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1 Draft COMMISSION DECISION of[...] on the Annual Action Programme 2007 in favour of Peru for four Actions for the "Support for the modernisation of the State, strengthening good governance and social inclusion" to be financedunder Article of the general budget of the European Communities THE COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES, Having regard to the Treaty establishing the European Community, Having regard to Regulation (EC) No 1905/2006 of 18 December 2006 establishing a financing instrument for development cooperation 1, and in particular Article 22 thereof, Having regard to Council Regulation (EC, Euratom) No 1605/2002 on the Financial Regulation applicable to the general budget of the European Communities 2, in particular Article 53 thereof, Whereas: (1) The Commission has adopted the Country Strategy Paper for Peru for the period and the Multiannual Indicative Programme for the period , points and of which indicate the priority for "Support for the modernisation of the State, strengthening good governance and social inclusion". (2) The objectives pursued by the Annual Action Programme 2007 are; (a) to contribute to the modernisation and reform the public administration and to the strengthening of good governance by means of improving planning and public investment capacities in a context of devolution to regional and local governments, and (b) to contribute to supporting the bodies in charge of issuing identity cards in order to allow for the effective access of citizens to civil and social rights. (3) This decision constitutes a financing decision within the meaning of Article 75(2) of Council Regulation (EC, Euratom) 1605/2002, Article 90 of Commission Regulation (EC, Euratom) No 2342/2002 of 23 December and Article 15 of the Internal Rules OJ L 378, , p.41. OJ L 248, , p.l; Regulation as last amended by Regulation (EC, EURATOM) n o 1995/2006 of 13 December 2006 (OJ L 390, , p.l) C(2007) 1503, C(2007) 1503, OJ L 357, , p.l; Regulation as amended by Regulation (EC, Euratom) n o 478/2007 of 23 April 2007 (OJ L 111, , p. 13) Commission C/2007/513, C/2007/514, C/2007/433. EN ι EN

2 (4) It is appropriate to define the term "substantial change" in the meaning of Article 90 (4) Commission Regulation 478/2007 of 23 April 2007, amending Commission Regulation No 2342/2002 for the application of this decision. (5) The measures provided for in this decision are in accordance with the opinion of the DCI Committee set up under Article 35 of Regulation (EEC) No 1905/2006, HAS DECIDED AS FOLLOWS: Article 1 The (four) actions, Support for the modernisation of the State and strengthening good governance: - "Modernization of the State and Good Governance: PCM - Support to the main institutions in charge of the different levels of the design, implementation and evaluation of public sector policies" -DCI-ALA/2007/ (AnnexI) - "Modernization of the State and Good Governance: MEF - Improvement of programming instruments and quality of public spending" - DCI-ALA/2007/ (Annex II) - "Modernization of the State and Good Governance: APCI - Support to the National Decentralized System for International Cooperation and to ODA coordination mechanisms" - DCI-ALA/2007/ (Annex IU) and Inclusion Social: soutien aux différents organismes qui sont en charge de l'octroi d'une carte d'identité aux citoyens péruviens: - "Identité et Citoyenneté" - DCI-ALA/2007/ (Annex IV) which constitute the Annual Action Programme 2007 in favour of Peru for the focal sector "Support for the modernisation of the State, strengthening good governance and social inclusion", the text of which is set out in the Annex, is approved. Article 2 The maximum contribution of the Community is set at EUR: - EUR for the action Support for the modernisation of the State and strengthening good governance: "Modernization of the State and Good Governance: PCM - Support to the main institutions in charge of the different levels of the design, implementation and evaluation of public sector policies"- DCI-ALA/2007/19 475, - EUR for the action Support for the modernisation of the State and strengthening good governance: "Modernization of the State and Good Governance: MEF - Improvement of programming instruments and quality of public spending"dci-ala/2007/ EUR for the action Support for the modernisation of the State and strengthening good governance: "Modernization of the State and Good Governance: APCI- Support to the National Decentralized System for International Cooperation and to ODA coordination mechanisms" DCI- ALA/2007/ EN 2 EN

3 and - EUR for the action Inclusion Social: soutien aux différents organismes qui sont en charge de l'octroi d'une carte d'identité aia citoyens péruviens: "Identité et Citoyenneté" - DCI- ALA/2007/ to be financed from budget hne of the general budget of the European Communities for Article 3 Within the maximum indicative budget of the specific actions, cumulated changes not exceeding 20% of the maximum contribution of the Community, are not considered to be substantial provided that they do not significantly affect the nature and objectives of the Annual Action Programme. The authorising officer may adopt such changes in accordance with the principles of sound financial management. Done at Brussels, For the Commission [ J Member of the Commission EN 3 EN

4 ANNEX 1 ANNEX ACTION FICHE 1.1 FOR PERU (AAP 2007) IDENTIFICATION Title Total cost Aid method/ Management mode DAC-code 'Modernization of the State and Good Governance: PCM - Support to the main institutions in charge of the different levels of the design, implementation and evaluation of public sector policies' DCI-ALA/2007/ Contribution EC: Beneficiary contribution: Project approach - decentralised management Sector Economic and development policy / Planning Multisector aid 2. RATIONALE 2.1. Sector context The present description is to be read in and relates to the general context described in the Memorandum of the AAP The Peruvian state has a complex institutional framework that is affected by a lack of coordination between its different sectors, facing at present the challenge of implementing a decentralization process that has been placing regional entities (created in 2003) and local governments into the principal agents for implementing a large part of public investment programmes in social areas (incl. health, elementary education, food aid) and socio-economic development. The lack of a centralized planning mechanism since the beginning of the 1990s has determined that the role of the central government to deal with this orientation function, has been assumed partly by the Presidency of the Council of Ministers (PCM) and the Economy and Finance Ministry (MEF), each taking on a partial role, while non-refundable ODA flows are managed by the Peruvian Office for International Cooperation (Agencia Peruana de Cooperación internacionál - АРСГ). bi this context, ministries or sectors with specific functions have produced numerous policy documents that, with just a few exceptions, have been unstable, suffered from important deficiencies in terms of establishing results-based objectives and indicators, and have faced severe problems with implementation and follow up due to insufficient coordination at the different administration levels involved in the public investment management cycle (national, regional and local). Further, consensus-building spaces have been institutionalized between the administration, civil society and business sectors, in line with the National Agreement (Acuerdo Nacional - AN) 1 provisions. These include the Roundtables for poverty reduction, mechanisms for preparing participatory budgets at local and regional levels, which have a laudable task but that have rarely had a major influence on the final programming or on specific projects. 1 National Agreement (Acuerdo Nacional), a consensus-building space for political forces, the government and civil society that was established to create a common vision for the country's future: creating an efficient, transparent and decentralized state, for which it is essential to recover the medium - and long-term planning capacity. Improve mechanisms with which the state operates, above all those related to the use of public resources, including the prevention of corruption.

5 Peru is considered a low, middle-income country, experiencing economic growth since Although the level of macroeconomic stability and general priorities of public investments have lead to the development of quality instruments, such as the Multi-Annual Macroeconomic Frameworks (currently for ) and the Balanced Budget Law, showing a progressive increase in social expenditure, it should be noted that, up to date, there has not been a real impact in reducing levels of poverty and inequality, especially among the poorest social groups and less favoured regions. The causes of this, which have been highlighted in numerous studies 2, can be traced back in part to the government, characterized by: i) weakness of planning and lack or deficient programming instruments; ii) lack of effective mechanisms for formulating, implementing and monitoring investment policies and programs; iii) limited management capacity, particularly at the regional and local administrative levels; and iv) an uncoordinated and dispersed ODA, which translated, for instance, into more than projects in just in non-refundable cooperation funds - for a total amount of US$ 585 million 3. In this scenario, the new government's expressed will to orient its economic policies to fight poverty and social exclusion will have little chance of making a significant impact if the state's inability to deal with the above-mentioned problems is not addressed. In addition, and given the situation experienced in a recent past, it seems suitable to accompany the processes of public management with mechanisms for preventing corruption by the Contraloria General de la República (CGR). The present action, which respects the country's existing legal and institutional framework, contributes to influencing a series of critical stages in the process of defining or reforming multi-sector and sector policies, their effective implementation through public investment programmes and projects (task entrusted to a large extent to local and regional governments), as well as through mechanisms for monitoring, evaluating and controlling the areas directly related to the objectives of national development 4. These critical stages have been highlighted by the competent institutions and are in line with the cooperation experience of the European Commission as well as with the common assessment of other sources of ODA which are part of the Donors Forum and specific working groups that focus on areas of Good Governance, inter alia, Sub-working group of Decentralization and Modernization of the State. The actions part of the present Action Fiche are included in the provisions of the Country Strategy Paper (CSP) for Peru 2007/2013 and the National Indicative Programme, in the sub-sector Modernization of the State of the first focal sector: Support for Rule of Law and Strengthening of Good Governance. Moreover, the present action is expected to help with the formulation and monitoring of successive Annual Action Plans (AAP) that will develop the second focal sector of the Country Strategy Paper: Support for Integral Social Development in Specific Regions to Reinforce Social Cohesion Lessons learnt The National Agreement has been instrumental for the consensual definition of a range of State strategies and policies, as well as fundamental reference point for the design of cooperation strategies. Priorities with regard to the fight against poverty and exclusion require an improvement of State's efficiency in order to guarantee greater quality in spending policies, avoid corruption and help ODA to being more effective. The current policy of Public Administration austerity helps increase the opportunity for this institutional support programme to provide key institutions with the needed resources for the evaluation, improvement and reform of the public investment instruments. The decentralization process under way is one of the fundamental lines of action in the process of State modernization and a multi-sector policy with an impact on almost all sector policies and, in this same context, all public investment programmes. Its success depends, in great extent, on generating and strengthening the capacities of sub-national governments to assume the new tasks. 2 See, for example, the Multi-Annual Macroeconomic Framework and the pre-electoral report, National International Technical Cooperation Policy and Assessment and Annual Plans for International Cooperation, etc data show that the percentage of non-refundable cooperation funds inserted in the National Budget is only of 0.7% of the total, being a 2.7% for investment. The overall ODA (loans, Including those of free disposal, + donations), account for a 3.5 % of the total and a 12.5 % of the state's investment budget, with important problems in focus and In alignment with national priorities (as well as the priorities of OMG), such as attending to the country's most vulnerable social groups and geographic areas. The problem of focusing aid and ensuring Its efficient use can be generalized to cover all public investment and stems from the weatoesses that have been stated. See situation and tendencies of international cooperation in Peru See the National Agreement and National Policy of Development Cooperation.

6 EC cooperation has a broad experience in managing projects that have taken on important components for institutional strengthening in the policy reform or formulation level (health, professional training, justice, etc.) and, more importantly, when implementing them at local and regional levels by decentralized authorities (Food Security programme, support for regional governments, decentralization of health and education services, alternative development, etc.) Complementary actions The coordination process undertook with national public institutions with a view to the CSP for Peru and the current AAP has allowed us to identify the need to establish close coordination between the services of the PCM, MEF and APCI, all agencies entrusted with the formulation, implementation or evaluation of sector and multi-sector policies, to address the lack of a legal mechanism for the creation of a National Planning System. In addition to the contribution to the ordinary resources of these three institutions and the National Agreement Secretariat, there are also diverse initiatives to support Peruvian government efforts related to this proposal, including those provided by the U.N. Development Programme, Inter-American Development Bank, World Bank, Andean Economic Development Corporation, Belgium cooperation agency, Spanish international cooperation agency, and the EC itself, among others. Only partial amounts have been disbursed so far in the framework of these programmes, though they will be closely coordinated with those of support for institutional strengthening foreseen in this action. On the other hand, as mentioned above, the EC, other EU countries as Germany, Spain, Belgium, the UNDP and other donors and financial agencies are used to implement a variety of projects including components of policies reform, reinforcement of capacities or support to the decentralisation process. In fact, projects having their main focus in areas ranging from the reform of the judiciary to rural development, education, health or alternative development, for instance, have had to deal on a case by case basis with the same weaknesses and inconsistencies targeted as a whole by the present action Donor coordination As indicated in the CSP for Peru, the different sources of ODA have highlighted the deficiencies that limit the effectiveness and sustainability of government actions, particularly of social and development programmes, as well as the possibility of progressing towards methods of cooperation aligned with the Millennium Development Goals, the Paris Declaration and the European Consensus on Development. The Donors Forum, coordinated by APCI since 2005, has created an opportunity to reiterate these concerns. APCľs recent approval of the Diagnosis and International Cooperation Policy documents concerning international cooperation policies demonstrates a remarkable effort from the Peruvian side to address those concerns. The coordination work done by Sub-working group for Decentralization and Modernization of the State, within the Good Governance working group, is as well worth mentioning. It is a space where the donor community exchange information and monitor the on-going actions of the government and other actors, with a view to establishing synergies and avoiding duplication of efforts. The UNDP has every so often coordinated the principal contributions provided by donors in the areas of Good governance and Modernization of the State, and has regularly accepted requests to manage funds from the National Budget for these same areas. The process for preparing the CSP 2007/2013 for Peru was carried out in parallel to these discussions and implied a long process of consultations that involved the principal sources of ODA. The AAP in which the current action is framed has been presented in its successive phases during the regular meetings of the Counsellors of the EU Member states.

7 3. DESCRIPTION 3.1. Objectives General Objective: To contribute to the Modernization of the State as an instrument for Social Cohesion. Specific Objective: To strengthen the capacities for the formulation, implementation and evaluation of multi-sector public policies in a democratic governance context Expected results and main activities Result 1: The National Agreement has been strengthened as a space for coordination between the State and the civil society at national, regional and local levels. Activity 1: To consolidate the National Agreement as a permanent process based on a culture of dialogue and consensus-building. Activity 2: To reinforce capacities for monitoring State policies, verifying that the consensus reached in the National Agreement influence Government policies and are included in the legislative agenda of the Congress. Activity 3: To integrate the agreements reached into the processes for consensus-based planning at local and regional levels. Activity 4: To disseminate the experience of the National Agreement inside the country and in other countries in the Andean region and Latin America. Result 2: Four (4) national, multi-sector, priority, pilot policies have been formulated and implemented. Activity 1: Formulation and implementation, by the National Committee for Development and Life without Drugs ГРЕУША') of a pilot intervention within the multi-sector policy related to the fight against drugs and promotion of alternative development. Activity 2: Formulation and implementation, by the Ministry for Women and Social Development (MMDES) of a pilot intervention within the multi-sector policy related to the fight against chronic infant mal-nutrition. Activity 3: Formulation and implementation, by the Ministry of External Affaires (MRE), of a pilot intervention within the multi-sector policy related to the cross-border development. Activity 4: Formulation and implementation, by the Presidency of the Council of Ministries (PCM), and through a High Level multi-sector commission in charge of the monitoring of State actions and policies in the peace, collective compensations and national reconciliation sectors (CMAN 5 ). of a pilot intervention within the multi-sector related to the compensation of victims of the social and political violence. Result 3: Capacities have been generated for a decentralized public administration and implementation of policies through public investment programmes, in the context of corruption prevention. Activity 1: To strengthen the decentralization process through the support of the activities of the Secretary for the Decentralization, so as to implement the National Plan for Decentralization. Activity 2: To develop capacities through the formulation and implementation of a National Plan for Reinforcing Capacities, with emphasis in the institutional management and investment planning. Activity 3: To improve the capacities and abilities for internal management and control of local government bodies through training programmes (presential and distance training) entrusted to the National Control School and Regional Control Bodies, dependent of the Contraloria de la República (CGR). 1 Comisión Multisectorial de Alto Nivel - High Level Multi-sector Commission 4

8 3.3. Stakeholders The principal stakeholders in the process, apart from the National Agreement Secretariat, a supragovernmental coordinating body, are the Presidency of the Council of Ministers and the Contraloria de la República (CGR). The instruments directed to improve the design and implementation of public policies, are framed in common and coordinated efforts undertaken by the Ministry of Economy and Finance (MEF), the Presidency of the Council of Ministers (PCM) and the Agencia Peruana de Cooperación Internacional (APCI). The National Agreement operates as a space for building consensus between the government, political parties and civil society - in the context of which State policies to provide the latter with the stability it needs to achieve sustained development are agreed - has, as priority policies, the democracy and rale of law, equality and social justice, a competitive and efficient, transparent and decentralized State. It was signed in March 5 th 2002 by the government, the seven political coalitions with the greatest representation in the Congress, and the seven most representative civil society organizations 6. Today, the National Agreement meets periodically and counts on the participation of all the political parties with representatives in the Congress, and more than ten civil society organizations that represent labour, business groups and churches, as well as municipal and regional government's representatives. As result of its presidential system, the Peruvian government delegates to the Presidency of the Council of Ministries (PCM) the multi-sector coordination to carry out objectives with a national scope 7 and which require the participation of diverse stakeholders and government levels. The PCM is also in charge the process of decentralization and reform of the public sector. The Contraloria General de la República (CGR), entity that monitors the National Control System, operates through all public institutions, in all government levels, auditing the legality of the expenditure and its administration. The task of the CGR is relevant since the processes for implementing policies, linked to the budget execution, have been associated to corruption in the past. In the context of the present action, the objective is to strengthen the management mechanisms and the management technical capacities at the same time, with special emphasis in the most decentralized levels of management. The beneficiaries of the proposed action are not limited to the above-mentioned institutions, but include all state agencies and, because the application is general, also to the decentralized management bodies and, through them, to the general population. Special reference must be made to the sectors and institutions in charge of implementing multi-sector policies, the Ministry for Women and Social Development, the Ministry of External Affairs, the High Level Multi-sector Commission (CMAN), and the anti-drug agency DEVIDA. In the formulation of the AAP 2007, civil society has not had the kind of direct participation that was hoped for, though the support provided to the National Agreement, a forum in which civil society is actively represented, provides the possibility of inserting their consensus during the implementation, hi addition, civil society was consulted during the preparation of the CSP Risks and assumptions The principal risks relates to the participating institutions who resist to implementing the reforms or improvements in existing mechanisms, failure of the National Agreement to receive the necessary support, and the government refusing to see State and sector policies as reference points for programming and formulation of budgets. The proposal is sustainable and the risks are minor, given the fact that the government has assessed the importance of the reform of the State and the support to the National Agreement. 6 Government: Constitutional President of the Republic; Political parties; Acción Popular, Frente Independiente Moralizador, Partido Aprišta Peruano, Perú Posible, Somos Perú, Unidad Nacional and Unión por el Perú; Civil society: National Evangelical Council of Peru, General Confederation of Peruvian Workers), National Confederation of Private Business Associations, Peruvian Episcopal Conference, National Coordinating Committee of Regional Fronts, Consensus Roundtable to Fight Poverty and National Society of Industries. 7 Including those in the basis of the four pilot experiences identified national priorities; fighting drugs, border development, combating mal-nutrit'ron, and compensation to the victims of violence.

9 In particular, the risk for the national planning system, (CEPLAN, Centro de Planificación Estratégica) approved by law not being implemented has been minimized as the present includes provisions in favour of mechanisms for the design, implementation and evaluation of medium and long term policies Crosscutting Issues Democracy, human rights gender and inclusion (in particular in relation to indigenous and traditional dwellers) issues are crosscutting with respect to the focus and practice of good governance promoted by the National Agreement and will be included in the instruments for the design of public policies. This action centres on the efforts to improve the administration capacities, good governance and democratic stability. All actions fall under the umbrella of the decentralization process which was conceived as a way of encouraging the development of communities and, as such, reducing poverty. 4. IMPLEMENTATION ISSUES 4.1. Implementation method The implementation method will be a decentralized management through a financial agreement with a third country. Management will be materiahsed through an Agreement with the Government of Peru, represented by the Peruvian Office for International Cooperation (APCI - Agencia Peruana de Cooperación īntemacional), who can delegate responsibility for implementation of the present Action Fiche 1.1 to the Presidency of the Council of Ministers - PCM. The Commission controls ex ante the contracting for contracts > euro and ex post for contracts < euro. The Authorising Officer ensures that, by using of the model of financing agreement for decentralised management, the segregation of duties between the authorising officer and the accounting officer of the decentralized entity will be effective, so the decentralization of the payments can be carried out within the limits specified below: Works Supplies Services Grants < < < < Procurement and grant award procedures [/programme estimates] All contracts implementing the action must be awarded and implemented in accordance with the procedures and standard documents laid down and published by the Commission for the implementation of external operations, in force at the time of the launch of the procedure in question. The essential selection and award criteria for the award of grants are laid down in the Practical Guide to contract procedures for EC external actions. The maximum possible rate of co-financing for grants is 80%. Full financing may only be applied in the cases provided for in Article 253 of the Implementing Rules of the Financial Regulations where financing in foil is essential to carry out the action in question. A follow-up committee composed by the Presidency of the Council of Ministers (PCM) (chair institution), Ministry of Economy and Finances and the Agencia Peruana de Cooperación Internacional (APCI), open to the participation of other sectors will guarantee coordination and proper implementation of the activities contained in the present Action Fiche 1.1 with those part of two other Action Fiches (1.2, 1.3) pertaining to the "Modernization of the State and Good Governance'.

10 4.3. Budget and calendar The duration of the operative phase is estimated at 36 months followed by a closing phase of 6 months' duration. 1. Services 1.1 Technical Assistance 1.2 Evaluation, Audit, Monitoring* 1.3 Others 2. Supplies 3. Works 4. Information - Visibility and Communication 5. Operational costs 6. Contingencies ipil^g^tegg 4,851,500 3,589, ,000 1,152, ,000 50, ,000 33, ,568,000 20, ,000 2,697,000 50,500 20,000 50,500 65,000 7,548,500 6,157, ,000 1,261, ,500 70, ,500 98, * The sub-item regarding "Evaluation/Audit/Monitoring" will be directly managed by the European Commission. ** The European Commission contribution to item "Contingencies" cannot be used without prior authorisation of the European Commission Performance monitoring The project's progress will be measured initially through internal monitoring. To this end, the management teams, in coordination with the follow-up committee and EC delegation, will established and apply a monitoring system in line with the external Results Oriented Monitoring (ROM) models and the criteria established by the beneficiaries. Independent to this process, the Commission can undertake external monitoring missions (ROM), which would produce reports that would be shared and evaluated with the participating institutions Evaluation and audit Evaluation missions, which will be charged to the project, will be carried out midway and at the end of the project. If necessary, complementary missions will be carried out at the initiative of the Commission or in conjunction with APCI and other relevant institutions. The conclusions and recommendations of these missions will be jointly reviewed and the participating institutions will decide how to follow up them and what adjustments might be made to the action. The beneficiary, in addition to the audits and other applications carried out as a result of internal norms, will regularly audit (at least once a year) spending outlays that correspond to the European Commission contribution. For this, and with prior agreement of the European Commission, the beneficiary can hire auditing firms using resources from the project. The beneficiary will also perform a final audit during the closure phase, attaching the results to the final report. In addition to these reports, which are the responsibility of the beneficiary, the European Commission can carry out its own auditing missions Communication and visibility With respect to the acquired commitments, the activities and priorities relative to the mandate for visibility are as follows: Promote and disseminate information on the progress and achievements of each action. To ascertain the visibility of policies and actions of the European Union in line with the communication strategy "EU in the world". To foster the visibility of foreign aid, particularly that of the EU and its Member States.

11 To strengthen cooperation with the representatives of Member States, aiming at presenting a better image of Europe. To foster the visibility of the European Commission Delegation in Peru. To promote and disseminate information about the negotiations towards the establishment of an Association Agreement EU-CAN. Communication, information and visibility plans in line with each one of the Actions to the implemented will be formulated and agreed with the beneficiaries, namely on an yearly basis, in the context of the Actions' implementation itself.

12 ANNEX ANNEXΠ ACTION FICHE Ν FOR PERU (AAP 2007) ι. IDENTIFICATION Title Total cost Aid method/ Management mode DAC-code 'Modernization of the State and Good Governance: MEF - Improvement of programming instruments and quality of public spending DCI-ALA/2007/ Contribution EC: Beneficiary contribution: Project approach - decentralised management Sector Economic and development policy / Planning Multisector aid 2. RATIONALE 2.1. Sector context The present description is to be read in and relates to the general context described in the Memorandum of the AAP The Peruvian state has a complex institutional framework that is affected by a lack of coordination between its different sectors, facing at present the challenge of implementing a decentralization process that has been placing regional entities (created in 2003) and local governments into the principal agents for implementing a large part of public investment programmes in social areas (incl. health, elementary education, food aid) and socio-economic development. The lack of a centralized planning mechanism since the beginning of the 1990s has determined that the role of the central government to deal with this orientation function, has been assumed partly by the Presidency of the Council of Ministers (PCM) and the Economy and Finance Ministry (MEF), each taking on a partial role, while non-refundable ODA flows are managed by the Peruvian Office for Intemational Cooperation (Agencia Peruana de Cooperación internacionál - APCI). In this context, ministries or sectors with specific functions have produced numerous policy documents that, with just a few exceptions, have been unstable, suffered from important deficiencies in terms of establishing results-based objectives and indicators, and have faced severe problems with implementation and follow up due to insufficient coordination at the different administration levels involved in the public investment management cycle (national, regional and local). Further, consensus-building spaces have been institutionalized between the administration, civil society and business sectors, in line with the National Agreement (Acuerdo Nacional - AN) 1 provisions. These include the Roundtables for poverty reduction, mechanisms for preparing participatory budgets at local and regional levels, which have a laudable task but that have rarely had a major influence on the final programming or on specific projects. 1 National Agreement (Acuerdo Nacional), a consensus-building space for political forces, the government and dvii society that was established to create a common vision for the country's future: creating an efficient, transparent and decentralized state, for which it Is essential to recover the medium - and long-term planning capacity, Improve mechanisms with which the state operates, above all those related to the use of public resources, Including the prevention of corruption.

13 Peru is considered a low, middle-income country, experiencing economic growth since Although the level of macroeconomic stability and general priorities of public investments have lead to the development of quality instruments, such as the Multi-Annual Macroeconomic Frameworks (currently for ) and the Balanced Budget Law, showing a progressive increase in social expenditure, it should be noted that, up to date, there has not been a real impact in reducing levels of poverty and inequality, especially among the poorest social groups and less favoured regions. The causes of this, which have been highlighted in numerous studies 2, can be traced back in part to the government, characterized by: i) weakness of planning and lack or deficient programming instruments; ii) lack of effective mechanisms for formulating, implementing and monitoring investment policies and programs; iii) limited management capacity, particularly at the regional and local administrative levels; and iv) an uncoordinated and dispersed ODA, which translated, for instance, into more than projects in just in non-refundable cooperation funds - for a total amount of US$ 585 million 3. In this scenario, the new government's expressed will to orient its economic policies to fight poverty and social exclusion will have little chance of making a significant impact if the state's inability to deal with the above-mentioned problems is not addressed. In addition, and given the situation experienced in a recent past, it seems suitable to accompany the processes of public management with mechanisms for preventing corruption by the Contraloria General de la Republica (CGR). The present action, which respects the country's existing legal and institutional framework, contributes to influencing a series of critical stages in the process of defining or reforming multi-sector and sector policies, their effective implementation through public investment programmes and projects (task entrusted to a large extent to local and regional governments), as well as through mechanisms for monitoring, evaluating and controlling the areas directly related to the objectives of national development 4. These critical stages have been highlighted by the competent institutions and are in line with the cooperation experience of the European Commission as well as with the common assessment of other sources of ODA which are part of the Donors Forum and specific working groups that focus on areas of Good Governance, inter alia, Sub-working group of Decentralization and Modernization of the State. The actions part of the present Action Fiche are included in the provisions of the Country Strategy Paper (CSP) for Peru 2007/2013 and the National Indicative Programme, in the sub-sector Modernization of the State of the first focal sector: Support for Rule of Law and Strengthening of Good Governance. Moreover, the present action is expected to help with the formulation and monitoring of successive Annual Action Plans (AAP) that will develop the second focal sector of the Country Strategy Paper: Support for Integral Social Development in Specific Regions to Reinforce Social Cohesion Lessons learnt The National Agreement has been instrumental for the consensual definition of a range of State strategies and policies, as well as fundamental reference point for the design of cooperation strategies. Priorities with regard to the fight against poverty and exclusion require an improvement of State's efficiency in order to guarantee greater quality in spending policies, avoid corruption and help ODA to being more effective. The current policy of Public Administration austerity helps increase the opportunity for this institutional support programme to provide key institutions with the needed resources for the evaluation, improvement and reform of the public investment instruments. The decentralization process under way is one of the fundamental lines of action in the process of State modernization and a multi-sector policy with an impact on almost all sector policies and, in this same context, all public investment programmes. Its success depends, in great extent, on generating and strengthening the capacities of sub-national governments to assume the new tasks. EC cooperation has a broad experience in managing projects that have taken on important components for institutional strengthening in the policy reform or formulation level (health, professional training, justice, etc.) and, more importantly, when implementing them at local and regional levels by decentralized г See, for example, the Multi-Annual Macroeconomic Framework and the pre-electoral report, National International Technical Cooperation Policy and Assessment and Annual Plans for International Cooperation, etc data show that the percentage of non-refundable cooperation funds inserted in the National Budget is only of 0.7% of the total, being a 2.7% for investment. The overall ODA (loans, including those of free disposal, + donations), account for a 3.5 % of the total and a 12.5 % of the state's investment budget, with important problems in focus and in alignment with national priorities (as well as the prioribes ofdmg), such as attending to the country's most vulnerable social groups and geographic areas. The problem of focusing aid and ensuring its efficient use can be generalized to cover all public investment and stems from ifte weaknesses that have been stated. See situation and tendencies of international cooperation in Peru See the National Agreement and National Policy of Development Cooperation.

14 authorities (Food Security programme, support for regional governments, decentralization of health and education services, alternative development, etc.) Complementary actions The coordination process undertook with national public institutions with a view to the CSP for Peru and the current AAP has allowed us to identify the need to establish close coordination between the services of the PCM, MEF and APCI, all agencies entrusted with the formulation, implementation or evaluation of sector and multi-sector policies, to address the lack of a legal mechanism for the creation of a National Planning System. In addition to the contribution to the ordinary resources of these three institutions and the National Agreement Secretariat, there are also diverse initiatives to support Peruvian government efforts related to this proposal, including those provided by the U.N. Development Programme, biter-american Development Bank, World Bank, Andean Economic Development Corporation, Belgium cooperation agency, Spanish international cooperation agency, and the EC itself, among others. Only partial amounts have been disbursed so far in the framework of these programmes, though they will be closely coordinated with those of support for institutional strengthening foreseen in this action. On the other hand, as mentioned above, the EC, other EU countries as Germany, Spain, Belgium, the UNDP and other donors and financial agencies are used to implement a variety of projects including components of policies reform, reinforcement of capacities or support to the decentralisation process. In fact, projects having their main focus in areas ranging from the reform of the judiciary to rural development, education, health or alternative development, for instance, have had to deal on a case by case basis with the same weaknesses and inconsistencies targeted as a whole by the present action Donor coordination As indicated in the CSP for Peru, the different sources of ODA have highlighted the deficiencies that limit the effectiveness and sustainability of government actions, particularly of social and development programmes, as well as the possibility of progressing towards methods of cooperation aligned with the Millennium Development Goals, the Paris Declaration and the European Consensus on Development. The Donors Forum, coordinated by APCI since 2005, has created an opportunity to reiterate these concerns. APCI's recent approval of the Diagnosis and International Cooperation Policy documents concerning international cooperation policies demonstrates a remarkable effort from the Peruvian side to address those concerns. The coordination work done by Sub-working group for Decentralization and Modernization of the State, within the Good Governance working group, is as well worth mentioning. It is a space where the donor community exchange information and monitor the on-going actions of the government and other actors, with a view to establishing synergies and avoiding duplication of efforts. The UNDP has every so often coordinated the principal contributions provided by donors in the areas of Good Governance and Modernization of the State, and has regularly accepted requests to manage funds from the National Budget for these same areas. The process for preparing the CSP 2007/2013 for Peru was carried out in parallel to these discussions and implied a long process of consultations that involved the principal sources of ODA. The AAP in which the current action is framed has been presented in its successive phases during the regular meetings of the Counsellors of the EU Member states. 3. DESCRIPTION 3.1. Objectives General Objective: To contribute to the Modernization of the State as an instrument for Social Cohesion. Specific Objective: To support the improvement of programming instruments, quality of public spending and investment mechanisms for a better implementation and evaluation of public policies.

15 3.2. Expected results and main activities Results: Instruments for planning, programming, monitoring and quality control of public spending and investment have been improved, under the coordination of the Ministry of Economy and Finances (MEF) Stakeholders Activity 1: To develop instruments for multi-annual planning which include links to budgetary processes, in particular to the National System for Public Investment (SNIP). Activity 2: To generate capacities for the formulation of Multi-Annual Public Investment Programmes, as well as pre-investment assessments at different government levels. Activity 3: To contribute to two studies and technical assistance funds: a) Support to the evaluation, design, reform and implementation of sector policies; and b) Pre-investment assessments within the framework of the SNIP. The main actor in the process is the Ministry of Economy and Finance, who has been working, as ruling body, on improving the quality of investment as well as in linking to multi-annual programmes and budget oriented results, incipient efforts which the present action aims at supporting. The instruments directed to improve the design and implementation of public policies, are framed in common and coordinated efforts undertaken by the Ministry of Economy and Finance (MEF), the Presidency of the Council of Ministers (PCM) and the Agencia Peruana de Cooperación Internacional (APCI). The beneficiaries of the proposed action are not limited to the above-mentioned institutions, but include all state agencies and, because the application is general, also to the decentralized management bodies and, through them, to the general population. In the formulation of the AAP 2007, civil society has not had the kind of direct participation that was hoped for, though the support provided to the National Agreement, a forum in which civil society is actively represented, provides the possibility of inserting their consensus during the implementation. In addition, civil society was consulted during the preparation of the CSP Risks and assumptions The principal risks relates to the participating institutions who resist to implementing the reforms or improvements in existing mechanisms, failure of the National Agreement to receive the necessary support, and the government refusing to see State and sector policies as reference points for programming and formulation of budgets. The proposal is sustainable and the risks are minor, given the fact that the government has assessed the importance of the reform of the State and the support to the work of the National Agreement. In particular, the risk for the national planning system, (CEPLAN, Centro de Planificación Estratégica) approved by law not being implemented has been minimized as the present includes provisions in favour of mechanisms for the design, implementation and evaluation of medium and long term policies Crosscutting Issues Democracy, human rights gender and inclusion (in particular in relation to indigenous and traditional dwellers) issues are crosscutting with respect to the focus and practice of good governance and will be taken into account in the instruments for the design of public policies. This action centres on the efforts to improve the administration capacities, good governance and democratic stability. All actions fall under the umbrella of the decentralization process which was conceived as a way of encouraging the development of communities and, as such, reducing poverty.

16 4. IMPLEMENTATION ISSUES 4.1. Implementation method The implementation method will be a decentralized management through a financial agreement with a third country. Management will be materialised through an Agreement with the Government of Peru, represented by the Peruvian Office for International Cooperation (APCI - Agencia Peruana de Cooperación internacionál), who can delegate responsibility for implementation of the present Action Fiche 1.2 to the Ministry of Economy and Finance - MEF. The Commission controls ex ante the contracting for contracts > euro and ex post for contracts < euro. The Authorising Officer ensures that, by using of the model of financing agreement for decentralised management, the segregation of duties between the authorising officer and the accounting officer of the decentralized entity will be effective, so the decentralization of the payments can be carried out within the limits specified below: Works Supplies Services Grants < < < <зе loo.ooo 4.2. Procurement and grant award procedures [/programme estimates] All contracts implementing the action must be awarded and implemented in accordance with the procedures and standard documents laid down and published by the Commission for the implementation of external operations, in force at the time of the launch of the procedure in question. The essential selection and award criteria for the award of grants are laid down in the Practical Guide to contract procedures for EC external actions. The maximum possible rate of co-financing for grants is 80%. Full financing may only be applied in the cases provided for in Article 253 of the Implementing Rules of the Financial Regulations where financingin full is essential to carry out the action in question. A follow-up committee composed by the Presidency of the Council of Ministers (PCM) (chair institution), Ministry of Economy and Finance (MEF) and APCI, open to the participation of other sectors will guarantee coordination and proper implementation of the activities contained in the present Action Fiche 1.2 with those part of two other Action Fiches (1.1, 1.3) pertaining to the 'Modernization of the State and Good Governance' Budget and calendar The duration of the operative phase is estimated at 36 months followed by a closing phase of 6 months' duration. 1. Services Technical Assistance Evaluation, Audit, Monitoring* Others Supplies Works 4. Information - Visibility and Communication 5. Operational costs

17 * The sub-item regarding "Evaluation/Audit/Monitoring" will be directly managed by the European Commission. ** The European Commission contribution to item "Contingencies" cannot be used without prior authorisation of the European Commission Performance monitoring The project's progress will be measured initially through internal monitoring. To this end, the management teams, in coordination with the follow-up committee and EC Delegation, will established and apply a monitoring system in line with the external Results Oriented Monitoring (ROM) models and the criteria established by the beneficiaries. Independent to this process, the Commission can undertake external monitoring missions (ROM), which would produce reports that would be shared and evaluated with the participating institutions Evaluation and audit Evaluation missions, which will be charged to the project, will be carried out midway and at the end of the project. If necessary, complementary missions will be carried out at the initiative of the Commission or in conjunction with APCI and other relevant institutions. The conclusions and recommendations of these missions will be jointly reviewed and the participating institutions will decide how to follow up them and what adjustments might be made to the action. The beneficiary, in addition to the audits and other applications carried out as a result of internal norms, will regularly audit (at least once a year) spending outlays that correspond to the European Commission contribution. For this, and with prior agreement of the European Commission, the beneficiary can hire auditing firms using resources from the project. The beneficiary will also perform a final audit during the closure phase, attaching the results to the final report. In addition to these reports, which are the responsibility of the beneficiary, the European Commission can carry out its own auditing missions Communication and visibility With respect to the acquired commitments, the activities and priorities relative to the mandate for visibility are as follows: Promote and disseminate information on the progress and achievements of each action. To ascertain the visibility of policies and actions of the European Union in line with the communication strategy "EU in the world". To foster the visibility of foreign aid, particularly that of the EU and its Member States. To strengthen cooperation with the representatives of Member States, aiming at presenting a better image of Europe. To foster the visibility of the European Commission Delegation in Peru. To promote and disseminate information about the negotiations towards the establishment of an Association Agreement EU-CAN. Communication, information and visibility plans in line with each one of the Actions to the implemented will be formulated and agreed with the beneficiaries, namely on an yearly basis, in the context of the Actions' implementation itself.

18 ANNEX ACTION FICHE N FOR PERU (AAP 2007) ANNEX III IDENTIFICATION Title Total cost Aid method/ Management mode DAC-code "Modernization of the State and Good Governance: APCI - Support to the National Decentralized System for International Cooperation and to ODA coordination mechanisms " DCI-ALA/2007/ Contribution EC: Beneficiary contribution: Project approach - decentralised management Sector Economic and development policy / Planning Multisector aid RATIONALE 2.1. Sector context The present description is to be read in and relates to the general context described in the Memorandum of the AAP The Peruvian state has a complex institutional framework that is affected by a lack of coordination between its different sectors, facing at present the challenge of implementing a decentralization process that has been placing regional entities (created in 2003) and local governments into the principal agents for implementing a large part of public investment programmes in social areas (incl. health, elementary education, food aid) and socio-economic development. The lack of a centralized planning mechanism since the beginning of the 1990s has determined that the role of the central government to deal with this orientation function, has been assumed partly by the Presidency of the Council of Ministers (PCM) and the Economy and Finance Ministry (MEF), each taking on a partial role, while non-refimdable ODA flows are managed by the Peruvian Office for International Cooperation (Agencia Peruana de Cooperación internacionál - APCI). In this context, ministries or sectors with specific functions have produced numerous policy documents that, with just a few exceptions, have been unstable, suffered from important deficiencies in terms of establishing results-based objectives and indicators, and have faced severe problems with implementation and follow up due to insufficient coordination at the different administration levels involved in the public investment management cycle (national, regional and local). Further, consensus-building spaces have been institutionalized between the administration, civil society and business sectors, in line with the National Agreement (Acuerdo Nacional -AN) 1 provisions. These include the Roundtables for poverty reduction, mechanisms for preparing participatory budgets at local and regional levels, which have a laudable task but that have rarely had a major influence on the final programming or on specific projects. Peru is considered a low, middle-income country, experiencing economic growth since Although the level of macroeconomic stability and general priorities of public investments have lead to the development of quality instruments, such as the Multi-Annual Macroeconomic Frameworks (currently for 1 National Agreement (Acuerdo Nacional), a consensus-building space for political forces, the government and civil society that was established to create a common vision for the country's future: creating an efficient, transparent and decentralized state, for which It is essential to recover the medium - and long-term planning capacity, improve mechanisms with which the state operates, above all those related to the use of public resources, including the prevention of corruption.

19 ) and the Balanced Budget Law, showing a progressive increase in social expenditure, it should be noted that, up to date, there has not been a real impact in reducing levels of poverty and inequality, especially among the poorest social groups and less favoured regions. The causes of this, which have been highlighted in numerous studies 2, can be traced back in part to the government, characterized by: i) weakness of planning and lack or deficient programming instruments; ii) lack of effective mechanisms for formulating, implementing and monitoring investment policies and programs; iii) limited management capacity, particularly at the regional and local administrative levels; and iv) an uncoordinated and dispersed ODA, which translated, for instance, into more than projects in just in non-refundable cooperation funds - for a total amount of US$ 585 million 3. In this scenario, the new government's expressed will to orient its economic policies to fight poverty and social exclusion will have little chance of making a significant impact if the state's inability to deal with the above-mentioned problems is not addressed. In addition, and given the situation experienced in a recent past, it seems suitable to accompany the processes of public management with mechanisms for preventing corruption by the Contraloria General de la República (CGR). The present action, which respects the country's existing legal and institutional framework, contributes to influencing a series of critical stages in the process of defining or reforming multi-sector and sector policies, their effective implementation through public investment programmes and projects (task entrusted to a large extent to local and regional governments), as well as through mechanisms for monitoring, evaluating and controlling the areas directly related to the objectives of national development 4. These critical stages have been highlighted by the competent institutions and are in line with the cooperation experience of the European Commission as well as with the common assessment of other sources of ODA which are part of the Donors Forum and specific working groups that focus on areas of Good Governance - inter alia. Sub-working group of Decentralization and Modernization of tibe State. This action includes a continued support to the Peruvian Office for Intemational Cooperation (APCI) for the systematization at general and annual priorities level 5 of the country's development policy, for coordinating non-refundable ODA and for taking on new areas as part of the creation of the National Decentralized System for Non-Refundable Intemational Cooperation and of the commitments accepted by Peru after the signature of the Paris Declaration in June The actions part of the present Action Fiche are included in the provisions of the Country Strategy Paper (CSP) for Peru 2007/2013 and the National Indicative Programme, in the sub-sector Modernization of the State of the first focal sector: Support for Rule of Law and Strengthening of Good Governance. Moreover, the present action is expected to help with the formulation and monitoring of successive Annual Action Plans (AAP) that will develop the second focal sector of the Country Strategy Paper: Support for Integral Social Development in Specific Regions to Reinforce Social Cohesion Lessons learnt The National Agreement has been instrumental for the consensual definition of a range of State strategies and policies, as well as fundamental reference point for the design of cooperation strategies. Priorities with regard to the fight against poverty and exclusion require an improvement of State's efficiency in order to guarantee greater quality in spending policies, avoid corruption and help ODA to being more effective. The current policy of Public Administration austerity helps increase the opportunity for this institutional support programme to provide key institutions with the needed resources for the evaluation, improvement and reform of the public investment instruments. The decentralization process under way is one of the fundamental lines of action in the process of State modernization and a multi-sector policy with an impact on almost all sector policies and, in this same context, all public investment programmes. Its success depends, in great extent, on generating and strengthening the capacities of sub-national governments to assume the new tasks. 2 See, for example, the Multi-Annual Macroeconomic Framework and the pre-electoral report, National Intemational Technical Cooperation Policy and Assessment and Annual Plans for Intemational Cooperation, etc data show that the percentage of non-refundable cooperation funds Inserted In the National Budget Is only of 0.7% of the total, being a 2.7% for Investment. The overall ODA (loans, including those of free disposal, + donations), account for a 3.5 % of the total and a 12.5 % of the state's Investment budget, with important problems in focus and in alignment with national priorities (as well as the priorities of DMG), such as attending to the country's most vulnerable social groups and geographic areas. The problem of focusing aid and ensuring its efficient use can be generalized to cover ail public investment and stems from the weaknesses that have been stated. See situation and tendencies of international cooperation in Peru See the National Agreement and National Policy of Development Cooperation. ' National Policy on International Technical Cooperation, and Diagnosis and Annual Plans of the International Cooperation, etc

20 EC cooperation has a broad experience in managing projects that have taken on important components for institutional strengthening in the policy reform or formulation level (health, professional training, justice, etc.) and, more importantly, when implementing them at local and regional levels by decentralized authorities (Food Security programme, support for regional governments, decentralization of health and education services, alternative development, etc.) Complementary actions The coordination process undertook with national public institutions with a view to the CSP for Peru and the current AAP has allowed us to identify the need to establish close coordination between the services of the PCM, MEF and APCI, all agencies entrusted with the formulation, implementation or evaluation of sector and multi-sector policies, to address the lack of a legal mechanism for the creation of a National Planning System. In addition to the contribution to the ordinary resources of these three institutions and the National Agreement Secretariat, there are also diverse initiatives to support Peruvian government efforts related to this proposal, including those provided by the U.N. Development Programme, biter-american Development Bank, World Bank, Andean Economic Development Corporation, Belgium cooperation agency, Spanish international cooperation agency, and the EC itself, among others. Only partial amounts have been disbursed so far in the framework of these programmes, though they will be closely coordinated with those of support for institutional strengthening foreseen in this action. On the other hand, as mentioned above, the EC, other EU countries as Germany, Spain, Belgium, the UNDP and other donors and financial agencies are used to implement a variety of projects including components of policies reform, reinforcement of capacities or support to the decentralisation process. In fact, projects having their main focus in areas ranging from the reform of the judiciary to rural development, education, health or alternative development, for instance, have had to deal on a case by case basis with the same weaknesses and inconsistencies targeted as a whole by the present action Donor coordination As indicated in the CSP for Peru, the different sources of ODA have highlighted the deficiencies that limit the effectiveness and sustainability of government actions, particularly of social and development programmes, as well as the possibility of progressing towards methods of cooperation aligned with the Millennium Development Goals, the Paris Declaration and the European Consensus on Development. The Donors Forum, coordinated by APCI since 2005, has created an opportunity to reiterate these concerns. APCI's recent approval of the Diagnosis and ïïitemational Cooperation Policy documents concerning international cooperation policies demonstrates a remarkable effort from the Peruvian side to address those concerns. The coordination work done by Sub-working group for Decentralization and Modernization of the State, within the Good Governance working group, is as well worth mentioning. It is a space where the donor community exchange information and monitor the on-going actions of the government and other actors, with a view to establishing synergies and avoiding duplication of efforts. The UNDP has every so often coordinated the principal contributions provided by donors in the areas of Good Governance and Modernization of the State, and has regularly accepted requests to manage funds from the National Budget for these same areas. The process for preparing the CSP 2007/2013 for Peru was carried out in parallel to these discussions and implied a long process of consultations that involved the principal sources of ODA. The AAP in which the current action is framed has been presented in its successive phases during the regular meetings of the Counsellors of the EU Member states.

21 3. DESCRIPTION 3.1. Objectives General Objective: To contribute to the Modernization of the State as an instrument for Social Cohesion. Specific Objective: To support the APCI - Agencia Peruana de Cooperación Intemacional - to implement and strengthen the National Decentralised System for Intemational Cooperation and to establish the needed mechanisms for ODA coordination, alignment, harmonization and effectiveness Expected results and main activities Results: The National Decentralized System for non-refundable Intemational Cooperation (SINDCINR) and the mechanisms for the coordination, alignment and harmonization of intemational cooperation under APCI's responsibility have been reinforced Stakeholders Activity 1: To strengthen the operational capacities of the SINDCINR though the development of an information system, the design and strengthening of the evaluation system, the follow-up and monitoring system for public sector programmes by cooperation source, the creation of a system of specific indicators. Activity 2: To reinforce the mechanisms for coordination, alignment and harmonization of official development aid already underway (Donors Forum, thematic forums and roundtables, publication of the Intemational Cooperation policy, and annual assessments and plans). The main actor in the process is the Peruvian Office of Intemational Cooperation (APCI). The Peruvian Office for Intemational Cooperation, in the context of the management of public funds, designs policies 6, instruments and mechanisms to optimize the use of resources and align the investments with development policies, and, more recently, with the Millennium Development Goals and other instruments for global development. The beneficiaries of the proposed action are not limited to the above-mentioned institution, but include all state agencies and, because the application is general, also to the decentralized management bodies and, through them, to the general population. In the formulation of the AAP 2007, civil society has not had the kind of direct participation that was hoped for, though the support provided to the National Agreement, a forum in which civil society is actively represented, provides the possibility of inserting their consensus during the implementation. In addition, civil society was consulted during the preparation of the CSP Risks and assumptions The principal risks relates to the participating institutions who resist to implementing the reforms or improvements in existing mechanisms, failure of the National Agreement to receive the necessary support, and the government refusing to see State and sector policies as reference points for programming and formulation of budgets. The proposal is sustainable and the risks are minor, given the fact that the government has assessed the importance of the reform of the State and the support to the work of the National Agreement. In particular, the risk for the national planning system, (CEPLAN, Centro de Planificación Estratégica) approved by law not being implemented has been minimized as the present includes provisions in favour of mechanisms for the design, implementation and evaluation of medium and long term policies Crosscutting Issues Democracy, human rights gender and inclusion (in particular in relation to indigenous and traditional dwellers) issues are crosscutting with respect to the focus and practice of good governance. 6 The National System for Public Investment (SNIP - Servicio Nacional de Inversión Publica), in particular, set amongst its objectives to strengthen the planning capacity of the Public Sector, this meaning that any project to be implemented by any public entity needs to be compatible with the sector policies above ment'oned.

22 This action centres on the efforts to improve the administration capacities, good governance and democratic stability. All actions fall under the umbrella of the decentralization process which was conceived as a way of encouraging the development of communities and, as such, reducing poverty. 4. IMPLEMENTATION ISSUES 4.1. Implementation method The implementation method will be a decentralized management through a financial agreement with a third country. Management will be materialised through an Agreement with the Government of Peru, represented by the Peruvian Office for International Cooperation (APCI - Agencia Peruana de Cooperación Internacional), who will implement the present Action Fiche 1.3. The Commission controls ex ante the contracting for contracts > euro and ex post for contracts < euro. The Authorising Officer ensures that, by using of the model of financing agreement for decentralised management, the segregation of duties between the authorising officer and the accounting officer of the decentralized entity will be effective, so the decentralization of the payments can be carried out within the limits specified below: Works Supplies Services Grants < < < < Procurement and grant award procedures [/programme estimates] All contracts implementing the action must be awarded and implemented in accordance with the procedures and standard documents laid down and published by the Commission for the implementation of external operations, in force at the time of the launch of the procedure in question. The essential selection and award criteria for the award of grants are laid down in the Practical Guide to contract procedures for EC external actions. The maximum possible rate of co-financing for grants is 80%. Full financing may only be applied in the cases provided for in Article 253 of the Implementing Rules of the Financial Regulations wherefinancingin full is essential to carry out the action in question. A follow-up committee composed by the Presidency of the Council of Ministers (PCM) (chair institution), Ministry of Economy and Finance (MEF) and APCI, open to the participation of other sectors will guarantee coordination and proper implementation of the activities contained in the present Action Fiche 1.3 with those part of two other Action Fiches (1.1, 1.2) pertaining to the 'Modernization of the State and Good Governance'.

23 4.3. Budget and calendar The duration of the operative phase is estimated at 36 months followed by a closing phase of 6 months' duration. 1. Services Technical Assistance Evaluation, Audit, Monitoring* Others 2. Supplies Works 4. Information - Visibility and Communication 5. Operational costs * The sub-item regarding "Evaluation/Audit/Monitoring" will be directly managed by the European Commission. ** The European Commission contribution to item "Contingencies" cannot be used without prior authorisation of the European Commission Performance monitoring The project's progress will be measured initially through internal monitoring. To this end, the management teams, in coordmation with the follow-up committee and EC delegation, will established and apply a monitoring system in line with the external Results Oriented Monitoring (ROM) models and the criteria established by the beneficiaries. Independent to this process, the Commission can undertake external monitoring missions (ROM), which would produce reports that would be shared and evaluated with the participating institutions Evaluation and audit Evaluation missions, which will be charged to the project, will be carried out midway and at the end of the project. If necessary, complementary missions will be carried out at the initiative of the Commission or in conjunction with APCI and other relevant institutions. The conclusions and recommendations of these missions will be jointly reviewed and the participating institutions will decide how to follow up them and what adjustments might be made to the action. The beneficiary, in addition to the audits and other applications carried out as a result of internal norms, will regularly audit (at least once a year) spending outlays that correspond to the European Commission contribution. For this, and with prior agreement of the European Commission, the beneficiary can hire auditing firms using resources from the project. The beneficiary will also perform a final audit during the closure phase, attaching the results to the final report. In addition to these reports, which are the responsibility of the beneficiary, the European Commission can carry out its own auditing missions Communication and visibility With respect to the acquired commitments, the activities and priorities relative to the mandate for visibility are as follows: Promote and disseminate information on the progress and achievements of each action.

24 To ascertain the visibility of policies and actions of the European Union in line with the communication strategy "EU in the world". To foster the visibility of foreign aid, particularly that of the EU and its Member States. To strengthen cooperation with the representatives of Member States, aiming at presenting a better image of Europe. To foster the visibility of the European Commission Delegation in Peru. To promote and disseminate information about the negotiations towards the establishment of an Association Agreement EU-CAN, Communication, information and visibility plans in line with each one of the Actions to the implemented will be formulated and agreed with the beneficiaries, namely on an yearly basis, in the context of the Actions' implementation itself.

25 1. Intitulé Coût total IDENTIFICATION Méthode d'assistance / Mode de gestion Code CAD ANNEX FICHE D'ACTION N» 2 POUR LE PÉROU (AAP 2007) ANNEXIV 'Inclusion Sociale: soutien aux différents organismes chargés de l'octroi d'une carte nationale d'identité aux citoyens péruviens : 'Identité et Citoyenneté' DCI-ALA/2007/ Total: Contribution CE: Contribution du bénéficiaire: Approche projet / Gestion décentralisée Secteur i. MOTIF ET CONTEXTE NATIONAL 2.1. Programme sectoriel du gouvernement Droits de l'homme Appui institutionnel Renforcement de la société civile Aide multisectorielle pour des services sociaux de base Ce projet rentre dans le contexte de la problématique des sans-papiers au Pérou. Un sans-papiers est une personne qui ne possède pas de documents d'identité, soit parce qu'elle n'a jamais été inscrite au registre de l'état civil, soit parce que son inscription s'est perdue à la suite de l'incendie ou de la destruction du bureau des registres civils, soit parce qu'elle ne dispose que d'un Carnet Électoral (Libreta Electoral) qui est un document désuet 1 ou soit encore parce qu'elle n'a pas encore de carte d'identité (D.N.I.). Toutes ces catégories de populations de sans-papiers présentent certaines caractéristiques communes comme l'exclusion, la discrimination, la pauvreté et l'éloignement. Le fait d'être sans papiers empêche l'exercice complet de la citoyenneté et cette situation se trouve aggravée par l'informalité dans laquelle ces personnes sont obligées de vivre. Un sans-papiers n'a pas d'existence légale devant l'état et ne peut donc pas être inclus dans les programmes sociaux, ni recevoir les aides sociales de l'état, ni faire partie de la planification et de la mise en œuvre des politiques publiques. La Defensoria du Peuple travaille sur ce problème et, en accord avec son mandat légal prévu dans la Constitution du Pérou, est chargée de défendre les droits constitutionnels et fondamentaux de la personne et de la communauté, ainsi que de superviser les tâches de l'administration de l'etat et la prestation des services publics aux citoyens. Dans ce contexte, pour l'obtention de documents d'identité, il est nécessaire d'articuler une action conjointe avec le Registre National d'identification et d'état Civil ŕrenieo. organisme recteur en la matière, comme l'indique la Constitution Politique, et qui est chargé de l'inscription des naissances, des mariages, des divorces, des décès et de tout autre acte qui modifie l'état civil, ainsi que d'émettre les actes correspondants et de tenir le registre d'identification des citoyens. La construction de la citoyenneté du pays se définit à partir de l'exercice du droit à l'identité, en reliant l'inclusion avec la citoyenneté et en considérant l'attribution des papiers d'identité comme l'une de ses composantes. L'accès au droit à l'identité, une fois les obstacles du parcours pour obtenir la documentation surmontés, permettra aux populations les plus vulnérables d'exercer leur citoyenneté au travers de l'accès au droit à la santé, à l'éducation, à la participation et au contrôle citoyen ainsi qu'aux programmes sociaux. Pour cela un réseau sera formé avec des institutions publiques et privées engagées auprès des populations vulnérables qui ont obtenu leurs papiers, comme le Ministère de la Le DNI est devenu depuis le 1 er mars 2004 le seul document d'identité pour les citoyens péruviens âgés de plus de 18 ans.

26 Santé (MUMSA), le Ministère de la Femme et du Développement Social (MIMDES), les gouvernements locaux et régionaux, les programmes sociaux et les organismes de la société civile, afín de produire des synergies et des alliances qui permettront d'atteindre les objectifs fixés Enseignements tirés Bien que le Rapport Final de la Commission de la Vérité et de la Réconciliation Nationale (CVR) ait permis de voir clairement le problème des sans-papiers, plusieurs diagnostics antérieurs avaient déjà donné l'alerte sur la gravité du problème. C'est ainsi qu'entre 1997 et 2000 la Defensoria du Peuple a démarré ses activités en s'occupant de façon prioritaire des personnes touchées par la violence politique. A cet effet fut créé le Programme de Protection des Populations Touchées par la Violence (PPPAV). La réalité elle-même a démontré que des papiers d'identité tout seuls ne garantissent pas l'exercice des droits citoyens du fait que la citoyenneté ne peut pas être comprise simplement comme un statut légal défini par un ensemble de droits et de devoirs, mais plutôt que ces droits et ces devoirs doivent être effectifs. A partir de là des campagnes pour délivrer des papiers ont été lancées en alliance avec les institutions impliquées afin de traiter les informations et la documentation pertinentes, ainsi que la supervision du parcours d'obtention des documents mis en place par la Defensoria du Peuple. Pour cela, celle-ci a organisé pendant la période des Campagnes de Restitution de l'identité au niveau national, en étroite coordination avec le RENffiC, dont les résultats apparaissent dans le Rapport de la Defensoria 107 sur le "Droit à l'identité, Campagnes de Délivrance de papiers et Supervision ", et qui a contribué à identifier plus précisément certains problèmes et les actions qui doivent être mises en place pour les corriger. Le développement de cette stratégie d'intervention a été poursuivi et revu à la lumière de l'expérience acquise, de manière à améliorer les procédures afin d'assurer la délivrance de papiers à un plus grand nombre de personnes. L'expérience acquise dans la réalisation de ces campagnes a permis de la valider comme étant une stratégie à succès pour l'attribution de papiers, y compris dans les zones les plus reculées du pays. Toutefois, dans certains cas comme celui des Registres Civils détruits ou celui des Registres Civils des Populations Indigènes Amazoniennes, il est nécessaire de faire des changements normatifs qui rendront les procédures viables et garantiront la pleine utilisation du droit à l'identité pour ces populations qui sont très vulnérables et exclues du pays. Les changements normatifs devraient viser à simplifier la démarche pour obtenir l'autorisation d'effectuer les réinscriptions Actions complémentaires L'action de coopération 'Identité et Citoyenneté' complète l'actuel projet que la Defensoria du Peuple exécute avec l'appui financier de l'union Européenne intitulé "la Defensoria du Peuple et le suivi des recommandations de la Commission de la Vérité et de la Réconciliation". Il comprend 4 composantes, dont l'une se réfère à l'identité avec l'organisation de campagnes pour la délivrance de la carte nationale d'identité aux populations touchées par la violence, ainsi que l'attribution gratuite du certificat de naissance pour les garçons et les filles dans 12 départements considérés comme les plus touchés par la violence politique : Ayacucho, Huancavelica, Junin, Pasco, Huánuco, San Martín, Cusco, Puno, Apurimac, Ancash, Ucayali et Lima (provinces). Ces campagnes sont effectuées en coopération avec RENIEC. Par ailleurs, l'etat conduit le Plan National de Restitution de l'identité : "Des papiers pour les sanspapiers ", lequel est suivi par RENIEC et a été élaboré en coordination avec des institutions publiques (Ministère de la Femme et du Développement Social, Ministères de l'éducation, de la Santé, de l'intérieur, de la Défense,...), de la société civile organisée (Centre de protection de la femme péruvienne Flora Tristán-ONG-, l'institut Dialogue et Proposition, UNICEF, etc.). Le Plan vise à approfondir l'identification des obstacles structurels et conjoncturels qui empêchent l'attribution des documents d'identité et, par conséquent l'exercice de la citoyenneté. Pour cela, des campagnes d'attribution de documents sont organisées par l'intermédiaire du Ministère de la Femme et du Développement Social, comme la campagne "Mi nombre" ("Mon Nom") qui vise principalement l'inscription des naissances des garçons et des filles. Le programme social "Juntos", en

27 alliance avec RENIEC, a effectué des campagnes d'attribution de documents d'identité aux bénéficiaires potentiels du projet, principalement les femmes des zones rurales pauvres et extrêmement pauvres. De plus, le programme social "A trabajar rural", après avoir sélectionné ses bénéficiaires pour accéder à des postes de travail, identifie parmi ces derniers les sans-papiers et, en coordination avec RENIEC, leur fournit des papiers Coordination des bailleurs de fonds L'État péruvien a souscrit la Déclaration de Paris en juin 2006, dans laquelle il est prévu d'entreprendre des actions à long terme et supervisables, en vue de réformer les manières selon lesquelles l'aide internationale est fournie et gérée, afin d'accélérer la réalisation de la Déclaration du Millénaire et d'atteindre ses objectifs. D'autre part, les axes et les objectifs stratégiques définis par la Politique Nationale de Coopération Internationale élaborée par l'agence Péruvienne de Coopération Internationale (APCI) permettent de constater un alignement avec l'analyse, les objectifs et la stratégie de la Commission Européenne. La Defensoria du Peuple travaille depuis l'année 1997 sur le volet Identité en tant que thème prioritaire de l'institution. L'Agence Suédoise pour le Développement International (SIDA) finance depuis 1997 le projet "Renforcement Institutionnel de la Defensoria du Peuple en vue de surmonter les séquelles de la violence politique au Pérou" dont la dernière des trois phases a été exécutée de 2003 à La Coopération Technique Belge (CTB) a également fourni un appui en RENIEC développe un projet avec la Coopération Allemande intitulé "Coopération entre RENIEC et les communautés indigènes pour l'amélioration du registre des naissances", lequel a pour but de mettre en oeuvre un programme de formation et d'information pour les inspecteurs civils, en coopération avec les communautés indigènes, afin de permettre de disposer des connaissances et compétences de base pour améliorer la qualité des enregistrements ordinaires et inhabituels, ainsi que la remise des copies des actes de naissance. Dans ce sens, cette action vient en complément de l'actuel projet que la Defensoria du Peuple exécute avec l'appui de ITJnion Européenne, intitulé "la Defensoria du Peuple et le suivi des recommandations de la Commission de la Vérité et de la Réconciliation", comme cela a déjà été mentionné. î. DESCRIPTION 3.1. Objectifs Objectif Général Contribuer à l'inclusion sociale de la population la plus vulnérable du pays. Objectif Spécifique Fournir des papiers d'identité à la population des sans-papiers qui se trouve en situation de pauvreté et d'extrême pauvreté (ceux touchés par le conflit armé interne, les peuples indigènes, les communautés natives, les femmes, les enfants, les adolescents et les personnes handicapées au Pérou) de façon à leur permettre d'exercer leur citoyenneté Résultats escomptés et principales activités Résultat 1 : Les obstacles dans le parcours de la délivrance de papiers ont été surmontés dans les cas où la Defensoria du Peuple émet des recommandations. Activité 1.1 : Emettre des recommandations pour surmonter les obstacles à la délivrance de déclaration de naissance d'un enfant né vivant dans les cas où intervient la Defensoria du Peuple. o Elaboration d'un diagnostic national sur l'émission de la déclaration "né vivant", actions de sensibilisation auprès des fonctionnaires du Ministère de la Santé et de la population. Activité 1.2 : Emettre des recommandations pour surmonter les obstacles à la délivrance des actes de naissance dans les cas où intervient la Defensoria du Peuple. o Elaboration d'un diagnostic national sur l'émission des actes de naissance, organisation d'ateliers de formation pour les inspecteurs civils, monitoring permanent des bureaux d'enregistrement.

28 Activité 1.3 : Aider la population vulnérable pour l'obtention du Document National d'identité. o Atelier national auprès des populations touchées par des situations spécifiques de violation du droit à l'identité, dénombrement des sans-papiers au niveau national, réunions de sensibilisation et de coordination, campagnes radiales locales, campagnes gratuites de délivrance de papiers pour bénéficiaires. Activité 1.4 : Disposer d'une base de données pour le suivi du circuit des papiers. o Formation du personnel de la Defensoria du Peuple dans le maniement du software spécialisé et dans la mise à jour de la base de données. Résultat 2 : Les populations ayant reçu récemment leurs documents d'identité exercent leur citoyenneté. Activité 2.1 : Aider la population vulnérable qui a obtenu ses papiers ('avec-papiers') à exercer son droit à la santé. o Formation de la population sur l'exercice de son droit à la santé, sensibilisation des autorités de la santé, formulation de propositions et de recommandations. Activité 2.2 : Aider la population vulnérable 'avec-papiers' dans l'exercice de son droit à l'éducation. o Formation de la population sur l'exercice de son droit à l'éducation, sensibilisation des autorités éducatives, formulation de propositions et de recommandations. Activité 2.3 : Aider la population vulnérable 'avec-papiers' dans l'exercice de ses droits de participation et de contrôle citoyen. o Formation de la population sur la participation et le contrôle citoyen, sensibilisation des autorités sur la nécessité de produire des espaces de participation citoyenne, développer des mécanismes de rapprochement entre les autorités et la population des nouveaux avec-papiers. Activité 2.4 : Constituer un réseau d'institutions publiques et privées engagées auprès des populations vulnérables 'avec-papiers' en situation de vulnérabilité, de pauvreté et de grande pauvreté. o Souscription de conventions avec des institutions publiques et privées insérées dans la promotion et la protection du droit à l'identité au niveau local, régional et national, génération d'espace d'échange permanent entre les institutions impliquées. Activité 2.5 : Aider la population vulnérable 'avec-papiers' à accéder aux programmes sociaux. o Coordination interinstitutionnelle avec des organismes de l'état qui ont à leur charge l'exécution des programmes sociaux, sensibilisation des fonctionnaires responsables de l'exécution de programmes sociaux, diffusion des programmes sociaux auprès de la population vulnérable. Résultat 3 : Les compétences des commissaires de la Defensoria sur le thème de l'identité et de la citoyenneté ont été renforcées. Activité 3.1 : Former les commissaires de la Defensoria pour aborder le problème de l'identité selon une approche multidisciplinaire. o Atelier de formation au niveau national pour les commissaires, conformation d'équipes régionales pour aborder la thématique, systématisation du modèle d'intervention, renforcement des capacités des promoteurs sociaux. Activité 3.2 : Valider la stratégie d'intervention dans l'espace public. o Campagnes de diffusion, foires informatives Parties prenantes A. - Les participants directs à l'exécution du Projet son : Defensoria du Peuple et RENffiC. B. - les bénéficiaires directs seront : la population pauvre et extrêmement pauvre, les enfants (garçons et filles), les femmes, les populations indigènes, les indigènes amazoniens, la population touchée par la violence, la population pénitentiaire. C. - les bénéficiaires indirects seront :

29 Les employés publics des gouvernements locaux, les bureaux du registre de RENIEC au niveau national, les bureaux et les modules d'attention de Defensoria du Peuple, les centres de santé, les autorités communales, les promoteurs sociaux, les organismes non gouvernementaux, l'église et la société civile organisée. Les autorités nationales et régionales preneurs de décisions D. - Capacité Technique Institutionnelle: La Defensoria du Peuple dispose d'un siège institutionnel à Lima, de 28 bureaux et de 8 modules d'attention au niveau national qui sont les organes exécuteurs des activités programmées conjointement avec les organismes et les programmes du niveau central (les "Adjuntias"). RENIEC dispose au niveau national de 195 agences et de 13 bureaux de registre, plus un siège administratif Risques et hypothèses Hypothèses: Les ministères de la Santé, de l'education, de la Femme et du Développement Social, les programmes sociaux, les gouvernements locaux, les institutions de la société civile organisée assument le rôle qui leur revient fonctionnellement dans la problématique des sans-papiers. Le congrès de la République approuve les projets de loi se référant au droit à l'identité afín de faciliter son entée en vigueur. Risques: L'éloignement et la dispersion des sans-papiers, spécialement dans les segments de population les plus pauvres, peuvent limiter l'efficacité de l'intervention. Ľinterculturalité qui est un trait caractéristique de la population très pauvre ne permet pas la formulation d'une stratégie standard pour mener à bien l'intervention. Les problèmes liés aux documents nécessaires à l'inscription dans les registres civils, tels que l'absence de déclaration "né vivant", les erreurs ou les omissions dans les actes de naissance, pourraient entraver l'intervention. Les risques politiques liés à la fusion de RENIEC dans le système électoral pourraient gêner le développement autonome de l'intervention. Les événements électoraux à venir pourraient générer des risques de politisation des interventions programmées au niveau des campagnes gratuites de délivrance de papiers d'identité Questions transversales L'action "Identité et Citoyenneté" vise un travail impliquant les autorités et les fonctionnaires publics des institutions de l'état directement responsables de garantir le droit à l'identité (RENIEC, municipalités, Ministère de la Santé) afin que ceux-ci conçoivent et mettent en œuvre des politiques publiques qui offrent une attention spéciale aux populations vivant en situation de pauvreté et d'exclusion. Interculturalité : Dans un pays comme le Pérou, ľinterculturalité se réfère au respect et à la reconnaissance des cultures (urbaine et rurale) - entendue dans une dimension qui souligne les valeurs, les attitudes, les normes, les idées, les habitudes et les perceptions intemalisées, ainsi que les rôles sociaux, les structures, les relations, les codes de conduite et les explications pour le comportement - qui, en grande mesure, sont communes à un groupe de personnes. Ľinterculturalité doit aussi permettre de créer de nouveaux mécanismes, de nouvelles manières et des instruments de relation entre les peuples indigènes et l'état, cimentés dans le dialogue et la consultation permanente. Genre : Cette problématique se réfère à la façon de comment une même situation affecte de manière différente les hommes et les femmes. Elle analyse les constructions sociales et les rôles traditionnellement attribués à l'un et l'autre en reconnaissant que bien qu'ils soient biologiquement différents entre eux, ils sont égaux en droits et en opportunités. En ce sens, incorporer la perspective

30 de genre dans les politiques d'attribution de document est crucial, parce qu'il est bien connu que la problématique de l'absence de papiers affecte plus les femmes et les filles et, par conséquent, l'accès à ce droit civil n'est pas égal entre l'homme et la femme. Droits de l'homme : En reconnaissant que tous les êtres humains ont des droits et des devoirs, l'état doit assumer un rôle promoteur et responsable des droits humains, en orientant ses actions de façon à ce que tous les citoyens puissent exercer leurs droits dans des conditions d'équité. Participation des citoyens : Celle-ci fait de la relation entre l'etat et la société une voie à double sens, où aussi bien l'état peut influencer les citoyens que ceux-ci peuvent le faire avec le gouvernement dans une espèce de dialogue et de débat public. U QUESTIONS DE MISE EN OEUVRE 4.1. Méthode de mise en oeuvre Gestion décentralisée par la signature d'une convention de financement avec un pays tiers. La Convention de financement sera signée en représentation du gouvernement du Pérou par l'apci qui confiera l'exécution de l'action à la Defensoria du Peuple. Pour la réalisation effective de l'action, la Defensoria du Peuple signera des conventions avec RENffiC ainsi qu'avec les autres institutions qui s'occupent de la problématique traitée. La Commission soumettra à des contrôles ex ante pour les contrats de plus de EUR, et à des contrôles ex post pour ceux ne dépassant pas EUR. L'ordonnateur s'assure, par l'utilisation des modèles de convention de financement en gestion décentralisée, que la séparation des fonctions d'ordonnancement et de paiement au sein de l'entité décentralisée sera effective et permet en conséquence de procéder à la décentralisation des paiements dans les limites précisées ci-dessous: Travaux Fournitures Services Subventions < EUR < EUR < EUR < EUR En vue de l'exécution de certaines composantes de l'action il peut s'avérer pertinent qu'un contrat soit établi avec le PNUD, et ceci dans le cadre de la Convention de Financement à signer entre la Commission et le Bénéficiaire. Dans ce cas de figure, le contrat stipulera les conditions qui gouverneront le rôle du PNUD dans le cadre de l'action. H est important de signaler qu'à l'heure actuelle le PNUD se charge déjà de la gestion d'une grande partie des ressources propres et des aides externes confiées à la Defensoria du Peuple Procédures de passation de marché et d'octroi de subventions / devis-programmes Tous les contrats mettant en œuvre l'action doivent être attribués et exécutés conformément aux procédures et aux documents standard établis et publiés par la Commission pour la mise en œuvre des opérations extérieures, tels qu'en vigueur au moment du lancement de la procédure en cause. Les critères de sélection et d'attribution essentiels pour l'octroi de subventions sont définis dans le «Guide pratique des procédures contractuelles dans le cadre des actions extérieures de la CE». Le taux de cofinancement maximal envisageable pour les subventions est de 80 %. Un financement intégral ne peut être accordé que dans les cas visés à l'article 253 des