1 2008 CITA Conference, 6-8 May, Porto, PORTUGAL Session 4 Part 1 Win / Win Approaches to PTI France Chaired by: Christian Bailly CITA Member of Bureau Permanent Periodical Technical Inspections Win / Win Approaches Roadside Inspections CITA aisbl Rue de la Technologie B-1082 BRUSSELS (Belgium) TEL (0)
2 Session 4 - Win / Win Approaches to PTI France Spain Denmark The view from France Mr. Bernard Bourrier, President GPCTA Mr. David Vayssié, President Groupe des Industries d Equipement de Garage Testing Vehicle Electronics Win/Win approach 2008 CITA CONFERENCE, 6 8 May, Porto, Portugal
3 Session 5 - Win / Win Approaches to PTI France Spain Denmark The view from SPAIN Mr. Julio TEJEDO, President of AECA-ITV On the Spanish Association of Inspection Bodies perspective 2008 CITA CONFERENCE, 6 8 May, Porto, Portugal
4 Session 5 - Win / Win Approaches to PTI France Spain Denmark The view from Denmark Mr. Søren Clausen, Managing Director A-Inspection A/C On Reflection over the results of the deregulation of the Danish PTI Market 2008 CITA CONFERENCE, 6 8 May, Porto, Portugal
5 28 Nov CITA Conference 6-8 May 2008, Porto, PORTUGAL Win - Win Approaches to Vehicle Inspection Session 4 France UNE ANALYSE MACRO ÉCONOMIQUE DU CONTRÔLE TECHNIQUE Bernard Bourrier President GPCTA (Groupement des Professionnels du Contrôle Technique Automobile) 5
6 Win / Win UNE ANALYSE MACRO ÉCONOMIQUE DU CONTRÔLE TECHNIQUE
7 Win / Win Comment dans un jeu à somme nulle, les deux partenaires d un échange, peuventils, tous deux, être gagnants?
8 Win / Win la directive 96/96 du 20 décembre 1996 : «la circulation de certains véhicules dans l'espace communautaire doit avoir lieu dans les meilleures conditions, aussi bien sur le plan de la sécurité que sur celui de la concurrence entre transporteurs des divers États membres».
9 Win / Win Le challenge WIN / WIN : équilibre entre les opérateurs de contrôle technique et les utilisateurs de la route à travers le constat de l état de conformité du véhicule au regard de la réglementation en vigueur.
10 Win / Win Au sein de l Union Européenne : la République d Irlande la Grèce la France
11 Win / Win Le contrôle technique Poids Lourds quelques dates arrêté du 15 novembre 1954 décrets et arrêtés de juin et juillet février 2005.
12 Win / Win la situation en France du contrôle des véhicules lourds en 2003 Un million de véhicules lourds, 136 installations, 500 personnels de l Etat ayant statut de fonctionnaires,
13 Win / Win la situation 3 ans après : toujours un million de véhicules à contrôler, plus de 280 installations, 800 contrôleurs agréés par l Etat,
14 Win / Win Analyse de la situation: pour l Etat pour les opérateurs pour les transporteurs pour les équipementiers
15 Win / Win Pour l Etat: il s est séparé de l ensemble immobilier des centres de contrôle, les personnels de ce service. certains d entre eux ont été embauchés par des opérateurs privés.
16 Win / Win Pour les opérateurs : AUTOVISION et DEKRA déjà des opérateurs dans le contrôle technique des véhicules légers: extension de leur périmètre d activité économique en France.
17 Win / Win Pour les transporteurs Côté négatif, Augmentation de la charge, Côté positif, Augmentation du nombre de sites, soit moins de kilomètres à parcourir, Concurrence, soit une garantie de meilleur service à juste prix, Plus de souplesse et d offres, soit moins de journées de production perdues. Le résultat de cette drôle d équation est amplement positive pour les transporteurs.
18 Win / Win Pour les équipementiers : l augmentation du nombre de centres, l augmentation du nombre de chaînes vendues, l augmentation du nombre de contrats d entretien de matériels.
19 Win / Win Les principaux défis d aujourd hui l évolution de l électronique dans les véhicules et l ampleur du champ d inspection L étude AUTOFORE Les limites de nos ressources naturelles.
20 Win / Win Notre monde change, Demain: le véhicule ne sera plus uniquement un système de déplacement complexe, il deviendra aussi une matière première,
21 Win / Win Si cette prospective devient perspective, Notre enjeu déterminer le moment où le véhicule doit changer de statut et devient une matière première,
22 Win / Win Aujourd hui l homme politique cherche pour ses concitoyens un «risque zéro». le pouvoir d achat des ménages notre grande limite
23 Win / Win En conclusion: réflexion à mener et à théoriser sur la formule WIN/WIN de notre avenir.
24 Merci de m avoir laisser essayer de gagner votre attention
25 28 Nov CITA Conference 6-8 May 2008, Porto, PORTUGAL Win - Win Approaches to Vehicle Inspection Session 4 France Testing Vehicle Electronics - Win-Win Approach David Vayssié President GIEG (Groupe des Industries d Equipements de Garages) 25
26 AT056-F Testing vehicle electronics - win-win approach GIEG Cita Congress - May 2008
27 AT056-F Evolution of vehicle complexity Vehicle complexity Peugeot ECUs 5 Networks 3 Gateways Peugeot 406 Peugeot ECUs No Network 1 ECU No Network Time GIEG Cita Congress - May 2008
28 AT056-F Evolution of electronic diagnostics Vehicle complexity Peugeot ECUs 5 Networks 3 Gateways Peugeot 406 Peugeot ECUs No Network 1 ECU No Network Time GIEG Cita Congress - May 2008
29 New mechanical and combined electronic tests developed by truck manufacturers AT056-F First step : Electronic diagnosis by interrogating ECU memory Second step : Mechanical diagnosis of current vehicle status (alignment, brakes) Third step : Global diagnosis and test: combined diagnosis using both electronic and mechanical tools + GIEG Cita Congress - May 2008
30 AT056-F A smooth introduction to the world of vehicle inspection OBD control generalization First trial phases of global test of the vehicle s electronic security and comfort functions Belgium Sweden GIEG Cita Congress - May 2008
31 AT056-F A legal environment in favour of new tests Today s equipment manufacturers are in a position to develop new electronic test tools thanks to the European legal environment Block exemption regulation 1400/2002 Euro 5 Existing standardised communication protocols OBD Passthru GIEG Cita Congress - May 2008
32 AT056-F Testing vehicle electronics - win-win approach For the public To get an objective report concerning the different parts of the vehicle (electronic and mechanic) Test of Electronic Control Units that can take the place of the driver For the professionals To get useful information for their fleet management GIEG Cita Congress - May 2008
33 AT056-F Testing vehicle electronics - win-win approach For the Automotive Industry Electronic parts manufacturers: increase of spare part sales Repairers: Increased traffic in the workshops Repairers: Disappearance of customer perception of the black box effect linked to vehicle electronics GIEG Cita Congress - May 2008
34 AT056-F Testing vehicle electronics - win-win approach For test equipment manufacturers Set up of a partnership with operators to define new vehicle inspection tests Innovation in the design of new electronic test tools adapted to the needs of the vehicle inspection industry Increase in equipment sales GIEG Cita Congress - May 2008
35 AT056-F Testing vehicle electronics - win-win approach For vehicle inspection organizations Ensure the evolution of vehicle inspection through the introduction of the latest technological tests Increase in revenue thanks to the introduction of new tests Increase in revenue thanks to the offer of new additional services Evaluation of the gas consumption and global evaluation of the impact of the vehicle on the environment GIEG Cita Congress - May 2008
36 AT056-F Thank you for your attention GIEG Cita Congress - May 2008
37 28 Nov CITA Conference 6-8 May 2008, Porto, PORTUGAL Win - Win Approaches to Vehicle Inspection Session 05 - Spain The View of Spanish Association of Vehicle Inspection Bodies Julio Tejedor President - AECA-ITV 4
38 AECA-ITV at a glance AECA-ITV is a non profit organisation comprising almost all vehicle inspection bodies in Spain It was created in 1982 by the first companies authorised to inspect vehicles Main activities are representing associates in front of stakeholders, and providing added-value services as databases, standards interpretation and mailing 1
39 INDEX 1. The vehicle inspection network in Spain 2. Services granted at vehicle inspection sites 3. Quality assurance 4. Services provided by AECA-ITV to its members 5. Challenges 2
40 The vehicle inspection network in Spain Business model of vehicle inspection network depends on each regional government 1 region with public operated inspection sites 2 regions with a public company operating inspection sites 1 region with a mixture of public and private operators 12 regions with territorial exclusivity for operators after bidding 1 region without territorial exclusivity 3
41 The vehicle inspection network in Spain Figures 47 companies Operators must be independent from vehicle trade, insurances, vehicles assessment, etc. 301 inspection sites Inspection sites must be solely devoted to vehicle inspection 766 inspection lanes 12,3 million inspections per year (2007) employees, of them inspectors 4
42 1. The vehicle inspection network in Spain 2. Services granted at vehicle inspection sites 3. Quality assurance 4. Services provided by AECA-ITV to its members 5. Challenges 5
43 Services granted at vehicle inspection sites Vehicles inspected in Spain All those covered by Dir 96/96/EU and, Motorcycles Mopeds (process of introduction) Agricultural tractors and trailers Special purpose machinery to be driven on the road with a maximum speed above 25 km/h 6
44 Services granted at vehicle inspection sites Frequency of the inspection Private passenger cars: 4/2/2/2/1 Motorcycles: 4/2/ Mopeds: 3/2/ Light commercial vehicles: 2/2/2/1/1/1/1/0,5/ Heavy duty vehicles: 1/1/1/1/1/1/1/1/1/1/0,5 Buses and coaches: 1/1/1/1/1/0,5/ Rental cars: 2/1/1/1/0,5/ 7
45 Services granted at vehicle inspection sites Prices of inspection are defined by each regional authority. Average figures are listed bellow for the 1 st periodical inspection Private passenger cars 30 Motorcycles 11 Mopeds 13 Light commercial vehicles 35 Heavy duty vehicles 50 Buses and coaches 50 8
46 Services granted at vehicle inspection sites Besides periodical inspection and retest Inspection to approve transformations in vehicles, before or after registration Inspection of imported vehicles prior to their registration Inspection after severe accidents Inspection to reissue lost or damaged vehicle documents Inspection to allow change of vehicle service (i.e. from rental car to private use car) Inspection at the request of police 9
47 Services granted at vehicle inspection sites # inspections Rejection rate 30,00% 25,00% 20,00% 15,00% 10,00%
48 1. The vehicle inspection network in Spain 2. Services granted at vehicle inspection sites 3. Quality assurance 4. Services provided by AECA-ITV to its members 5. Challenges 11
49 Quality assurance Regional authorities control the quality of the service: Through their own procedures Through the accreditation according to EN ISO/IEC by ENAC member of EA- Almost the complete network is awarded with the ISO 9000 certification Machinery checking and calibration to be performed in many cases according to legal metrology standards 12
50 Quality assurance Further requirements Inspection site technical manager must have an university degree on engineering Inspector staff must have the appropriate technical degree and expertise Machinery checking: Smoke meter and gas analyser: monthly Brake testers: quarterly Machinery calibration: Smoke meter and gas analyser: half-yearly Brake testers: half-yearly 13
51 1. The vehicle inspection network in Spain 2. Services granted at vehicle inspection sites 3. Quality assurance 4. Services provided by AECA-ITV to its members 5. Challenges 14
52 Services provided by AECA-ITV to its members Representing associates in front the authorities Representing associates in front of the accreditation body (ENAC) Representing associates in front of stakeholders Mailing for the first periodical inspection ( year 2007) Standards interpretation and application 15
53 Services provided by AECA-ITV to its members Management of the yearly congress Management of the association intranet: Standards library Authorities communications database Vehicle database summary of C.O.C- Approved transformation of vehicles database 16
55 1. The vehicle inspection network in Spain 2. Services granted at vehicle inspection sites 3. Quality assurance 4. Services provided by AECA-ITV to its members 5. Challenges 18
56 Challenges Collaborate with authorities to reduce the number of vehicles not showed to the inspection Collaborate with authorities in their challenges: fatalities and emissions reduction, traffic flow improvement, Improve the awareness of the society about the benefits of periodical inspection Adapt the inspection to the new vehicle technologies Participate more actively in CITA 19
57 THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION! AECA-ITV Spanish Association of Vehicle Inspection Bodies Avda. Alberto Alcocer 5, 4º-D Madrid SPAIN Tel Fax
58 28 Nov CITA Conference 6-8 May 2008, Porto, PORTUGAL Win - Win Approaches to Vehicle Inspection Session 04 - Denmark Reflections over the results of the deregulation of the Danish P.T.I market Søren Clausen Managing Director A-Inspection A/S 25
59 CITA 2008 CITA Conference 6 8 May, Porto, Portugal Periodical Technical Inspections Reflections over the result of the deregulation of the Danish P.T.I.-market Søren Clausen Managing Director A-Inspektion A/S A-Katsastus Oy 26/ pages of 15 SC
60 CITA - Danish PTI market Ministry of Transport Traffic minister Carina Christensen (liberal) Road Safety and Transport Agency Færdselsstyrelsen (estb. 1994) Vehicle Inspections Market deregulation: Sept Jan Jan Re-inspections Inspections in general Free price settings 26/ pages of 15 SC
61 CITA - Danish PTI market Market size (2007): Fleet: Total, private cars: Total, vehicles (central register): Inspections: Periodic inspections: Registration inspection: Re-inspections: TOTAL 2,0 mio. 3,7 mio. 940 k 282 k 228 k k Inspection companies: Listed companies: 122 Inspection halls (stations): 365 (excl. re-inspection) 26/ pages of 15 SC
62 CITA A-Inspektion A/S 2nd largest company in Denmark Member of A-Katsastus Oy Group Established in Denmark ultiomo 2004 In operation 5 January 2005 Helsingør Opened additional 21 stations in 2005 Total number of stations (countrywise): 32 Total number of employees: 100 Market share: 18% 26/ pages of 15 SC
63 CITA Deregulation what has happend so far (I)? Improved customer service Moderate price increases Drive-in inspections Extended opening hours Saturday open Increased accessibility 26/ pages of 15 SC
64 CITA Deregulation what has happend so far (II)? Immature market Exploding number of inspection halls Unhealthly competition Lack of quality 26/ pages of 15 SC
65 CITA De-regulation => change in education and training High quality / traffic safety <=> Highly educated inspectors Qualification requirements, inspectors: amount of education days is reduced dramatically job training along with school is no longer required education is also privatized 26/ pages of 15 SC
66 CITA Before de-regulation: Test assistant (light vehicles): (periodic inspections) 5 weeks school 4-5 months job training pass examination (registration inspections) 5 weeks school 4-5 months job training pass examination After de-regulation: Category 1 (light vehicles): (periodic inspections) 2 weeks school 5 days job training pass examination Category 3 (light vehicles): (registration inspections): 2 weeks school 3 days job training pass examination 26/ pages of 15 SC
67 CITA Before de-regulation: Assistant (heavy vehicles): (periodic inspections) 5 weeks school 8-10 months job training pass examination Specialist (heavy vehicles): (registration inspections) 4 weeks school 3 weeks job training - specialist 4 months job training - general pass examination After de-regulation: Category 2 (heavy vehicles): (periodic inspections) 3 weeks school 5 days job training pass examination Category 4 (heavy vehicles): (registration inspections): 2 months experience, periodic 2 weeks school 5 days job training pass examination 26/ pages of 15 SC
68 CITA Inspectors competences - conclusion Light vehicles: Education/training reduced from one year (10 weeks school) to two months (4 weeks school) Heavy vehicles: Education/training reduced from 1½ year (9 weeks school) to 4 months (5 weeks school) Quality??? 26/ pages of 14 SC
69 CITA Formation of Inspection Company: Technical responsible person educated in respective category (-ies) no debt to public institutions no conviction against inspection legislation Inspectors, educated in respective category (-ies) Requisite inspection equipment Web communication TQM system (TÜV, BVQI, Norske Veritas etc.) Liability insurance Not allowed any for car repairs 26/ pages of 15 SC
70 CITA It is too easy to enter the inspection market Overcapacity Number of Inspection halls exploded: 113 => 365 Unhealthy competition Lack of quality Customers shopping around Sanctions / Road Safety and Transport Agency Inspection halls / companies (2.317 supervision visits in 2007) Tighten supervision Closing (for a period) Technical responsible Quarantine Inspectors? 26/ pages of 14 SC
71 CITA Extracts from the Autofore report, Denmark: Car accidents with personal injury due to technical failures (2003): Deadly accidents: 25 Severe injuries: 224 Light injuries: / pages of 15 SC
72 CITA Recommandations to increase road safety: More supervision visits More restrictive sanctions Improved education/training system 26/ pages of 15 SC
73 CITA Thank you! 26/ pages of 15 SC