Editors B.C.Y. Freezailah, H. Mohd Basri, M. I. Shaharuddin, C. C. Chandrasekharan, S. E. Wilson and I. Tomaselli VOLUME 1. Jointly sponsored by

Dimension: px
Commencer à balayer dès la page:

Download "Editors B.C.Y. Freezailah, H. Mohd Basri, M. I. Shaharuddin, C. C. Chandrasekharan, S. E. Wilson and I. Tomaselli VOLUME 1. Jointly sponsored by"

Transcription

1 SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT OF TROPICAL FORESTS PRIVATE SECTOR EXPERIENCES Case Studies Presentation Editors B.C.Y. Freezailah, H. Mohd Basri, M. I. Shaharuddin, C. C. Chandrasekharan, S. E. Wilson and I. Tomaselli VOLUME 1 Jointly sponsored by Forestry Department Peninsular Malaysia & International Tropical Timber Organisation (ITTO)

2 SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT OF TROPICAL FORESTS PRIVATE SECTOR EXPERIENCES Case Studies Presentation

3

4 SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT OF TROPICAL FORESTS PRIVATE SECTOR EXPERIENCES Case Studies Presentation Proceedings of the International Conference Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia April 2004 VOLUME I Editors B. C. Y. Freezailah, H. Mohd Basri, M. I. Shaharuddin, C. C. Chandrasekharan, S. E. Wilson and I. Tomaselli Jointly organised and sponsored by Forestry Department Peninsular Malaysia & International Tropical Timber Organisation (ITTO)

5 Forestry Department Peninsular Malaysia September 2004 All enquiries regarding this book should be forwarded to: Director General of Forestry Forestry Department Headquarters Peninsular Malaysia Jalan Sultan Salahuddin Kuala Lumpur Malaysia Tel : Fax : Website : Perpustakaan Malaysia Cataloguing-in-Publication Data International Conference (2004: Kuala Lumpur) Sustainable management of tropical forest: private sector Experiences : proceedings of the International Conference, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, April 2004; jointly organized and sponsored by Forest Department Peninsular Malaysia & International Tropical Timber Organization. ISBN (v.i) I. Sustainable Forestry Congresses. 2.Forest management-- Congresses. 3. Forest and Forestry Congresses. I. Malaysia. Jabatan Perhutanan. II. International Tropical Timber Organization. III. Title No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, whether mechanical or electronic including photocopying and recording without the written consent of Forestry Department Peninsular Malaysia

6 CONTENTS CONTENTS V ACKNOWLEDGEMENT xiv KEYNOTE SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT OF TROPICAL FORESTS. PRIVATE SECTOR EXPERIENCE: CONGO BASIN EXAMPLE By Dr. H. L. Stoll SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT OF TROPICAL FORESTS. PRIVATE SECTOR EXPERIENCE: CONGO BASIN EXAMPLE By Dr. H. L. Stoll and Sr. J-J. Landrot 1.0 SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT THE AFRICAN RESOURCE AS A WHOLE AREAS UNDER MANAGEMENT FOREST MANAGEMENT: AN ECONOMIC AND CULTURAL REVOLUTION ECO-CERTIFICATION ANOTHER INCREASINGLY IMPORTANT REQUIREMENT: GOVERNANCE AND LEGALITY CONCLUSION LA ORDENACIÓN SOSTENIBLE DE LOS BOSQUES TROPICALES. EXPERIENCIAS DEL SECTOR PRIVADO: EL EJEMPLO DE LA CUENCA DEL CONGO Por el Dr. H. L. Stoll y el Sr. J-J Landrot 1.0 DESARROLLO SOSTENIBLE LOS RECURSOS AFRICANOS EN GENERAL LAS SUPERFICIES MANEJADAS LA ORDENACIÓN FORESTAL: UNA REVOLUCIÓN ECONÓMICA Y CULTURAL LA ECO-CERTIFICACIÓN OTRA CRECIENTE EXIGENCIA: LA GOBERNANZA Y LA LEGALIDAD CONCLUSIÓN LA ORDENACIÓN SOSTENIBLE DE LOS BOSQUES TROPICALES. EXPERIENCIAS DEL SECTOR PRIVADO: EL EJEMPLO DE LA CUENCA DEL CONGO Por el Dr. H. L. Stoll y el Sr. J-J Landrot 1.0 DESARROLLO SOSTENIBLE LOS RECURSOS AFRICANOS EN GENERAL LAS SUPERFICIES MANEJADAS LA ORDENACIÓN FORESTAL: UNA REVOLUCIÓN ECONÓMICA Y CULTURAL LA ECO-CERTIFICACIÓN OTRA CRECIENTE EXIGENCIA: LA GOBERNANZA Y LA LEGALIDAD CONCLUSIÓN v

7 SESSION 1 AFRICA Chairman: M. Esano EXPERIENCE DE LA CONGOLAISE INDUSTRIELLE DES BOIS (CIB) EN MATIERE DE GESTION DURABLE DES FORETS Y. Dubois and D. Paget SUMMARY RESUME RESUMEN CONTEXTE LA GESTION FORESTIÈRE PERMET UN BÉNÉFICE POUR TOUTE LA POPULATION PAR LE RESPECT D UNE FISCALITÉ FORESTIÈRE ÉQUILIBRÉE LA GESTION FORESTIÈRE RESPONSABLE DE LA CIB EXIGE L ÉLABORATION DE PLANS D AMÉNAGEMENT DE CHACUNE DE SES CONCESSIONS PAR CES PLANS, LA CIB S ENGAGE À EXPLOITER LA FORÊT «DURABLEMENT» POUR METTRE EN ŒUVRE CETTE NOUVELLE POLITIQUE, LA CIB S ASSOCIE À DES PARTENAIRES, TOUTES LES «PARTIES PRENANTES» LA CIB ÉLABORE DES PLANS D AMÉNAGEMENT POUR SES CONCESSIONS EN VISANT LA CONSERVATION DE L ENVIRONNEMENT ET LE DÉVELOPPEMENT SOCIAL ET ÉCONOMIQUE DU PAYS PRESENTATION DE LA CIB INVENTAIRE D AMENAGEMENT OU INVENTAIRE STATISTIQUE DES RESSOURCES FORESTIERES DES UNITES FORESTIERES D AMENAGEMENT (UFA) ATTRIBUEES ALACIB MÉTHODE D INVENTAIRE D AMÉNAGEMENT FORESTIER EXPERIENCE DE LA CONGOLAISE INDUSTRIELLE DE BOIS EN MATIERE DE GESTION ET PROTECTION DE LA FAUNE MESURES D EXPLOITATION FORESTIERE A IMPACT REDUIT (EFIR) MISES EN ŒUVRE A LA CIB ACTIONS PROGRAMMÉES EN LES ACTIONS SOCIALES ET ECONOMIQUES DU PLAN D AMENAGEMENT DE LA CIB LES ENGAGEMENTS DE LA CIB CONCLUSION BIBLIOGRAPHIE THE MANAGEMENT OF PLANTATION FORESTS: THE CASE OF OFFICE DE DEVELOPPEMENT ET D EXPLOITATION DES FORETS (ODEF) A-A. Ayih SUMMARY RESUME RESUMEN INTRODUCTION PROFIL DE LA COMPAGNIE LES AMENAGEMENTS FORESTIERS FACTEURS FAVORISANT L AMENAGEMENT FORESTIER DURABLE FACTEURS DEFAVORABLES A L AMENAGEMENT FORESTIER DURABLE CONCLUSION vi

8 A FOREST CONCESSION MANAGED ON A SUSTAINABLE BASIS BY AN INDUSTRIAL COMPANY: THE CASE OF ROUGIER GABON IN HAUT-ABANGA N. Bayol SUMMARY RESUME RESUMEN INTRODUCTION DESCRIPTION DE L ENTREPRISE ET DE LA CFAD: LES ELEMENTS CLE LES POINTS FORTS DE LA GESTION DURABLE DE LA CFAD DU HAUT-ABANGA («CORE STRENGTHS VIS-À-VIS SFM) UN PLAN D AMÉNAGEMENT COMPLET BASÉ SUR UNE SOLIDE ANALYSE DE L ENVIRONNEMENT SUR LA CFAD RESTRICTIONS D EXPLOITATION ABATTAGE DÉBARDAGE ET DÉBUSCAGE LIMITATION DES PERTES DE BOIS LIMITATION DES POLLUTIONS CHIMIQUES ROUTES MESURES DE SUIVI CONTRÔLE DE L EXPLOITATION DES ACTIONS NOUVELLES DE CONSERVATION DES MILIEUX ET DE LA FAUNE UNE MEILLEURE PRISE EN COMPTE DES BESOINS SOCIAUX UN SOUCI CONSTANT DE SE METTRE EN CONFORMITÉ AVEC LES STANDARDS INTERNATIONAUX ET NOTAMMENT CEUX DE L OAB/OIBT LES ENSEIGNEMENTS TIRÉS DE L EXPÉRIENCE ROUGIER GABON SUR LA CFAD DU HAUT-ABANGA REFERENCES SAMARTEX TIMBER & PLYWOOD LTD. GHANA S FIRST COMPANY GOING FOR CERTIFICATION.91 A. Brede SUMMARY RESUME RESUMEN INTRODUCTION COMPANY BACKGOUND TIMBER HARVESTING AND PROCESSING FOREST MANAGEMENT DEVELOPMENT AND SOCIAL ISSUES CONSTRAINTS, CONCLUSIONS AND OUTLOOK SUMMARY BY SESSION CHAIRMAN, M. ESANO SOMMAIRE DU PRÉSIDENT DE LA SÉANCE PAR M. ESANO RESUMEN DEL PRESIDENTE DE LA SESIÓN POR M. ESANO vii

9 SESSION 2 ASIA-PACIFIC Chairman: R. B. McCarthy CASE STUDY ON SAMLING PLYWOOD (BRAMAS) SDN. BHD., MALAYSIA S. K. Chan SUMMARY RESUME RESUMEN BACKGROUND INFORMATION TIMBER LICENSE REGULATIONS FOREST TYPES AND THE SITE FACTORS DEMOGRAPHIC AND SOCIO-CULTURAL ENVIRONMENT SYSTEM OF FOREST MANAGEMENT PLANNING LOGGING OPERATIONS POST-HARVEST INSPECTION AND CLOSURE OF LOGGING BLOCKS SILVICULTURAL OPERATIONS IN LOGGED-OVER AREAS FOREST FIRE MANAGEMENT WOOD UTILISATION ORGANISATIONAL STRUCTURE OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONTRIBUTION ENVIRONMENTAL CONTRIBUTIONS RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT INITIATIVES FOR OBTAINING CERTIFICATION GOVERNMENT CAPABILITY TO ENFORCE SFM CONSTRAINTS SUCCESS CRITERIA TECHNOLOGICAL REFINEMENTS AND LOCAL COMMUNITY SUPPORT ARE CRUCIAL FOR SUSTAINABLE FOREST MANAGEMENT: THE CASE OF PT. SARI BUMI KUSUMA N. Suparna SUMMARY RESUME RESUMEN INTRODUCTION THE CONCESSION THE FOREST RESOURCES FOREST MANAGEMENT PLANNING SYSTEM OF MANAGEMENT HUMAN RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT (HRD) INSTITUTIONAL ASPECT SOCIAL ASPECT ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECT R & D ACTIVITIES CERTIFICATION CONCLUSION LITERATURE viii

10 SUSTAINABLE FOREST MANAGEMENT AGAINST ALL ODDS: THE CASE OF PACIFIC TIMBER EXPORT CORPORATION F. A. Lu SUMMARY RESUME RESUMEN BACKGROUND COMPANY PROFILE AND STRUCTURE DETAILS OF THE CONCESSION AREA TLA FOREST RESOURCE BASE PATECO S FOREST MANAGEMENT HISTORY MANAGEMENT PLANNING ANNUAL LOGGING PLAN & PRE-LOGGING REQUIREMENTS ANNUAL ALLOWABLE CUT VS. PERMISSIBLE CUT POST HARVEST OPERATION FOREST PROTECTION CONTROL OF FOREST PEST AND DISEASES ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION PATECO S ECONOMIC, SOCIAL & ENVIRONMENTAL CONTRIBUTION COMMUNITY SERVICES CAPACITY OF GOVERNMENT AGENCIES TO ENFORCE SFM FUTURE PLANS SUCCESS CRITERIA CONCLUSION REFERENCES TIMBER PRODUCTION PROMOTES REGIONAL AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT IN REMOTE REGIONS OF PAPUA NEW GUINEA: THE CASE OF VANIMO FOREST PRODUCTS PTY. LTD P. Tiong SUMMARY RESUME RESUMEN BACKGROUND COMPANY OBJECTIVES FOREST AND LOCALITY FACTORS FOREST MANAGEMENT SYSTEM AND PROCESS BENEFITS GENERATED STAFFING AND ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE SUPPORT TO SOCIAL/RURAL DEVELOPMENT INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT LAND-USE DEVELOPMENT SCHOLARSHIPS AND HIGHER EDUCATION SOCIAL AMENITIES AND CULTURAL ACTIVITIES ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION FUTURE PROGRAMMES SUCCESS CRITERIA AND CONSTRAINTS CONCLUSIONS ACKNOWLEDGEMENT ix

11 PRODUCERS CO-OPERATIVES ENSURE BETTER MANAGEMENT OF AND ENHANCED INCOME FROM, NON-WOOD FOREST PRODUCTS AND EMPOWER THE COMMUNITY: THE CASE OF MADHYA PRADASH STATE MINOR FOREST PRODUCE (TRADE AND DEVELOPMENT) CO-OPERATIVE FEDERATION LTD R. Prasad SUMMARY RESUME RESUMEN INTRODUCTION SPATIAL SCOPE OF THE CASE ECONOMIC INDICATORS LOCALITY FACTORS FOREST RESOURCES FORESTS IN VILLAGES STRATEGY FOR DEVELOPMENT OF FORESTRY IN MADHYA PRADESH JOINT FOREST MANAGEMENT PRODUCTION ACTIVITIES NEGLECT OF NWFPS NATIONALISATION OF TENDU LEAVES COLLECTION MADHYA PRADESH INITIATIVES MP-MFP (TRADE AND DEVELOPMENT) CO-OPERATIVE FEDERATION LTD CONCLUSION ACKNOWLEDGEMENT REFERENCES CLONAL PULPWOOD TREE FARMS CHANGE THE RURAL LANDSCAPE IN ANDHRA PRADESH: A CASE STUDY ON OUTGROWER FARMS OF CLONAL TREES OF ITC LTD S. N. Rao SUMMARY RESUME RESUMEN INTRODUCTION BACKGROUND SITUATION OF FORESTRY IN ANDHRA PRADESH FOREST-BASED INDUSTRIES PROMOTION OF OUTGROWER TREE FARMS OUTREACH TO THE FARMERS IMPROVED SILVICULTURAL PRACTICES GROWTH AND YIELDS CUTTING CYCLE AND YIELD HARVESTING AND COPPICING PULPWOOD PROCUREMENT ARRANGEMENTS PRICE PAID FOR PULPWOOD COST-BENEFIT COMPARISONS BENEFITS OF CLONAL EUCALYPTUS TREE FARMS RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT EXTENSION ACTIVITIES PLANS FOR THE FUTURE SUCCESS CRITERIA AND CONSTRAINTS x

12 19.0 CONCLUSION ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS SUMMARY BY SESSION CHAIRMAN, R. B. MCCARTHY SOMMAIRE DU PRÉSIDENT DE LA SÉANCE PAR R. B. McCARTHY RESUMEN DEL PRESIDENTE DE LA SESIÓN POR R. B. MCCARTHY SESSION 3 LATIN AMERICA-CARIBBEAN Chairman: F. Pastore IMPACTS OF SFM ADOPTION AT THE FOREST AND THE MILL: THE CASE OF LA CHONTA P. Antelo and M. Tuoto SUMMARY RESUME RESUMEN GENERAL INFORMATION SFM ADOPTION WOOD PROCESSING MARKET ISSUES FINANCIAL IMPACTS GENERAL ASSESSMENT ON STRENGTHS AND WEAKNESSES SFM AND INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENTS: THE CASE OF GUAVIRÁ J. Baldasso and M. Tuoto SUMMARY RESUME RESUMEN GENERAL INFORMATION SFM ACTIVITIES INDUSTRIAL EVOLUTION MARKET ISSUES SFM IN ORSA FLORESTAL: THE CASE OF ORSA FLORESTAL R. S. Waack, R. F. Tocci, A. L. Pironel and E. L. Reckziegel SUMMARY RESUME RESUMEN THE JARI VALLEY REGION JARI PROJECT ORSA FLORESTAL THE SFM PLAN RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ENVIRONMENT AND SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY GENERAL ASSESSMENT ON STRENGTHS AND WEAKNESSES xi

13 THE ESTABLISHMENT OF PARTNERSHIPS IN ORDER TO FACILITATE SFM IMPLEMENTATION: THE CASE OF CIKEL M. Tuoto SUMMARY RESUME RESUMEN GENERAL INFORMATION SFM DEVELOPMENT IN CIKEL IMPLEMENTATION OF THE SFM PLAN SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ASPECTS OF THE REGION CIKEL COMMITMENT TO THE COMMUNITY CONSIDERING THE INTERNATIONAL PRINCIPLES OF SFM SUMMARY BY SESSION CHAIRMAN, F. PASTORE SOMMAIRE DU PRÉSIDENT DE LA SÉANCE PAR F. PASTORE RESUMEN DEL PRESIDENTE DE LA SESIÓN POR F. PASTORE SESSION IV PANEL DISCUSSION Chairman: Dato Dr. B. C. Y. Freezailah CONCLUDING REMARKS BY SESSION CHAIRMAN DATO DR. B. C. Y. FREEZAILAH ALLOCUTION DE CLÔTURE DU PRÉSIDENT DE LA SÉANCE, DATO DR. B. C. Y. FREEZAILAH COMENTARIOS FINALES DEL PRESIDENTE DE LA SESIÓN, DATO DR. B. C. Y. FREEZAILAH POST-CONFERENCE MANAGEMENT OF THE MATANG MANGROVES IN THE 21ST CENTURY Dato' M. Azahar and K.L. Lim SUMMARY BACKGROUND INFORMATION RESERVATION, MARKET DEVELOPMENT AND INDUSTRY MANAGEMENT HISTORY RESOURCE BASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS SILVICULTURE SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONTRIBUTION WILDLIFE CONSERVATION SUCCESS CRITERIA AND CONSTRAINTS REFERENCES xii

14 OPENING & CLOSING ADDRESS OPENING ADDRESS BY DR. MANOEL SOBRAL FILHO WELCOMING ADDRESS BY Y. BHG. DATO' HAJI ABDUL RASHID BIN MAT AMIN OPENING ADDRESS BY Y.B. DATO SRI HJ. ADENAN HJ. SATEM CLOSING REMARKS BY Y. BHG. DATO HAJI ABDUL RASHID BIN MAT AMIN CONFERENCE PROGRAMME CONFERENCE PROGRAMME CONFERENCE PARTICIPANTS PARTICIPANTS xiii

15 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The International Conference on Sustainable Management of Tropical Forests Private Sector Experiences, held between April 2004, in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, serves to report on findings of the ITTO Project PD48/99 Rev.1 (F, M) entitled Sharing of Information and Experiences on Private Sector Success Stories in Sustainable Forest Management. The Project is unique to the Organisation in the sense that it is the first major project that deals with the private sector s application of the sustainable forest management principle. ITTO in its essence have set its core business, so to speak, to formulate good management practices for the forests of the tropics around the thrust of SFM. It is thus in this perspective that the outputs of this Project is anticipated with some eagerness since it provides the first opportunity for us to see how the private sector forest managers adopt and translate the sustainability concept in their management practices. In its endeavour the project team, led by Y. Bhg. Dato Dr. B. C. Y. Freezailah, the founding and former Executive Director of ITTO, has covered a very wide ground in terms of both space and subject matter that revolves around SFM. The three major tropical regions of Asia-Pacific, Africa and Latin America-Caribbean were judiciously surveyed for good practitioners of forest management among private sector companies. It is hoped that their experiences, and in particular the lessons learnt, in pursuing SFM as the core of their forest management, will serve as the guiding models for those aspiring to venture in the same direction. The conference proceedings, published in two volumes, tell a pan-tropical story of the struggles experienced by 15 forest managers to achieve SFM. Collectively, they cover a range of forest enterprises that practically span the very wide tapestry of forestry endeavours. Although the socioeconomic and physical backdrops may be varied there are many common grounds for them to convey a pan-tropical message, if not a regional one. I am confident that the discerning forest manager can pick out the lessons learnt, from this intentionally selected wide management landscape that can benefit their individual needs. Like all major enterprise, the making of this Project, with its culmination in the proceedings, is a gotong royong effort which is a traditional Malay expression meaning team effort in which most of the village is involved. I gratefully acknowledge the contributions of the ITTO and the Government of Malaysia, through the Department of Forestry Peninsular Malaysia, for conceiving and funding the Project. I would also like to congratulate the fine effort of the project team with Y. Bhg. Dato Dr. B. C. Y. Freezailah as the Project Coordinator, Mr. Mohd Basri bin Hamzah the Assistant Coordinator and Dr. C. C. Chandrasekharan, Mr. S. E. Wilson and Dr. I. Tomaselli as Regional Consultants. The Project was smoothly managed by the home Secretariat in Kuala Lumpur commendably headed by Y. Bhg. Dato Shaharuddin bin Mohamad Ismail, the Deputy Director General, and his able staff which include Mr. Thai See Kiam, Mr. Razani bin Ujang, Mr. Chin Yue Man, Tuan Hj Kamaruzaman bin Ali Budin and Mr. Yap Yee Hwai. The Perak State Forest Department smoothly organised the Post-Conference Tour under the able leadership of the State Director of Forestry, Y.Bhg. Dato Azahar bin Muda and his staff which include Mr. Nik Mohd. Shah bin Nik Mustafa, Mr. Amir bin Idris, Tn. Hj. Zainal bin Jain and Mr. Lim Kee Leng. I would like to thank Dr. C. C.Chandrasekharan for drafting the project technical report which is printed separately from the conference proceedings. In this fine piece of writing, he has successfully highlighted the major lessons learnt by the forest managers and also commendably updated our knowledge on the nature and practice of SFM in the tropics. This publication should thus be of use to all students of sustainable tropical forest management. My sincere appreciation is especially extended to the conference paper presenters for their magnanimity in sharing their rich experiences to benefit forest management in the tropics. They are Mr. S.K. Chan, Mr. N. Suparna, Mr. F. A. Lu, Mr. P. Tiong, Dr. R. Prasad, Mr. S. N. Rao, Y. Bhg. Dato M. Azahar and Mr. K. L. Lim from the Asia-Pacific region, Mr. P.Y. Dubois, Mr A-A. Ayih, Mr. N. Bayol, Mr. A. Brede from Africa and Mr. P. Antelo, Mr. J. Baldasso, Mr. R. S. Waack, Mr. R. F. Tocci, Mr. A. L. Pironel, Mr. E. L. Reckziegel and Mr. Tuoto from Latin America-Caribbean region. And also to the session chairmen, Mr. M. Esano, Mr. R. McCarthy and Mr. F. Pastore and the Conference Panellists, Y. Bhg. Dato Dr. B. C. Y. Freezailah, Mr. N. Bayol, Mr. Yati Bun, H. E. Mr. N. Nakahira, Mr. Njoto and Dr. I. Tomaselli. Through their gotong royong in ideas and deliberations they have collectively identified for us a clearer direction ahead. I believe and I hope that this report will make a difference to forest management in the tropics. Yours sincerely, Director General Forestry Department Peninsular Malaysia xiv

16 KEYNOTE ADDRESS

17 Sustainable Management of Tropical Forests Private Sector Experiences 3 SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT OF TROPICAL FORESTS. PRIVATE SECTOR EXPERIENCE: CONGO BASIN EXAMPLE by Dr. H. L. Stoll Past President and Sr. J-J. Landrot President It is an honour for Dr. Stoll and myself to have been invited by ITTO to deliver a keynote address at this ITTO seminar in Kuala Lumpur. The privilege of age is also the privilege of experience, since Dr. Stoll, over half a century ago, and myself, some 42 years ago, not only discovered the Tropics, where we developed companies, but especially fell in love with them. Therefore, with the benefit of this long experience, we would wish to analyse with you the extraordinary cultural and technological revolutions which have taken place in the Tropics, and particularly in Africa, over the last ten years. As you know, the private forest sector is often severely criticised: - The Western media claim that its role is that of a destructor of forests. - As for us foresters, our role is to advance development. But this must be carried out with due respect for the village populations and regard for nature. 1.0 SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT The notion of sustainable development goes through successive stages which, over the centuries, have matched the evolution of both the environmental sensitivity and the globalisation of economic, social and environmental problems. a. An old concept in Europe In France, for example, the first concept of handing over the resource seems to date back to edicts issued by Philippe VI of Valois, i.e. in the mid-14th century. b. The Brundtland Report, 1987 Sustainable development is a form of development which meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. c. Rio 1992 The Rio Conference amplified the concept: Forest resources and land should be managed sustainably to meet the social, economic, ecological, cultural and spiritual needs of present and future generations. d. Johannesburg 2002 That Conference (RIO + 10) completed the environmental concept by highliting the concept well known to all field operators, that: There can be no environmental protection without poverty eradication. Although the notion of sustainable development seems now well established in the countries of the North, and even well accepted universally, it is applied at variable speeds, whether because of cultural differences or, quite simply, for reasons of economic development. Indeed, in many tropical countries, forests make an essential contribution to the economy, by way of individual or collective financial revenues as well representing areas available for other uses. Investment in sustainable methods is heavy; in addition, the second felling cycle is uncertain and a long way off; other uses

18 4 Sustainable Management of Tropical Forests Private Sector Experiences of forested areas are much more lucrative, whether for fast rotating crops (food crops like cassava, rice, corn, bananas, etc.) or for agro-industrial plantations such as bananas, coffee, cocoa, palm trees, rubber trees, or for grazing as in the Amazon Basin, etc. It is recognized that agricultural slash-and-burn and the firewood collection account for 80 to 90% of deforestation. Whereas the forest road infrastructure is often blamed for being the vector of deforestation, it is nevertheless essential for the development of tropical countries. ATIBT has elaborated on the positive and negative roles of such infrastructures in a handbook published jointly with FAO and which is available on request. Therefore, the demographic pressure, which is a significant factor in deforestation, and the number of inhabitants below the poverty line (US$1 per day) can legitimately raise some fear of a gloomy future for the large forests of the planet. For example, 80 million Indonesians are below this threshold and if each head of family (1 per 10 inhabitants) currently clears a 100 m x 100 m patch of forest to grow food crops, the resulting deforestation amounts to 8 million hectares per annum. The same applies in South America and in Africa. 2.0 THE AFRICAN RESOURCE AS A WHOLE 2.1 Differences in forest areas and population density The primary moist forests cover some 250 million hectares. Obviously, with the passage of years and in the wake of economic development, and especially due to demographic pressures, great differences have emerged in the status of these forests. A classification can be worked out; although no doubt cynical, it nevertheless reflects the political, economic and botanical realities which will lead us towards the chances or not to establish forest management conducive to sustainable forest promotion. a. Land of civil wars or land for investments Unfortunately to date, it can be said that five out of the fourteen countries members of ATO (African Timber Organization) are in a state of civil war: Sierra Leone, Liberia, Côte.d Ivoire, Democratic Republic of Congo (Kinshasa) and Angola. It can even be said that Guinea Conakry, the Central African Republic and the Congo (Brazzaville) are politically weak, a situation which is not likely to attract serious investors. We will return later to the determining factor linking stability and confidence supporting earnest investors. Earnestness is in itself the prerequisite of ethical management methods, sustainable forestry methods, and for establishing added value plants. In addition to the catastrophic human aspects, such civil wars generally lead to heavy losses of fauna and flora. (For example, in North Congo, Liberia, the DRC, millions of refugees have invaded the forests, hunting and clearing to survive). b. Forests or Agriculture? Countries with strong demographic pressures where agricultural slash-and-burn competes with sustainable forest management: In this category, Nigeria is the country most affected, but it should be recalled that, after the Second World War, Côte d Ivoire and Ghana were subjected not only to the pressure of European forest investors seeking materials essential to the rebuilding of Europe, but also, as a consequence of economic prosperity, to a soaring population growth (internal and immigrant), involving a loss of 50 to 80% of the primary forest cover to agriculture. The Congo Basin is still a sparsely populated and relatively intact forested area covering 150 to 204 million hectares, according to the chosen definition of what constitutes a forest, and it will serve to illustrate what has been done in the way of sustainable development and perhaps also of what should have been done in the other countries of West Africa 50 years ago.

19 Sustainable Management of Tropical Forests Private Sector Experiences The Congo Basin as an experimental field Under the definition of the Congo Basin, 7 countries North and South of the equator are watered by the affluents of one of the largest rivers of Africa: the Congo. From North to South, they are: the Cameroon, Central African Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Republic of Congo (Brazzaville), Democratic Republic of Congo (Kinshasa) and Angola. The forest of these countries covers approximately 204 million hectares, approximately 80% of which are moist forests rich in economic forestry potential, or approximately 150 million hectares. This vast tropical forest area (second only to that of the Amazon Basin) has three fundamental characteristics) a. The forest population The forest population is sparse (generally less than 10 inhabitants per square kilometre) and there are hundreds of thousands of hectares in Gabon which accommodate less than 1 inhabitant per square kilometre. Within the whole of the Congo Basin, Bantous and Pygmies share the name of village people. Whereas Pygmies were itinerant until the end of the 20th century, they are now gradually becoming settled. African States are only now beginning to recognize rights to the Pygmy people who generally live of hunting or fishing and sometimes of agricultural and forestry services to companies. The complexity of the current task is to adapt the traditional rights enjoyed by a small number of inhabitants to a way of life and modern technical means. This is true for agriculture but, as you may expect, also for hunting where powerful rifles have replaced the nets, bows and arrows. The States sovereign property over the revenues from the forest is also beginning to be shared and the rights of the indigenous people held a significant place on the agenda of the last World Forest Congress held in Quebec in b. A wealth of biodiversity Out of those 150 million hectares, approximately 50 million are allocated by the States to forest production and between 15 and 20 million to protected areas where the objective is to maintain an integral primary biodiversity. These figures are often quoted with the reservation approximately because definitions are sometimes fuzzy, official statistics confused and above all enforcement of government decisions is unsystematic. Biodiversity there is extremely important, because 70 to 80% of the animal species live in tropical areas. For example, some 400 species of mammals (including 4 of the 6 species of the world s large monkeys), 400 species of reptiles and more than 1300 species of birds are to be found In the Congo Basin alone. Likewise, the Congo Basin contains more than 10,000 species of plants, more than 3000 of which are endemic. c. Difficulty of access Access is relatively difficult, especially in the countries forming the High Congo Basin whose rapids at the height Brazzaville/Kinshasa do not allow a possible outlet towards the sea. The same applies to Gabon where the mountainous landscape has made it very difficult to penetrate the second zone located behind the coastal forests. These difficulties of access have slowed down the development of these remote forests because of increased logistics and costs. But from a strictly forestry point of view, it can also be said that such difficulties have allowed them to escape the great conquests of the post-colonial development and to have now the chance of being suitable for forest management. 3.0 AREAS UNDER MANAGEMENT Although forest laws now require that a preliminary management plan must be established prior to any

20 6 Sustainable Management of Tropical Forests Private Sector Experiences forestry activity taking place in granted concessions, the reality is quite different for political, economic and technical reasons. We will return to that later in the study. a. Areas in the process of being managed To date, the process of management has been initiated over 20 million hectares, in other words inventories are in progress. b. Areas already under management 2.5 million hectares have already been covered by a management plan approved by the administrations of the owner States and are under what is commonly called sustainable production. c. Certified areas under management 1.6 million hectares are already certified by the Dutch KEURHOUT system and the products of those forests can be marketed under the label of that system. As you know, certification often creates great confusio n in the minds not only of the consumer but also of the decision-makers in African administrations. Certification is also the subject of controversy with some NGOs. We will return more specifically to that problem at the end of the talk. Several authors will also reconsider this aspect of certification systems. But it is the responsibility of all of us to work towards mutual recognition because, in the Tropics, the important thing is not to know if such or such a system is better than another, the important thing is to encourage, incite or even coerce all operators into managing forests in such a way as to promote regeneration for future generations. 4.0 FOREST MANAGEMENT: AN ECONOMIC AND CULTURAL REVOLUTION One of the major changes in forest harvesting is the result of a shift from a mining behaviour to actually planning resource management. The first stage of management lies in understanding the forest. Even if it appears presumptuous, even utopian, to speak of maintening biodiversity in a concession under management, all the efforts of a tropical concession-holder tend towards that objective. The great biodiversity wealth of primary forests, the very recent understanding of that wealth (and even its current discovery) render the activites carried out very complex and very expensive, and many tropical countries and their concession-holders stress that these heavy costs are hard to bear in the international competition. However, the process has been initiated in the Congo Basin by all the large companies, in particular those belonging to the European Foundation for the Preservation of the African forest resources. The various stages are as follows: 4.1 Understanding the forest Contrary to the majority of other forests of the world, the African forests are owned by the States and the onus is on the concession-holder to draw up the management plan, the approval of the finilised plan being the sole responsibility of the State. The stages of this understanding are: 1. definition and delimitation of the concession with the Administration; 2. based on existing documents such as national maps, map-making of satellite images, aereal photographs and even topographic data gathered from field surveys carried out by inventory teams and GIS;

Natixis Asset Management Response to the European Commission Green Paper on shadow banking

Natixis Asset Management Response to the European Commission Green Paper on shadow banking European Commission DG MARKT Unit 02 Rue de Spa, 2 1049 Brussels Belgium markt-consultation-shadow-banking@ec.europa.eu 14 th June 2012 Natixis Asset Management Response to the European Commission Green

Plus en détail

Formation en conduite et gestion de projets. Renforcer les capacités des syndicats en Europe

Formation en conduite et gestion de projets. Renforcer les capacités des syndicats en Europe Formation en conduite et gestion de projets Renforcer les capacités des syndicats en Europe Pourquoi la gestion de projets? Le département Formation de l Institut syndical européen (ETUI, European Trade

Plus en détail

Initiative d excellence de l université de Bordeaux. Réunion du Comité stratégique 17-19 décembre 2014. Recommandations

Initiative d excellence de l université de Bordeaux. Réunion du Comité stratégique 17-19 décembre 2014. Recommandations Initiative d excellence de l université de Bordeaux Réunion du Comité stratégique 17-19 décembre 2014 Recommandations 2/1 RECOMMANDATIONS DU COMITE STRATEGIQUE Une feuille de route pour le conseil de gestion

Plus en détail

CEPF FINAL PROJECT COMPLETION REPORT

CEPF FINAL PROJECT COMPLETION REPORT CEPF FINAL PROJECT COMPLETION REPORT I. BASIC DATA Organization Legal Name: Conservation International Madagascar Project Title (as stated in the grant agreement): Knowledge Management: Information & Monitoring.

Plus en détail

Food for thought paper by the Coordinator on Reporting 1 PrepCom 3rd Review Conference 6 décembre 2013

Food for thought paper by the Coordinator on Reporting 1 PrepCom 3rd Review Conference 6 décembre 2013 Food for thought paper by the Coordinator on Reporting 1 PrepCom 3rd Review Conference 6 décembre 2013 (slide 1) Mr President, Reporting and exchange of information have always been a cornerstone of the

Plus en détail

Construire son projet : Rédiger la partie impacts (2/4) Service Europe Direction des Programmes et de la Formation pour le Sud

Construire son projet : Rédiger la partie impacts (2/4) Service Europe Direction des Programmes et de la Formation pour le Sud Construire son projet : Rédiger la partie impacts (2/4) Service Europe Direction des Programmes et de la Formation pour le Sud Sommaire Construire son projet : Rédiger la partie impacts (2/4) Comment définir

Plus en détail

Application Form/ Formulaire de demande

Application Form/ Formulaire de demande Application Form/ Formulaire de demande Ecosystem Approaches to Health: Summer Workshop and Field school Approches écosystémiques de la santé: Atelier intensif et stage d été Please submit your application

Plus en détail

CLIQUEZ ET MODIFIEZ LE TITRE

CLIQUEZ ET MODIFIEZ LE TITRE IUFRO International Congress, Nice 2015 Global challenges of air pollution and climate change to the public forest management in France Cliquez pour modifier le style des sous-titres du masque Manuel Nicolas

Plus en détail

Please find attached a revised amendment letter, extending the contract until 31 st December 2011.

Please find attached a revised amendment letter, extending the contract until 31 st December 2011. Sent: 11 May 2011 10:53 Subject: Please find attached a revised amendment letter, extending the contract until 31 st December 2011. I look forward to receiving two signed copies of this letter. Sent: 10

Plus en détail

Promotion of bio-methane and its market development through local and regional partnerships. A project under the Intelligent Energy Europe programme

Promotion of bio-methane and its market development through local and regional partnerships. A project under the Intelligent Energy Europe programme Promotion of bio-methane and its market development through local and regional partnerships A project under the Intelligent Energy Europe programme Contract Number: IEE/10/130 Deliverable Reference: W.P.2.1.3

Plus en détail

AUDIT COMMITTEE: TERMS OF REFERENCE

AUDIT COMMITTEE: TERMS OF REFERENCE AUDIT COMMITTEE: TERMS OF REFERENCE PURPOSE The Audit Committee (the Committee), assists the Board of Trustees to fulfill its oversight responsibilities to the Crown, as shareholder, for the following

Plus en détail

Le passé composé. C'est le passé! Tout ça c'est du passé! That's the past! All that's in the past!

Le passé composé. C'est le passé! Tout ça c'est du passé! That's the past! All that's in the past! > Le passé composé le passé composé C'est le passé! Tout ça c'est du passé! That's the past! All that's in the past! «Je suis vieux maintenant, et ma femme est vieille aussi. Nous n'avons pas eu d'enfants.

Plus en détail

National Director, Engineering and Maintenance East (Montreal, QC)

National Director, Engineering and Maintenance East (Montreal, QC) National Director, Engineering and Maintenance East (Montreal, QC) Reporting to the General Manager, Engineering and Maintenance, you will provide strategic direction on the support and maintenance of

Plus en détail

that the child(ren) was/were in need of protection under Part III of the Child and Family Services Act, and the court made an order on

that the child(ren) was/were in need of protection under Part III of the Child and Family Services Act, and the court made an order on ONTARIO Court File Number at (Name of court) Court office address Applicant(s) (In most cases, the applicant will be a children s aid society.) Full legal name & address for service street & number, municipality,

Plus en détail

Règlement sur le télémarketing et les centres d'appel. Call Centres Telemarketing Sales Regulation

Règlement sur le télémarketing et les centres d'appel. Call Centres Telemarketing Sales Regulation THE CONSUMER PROTECTION ACT (C.C.S.M. c. C200) Call Centres Telemarketing Sales Regulation LOI SUR LA PROTECTION DU CONSOMMATEUR (c. C200 de la C.P.L.M.) Règlement sur le télémarketing et les centres d'appel

Plus en détail

COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION. Brussels, 18 September 2008 (19.09) (OR. fr) 13156/08 LIMITE PI 53

COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION. Brussels, 18 September 2008 (19.09) (OR. fr) 13156/08 LIMITE PI 53 COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION Brussels, 18 September 2008 (19.09) (OR. fr) 13156/08 LIMITE PI 53 WORKING DOCUMENT from : Presidency to : delegations No prev. doc.: 12621/08 PI 44 Subject : Revised draft

Plus en détail

Présentation des états financiers 2014 Presentation of the 2014 Financial Statements

Présentation des états financiers 2014 Presentation of the 2014 Financial Statements Présentation des états financiers 2014 Presentation of the 2014 Financial Statements Les faits saillants Highlights L état financier du MAMROT est très complexe et fournit de nombreuses informations. Cette

Plus en détail

Discours du Ministre Tassarajen Pillay Chedumbrum. Ministre des Technologies de l'information et de la Communication (TIC) Worshop on Dot.

Discours du Ministre Tassarajen Pillay Chedumbrum. Ministre des Technologies de l'information et de la Communication (TIC) Worshop on Dot. Discours du Ministre Tassarajen Pillay Chedumbrum Ministre des Technologies de l'information et de la Communication (TIC) Worshop on Dot.Mu Date: Jeudi 12 Avril 2012 L heure: 9h15 Venue: Conference Room,

Plus en détail

Quatre axes au service de la performance et des mutations Four lines serve the performance and changes

Quatre axes au service de la performance et des mutations Four lines serve the performance and changes Le Centre d Innovation des Technologies sans Contact-EuraRFID (CITC EuraRFID) est un acteur clé en matière de l Internet des Objets et de l Intelligence Ambiante. C est un centre de ressources, d expérimentations

Plus en détail

SMALL CITY COMMERCE (EL PEQUEÑO COMERCIO DE LAS PEQUEÑAS CIUDADES)

SMALL CITY COMMERCE (EL PEQUEÑO COMERCIO DE LAS PEQUEÑAS CIUDADES) CIUDADES) ES/08/LLP-LdV/TOI/149019 1 Project Information Title: Project Number: SMALL CITY COMMERCE (EL PEQUEÑO COMERCIO DE LAS PEQUEÑAS CIUDADES) ES/08/LLP-LdV/TOI/149019 Year: 2008 Project Type: Status:

Plus en détail

Net-université 2008-1-IS1-LEO05-00110. http://www.adam-europe.eu/adam/project/view.htm?prj=5095

Net-université 2008-1-IS1-LEO05-00110. http://www.adam-europe.eu/adam/project/view.htm?prj=5095 Net-université 2008-1-IS1-LEO05-00110 1 Information sur le projet Titre: Code Projet: Année: 2008 Type de Projet: Statut: Accroche marketing: Net-université 2008-1-IS1-LEO05-00110 Projets de transfert

Plus en détail

AccessLearn Community Group: Introductory Survey. Groupe communautaire AccessLearn : étude introductive. Introduction.

AccessLearn Community Group: Introductory Survey. Groupe communautaire AccessLearn : étude introductive. Introduction. AccessLearn Community Group: Introductory Survey Introduction The W3C Accessible Online Learning Community Group (aka AccessLearn) is a place to discuss issues relating to accessibility and online learning,

Plus en détail

MAT 2377 Solutions to the Mi-term

MAT 2377 Solutions to the Mi-term MAT 2377 Solutions to the Mi-term Tuesday June 16 15 Time: 70 minutes Student Number: Name: Professor M. Alvo This is an open book exam. Standard calculators are permitted. Answer all questions. Place

Plus en détail

dualine An INRA-CIRAD prospective study on Food System and Sustainability Aims and First Issues L.G. Soler INRA-Paris

dualine An INRA-CIRAD prospective study on Food System and Sustainability Aims and First Issues L.G. Soler INRA-Paris dualine An INRA-CIRAD prospective study on Food System and Sustainability Aims and First Issues L.G. Soler INRA-Paris 1 General Context The issue of sustainable food systems raises several challenges:

Plus en détail

We Generate. You Lead.

We Generate. You Lead. www.contact-2-lead.com We Generate. You Lead. PROMOTE CONTACT 2 LEAD 1, Place de la Libération, 73000 Chambéry, France. 17/F i3 Building Asiatown, IT Park, Apas, Cebu City 6000, Philippines. HOW WE CAN

Plus en détail

eid Trends in french egovernment Liberty Alliance Workshop April, 20th 2007 French Ministry of Finance, DGME

eid Trends in french egovernment Liberty Alliance Workshop April, 20th 2007 French Ministry of Finance, DGME eid Trends in french egovernment Liberty Alliance Workshop April, 20th 2007 French Ministry of Finance, DGME Agenda What do we have today? What are our plans? What needs to be solved! What do we have today?

Plus en détail

BNP Paribas Personal Finance

BNP Paribas Personal Finance BNP Paribas Personal Finance Financially fragile loan holder prevention program CUSTOMERS IN DIFFICULTY: QUICKER IDENTIFICATION MEANS BETTER SUPPORT Brussels, December 12th 2014 Why BNPP PF has developed

Plus en détail

Nouveautés printemps 2013

Nouveautés printemps 2013 » English Se désinscrire de la liste Nouveautés printemps 2013 19 mars 2013 Dans ce Flash Info, vous trouverez une description des nouveautés et mises à jour des produits La Capitale pour le printemps

Plus en détail

Editing and managing Systems engineering processes at Snecma

Editing and managing Systems engineering processes at Snecma Editing and managing Systems engineering processes at Snecma Atego workshop 2014-04-03 Ce document et les informations qu il contient sont la propriété de Ils ne doivent pas être copiés ni communiqués

Plus en détail

1. City of Geneva in context : key facts. 2. Why did the City of Geneva sign the Aalborg Commitments?

1. City of Geneva in context : key facts. 2. Why did the City of Geneva sign the Aalborg Commitments? THE AALBORG COMMITMENTS IN GENEVA: AN ASSESSMENT AT HALF-TIME 1. City of Geneva in context : key facts 2. Why did the City of Geneva sign the Aalborg Commitments? 3. The Aalborg Commitments: are they useful

Plus en détail

Question from Gabriel Bernardino (Session I)

Question from Gabriel Bernardino (Session I) /06/204 Question from Gabriel Bernardino (Session I) Do you believe that harmonised EU regulation will indeed lead to less national regulatory details? Croyez-vous que l harmonisation des lois européennes

Plus en détail

Ecodevelopment and Resilient Energy Policies

Ecodevelopment and Resilient Energy Policies Ecodevelopment and Resilient Energy Policies Laura E. Williamson - Project Director UNFCCC COP 17 Side Event December 2, 2011 Renewable Energy Policies for Climate Resilience, Sustainable Development and

Plus en détail

Instructions Mozilla Thunderbird Page 1

Instructions Mozilla Thunderbird Page 1 Instructions Mozilla Thunderbird Page 1 Instructions Mozilla Thunderbird Ce manuel est écrit pour les utilisateurs qui font déjà configurer un compte de courrier électronique dans Mozilla Thunderbird et

Plus en détail

WEST AFRICA INTERNET GOVERNACE FIFTH GLOBAL INTERNET GOVERNACE FORUM. 14th to 17th Septembre 2010 VILNIUS, LITHUANIA. Participants REPORT

WEST AFRICA INTERNET GOVERNACE FIFTH GLOBAL INTERNET GOVERNACE FORUM. 14th to 17th Septembre 2010 VILNIUS, LITHUANIA. Participants REPORT WEST AFRICA INTERNET GOVERNACE FIFTH GLOBAL INTERNET GOVERNACE FORUM 14th to 17th Septembre 2010 VILNIUS, LITHUANIA Participants REPORT Introduction : The fifth Global forum on internet governance was

Plus en détail

ETABLISSEMENT D ENSEIGNEMENT OU ORGANISME DE FORMATION / UNIVERSITY OR COLLEGE:

ETABLISSEMENT D ENSEIGNEMENT OU ORGANISME DE FORMATION / UNIVERSITY OR COLLEGE: 8. Tripartite internship agreement La présente convention a pour objet de définir les conditions dans lesquelles le stagiaire ci-après nommé sera accueilli dans l entreprise. This contract defines the

Plus en détail

EXPERTISE & SOLUTIONS POUR OPERATEURS & PROPRIETAIRES D AVIONS PRIVES EXPERTISE & SOLUTIONS FOR PRIVATE AIRCRAFT OPERATORS & OWNERS

EXPERTISE & SOLUTIONS POUR OPERATEURS & PROPRIETAIRES D AVIONS PRIVES EXPERTISE & SOLUTIONS FOR PRIVATE AIRCRAFT OPERATORS & OWNERS EXPERTISE & SOLUTIONS POUR OPERATEURS & PROPRIETAIRES D AVIONS PRIVES EXPERTISE & SOLUTIONS FOR PRIVATE AIRCRAFT OPERATORS & OWNERS JET SERVICES GROUP vous propose la solution MANAJETS destinée aux opérateurs

Plus en détail

Please complete Part I of this application form and submit it to the Department of the Environment at the address or fax number provided below.

Please complete Part I of this application form and submit it to the Department of the Environment at the address or fax number provided below. Requesting Approval of a Source Air Quality Regulation - Clean Air Act Water Quality Regulation - Clean Environment Act Used Oil Regulation - Clean Environment Act d agrément pour une source Règlement

Plus en détail

Animation de la démarche Santé et Sécurité au Travail pour Les Crudettes SAS

Animation de la démarche Santé et Sécurité au Travail pour Les Crudettes SAS MINISTERE DE L AGRICULTURE LES CRUDETTES SAS www.lescrudettes.com MÉMOIRE DE FIN D ÉTUDES présenté pour l obtention du diplôme d ingénieur agronome spécialisation : Agro-alimentaire option : QUALI-RISQUES

Plus en détail

Stress and Difficulties at School / College

Stress and Difficulties at School / College Stress and Difficulties at School / College This article will deal with the pressures and problems that students face at school and college. It will also discuss the opposite - the positive aspects of

Plus en détail

Improving the breakdown of the Central Credit Register data by category of enterprises

Improving the breakdown of the Central Credit Register data by category of enterprises Improving the breakdown of the Central Credit Register data by category of enterprises Workshop on Integrated management of micro-databases Deepening business intelligence within central banks statistical

Plus en détail

Tier 1 / Tier 2 relations: Are the roles changing?

Tier 1 / Tier 2 relations: Are the roles changing? Tier 1 / Tier 2 relations: Are the roles changing? Alexandre Loire A.L.F.A Project Manager July, 5th 2007 1. Changes to roles in customer/supplier relations a - Distribution Channels Activities End customer

Plus en détail

Mise en place d un système de cabotage maritime au sud ouest de l Ocean Indien. 10 Septembre 2012

Mise en place d un système de cabotage maritime au sud ouest de l Ocean Indien. 10 Septembre 2012 Mise en place d un système de cabotage maritime au sud ouest de l Ocean Indien 10 Septembre 2012 Les défis de la chaine de la logistique du transport maritime Danielle T.Y WONG Director Logistics Performance

Plus en détail

affichage en français Nom de l'employeur *: Lions Village of Greater Edmonton Society

affichage en français Nom de l'employeur *: Lions Village of Greater Edmonton Society LIONS VILLAGE of Greater Edmonton Society affichage en français Informations sur l'employeur Nom de l'employeur *: Lions Village of Greater Edmonton Society Secteur d'activité de l'employeur *: Développement

Plus en détail

Consultants en coûts - Cost Consultants

Consultants en coûts - Cost Consultants Respecter l échéancier et le budget est-ce possible? On time, on budget is it possible? May, 2010 Consultants en coûts - Cost Consultants Boulletin/Newsletter Volume 8 Mai ( May),2010 1 866 694 6494 info@emangepro.com

Plus en détail

Présentation par François Keller Fondateur et président de l Institut suisse de brainworking et M. Enga Luye, CEO Belair Biotech

Présentation par François Keller Fondateur et président de l Institut suisse de brainworking et M. Enga Luye, CEO Belair Biotech Présentation par François Keller Fondateur et président de l Institut suisse de brainworking et M. Enga Luye, CEO Belair Biotech Le dispositif L Institut suisse de brainworking (ISB) est une association

Plus en détail

BA (Hons) French with Translation Studies F/T SH 322F

BA (Hons) French with Translation Studies F/T SH 322F BA (Hons) French with Translation Studies F/T SH 322F 1. Rationale With the advent of globalization, translation studies have become an imperative field to be taken on-board by department of languages.

Plus en détail

Become. Business Provider for Matheo Software

Become. Business Provider for Matheo Software Become Business Provider for Matheo Software Who we are? Matheo Software was created in 2003 by business intelligence and information processing professionals from higher education and research. Matheo

Plus en détail

The new consumables catalogue from Medisoft is now updated. Please discover this full overview of all our consumables available to you.

The new consumables catalogue from Medisoft is now updated. Please discover this full overview of all our consumables available to you. General information 120426_CCD_EN_FR Dear Partner, The new consumables catalogue from Medisoft is now updated. Please discover this full overview of all our consumables available to you. To assist navigation

Plus en détail

How to be a global leader in innovation?

How to be a global leader in innovation? How to be a global leader in innovation? 2014-03-17 / Rybinsk Marc Sorel Safran Country delegate /01/ Innovation : a leverage to create value 1 / 2014-01-30/ Moscou / Kondratieff A REAL NEED FOR INNOVATION

Plus en détail

S-9.05 Small Business Investor Tax Credit Act 2003-39 RÈGLEMENT DU NOUVEAU-BRUNSWICK 2003-39 NEW BRUNSWICK REGULATION 2003-39. établi en vertu de la

S-9.05 Small Business Investor Tax Credit Act 2003-39 RÈGLEMENT DU NOUVEAU-BRUNSWICK 2003-39 NEW BRUNSWICK REGULATION 2003-39. établi en vertu de la NEW BRUNSWICK REGULATION 2003-39 under the SMALL BUSINESS INVESTOR TAX CREDIT ACT (O.C. 2003-220) Regulation Outline Filed July 29, 2003 Citation........................................... 1 Definition

Plus en détail

Francoise Lee. www.photoniquequebec.ca

Francoise Lee. www.photoniquequebec.ca Francoise Lee De: Francoise Lee [francoiselee@photoniquequebec.ca] Envoyé: 2008 年 11 月 17 日 星 期 一 14:39 À: 'Liste_RPQ' Objet: Bulletin #46 du RPQ /QPN Newsletter #46 No. 46 novembre 2008 No. 46 November

Plus en détail

Exemple PLS avec SAS

Exemple PLS avec SAS Exemple PLS avec SAS This example, from Umetrics (1995), demonstrates different ways to examine a PLS model. The data come from the field of drug discovery. New drugs are developed from chemicals that

Plus en détail

CONTRUISONS ENSEMBLE UNE STRATÉGIE POUR L ESPACE MANCHE. Developing a joint strategy for the Channel area

CONTRUISONS ENSEMBLE UNE STRATÉGIE POUR L ESPACE MANCHE. Developing a joint strategy for the Channel area CONTRUISONS ENSEMBLE UNE STRATÉGIE POUR L ESPACE MANCHE Developing a joint strategy for the Channel area Les objectifs du projet Co-financé par le programme Interreg IVA France (Manche) Angleterre, le

Plus en détail

RFP 1000162739 and 1000163364 QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

RFP 1000162739 and 1000163364 QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS RFP 1000162739 and 1000163364 QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS Question 10: The following mandatory and point rated criteria require evidence of work experience within the Canadian Public Sector: M3.1.1.C / M3.1.2.C

Plus en détail

conception des messages commerciaux afin qu ils puissent ainsi accroître la portée de leur message.

conception des messages commerciaux afin qu ils puissent ainsi accroître la portée de leur message. RÉSUMÉ Au cours des dernières années, l une des stratégies de communication marketing les plus populaires auprès des gestionnaires pour promouvoir des produits est sans contredit l utilisation du marketing

Plus en détail

Les contraintes de financement des PME en Afrique : le rôle des registres de crédit

Les contraintes de financement des PME en Afrique : le rôle des registres de crédit Les contraintes de financement des PME en Afrique : le rôle des registres de crédit Ondel ansek Kay Sommaire Il ressort du débat sur le développement économique de l Afrique subsaharienne (ASS) que les

Plus en détail

RISK-BASED TRANSPORTATION PLANNING PRACTICE: OVERALL METIIODOLOGY AND A CASE EXAMPLE"' RESUME

RISK-BASED TRANSPORTATION PLANNING PRACTICE: OVERALL METIIODOLOGY AND A CASE EXAMPLE' RESUME RISK-BASED TRANSPORTATION PLANNING PRACTICE: OVERALL METIIODOLOGY AND A CASE EXAMPLE"' ERTUGRULALP BOVAR-CONCORD Etwiromnental, 2 Tippet Rd. Downsviel+) ON M3H 2V2 ABSTRACT We are faced with various types

Plus en détail

Comprendre l impact de l utilisation des réseaux sociaux en entreprise SYNTHESE DES RESULTATS : EUROPE ET FRANCE

Comprendre l impact de l utilisation des réseaux sociaux en entreprise SYNTHESE DES RESULTATS : EUROPE ET FRANCE Comprendre l impact de l utilisation des réseaux sociaux en entreprise SYNTHESE DES RESULTATS : EUROPE ET FRANCE 1 Objectifs de l étude Comprendre l impact des réseaux sociaux externes ( Facebook, LinkedIn,

Plus en détail

Sub-Saharan African G-WADI

Sub-Saharan African G-WADI Sub-Saharan African G-WADI Regional chapter of the Global network on Water and Development Information for Arid Lands Prof. Cheikh B. Gaye G-WADI Workshop 20-21 April 2010 Dakar, Senegal 35 participants

Plus en détail

Fiche d Inscription / Entry Form

Fiche d Inscription / Entry Form Fiche d Inscription / Entry Form (A renvoyer avant le 15 octobre 2014 Deadline octobrer 15th 2014) Film Institutionnel / Corporate Film Film Marketing Produit / Marketing Product film Film Communication

Plus en détail

PRESENTATION. CRM Paris - 19/21 rue Hélène Boucher - ZA Chartres Est - Jardins d'entreprises - 28 630 GELLAINVILLE

PRESENTATION. CRM Paris - 19/21 rue Hélène Boucher - ZA Chartres Est - Jardins d'entreprises - 28 630 GELLAINVILLE PRESENTATION Spécialités Chimiques Distribution entreprise créée en 1997, a répondu à cette époque à la demande du grand chimiquier HOECHTS (CLARIANT) pour distribuer différents ingrédients en petites

Plus en détail

PIB : Définition : mesure de l activité économique réalisée à l échelle d une nation sur une période donnée.

PIB : Définition : mesure de l activité économique réalisée à l échelle d une nation sur une période donnée. PIB : Définition : mesure de l activité économique réalisée à l échelle d une nation sur une période donnée. Il y a trois approches possibles du produit intérieur brut : Optique de la production Optique

Plus en détail

BA (Hons) French with Translation Studies P/T SH 322

BA (Hons) French with Translation Studies P/T SH 322 BA (Hons) French with Translation Studies P/T SH 322 1. Rationale With the advent of globalization, translation studies have become an imperative field to be taken on-board by department of languages.

Plus en détail

MELTING POTES, LA SECTION INTERNATIONALE DU BELLASSO (Association étudiante de lʼensaparis-belleville) PRESENTE :

MELTING POTES, LA SECTION INTERNATIONALE DU BELLASSO (Association étudiante de lʼensaparis-belleville) PRESENTE : MELTING POTES, LA SECTION INTERNATIONALE DU BELLASSO (Association étudiante de lʼensaparis-belleville) PRESENTE : Housing system est un service gratuit, qui vous propose de vous mettre en relation avec

Plus en détail

EU- Luxemburg- WHO Universal Health Coverage Partnership:

EU- Luxemburg- WHO Universal Health Coverage Partnership: EU- Luxemburg- WHO Universal Health Coverage Partnership: Supporting policy dialogue on national health policies, strategies and plans and universal coverage Year 2 Report Jan. 2013 - - Dec. 2013 [Version

Plus en détail

Le projet WIKIWATER The WIKIWATER project

Le projet WIKIWATER The WIKIWATER project Le projet WIKIWATER The WIKIWATER project Eau et assainissement pour tous Water and sanitation for all Faire connaitre facilement les moyens techniques, financiers, éducatifs ou de gouvernance pour faciliter

Plus en détail

Lean approach on production lines Oct 9, 2014

Lean approach on production lines Oct 9, 2014 Oct 9, 2014 Dassault Mérignac 1 Emmanuel Théret Since sept. 2013 : Falcon 5X FAL production engineer 2011-2013 : chief project of 1st lean integration in Merignac plant 2010 : Falcon 7X FAL production

Plus en détail

Archived Content. Contenu archivé

Archived Content. Contenu archivé ARCHIVED - Archiving Content ARCHIVÉE - Contenu archivé Archived Content Contenu archivé Information identified as archived is provided for reference, research or recordkeeping purposes. It is not subject

Plus en détail

Compliance Monitoring Manager. Rôle attendu du CMM

Compliance Monitoring Manager. Rôle attendu du CMM Compliance Monitoring Manager Rôle attendu du CMM Introduction Rappel des bases réglementaires Rappel du positionnement du Compliance Monitoring Manager Sommaire Contexte réglementaire Part ORA Exigences

Plus en détail

European Business to Business Sales Institute

European Business to Business Sales Institute European Business to Business Sales Institute FR/05/B/P/PP-152044 1 Information sur le projet Titre: Code Projet: Année: 2005 European Business to Business Sales Institute FR/05/B/P/PP-152044 Type de Projet:

Plus en détail

RULE 5 - SERVICE OF DOCUMENTS RÈGLE 5 SIGNIFICATION DE DOCUMENTS. Rule 5 / Règle 5

RULE 5 - SERVICE OF DOCUMENTS RÈGLE 5 SIGNIFICATION DE DOCUMENTS. Rule 5 / Règle 5 RULE 5 - SERVICE OF DOCUMENTS General Rules for Manner of Service Notices of Application and Other Documents 5.01 (1) A notice of application or other document may be served personally, or by an alternative

Plus en détail

Sustainability Monitoring and Reporting: Tracking Your Community s Sustainability Performance

Sustainability Monitoring and Reporting: Tracking Your Community s Sustainability Performance Sustainability Monitoring and Reporting: Tracking Your Community s Sustainability Performance Thursday, February 11 th, 2011 FCM Sustainable Communities Conference, Victoria, BC The Agenda 1. Welcome and

Plus en détail

Small Businesses support Senator Ringuette s bill to limit credit card acceptance fees

Small Businesses support Senator Ringuette s bill to limit credit card acceptance fees For Immediate Release October 10, 2014 Small Businesses support Senator Ringuette s bill to limit credit card acceptance fees The Senate Standing Committee on Banking, Trade, and Commerce resumed hearings

Plus en détail

Economie de l'environnement

Economie de l'environnement Economie de l'environnement Fatih Karanl Département d'economie, EconomiX-CNRS, Université Paris Ouest Nanterre la Défense E-mail: fkaranl@u-paris10.fr Web: http://economix.fr/fr/membres/?id=1294 2013-2014

Plus en détail

CONVENTION DE STAGE TYPE STANDART TRAINING CONTRACT

CONVENTION DE STAGE TYPE STANDART TRAINING CONTRACT CONVENTION DE STAGE TYPE STANDART TRAINING CONTRACT La présente convention a pour objet de définir les conditions dans lesquelles le stagiaire ci-après nommé sera accueilli dans l entreprise. This contract

Plus en détail

Institut d Acclimatation et de Management interculturels Institute of Intercultural Management and Acclimatisation

Institut d Acclimatation et de Management interculturels Institute of Intercultural Management and Acclimatisation Institut d Acclimatation et de Management interculturels Institute of Intercultural Management and Acclimatisation www.terresneuves.com Institut d Acclimatation et de Management interculturels Dans un

Plus en détail

AXES MANAGEMENT CONSULTING. Le partage des valeurs, la recherche de la performance. Sharing values, improving performance

AXES MANAGEMENT CONSULTING. Le partage des valeurs, la recherche de la performance. Sharing values, improving performance AXES MANAGEMENT CONSULTING Le partage des valeurs, la recherche de la performance Sharing values, improving performance Abeille (apis) : les abeilles facilitent la pollinisation en passant d une fleur

Plus en détail

Gestion des prestations Volontaire

Gestion des prestations Volontaire Gestion des prestations Volontaire Qu estce que l Income Management (Gestion des prestations)? La gestion des prestations est un moyen de vous aider à gérer votre argent pour couvrir vos nécessités et

Plus en détail

Emotion Spa Magazine Automne 2010 n 23 Stéphanie Rychembusch, KPMG. Avec l aimable autorisation du magazine Emotion Spa : www.emotionspa-mag.

Emotion Spa Magazine Automne 2010 n 23 Stéphanie Rychembusch, KPMG. Avec l aimable autorisation du magazine Emotion Spa : www.emotionspa-mag. Emotion Spa Magazine Automne 2010 n 23 Stéphanie Rychembusch, KPMG Avec l aimable autorisation du magazine Emotion Spa : www.emotionspa-mag.com LES CHIFFRES DU SPA en France SPA FIGURES in France 74 EMOTION

Plus en détail

Discours de Eric Lemieux Sommet Aéro Financement Palais des congrès, 4 décembre 2013

Discours de Eric Lemieux Sommet Aéro Financement Palais des congrès, 4 décembre 2013 Discours de Eric Lemieux Sommet Aéro Financement Palais des congrès, 4 décembre 2013 Bonjour Mesdames et Messieurs, Je suis très heureux d être avec vous aujourd hui pour ce Sommet AéroFinancement organisé

Plus en détail

luxury training & coaching Le Luxe, ce n est pas le contraire de la pauvreté mais celui de la vulgarité. - Coco Chanel -

luxury training & coaching Le Luxe, ce n est pas le contraire de la pauvreté mais celui de la vulgarité. - Coco Chanel - Le Luxe, ce n est pas le contraire de la pauvreté mais celui de la vulgarité. - Coco Chanel - luxury training & coaching Expert en qualité de service... Nos Objectifs Our Objectives Développer la qualité

Plus en détail

The assessment of professional/vocational skills Le bilan de compétences professionnelles

The assessment of professional/vocational skills Le bilan de compétences professionnelles The assessment of professional/vocational skills Le bilan de compétences professionnelles 03/06/13 WHAT? QUOI? Subject Sujet The assessment of professional/vocational skills (3 hours) Bilan de compétences

Plus en détail

Name of document. Audit Report on the CORTE Quality System: confirmation of the certification (October 2011) Prepared by.

Name of document. Audit Report on the CORTE Quality System: confirmation of the certification (October 2011) Prepared by. AUDIT REPORT ON THE CORTE QUALITY SYSTEM: CONFIRMATION OF THE CERTIFICATION (OCTOBER 2011) Name of document Prepared by Audit Report on the CORTE Quality System: confirmation of the certification (October

Plus en détail

Archived Content. Contenu archivé

Archived Content. Contenu archivé ARCHIVED - Archiving Content ARCHIVÉE - Contenu archivé Archived Content Contenu archivé Information identified as archived is provided for reference, research or recordkeeping purposes. It is not subject

Plus en détail

Propriété Intellectuelle et accord de consortium

Propriété Intellectuelle et accord de consortium INFODAYS Incontact 8-10 october 2012, Dakar, Sénégal Propriété Intellectuelle et accord de consortium Anne-Marie Schelstraete CIRAD, France Direction de la Recherche scientifique et de la Stratégie Chargée

Plus en détail

PART I / PARTIE I REQUEST FOR DISCLOSURE / DEMANDE DE DIVULGATION DE LA PREUVE

PART I / PARTIE I REQUEST FOR DISCLOSURE / DEMANDE DE DIVULGATION DE LA PREUVE ATTORNEY GENERAL PUBLIC PROSECUTION SERVICES PROCUREUR GÉNÉRAL SERVICE DES POURSUITES PUBLIQUES PART I / PARTIE I REQUEST FOR DISCLOSURE / DEMANDE DE DIVULGATION DE LA PREUVE NAME OF ACCUSED: / NOM DE

Plus en détail

Complex Weapons - Delivering Capability Through Partnerships Nick Neale Project Director Future Local Area Air Defence System (Maritime)

Complex Weapons - Delivering Capability Through Partnerships Nick Neale Project Director Future Local Area Air Defence System (Maritime) Complex Weapons - Delivering Capability Through Partnerships Nick Neale Project Director Future Local Area Air Defence System (Maritime) Presentation Themes MBDA delivering capability through partnerships

Plus en détail

Préparation / Industrialisation. Manufacturing Engineering/ On-site Industrialisation. Qualité, contrôle et inspection. On-site quality and Inspection

Préparation / Industrialisation. Manufacturing Engineering/ On-site Industrialisation. Qualité, contrôle et inspection. On-site quality and Inspection AAA travaille dans le secteur aéronautique sur l'industrialisation, l'ingénierie de fabrication, la production, les activités d'inspection des appareils et la formation, sur appareil, sous-ensemble ou

Plus en détail

C H A P T E R 28 C H A P I T R E 28. (Assented to June 12, 2014) (Date de sanction : 12 juin 2014)

C H A P T E R 28 C H A P I T R E 28. (Assented to June 12, 2014) (Date de sanction : 12 juin 2014) C H A P T E R 28 C H A P I T R E 28 THE CONSUMER PROTECTION AMENDMENT ACT (CONTRACTS FOR DISTANCE COMMUNICATION SERVICES) LOI MODIFIANT LA LOI SUR LA PROTECTION DU CONSOMMATEUR (CONTRATS DE SERVICES DE

Plus en détail

English version ***La version française suit***

English version ***La version française suit*** 1 of 5 4/26/2013 4:26 PM Subject: CRA/ARC- Reminder - Tuesday, April 30, 2013 is the deadline to file your 2012 income tax and benefit return and pay any / Rappel - Vous avez jusqu'au 30 avril 2013 pour

Plus en détail

Evaluation de la prime de risques de la vente d une bande d énergie nucléaire

Evaluation de la prime de risques de la vente d une bande d énergie nucléaire 28/3/2011 ANNEXE 6 (Source: Electrabel) Evaluation de la prime de risques de la vente d une bande d énergie nucléaire Si nous vendons une bande d énergie nucléaire à certains clients, que nous garantissons

Plus en détail

ENGLISH WEDNESDAY SCHOOL ENTRY TEST ENROLMENT FORM 2015-2016

ENGLISH WEDNESDAY SCHOOL ENTRY TEST ENROLMENT FORM 2015-2016 CHECKLIST FOR APPLICATIONS Please read the following instructions carefully as we will not be able to deal with incomplete applications. Please check that you have included all items. You need to send

Plus en détail

French Français. French Français. Position / Titre Telephone / Téléphone Email / Courriel. Name / Nom Address / Adresse Postal Code / Code postal

French Français. French Français. Position / Titre Telephone / Téléphone Email / Courriel. Name / Nom Address / Adresse Postal Code / Code postal Canadian Association of Nurses in Oncology Association canadienne des infirmières en oncologie CHAPTER FUNDING APPLICATION FORM FORMULAIRE DE DEMANDE DE FINANCEMENT DE SECTION Complete in typing and submit

Plus en détail

Evolution of inequalities in health care use in France

Evolution of inequalities in health care use in France Evolution of inequalities in health care use in France Florence Jusot University of Rouen Paris-Dauphine University (Leda-legos) & Irdes Paul Dourgnon Irdes & Paris-Dauphine University (Leda-legos) Context

Plus en détail

PAR RINOX INC BY RINOX INC PROGRAMME D INSTALLATEUR INSTALLER PROGRAM

PAR RINOX INC BY RINOX INC PROGRAMME D INSTALLATEUR INSTALLER PROGRAM PAR RINOX INC BY RINOX INC PROGRAMME D INSTALLATEUR INSTALLER PROGRAM DEVENEZ UN RINOXPERT DÈS AUJOURD HUI! BECOME A RINOXPERT NOW OPTIMISER VOS VENTES INCREASE YOUR SALES VISIBILITÉ & AVANTAGES VISIBILITY

Plus en détail

Institut français des sciences et technologies des transports, de l aménagement

Institut français des sciences et technologies des transports, de l aménagement Institut français des sciences et technologies des transports, de l aménagement et des réseaux Session 3 Big Data and IT in Transport: Applications, Implications, Limitations Jacques Ehrlich/IFSTTAR h/ifsttar

Plus en détail

iqtool - Outil e-learning innovateur pour enseigner la Gestion de Qualité au niveau BAC+2

iqtool - Outil e-learning innovateur pour enseigner la Gestion de Qualité au niveau BAC+2 iqtool - Outil e-learning innovateur pour enseigner la Gestion de Qualité au niveau BAC+2 134712-LLP-2007-HU-LEONARDO-LMP 1 Information sur le projet iqtool - Outil e-learning innovateur pour enseigner

Plus en détail

APPENDIX 6 BONUS RING FORMAT

APPENDIX 6 BONUS RING FORMAT #4 EN FRANÇAIS CI-DESSOUS Preamble and Justification This motion is being presented to the membership as an alternative format for clubs to use to encourage increased entries, both in areas where the exhibitor

Plus en détail

BILL S-1003 PROJET DE LOI S-1003 S-1003 S-1003 SENATE OF CANADA SÉNAT DU CANADA

BILL S-1003 PROJET DE LOI S-1003 S-1003 S-1003 SENATE OF CANADA SÉNAT DU CANADA S-1003 S-1003 First Session, Forty-first Parliament, Première session, quarante et unième législature, SENATE OF CANADA SÉNAT DU CANADA BILL S-1003 PROJET DE LOI S-1003 An Act to authorize Industrial Alliance

Plus en détail

INSTITUT MARITIME DE PREVENTION. For improvement in health and security at work. Created in 1992 Under the aegis of State and the ENIM

INSTITUT MARITIME DE PREVENTION. For improvement in health and security at work. Created in 1992 Under the aegis of State and the ENIM INSTITUT MARITIME DE PREVENTION For improvement in health and security at work Created in 1992 Under the aegis of State and the ENIM Maritime fishing Shellfish-farming Sea transport 2005 Le pilier social

Plus en détail