THE PERFECT TENSE. l To be able to use verbs in the perfect tense with avoir

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1 THE PERFECT TENSE l To be able to use verbs in the perfect tense with avoir

2 Past Tense in English l When we talk about something we ve done or something that has happened, we use a past tense: I played tennis on Saturday. We watched a movie. He has eaten the biscuits. They have finished their homework.

3 Past Tense in English l We can talk about the past using the present tense of the verb to have and the past participle of the verb. For example: He has eaten the biscuits. They have finished their homework. l We can also say: He ate the biscuits. They finished their homework.

4 Perfect Tense in French l The perfect tense in French is also formed using the present tense of avoir (to have) and the past participle of the verb: Il a mangé les biscuits. l The French sentence is the equivalent of both: He has eaten the biscuits. He ate the biscuits.

5 Forming the Perfect Tense l To form the perfect tense, you need to know two things: The present tense of avoir How to form the past participle of a verb

6 Present tense of avoir l J ai I have l Tu as You (singular) have l Il/Elle a He/She has l Nous avons We have l Vous avez You (plural) have l Ils/Elles ont They have Avoir is called an auxiliary (helpful) verb because it helps form the perfect tense.

7 Test yourself! l You have already learnt the pattern of the verb avoir in Grade 6. l Let s revise it!

8 J a. ai b. as c. a d. avons e. avez f. ont

9 J a. ai b. as c. a d. avons e. avez f. ont

10 Nous a. ai b. as c. a d. avons e. avez f. ont

11 Nous a. ai b. as c. a d. avons e. avez f. ont

12 Il a. ai b. as c. a d. avons e. avez f. ont

13 Il a. ai b. as c. a d. avons e. avez f. ont

14 Elles a. ai b. as c. a d. avons e. avez f. ont

15 Elles a. ai b. as c. a d. avons e. avez f. ont

16 Tu a. ai b. as c. a d. avons e. avez f. ont

17 Tu a. ai b. as c. a d. avons e. avez f. ont

18 Vous a. ai b. as c. a d. avons e. avez f. ont

19 Vous a. ai b. as c. a d. avons e. avez f. ont

20 Mon copain a. ai b. as c. a d. avons e. avez f. ont

21 Mon copain a. ai b. as c. a mon copain = d. avons my friend = e. avez il (he) f. ont

22 Mes parents a. ai b. as c. a d. avons e. avez f. ont

23 Mes parents a. ai b. as c. a mes parents = d. avons my parents = e. avez ils (they) f. ont

24 Alain et toi a. ai b. as c. a d. avons e. avez f. ont

25 Alain et toi a. ai b. as c. a Alain et toi = d. avons Alain and you = e. avez vous (you, pl) f. ont

26 Ma cousine et moi a. ai b. as c. a d. avons e. avez f. ont

27 Ma cousine et moi a. ai b. as c. a ma cousine et moi = d. avons my cousin and me = e. avez nous (we) f. ont

28 How to form the past participle l English past participles often end in ed: played, danced, watched l In French, verbs form their past participles in different ways: jouer à joué finir à fini attendre à attendu

29 How to form the past participle l For er verbs, take off er and add é l For ir verbs, take off ir and add i l For re verbs, take off re and add u

30 Parler l Which is the correct past participle? a. parler b. parli c. parlé d. parle

31 Parler l Which is the correct past participle? a. parler b. parli c. parlé d. parle For er verbs, take off er and add é

32 Manger l Which is the correct past participle? a. manges b. mangé c. manger d. mangu

33 Manger l Which is the correct past participle? a. manges b. mangé c. manger d. mangu For er verbs, take off er and add é

34 Dormir l Which is the correct past participle? a. dormi b. dormis c. dormé d. dormer

35 Dormir l Which is the correct past participle? a. dormi b. dormis c. dormé d. dormer

36 Vendre l Which is the correct past participle? a. vendi b. vendre c. vendé d. vendu

37 Vendre l Which is the correct past participle? a. vendi b. vendre c. vendé d. vendu

38 Danser l Which is the correct past participle? a. dansé b. danser c. danse d. dansent

39 Danser l Which is the correct past participle? a. dansé b. danser c. danse d. dansent For er verbs, take off er and add é

40 Perdre l Which is the correct past participle? a. perde b. perdi c. perdé d. perdu

41 Perdre l Which is the correct past participle? a. perde b. perdi c. perdé d. perdu

42 Choisir l Which is the correct past participle? a. choisi b. choisis c. choisu d. choisé

43 Choisir l Which is the correct past participle? a. choisi b. choisis c. choisu d. choisé

44 Répondre l Which is the correct past participle? a. répondre b. répondu c. répondi d. répondé

45 Répondre l Which is the correct past participle? a. répondre b. répondu c. répondi d. répondé

46 Visiter l Which is the correct past participle? a. visiter b. visites c. visité d. visitu

47 Visiter l Which is the correct past participle? a. visiter b. visites c. visité d. visitu For er verbs, take off er and add é

48 Inviter l Which is the correct past participle? a. invité b. invite c. inviter d. invitez

49 Summary l To form the perfect tense, you put together The correct part of avoir in the present tense and The past participle of the verb you are using

50 Examples l Can you spot the two components in this sentence? J ai mangé une pizza. I have eaten/i ate a pizza.

51 Examples l Can you spot the two components in this sentence? J ai mangé une pizza. I have eaten/i ate a pizza.

52 Examples l Can you spot the two components in this sentence? Il a attendu le bus. He has waited/he waited for the bus.

53 Examples l Can you spot the two components in this sentence? Il a attendu le bus. He has waited/he waited for the bus.

54 Examples l Can you spot the two components in this sentence? Tu as fini tes devoirs? You have finished/did you finish your homework?

55 Examples l Can you spot the two components in this sentence? As-tu fini tes devoirs? Have you finished/did you finish your homework?

56 Examples l Can you spot the two components in this sentence? Il a préparé le dîner. He has prepared/he prepared dinner.

57 Examples l Can you spot the two components in this sentence? Il a préparé le dîner. He has prepared/he prepared dinner.

58 Examples l Can you spot the two components in this sentence? Nous avons dansé. We have danced/we danced.

59 Examples l Can you spot the two components in this sentence? Nous avons dansé. We have danced/we danced.

60 Examples l Can you spot the two components in this sentence? Vous avez skié en Suisse. You have skied/you skied in Switzerland.

61 Examples l Can you spot the two components in this sentence? Vous avez skié en Suisse. You have skied/you skied in Switzerland.

62 Examples l Can you spot the two components in this sentence? Elles ont joué au football. They have played/they played football.

63 Examples l Can you spot the two components in this sentence? Elles ont joué au football. They have played/they played football.

64 Test yourself! l Je (chanter) au karaoké. a. J ai chanté b. J as chanté c. J avoir chanté d. J a chanté

65 Test yourself! l Je (chanter) au karaoké. a. J ai chanté b. J as chanté c. J avoir chanté d. J a chanté

66 Test yourself! l Tu (promener) le chien. a. Tu as promener b. Tu as promene c. Tu as promenu d. Tu as promené

67 Test yourself! l Tu (promener) le chien. a. Tu as promener b. Tu as promene c. Tu as promenu d. Tu as promené

68 Test yourself! l Il (dormir) à l hôtel. a. Il a dormé b. Il a dormi c. Il a dormu d. Il a dormir

69 Test yourself! l Il (dormir) à l hôtel. a. Il a dormé b. Il a dormi c. Il a dormu d. Il a dormir

70 Test yourself! l Nous (surfer) à la neige. a. Nous avez surfé b. Nous avoir surfé c. Nous ont surfé d. Nous avons surfé

71 Test yourself! l Nous (surfer) à la neige. a. Nous avez surfé b. Nous avoir surfé c. Nous ont surfé d. Nous avons surfé

72 Test yourself! l Vous (réviser) pour le test de géographie. a. Vous avez réviser b. Vous avez révise c. Vous avez révisé d. Vous avez révisu

73 Test yourself! l Vous (réviser) pour le test de géographie. a. Vous avez réviser b. Vous avez révise c. Vous avez révisé d. Vous avez révisu

74 Test yourself! l Elles (réussir) les examens. a. Elles avez réussi b. Elles avons réussi c. Elles ont réussi d. Elles avoir réussi

75 Test yourself! l Elles (réussir) les examens. a. Elles avez réussi b. Elles avons réussi c. Elles ont réussi d. Elles avoir réussi

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