1 SOCIETY FOR THE STUDY OF ARCHITECTURE IN CANADA SOCIETE POUR L'ETUDE DE L'ARCHITECTURE AU CANADA Volume/Tome 8 February/fevrier 1983 Number/Numero 1
2 2 MESSAGE FROM THE PRESIDENT For the past three years the SSAC Bulletin has been edited by Susan Algie in Edmonton. In October a change of employment caused Susan to tender her resignation as editor of the Bulletin. On behalf of the SSAC I want to thank Susan for her valuable contribution to the society in her capacity as editor and to wish her well in her new position. With Susan's resignation as editor the Bulletin has moved to Winnipeg where it will be under the charge of its new editor, Don Lovell. Since Don will be setting the course of the Bulletin during the coming year I feel it is appropriate that he should receive something of a formal introduction to our membership. Don was born in London, Ontario and received his post- secondary education at Royal Roads Military College in Victoria, and at Royal Military College, Kingston, where he graduated with an Honours B.A. in Canadian history in After receiving his commission with the Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry he served in Calgary with the 1st Battalion of the PPCLI until In that year he left the service and enrolled as a graduate student in architecture at the University of Manitoba. He hopes to graduate this May with a Master of Architecture degree. Don's interests in architecture centre on the conservation and restoration of heritage architecture, and the retro-fitting of older buildings. He has been a member of the SSAC since 1978 and a member of the SSAC board since May As editor of the Bulletin Don faces a difficult and time consuming task, as any of our previous editors will readily attest. However, we can all render assistance to him by notifying him of events, meetings, conferences and publications which may be of interest to SSAC members. Let him know of any interesting research pertaining to architecture in Canada of which you may become aware. Consider, too, submitting a short article on an aspect of Canadian architecture, or, if you are actively involved in research prepare a brief report of your work and send it to Don for his consideration. The Bulletin needs your input if it is to function in its intended role within the society. At the same time that Don accepted the board's invitation to take over as editor the board voted to publish the Bulletin on a quarterly basis rather than on a bimonthly basis as was done previously. This step was taken in recognition of the difficulties of adhering to a bimonthly publication schedule when working with an all volunteer staff. The cost of mailing has increased dramatically over the past year and it was felt that the SSAC could best employ its resources using the quar- terly format, with additional special issues if, and when, warranted. Finally, I want to extend an invitation to all our members to join us at the forthcoming SSAC annual meeting which will be held in St. John's, Newfoundland in late July this year. Gerry Pocius and Shane O'Dea have organized what promises to be one of our most exciting meetings; one which will offer something to all interests in the field of architecture. I am sure that this meeting in Newfoundland will be one which few of us will want to miss. Next year the SSAC will be meeting in Guelph in conjunction with the Learned Societies conference. The time of this meeting has not yet been definitely established but I expect it will be held in the first week of June. When further details are known they will be published in the Bulletin and mailed out to you. Make plans to join us-both in Newfoundland this year and in Ontario in Sincerely John C. Lehr President, SSAC Editor's Desk To all SSAC members I extend my thanks for the appointment as Editor of the Bulletin. You will notice that the format has remained unchanged and this reflects the adage: if something works leave it alone. I would like to echo the President's words by extending my appreciation to Susan Algie for the very successful execution of her task as Editor. The momentum has been created and it now has to be maintained. The Bulletin serves not only as a forum for architectural debate but also as a newsletter keeping each member in touch and up to date on events in Canada. Thus I encourage every reader to view the Bulletin as their notice board and to actively participate in its effectiveness. The editorial comment on page 3 is a reflection on the conservation movement in Canada. The principle article for this issue concerns the commercial buildings of downtown Montreal and is written by Denis Lessard and Pascale Beaudet. Additions to archival collections, book reviews and regional events are intended as regular features. Issues are planned for May, August and November, 1983 with deadlines for contributions being 4 April, 4 July and 3 October, I look forward to your correspondence. Don Lovell COVER: One of a series of drawings of Toronto Old City Hall. From the "Toronto Collection" Series A: Landmark Buildings. Drawn and composed by OPUS. For information write to Opus Associates, 125 Trinity St., Toronto, M5A 3C7.
3 3 EDITORIAL Architectural Heritage- A Three Dimensional Statement of Culture Of all North American traits the pre-occupation with newness has been most significant in the formation of our culture. This desire stimulates invention, exploration, growth, conquest of the elements and the attempt to dominate nature. The positive and negative aspects of this pull-down and build-over mentality have left their mark on all areas of our country whether urban or frontier. The decade past has witnessed a turn around in public thinking and perception of things old. Age now represents quality, of times gone by, where craftsmen and pride in one's work produced products of value. Such attitudes have lead to an unheard of appreciation of old buildings and a fostering of conservation, preservation and restoration movements. Nevertheless the value of the built environment as cultural heritage has not been well understood. In fact the recent Applebaum-Hebert Committee on Canadian Culture was content to examine cultural manifestations across Canada in the way Canadians write, sing and dance. Indeed their initial publication made no mention of architecture in any sense. Over its tenure the committee faced twenty-six groups who made presentations asserting the importance of architecture in the formation of Canadian art and culture. Phyllis Lambert of the Canadian Centre for Architecture pointed out that the architect shapes material like a sculpture or as a choreographer develops a dance. Architectural solutions, then, are testaments to the technical and creative abilities of society. Architecture as culture is the way people relate to each other socially, intellectually and indeed in every aspect of life. Buildings are a search for expression of human thought and this expression becomes distinctly national. Jacques Dalibard of Heritage Canada defines our built heritage as the uniquely Canadian juxtaposition of structures often derived from other cultures. Architectural heritage becomes a Nova Scotia fishing village, a small Saskatchewan town with grain elevators or the warehouse district of Winnipeg. Not simply the part but the sum of the parts. These become the cultural landscapes of our Canadian built environment. The value of cultural landscape has been recognized. Professor Fitch, of Columbia University, cites several examples where this importance has been met by saving entire areas, Charleston, the Chartres Cathedral and its old village and Salt Lake City temple area. Canadians have also responded; Vancouver' s Gastown, Victoria's Market Square and Old Quebec are examples. Today the economics of expensive energy, high cost for money, unemployment and increased material expenses are encouraging the reuse of old. Interestingly, the Government has responded to this in part by their fall budget by modifying the section of the Income Tax Act which previously gave developers a financial incentive to demolish buildings. The tax revision states that its intent is to "lend support to the preservation of historic buildings." It would appear that the campaign to establish conservation as a viable option to new construction has been won. In the eighties the question will increasingly be what to preserve and why. Concerns exist as to the cultural implications of retrofitting older buildings for new use. Philosophies must be developed as to the criteria for evaluation of culturally significant buildings. The dialogue to establish a foundation for national and regional conservation approaches is underway and the SSAC BULLETIN might well serve as one forum for this debate. CANADIAN ARCHITECTURE STAMP SERIES Steve Otto, a member from. Toronto, has drawn attention to a series of U.S. stamps which commemorated significant American architectural works. Buildings by Wright, Gropius, Saarinen and Mies van der Rohe were examples of the subject matter chosen. Any SSAC member interested in proposing a similar theme issue to the Canadian Post Master General should contact John Lehr, SSAC President, Dept. of Geography, University of Winnipeg, Winnipeg, Manitoba. PRESERVE AND PROTECT The Ontario Association of Architects has prepared, with the assistance of Geoff Hunt an SSAC member from Toronto, a document encouraging the preservation and protection of architectural records and drawings. The brochure answers such questions as to; why architectural records are important, what materials should be preserved and the practical benefits to those involved. The trace is an important step by a provincial architectural organization and certainly a lead for other provinces to follow. Copies are available from the Ontario Association of Architects, 50 Park Road, Toronto, Ontario, M4W 2N5 phone (416)
4 4 Edifices Commerciaux du centre-ville de Montreal, : un resume par Denis Lessard et Pascale Beaudet Peel Street, 1931, one of the main areas of commercial architectural development in Montreal. Le Centre-ville de Montreal en Secteur Peel-Sainte-Catherine. C'est par souci d'elargir Ia notion de patrimoine que nous avons entrepris une etude sur!'architecture commerciale montrealaise des annees 20 et 30. II s'agit d'un domaine encore tres peu fouille mais particulierement digne d'interet. Notre travail s'est developpe non pas a Ia maniere d'un inventaire exhaustif, mais sous Ia forme d'une analyse pratique et multidirectionnelle. En effet, Ia documentation assemblee a permis de degager des conclusions sur les plans socio-economique, technologique, stylistique, urbanistique et ideologique. 1 Selon Ia quantite de renseignements disponibles,!'interet des motifs ornementaux et des structures architecturales, 57 batiments encore existants ont ete retenus pour fins de recherche. Notre categorie d'analyse comprend les types d'edifices suivants: banques, boutiques, edifices a bureaux ou a fonction mixte, epiceries, garages, grands magasins, marches couverts et sieges sociaux de compagnies. A cela s'ajoutent quelques immeubles du secteur des communications: batiments des services du telephone, imprimeries, bureaux lies a Ia production d'un journal. Notre territoire etait borde par les rues Atwater, Sherbrooke, Amherst et Viger-Vitre, ce qui correspond au centre-ville de Montreal. Ce secteur s'est evidemment beaucoup developpe entre 1920 et 1935, periode equivalant grosso modo a l'entre-deux guerres. Le present texte donne un aperc;u tres general de nos decouvertes, a partir d'exemples tires de ce qui constituera notre rapport de recherche. En 1919, pour Ia premiere fois, le Canada signe un traite international a titre individual: le traite de Versailles. Auparavant, Ia Grande-Bretagne avait toujours servi de chaperon a ses "dominions". 2 Les annees 1920 a 35 marquant!'emancipation politique du Canada et le debut de Ia domination economique par les Etats-Unis. Le capital britannique, dominant le marche a 53% en 1920, cede devant le capital americain: il ne represente plus que 36% des investissements etranges en Durant ces memes annees, les economies canadienne et quebecois connaitront une evolution dictee par leur voisin et par Ia situation internationale: depression ( ), prosperite, jusqu'en 1930, reprise lente en En 1921, le Quebec a passe le cap de I' urbanisation. Montreal, metropole canadienne incontestee, abrite le principal port du pays, est le point de fonction des grands reseaux ferroviaires et le siege des deux plus importantes banques du Canada: Ia Banque royale et Ia Banque de Montreal. Le centre-ville voit s'edifier un grand nombre d'edifices. Une recrudescence des activites de construction dans les annees 1928 et 29 resort de I' examen de notre corpus. Durant les quinze annees de notre etude le Quebec, est-il besoin dele rappeler, est domine economiquement par une grande bourgeoisie anglophone qui controle Ia construction (en 1910, 2.4% des membres de Ia grande bourgeoisie canadienne sont francophones; en 1930, 4.6%. 4 En 1920, le centre-ville montrealais avait un visage nettement plus anglophone qu'aujourd'hui. Pendant que les Canadiens-anglais s'occupaient de nos affaires, les Quebecois francophones obeissaient au clerge qui leur prechait Ia soumission; quant aux gouvernements, le moins qu'on puisse dire est qu'ils geraient sans imagination. Quelques exceptions d' envergure com me Lionel Groulx tentaient de secouer Ia torpeur du Quebec. Trois bureaux d'architectes reviennent plus souvent
5 5 au sein de notre corpus: Ross et MacDonald (grand magasin T. Eaton, et 1931; hotel Mont-Royal, Barott et Blackader (siege social de Ia Bell Telephone, ) et H. L. Fetherstonhaugh (immeuble University Tower, ). Ces architectes appartiennent a Ia minorite anglophone du Quebec et entretiennent des accointances avec le milieu architectural de Toronto.' Certains bureaux torontois comme celui de John M. Lyle ont d'ailleurs ete charges de contrats a Montreal; le magasin Simpson ( ) est construit par les torontois Chapman et Oxley. Les architectes francophones sont beaucoup mains nombreux dans le secteur commercial: leurs activites etaient surtout liees aux constructions residentielles et institutionnelles. Tires de notre corpus, citons neanmoins Ernest Cormier, Henri S. Labelle, A. H. Lapierre... La preponderance des anglophones - architectes, entrepreneurs, financiers - se retrouve naturellement dans Ia documentation d'epoque sur!'architecture montrealaise. Les revenues torontoises - Construction, Contract Record and Engineering Review, The Journal, Royal Architectural Institute of Canada - ont le haut du pave. Ces publications sont remarquablement impermeables aux experiences contemporaines en Europe et aux Etats-Unis. En architecture, le ton est donne par Ia metropole ontarienne. L' epoque est marquee par une serie de developpements pan-canadians, notamment dans le cas des banques et des grands magasins qui ouvrent des succursales a Montreal et dans d'autres villes du pays. Entre 1920 et 35,!'aspect du centre-ville de Montreal est deter~ine par les differentes lois de zonage qui reglent Ia hauteur des edifices. Ce n'est qu'apres 1929 que le nombre d'etages peut augmenter jusqu'a douze. 5 La legislation influence meme Ia structure architecturale puisque I' on recommande de construire les edifices en hauteur selon le principe des volumes en retrait, pour donner une forme de ziggourat. Les immeubles Beaver Hall de Ia Bell Telephone, University Tower, Dominion Square ( 1929 ou 1930) et Aldred ( 1929) suivent cette configuration. La vocation commerciale des edifices donne souvent lieu a des structures avec entree donnant sur un coin de rue, a Ia jonction d'arteres importantes. II en resulte un plan tronque: cette caracteristique n'est pas nouvelle, mais elle se retrouve souvent a l'interieur de notre corpus. On peut mentionner les edifices de Ia Dominion Oil Cloth and Linoleum (1929 ou 1930), le marche Saint-Jacques ( 1931), I' edifice E. Archambault ( 1930). les pastes Lancaster ( 1924). Wilbank ( ) et l'immeuble Beaver Hall de Ia Bell, les immeubles Confederation ( ) et Aldred. Certaines innovations techniques apparaissent au cours de Ia periode etudiee. On developpe des methodes de coulage du beton et de construction pendant l'hiver, par exemple pour les edifices Crane ( ). University Tower, Confederation et Railway Exchange ( ). On s'efforce aussi d'ameliorer Ia rapidite de construction. II est cependant remarquable de voir que les progres techniques n' empechent pas le conserva- tisme dans les styles architecturaux. Ainsi, l'immeuble de Ia compagnie Canada Cement ( ) est le premier a etre construit en beton arme au Canada, et le premier a offrir un garage souterrain a Montreal; pourtant, I' aspect exterieur de I' edifice est d'une ordonnance toute neo-classique. L' examen de notre corpus suggere des secteurs de developpement determines par des voies de transport. Nous en detinirons deux, en precisant que nos delimitations ne sont pas etanches: le secteur Peei-Ste-Catherine et celui de Ia Place Phillips. II taut d'abord mentionner que Ia rue Ste-Catherine, durant I' entre-deux guerres, eta it deja I' artere commerciale Ia plus importante du centre-ville. C'est pourquoi nos deux secteurs se rattachent pour moitie a cette rue. En 1920, Ia rue Peel revet une importance particuliere: deja au Xlxe siecle, Ia rue alors nommee Windsor donne son nom a Ia gare; les hotels s'etablissent done a proximite. De plus, jusqu'en 1930, l'axe Windsor-Peel menait directement au pont Victoria, seule echappee vers le sud. 6 La rue Sherbrooke est Ia continuation de l'autoroute 2. II n'est done pas etonnant que nous retrouvions une concentration d'hotels dans ce secteur: hotel Mont-Royal, hotel Berkeley (1928). Durant les annees qui nous interessent, Ia Place Phillips joue un role important dans Ia vie economique de Montreal: c'est le coeur du centre-ville; elle est reliee au quartier des affaires par Ia Cote du Beaver Hall. La prosperite profite a Ia place, qui voit plusieurs edifices s'elever dans les annees 20: immeubles DubrGie ( 1920), Canada Cement, Crane. ' Le rapport de recherche contenant les fiches descriptives de notre corpus avec illustrations et textes de synthese sera diffuse dans les principales bibliotheques montrealaises, aupres des organismes qui s'interessent a Ia conservation et a I' etude du patrimoine architectural, ainsi qu' aux bibliotheques nationales du Quebec et du Canada. Des extraits seront envoyes aux proprietaires des edifices les plus menaces, dans une optique de sensibilisation et de mise en valeur de ce patrimoine plus recent. II s'agit done d'une premiere etape de travail. Nous comptons ensuite approfondir les differentes avenues degagees par Ia recherche et explorer les autres categories d'edifices construits a Montreal durant Ia meme periode. Notes 1. Cette recherche etait parrainee par le departement d'histoire de l'art de I'Universite de Montreal, et subventionnee par le Ministere des Affaires culturelles du Quebec, dans le cadre du programme " Connaissance du patrimoine", Lacoursiere, J., Provencher, J., et Vaugeois, D., Canada-Quebec: Synthese historique, Montreal. Renouveau Pedagogique, 1970, p Linteau, P.-A., Durocher, R. et Robert, J.-C., Histoire du Quebec contemporain; De Ia Confederation a Ia crise, Montreal, Boreal Express, 1979, p Ibid., p Construction, Vol. 22, no 4 (avril1929), pp The Journal, Royal Architectural Institute of Canada, Vol. 35, no 7 (juillet 1958). p. 245.
6 .6 National Architectural Archives: New Acquisitions Archives, "Over the next year archivists hope to interview architects who worked with the firm and record these interviews on tape." In a few months' time the John and Joseph Power Collection of architectural records will be available for consultation at the Public Archives of Canada, 395 Wellington Street, Ottawa. Power & Son "Proposed Whig Office for F. J. B. Pense, Esq. to be erected on King Street. " Public Archives of Canada, National Map Collection, John and Joseph Power Collection, 81203/ 19. The John and Joseph Power Collection The Public Archives of Canada announces the recent donation of the John and Joseph Power Collection of architectural records by Mill & Ross Architects of Kingston, Ontario. Contained in the collection are approximately 775 projects ( 15,000 sheets of drawings) for buildings in Kingston and for many other cities along Lake Ontario. These are plans for fine late nineteenth-century churches, houses, prisons, schools, orphanages and a variety of other buildings. The collection contains drawings of the dome added to Kingston City Hall in 1908 and plans for additions to St. George's Cathedral in John Power established an architectural practice in Kingston in 1846 and was joined in the business by his son Joseph in The firm's name changed several times over the years to include the names of Colin Drever, who joined in 1919, Harry P. Smith who entered the firm in 1945 and Neil K. Maclennan, who joined briefly from 1971 to In 1975 Smith entered into partnership with Thomas Mill and Michael Ross. Since 1980 the firm has been registered as Mill & Ross. It is believed to be the oldest continuing architectural practice in Canada. Upon their arrival at the Public Archives, the drawings were brittle from having been kept rolled for so many years. Conservators at the Archives had to flatten them before they could be processed by the archivists. Now each drawing has been assigned a unique number and finding aids are being prepared. Ultimately the collection will be microfilmed and according to Dorothy Ahlgren, responsible for the National Architectural The Z. Matthew Stankiewicz Collection The Public Archives of Canada announces the recent acquisition of the Z. Matthew Stankiewicz Collection. Stankiewicz was born in Wilno, Poland on 3 January In 1949 he graduated from the School of Architecture, University of Liverpool, England. After several years in private practice he immigrated to Canada, securing employment with the Department of Public Works and the Canadian Government Exhibition Commission. In 1958 he began a private architectural practice in Ottawa, achieving a reputation as one of that city's leading designers of private residences. His buildings appear primarily in Ontario and New Brunswick. He became Ottawa editor for the Canadian Architect magazine in In 1965 he won a national award for his design of a house. Along with architects R. Robbie and P. Schoeler, Stankiewicz designed the Canadian Government Pavilion for Expo '67 and was Chairman of the jury which selected the design for the Canadian Pavilion at Expo '70 in Osaka, Japan. He died in The Stankiewicz Collection consists of architectural plans and drawings for 167 projects, including vacation homes, office buildings, single and multiple-family residences, restaurants, the Ukrainian Museum in Saskatoon, the Polish embassy and buildings at Carleton University in Ottawa. In addition to the plans and drawings, the collection includes financial records, project correspondence and a number of 35mm slides used by Stankiewicz for teaching purposes. The H. L. Fetherstonhaugh Collection The records of the architectural practice begun in Montreal by H. L. Fetherstonhaugh in 1922 have been donated to the Public Archives of Canada by Michael G. C. Ellwood. The firm continued as the partnerships of Fetherstonhaugh & Durnford ( ); Fetherstonhaugh, Durnford, Bolton & Chadwick ( ); Durnford, Bolton & Chadwick (1955); Burnford, Bolton, Chadwick & Ellwood ( ); Bolton, Chadwick, Ellwood & Aimers (1964); Bolton, Ellwood & Aimers ( ); Ellwood Aimers & Henderson (1970); Ellwood & Henderson ( ); and Michael G. C. Ellwood from 1981 to the present. At this time only the records created before 1960 have been transferred, but they represent some 350 projects. The collection consists of approximately 10,000 drawings, with related specifications, correspondence,
7 7 office files and photographs. Subsequent records will continue to be transferred systematically every five years. Included are more than one hundred private residential projects, apartment buildings, churches, university buildings (Bishop's College, McGill University, Memorial University of Newfoundland). office buildings and industrial projects. Most of the private residential projects are dwellings built in Westmount, and country homes constructed throughout the province of Quebec for many Westmount families. One major client, the Aluminum Company of Canada, commissioned a vast num- Fetherstonhaugh & Durnford. "South elevation Arvida Inn, Aluminum Co. of Canada Ltd., Arvida, PO. " Public Archives of Canada, National Map Collection, H. L. Fetherstonhaugh Collection, 81203/ 1, project 835, item 6. c ber of projects over the years, many for the town of Arvida. The H. L. Fetherstonhaugh Collection is an extremely important addition to the National Architectural Archives. The J. Austin Floyd Collection The Public Archives of Canada is pleased to announce the recent acquisition of the J. Austin Floyd Collection. Floyd was a renowned Canadian landscape architect who died in Toronto in Born in 1910 in New Brunswick, he received his education at the University of Manitoba (B.Sc.A.) and Harvard University (M.L.A.) in He was Assistant Director of the Toronto Planning Board from 1948 to 1954, when he entered into the partnership Dunington-Grubb, Floyd & Stensson landscape architects. In 1956 he established his own business. For many years he was a lecturer at the University of Toronto School of Architecture. He was a member of the Canadian Society of Landscape Architects, acting as President in and a member of the Ontario Association of Landscape Architects. In 1982 the OALA distinguished achievement award was conferred upon him posthumously. Of the many commissions he received during his career, some of the most oustanding are the garden of the Sheraton Centre Hotel, the "Fragrant Garden" of the Canadian National Institute for the Blind, and the "Enchanted Garden" of the Ontario Crippled Children's Centre, all in Toronto. In addition to institutional gardens he designed a number of provincial parks, botanical gardens, university and residential landscaping projects. The collection, which consists of drawings, photographs and slides, correspondence and tree samples, was donated by James Floyd of Floyd and Gerrard, landscape architects of Toronto. It will be processed by archivists over the next few months and will be available for research use by spring of Arthur W. Wallace Collection The National Architectural Archives of the Public Archives of Canada has recently acquired the Arthur W. Wallace architectural collection. Wallace, graduating from McGill University in 1926, worked for architectural firms in New York during the late 1920s and in England during the 1930s. Throughout most of the war he worked as an architect for the British Eighth Army in North Africa. From the late 1940s to the late 1960s he practised in Hamilton in the firm of Husband and Wallace. For the last few years of his life he worked chiefly as a consultant on restoration and historical projects. Mr. Wallace died in 1978 at the age of 76. Even as an undergraduate Mr. Wallace was involved in the recording and preservation of buildings of architectural merit. He practised restoration work for most of his career - his largest preservation project was Dundurn Castle in Hamilton - and contributed information and illustrations to numerous historical projects and publications. A fine publication of some of his work, entitled An Album of Drawings of Early Buildings in Nova Scotia, was published by the Heritage Trust of Nova Scotia and the Nova Scotia Museum in The collection includes material from all aspects and periods of Wallace's career. It consists of photographs, letters, sketches, maps, blueprints and drawings, as well as an indexed vertical file of some 20,000 articles, clippings and photographs relating to architectural styles throughout the world. The collection is a rare and valuable source for architectural research; there are few of its size and nature in public institutions in Canada. The National Architectural Archives began as a formal programme in 1970 and since then has acquired nationally important architectural records for permanent preservation. Continued on page 8.
8 -s Archives Architecturales Nationales Nouvelles Acquisitions La Collection John et Joseph Power Les Archives Publiques du Canada sont heureuses d'annoncer que Ia societe d'architectes Mill & Ross Architects de Kingston (Ontario) leur a recemment fait don de Ia Collection John et Joseph Power. La collection comprend quelque 775 projets d'architecture ( 15,000 feuillets individuals) pour des edifices devant etre construits a Kingston et dans d'autres villes situees le long dulac Ontario. II s'agit de plans d'eglises, de maisons, de prisons, d'ecoles, d'orphelinats et d' autres magnifiques edifices de Ia fin du dixneuvieme siecle. On y trouve aussi les plans du dome ajoute en 1908, a l'hotel de ville de Kingston, et ceux de parties ajoutees a Ia cathedrale St. George en John Power ouvrit son cabinet d'architecture a Kingston, en 1846, et fut rejoint par son fils Joseph, en La societe changea plusieurs fois, au cours des annees, en fonction des nouveaux associes: Colin Drever, en 1919; Harry P. Smith en 1945 et Neil K. Mac Lennan en 1971 qui quitta Ia societe des En 1975, Smith devient I' associe de Thomas Mill et de Michael Ross; depuis 1980, Ia societe porte le nom de Mill & Ross; elle passe pour etre le plus ancien cabinet d'architecture au Canada. Les plans qui arriverent aux Archives publiques etaient fragiles parce qu'ils etaient demeures e(lrouh~s pendant des annees; Ia premiere tache des restaurateurs consista done a les derouler avant de les confie:lr.aux archivistes. On attribua ensuite un numero unique a chaque planet I' on est en train d'en faire Ia description da_ns des instruments de recherche. II est entendu que toutes les pieces de Ia collection seront finalemenf microfilmees; mais "notre ambition ne se limite pas Ia", nous dit Dorothy Ahlgren, responsable de Ia conservation des archives architecturales nationales; au cours des prochaines annees, les archivistes esperent pouvoir interviewer les architectes qui ont travaille pour le compte de cette societe et enregistrer leurs propos sur bande. D'ici quelques mois, Ia collection de documents architecturaux John and Joseph Power pourra etre consultee par le public aux Archives publiques du Canada, au 395, rue Wellington, Ottawa. La collection Z. Matthew Stankiewicz Les Archives publiques du Canada annoncent qu' elles ont fait recemment I' acquisition de Ia collection Z. Matthew Stankiewicz. M. Stankiewicz est ne a Wilno (Pologne) le 3 janvier En 1949, il obtient son diplome d'architecte de Z. M. Stankiewicz "Ukrainian Museum, Saskatoon, Sask. Perspective, site plan." Public Archives of Canada, National Map Collection, Z. M. Stankiewicz Collection, 80103!47, Project I'Ecole d'architecture de I'Universite de Liverpool, en Angleterre. Apr~s,plusieurs annees de pratique privee, il emigre au Canada ou il travaille pour le compte du minjstere des Travaux publics et de Ia Commission canadienne des expositions. En 1958, il ouvre son propre cabinet d'architecture a Ottawa et devient l'un des grands maitres de Ia ville. II construit surtout des residences situees en Ontario et au Nouveau-Brunswick. En 1959, il' est nomme directeur, pour Ottawa, de Ia revue Canadian Architect. En 1965, il est laureat d'un concours national que lui vaut un plan de maison qu'il a trace. Avec le concours de deux autres architectes, R. Robbie et P. Schoeler, Stankiewicz dessine les plans du pavilion canadien de I'Expo 67; il est president du jury qui a choisi le projet du pavilion canadien pour!'exposition 70 a Osaka (Japan). M. Stankiewiecz est decede en La collection Stankiewicz comprend des plans et des dessins architecturaux pour 167 projets, dont des maisons de campagne, des immeubles a bureaux, des residences unifamiliales ou multifamiliales, des restaurants, Ukrainian Museum a Saskatoon, I' ambassade de Pologne et des edifices de l'universite Carleton. En plus de ces plans et dessins, on trouve dans cette collection des comptes, des brouillons de lettres et un certain nombre de diapositives de 35 mm dont Stankiewicz se servait pour donner ses cours. Collection H. L. Fetherstonhaugh Les dossiers architecturaux de Ia firme fondee a Montreal en 1922 par H. L. Fetherstonhaugh ont ete
9 9 remis aux Archives publiques du Canada par Michael G. C. Ellwood. La firme a par Ia suite ete constituee en diverses societes: Fetherstonhaugh & Durnford ( ); Fetherstonhaugh, Durnford, Bolton & Chadwick ( ); Durnford, Bolton & Chadwick ( 1955); Durnford, Bolton, Chadwick & Ellwood ( ); Bolton, Chadwick, Ellwood & Aimers ( 1964); Bolton, Ellwood & Aimers ( ); Ellwood, Aimers & Henderson (1970); Ellwood & Henderson ( ); et, depuis 1981, Michael G. C. Ellwood. A l'heure actuelle, seuls les dossiers crees avant ont ete transferes, mais ils representant neanoins 350 projets. La collection se compose d'environ 10,000 dessins et de leurs specifications, de pieces de correspondance, de dossiers administratifs et de photographies. D' autres dossiers seront transferes systematiquement taus les cinq ans. On y trouve plus d'une centaine de plans sur des projets residentiels prives, des immeubles a appartements, des eglises, des edifices universitaires (Bishop's College, McGill University, Memorial University de Terre Neuva), des immeubles a bureaux et des projets industrials. Les projets residentiels portent surtout sur Ia construction de maisons dans Westmount et de maisons d'ete dans taus les coins du Quebec pour des families de Westmount. L'un des plus importants clients, I' Aluminum Company of Canada, a commande une vaste quantite de projets au cours des annees, dont plusieurs pour Ia ville d' Arvida. La Collection H. L. Fetherstonhaugh constitue une acquisition fort precieuse pour les Archives architecturales nationales. La collection J. Austin Floyd Les Archives publiques du Canada sont heureuses d'annoncer qu'elles ont recemment fait!'acquisition de Ia Collection J. Austin Floyd. Floyd, architecte paysagiste canadien de renom, originaire du Nouveau-Brunswick, est decede a Toronto en II obtint tout d'abord un baccalaureat en agriculture de I'Universite du Manitoba puis une maiitrise en architecture de paysage de I'Universite Harvard, en De 1948 a 1954, alors qu'il est directeur adjoint du Toronto Planning Board, il fonde avec d'autres architectes paysagistes Ia societe Dunington-Grubb, Floyd & Stensson. En 1956, il ouvre son propre cabinet, et pendant un bon nombre d'annees il donne des cours a I'Ecole d'architecture de I'Universite de Toronto. II est membre de I' Association des architectes paysagistes du Canada dont il devint le president en 1953 et 1954 et de I' Ontario Association of Landscape Architects. En 1982, cette association lui a decerne une distinction posthume pour realisations exceptionnelles. Au nombre des grandes realisations de sa carriere, mentionnons l'amenagement du jardin du Sheraton Centre Hotel, du "Fragrant Garden" de l'lnstitut canadien des aveugles et de I' Enchanted Garden de I' Ontario Crippled Children's Centre, taus situes a Toronto. Outre ces jardins, il a amenage des pares provinciaux, des jardins botaniques, ainsi que des jardins pour des universites et des residences. La collection qui comprend des plans, des photographies et des diapositives, des lettres ainsi que des echantillons d'arbres a ete offerte aux Archives par James Floyd, de Ia societe Floyd et Gerrard, architectes paysagistes de Toronto. Toutes ces pieces seront classees par les archivistes au cours des prochains mois pour etre ensuite mises a Ia disposition des chercheurs a partir du printemps de Collection Arthur W. Wallace Les Archives architecturales nationales des Archives publiques du Canada ont recemment fait I' acquisition de Ia collection de documents architecturaux Arthur W. Wallace. Wallace re<;cut son diplome d'architecte de l'universite McGill en 1926 et travailla pour lecompte de societes d'architectes a New York vers Ia fin des annees 1920 et en Angleterre au cours des annees Pendant presque toute Ia duree de Ia guerre, il travailla comme architecte pour le compte de Ia British Eighth Army en Afrique du Nord. De Ia fin des annees 40 a Ia fin des annees 60, il pratiqua!'architecture chez Husband and Wallace, a Hamilton. Pendant les dernieres annees de sa vie, il travailla surtout comme expert-conseil en en matiere de restauration et d'execution de projets historiques; M. Wallace mourut en 1978, a l'age de 76 ans. Avant d'avoir obtenu son diplome d'architecture, M. Wallace participa au recensement des immeubles presentant un interet architectural et a leur restauration. La remise en bon etat des immeubles historiques ou de style le passionna toute sa vie et sa plus grande realisation est sans doute Ia restauration du fameux Dundurn Castle, a Hamilton; il participa activement, en fournissant conseils techniques et illustrations, a de nombreux projets historiques ainsi qu'a Ia redaction d'articles sur le sujet. En 1976, Heritage Trust de Ia Nouvelle-Ecosse et Nova Scotia Museum publierent conjointement un recueil des oeuvres architecturales de Wallace intitule An Album of Drawings of Early Buildings in Nova Scotia. La collection comprend des documents qui nous eclairent sur taus les aspects de Ia carriere de Wallace; elle se compose de photographies, de lettres, de croquis, de cartes, de bleus et de dessins ainsi que d'un ensemble de dossiers classees et indexes contenant quelque 20,000 articles, coupures de journaux et photographies se rapportant a differents styles d' architecture qu' on trouve un peu partout dans le monde. Cette collection comprend done des pieces uniques et precieuses pour Ia recherche en architecture; il existerait peu de collections aussi specialisees et aussi importantes dans les institutions publiques du Canada. Les archives architecturales nationales qui ont ete creees en 1970 n'ont cesse de fa ire I' acquisition de documents architecturaux precieux pour Ia posterite et qui, a ce titre, doivent etre conserves en permanence.
10 10 Regional News - Toronto Historical Board Plan a special family outing to Toronto's historic homes... Mackenzie House, 82 Bond Street, or Colborne Lodge, on Colborne Lodge Drive and The Oueensway in High Park, to create a Valentine for your loved one on the weekend of February 1 2th and 13th from 1 :00 to 4:00 p.m. At Mackenzie House, the gas-lit Victorian home and printshop of William Lyon Mackenzie, printer, publisher, politician and Toronto's first Mayor in 1834, there are cooking demonstrations with 'Our Favorite' wood-burning stove and the special exhibition, "In Miniature", a display of tiny things to delight the young and not-soyoung. Afternoon tea is served daily in the Gallery from 2:00 to 4:00p.m. -a mini tea with cookies costs $1.50 and a full tea with home-baked bread, jam, cookies and fruit loaf costs $2.50. After skating or tobogganing in High Park, visit Colborne Lodge, the picturesque Regency-style residence of John G. Howard, architect, city surveyor, teacher and artist, and enjoy a cup of mulled cider and muffins beside the old wood stove in the kitchen. All items for creating your Valentine are included with admission... $1. 50 for adults and $1.00 for children and senior citizens. Both historic homes open daily from 9:30a.m. to 5:00p.m., Sundays and holidays from 12 noon to 5:00 p.m. For further information, contact: J. Moyra Haney Public Information Officer Montreal The RAIC will hold its annual convention at the Ritz Carlton Hotel, Montreal from May, Feature Nouvelles de Ia Societe events include Governor General's Medals for design, Future's Trace, a symposium on computers and microcomputers in architectural practice and the annual meeting. Manitoba The Faculty of Architecture announces the following calendar of events for spring term 1983, location Centre Space, Russell Building, University of Manitoba. Further details phone Feb.- 5 Mar. Kazuo Shinohara - Japanese Architecture Exhibition in Jury Room and Centre Space 24 Feb. Film night - *Palladia and his influence on American Architecture * #2 in Manitoba Film Makers series 28 Feb. Jerzy Soltan - University Professor of Architecture, Harvard 1 Mar. Henwood Memorial Lecture, Winnipeg Convention Centre 8 Mar. Rae Affleck, Architect Lecture 10 Mar. ZVI Miller president International Association of Landscape Architects - illustrated lecture 17 Mar. Professor Lu, City Planning, lecture BOOK REVIEWS-LIVRES Roy, Patricia E., Vancouver: An Illustrated History, Toronto, James Lorimer & Co. and National Museum of Man, National Museums of Canada, 1980, 190 pp. $25.00 This book is one of The Canadian Cities Series being sponsored by the History Division of the National Museums of Man. While the project is described, in the Foreword, as being intended to satisfy a demand for popular, as distinct from scholarly publications, Professor Roy's book on Vancouver shows that there is room between these extremes for a third category of publication. It is true that if her work were a doctoral thesis it would have more maps, and it is possible that its 283 footnotes would contain more page citations than they do, and it is just possible that there might be even more notes (there are, after all, fewer than four per full page of text). All the same, to suggest that this works falls in any way short of scholarly standards, either in its respect for the sources on which it draws, or in the even-handed fashion in which it deals with the controversies that have marked Vancouver's history, would be a gross insult to its author. If the other books in the series reach the high standard set by Roy, then any public library in Canada worthy of the name should collect the entire series. No history can be perfect. To be so, it would have to say all about everything in a finite number of words. But even measured against these high standards, Vancouver: An Illustrated History scores highly. As a framework for the facts that she presents, Roy has divided the story of the city into four periods, each with its own overall theme: , "Laying the foundations"; , "The city booms"; ; "Depression and consolidation"; and , "The maturing city". Within each of these periods she surveys developments within five fields: economic growth and metropolitan relationships, population growth and ethnic relationships, the urban landscape, civic politics, social and cultural life. Though these labels provide a reasonably good
11 11 guide to the contents of the sections, some readers may be surprised to find issues concerned with public health and the provision of utilities being included under the third. Specialists in any field will wish that more had been said about their favourite interest, but even specialists will be hard pressed to find books that provide better coverage of their hobby-horses for the full ninety-odd years that Roy surveys. Because history never ends, the book raises two questions to which it is unable to provide answers. 1) Was the attempt to revive Gastown through a refurbishing of its old buildings and the preservation of its streetscape a success? 2) How was it that in the 1960s and 1970s "Vancouver residents spurned the North American passion for freeways"? Perhaps some of Roy's readers will be inspired to take up these questions and provide us with answers. For those who want to know more about Vancouver there is an excellent "Note on sources and suggestions for further readings". To this section, members of the Society for the Study of Architecture in Canada will want to turn, for though Professor Roy has provided them with approximately fifty photographs of panoramas, streetscapes, and views of individual buildings (not to mention a number of interior views), these provide interesting supplements to the text rather than an extensive body of evidence documenting the changing nature of the physical structure of Vancouver. But to end on the note of praise that the book deserves, if you want the best available survey of what Vancouver has been, a survey that is as honest about the ethnic discrimination and political extremism that many Vancouverites have preferred not to recognize, as it is about the energy and enterprise that have justified the City's motto: "By sea and land we prosper", this is the book to get. Reviewed by O.F.G. Sitwell, University of Alberta Marsan, Jean-Claude, Montreal in Evolution, MeGill Queen's University Press, Montreal in Evolution was first published in 1974 as Montreal en evolution. Seven years later it has been translated exactly from the French version, with the addition of an Epilogue to touch on events which have occurred during the intervening years. The author's subtitle for the book is an "Historical Analysis of the Development of Montreal's Architecture and Urban Environment". In this it is most complete, beginning with the first voyage of Jacques Cartier to Canada in 1534, and ending with the impact of another French national, architect Roger Taillibert and his 1976 Olympic Stadium. The nearly four-hundred-and-fifty years between these two events are dutifully covered in an equivalent number of pages which provide not only an architectural and urban design history of the city, but a social and economic history as well. In this way the book should have broad appeal by illustrating and explaining the physical expression of Montreal's cultural history. This physical expression has two bases: the physical environment-primarily geography- and human activity. Once the geography of northeastern North America had determined a point of settlement, the topography of Montreal-bounded by the St. Lawrence on the south and east, and by Mount Royal on the north - together with its geology and climate, determined the physical pattern of the settlement's development and its building forms during its first hundred years. Thereafter (Parts II, Ill and IV of the book) human activity as evidenced in the evolution of technical and economic forces governed the development of Montreal's architecture and urban environment. Part II covers the second and third hundred years (to about 1840) emphasizing the "frontier" town and pre-industrialization. Part Ill marks the impact of the industrial revolution and Marsan's growing involvement with the architecture of Montreal. Although this Part covers but sixty years of the city's development, it requires over one-third of the text to do it. Part IV, the twentieth-century, illustrates the change in the emphasis of the built environment from architecture to urbanism and all the aspects of social, economic and political awareness that that term implies. For those with an interest in the history of architecture and urban design, Parts II and Ill with their accompanying social and economic history provide enjoyable and enlightening reading, made all the more interesting by the architectural and social comment provided by the author. Part IV, Montreal in the Twentieth-Century, is particularly relevant since many readers of this book will be deeply involved with urban development issues in their own communities both professionally and on a volunteer basis. As a twentieth- century Montrealer, this is also Marsan's forte, and he writes with a background in architecture and urban design. The book has few shortcomings. Although wellillustrated and laid-out, there are portions where additional illustrations would be helpful, despite the effect on the book's thickness. More disappointing, through no fault of the author, is the inferior cover. Although hardbound, the front and back are covered with an illustration paper which belies the quality of the text. The binding of the pages, though adequate, is covered by a flat, rather than curved piece of board which is itself covered with inferior cloth, with the title then appearing to be stamped on rather than impressed into the cover stock. The more traditional form of book-plus-dust jacket would be preferable for such a quality book The author considers the book to be the first study of its kind for a Canadian city. One would hope that it is the first of many which would do the same for every major Canadian city. Although Montreal in Evolution encompasses a much greater period of time, it has many of the same qualities as A. J. Youngson's The Making of Classical Edinburgh ( 1966) which is a history, analysis and critique of that city's development from the late eighteenth-century to the early nineteenth-century-a
12 city where Marsan lived for several years while undertaking the post-graduate studies which led to Montreal in Evolution. The author is still involved with concerned Montrealers who seek to protect and improve their urban environment, and one hopes that Montreal in Evolution will inspire other Canadians to do the same in their own towns and cities. Reviewed by Richard G. Kilstrom, Edmonton, Alberta The following distributors offer listings of architectural books: The Architecture Book Store 116 Third Avenue, Ottawa, Ontario K1S 2K1 Ph Ballenford Architectural Books 98 Scollard Street, Toronto, Ontario M5R 1G2 Urban Centre Books The Villard Houses 457 Madison Avenue, New York, New York USA Ph New Books Architecture civile 1: Les edifices publics, Communaute urbaine de Montreal, Secretariat general, 2 Complexe Desjardins, 21 e etage, Montreal, Quebec, H5B 1 E6 This is the fourth volume in an excellent series documenting the architecture of Montreal. $5.00 per volume. GUBBANY, Aline, Le fleuve et Ia montagne I The Mountain and the River. les Livres Trillium Books, P.O./C.P. 312 (Victoria Station) Montreal, Quebec, H3Z 2V8 The story of the development of the city from its foundation to the present, seen through existing buildings and monuments. $15.00 per copy. WE5T tilvatioii Samuel Maclure 's Hatley Park "Castle" 1908, for James Dunsmuir now serves as the administration building for Royal Roads Military College, Victoria. ISSN EditoriRedacteur D. W. Lovell, CD 265 Nova Vista Dr. Winnipeg, Manitoba R2N lgl