disposto a que a luta de libertação não fosse apenas beneficiar um grupo de pessoas e, como ele disse, que este processo não seja apenas para uma elite, mas antes um processo em que todo o povo participe. Agostinho Neto pretendeu que o seu país fosse Não Alinhado. Isso não agradou a muitos, trouxe mesmo fissuras no seio do MPLA, houve muitas intrigas no seio dos combatentes, eles confundiam muitas vezes a cor da pele com o inimigo. Foi preciso esclarecê-los em reuniões políticas para lhes indicar quem era o inimigo. Nesse momento crucial para o MPLA, Agostinho Neto escreve o seu célebre discurso Quem É O Inimigo? que foi proferido na Universidade de Dar-es- Salam perante jovens estudantes e professores. É um discurso histórico que pontualiza as dificuldades da África em se reencontrar, e não se deixar confundir, antes discernir quem é o inimigo. Agostinho Neto na África Austral, deu o seu contributo à libertação da Namíbia e do Zimbabwe e ajudou a pôr fim ao apartheid na África do Sul. Não poderemos dizer que a sua visão esteja a ser realizada e que a África ressurja no esplendor almejado do Poeta. 19

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