,,-~Is-_N-1_~2-_.-1/_7._'-9_8~4~..~. ] J. I,I ii' ~~~ I. ~~~ UNt~ERSITv.'CF P.E. L ~\,I. L1BR'},RY USE ONLY

Dimension: px
Commencer à balayer dès la page:

Download ",,-~Is-_N-1_~2-_.-1/_7._'-9_8~4~..~. ] J. I,I ii' ~~~ I. ~@?'ijd@~~~~ ~~~ UNt~ERSITv.'CF P.E. L ~\,I. L1BR'},RY USE ONLY"

Transcription

1 ,,-~Is-_N-1_~2-_.-1/_7._'-9_8~4~..~. ] J I,I ii' ~~~ I ~~~ ~\,I. UNt~ERSITv.'CF P.E. L \ilu: ~~7.:':"'~iD;Je(YJIDjiHt~~t( L1BR'},RY USE ONLY

2 ..'.~. ~.

3 8 -,"~2. 11.j LINKING: TODAY'S LIBRARIES, TOMORROW'S TECHNOLOGIES REPORT OF THE BIBLIOGRAPHIC AND COMMUNICATIONS NETWORK PilOT PROJECT 1+ Natinal Library f Canada Biblitheque natinale du Canada Ottawa March 1984

4 Canadian Catalguing in Publicatin Data Main entry under title: Linking: tday's libraries, tmrrw's technlgies (Canadian netwrk papers ; n. 7) Text in English and French with French text n inverted pages. Title n additinal t.p.: Le Lien entre les biblitheques d'aujurd'hui et les technlgies de demain. ISBN DSS cat. n. SN12-1/ Library infrmatin netwrks--canada. 2. Bibligraphic and Cmmunicatins Netwrk Pilt Prject. I. Natinal Library f Canada II. Title: Le Lien entre les biblitheques d'aujurd'hui et les technlgies de demain. III. Series. Z C3L '5'0971 C E Additinal cpies available frm the Publicatins Sectin f the Public Relatins Office, Natinal Library f Canada, 395, Wellingtn Street, Ottawa, Canada KIA f Supply and Services Canada 1984 Cat. N. SN12-1I ISBN

5 CONTENTS Page 1. Preamble and highlights 5 Part 1 - The Prject and its Findings 2. Backgrund 2.1 Cntext f the pilt prject 2.2 The inet field trial Design f the pilt prject 3.1 Objective and principal cmpnents 3.2 Phases 3.3 Administratin and crdinatin 3.4 Funding and csts 3.5 Legal aspects Bibligraphic Cmmn Interest Grup activities within the inet field trial 4.1 General 4.2 Hardware, sftware, and data base resurces 4.3 Netwrk interfaces 4.4 Directries 4.5 Bibligraphic data derivatin 4.6 Interlibrary lan 4.7 Videtex 4.8 File transfer 4.9 Use f infrmatin services and data bases Other prject wrk 5.1 The Task Grup n Cmputer/Cmmunicatin Prtcls fr Bibligraphic Data Interchange 5.2 Netwrk plicy issues 5.3 Videgraphy subprject 5.4 Netwrk cntract guidelines 5.5 Interlibrary lan and dcument delivery 6. Overview f findings 6.1 General 6.2 Field trial subprject findings 6.3 Plicy aspects: crdinatin f the Bibligraphic Cmmn Interest Grup 6.4 Wider plicy aspects

6 Page Part 2 - Prspective Envirnment and Recmmendatins 7. Prspective envirnment 7.1 General 7.2 Plicy aspects 7.3 Netwrk interfaces 7.4 Netwrk directries 7.5 Bibligraphic data derivatin and file transfer 7.6 Interlibrary lan (ILL) 7.7 Videtex 7.8 Use f infrmatin service prviders 7.9 Videgraphy 7.10 Recapitulatin f the features f the prspective envirnment 8. Recmmendat ins 8.1 The need fr cntinued initiatives in Canadian library and infrmatin netwrk develpment 8.2 Cmputer/cmmunicatin prtcls fr interchange within a natinwide library and infrmatin netwrk 8.3 brary and infrmatin netwrk crdinatin 8.4 Access t bibligraphic data bases within a Canadian library and infrmatin netwrk 8.5 Value-added services and gateway functins 8.6 Assessment f library/infrmatin appl icatins f new technlgies 8.7 Natinal Library f Canada resurces Appendix: Abbreviatins and acrnyms 63

7 1. PREAMBLE AND HIGHLIGHTS This reprt f the Bibligraphic and Cmmunicatins Netwrk Pilt Prject marks the cmpletin f a fur-year effrt undertaken by the Natinal Library Canadian f Canada institutins in cperatin and Telecm with Canada. many This initiative was t investigate fr building a natinwide, ptins available decentralized and vluntary 1 ibrary and infrmatin netwrk as a vehicle t facil itate resurce sharing. The netwrk will be fr the use f libraries large and small, and fr the partici patin f the wi de range include f institutins. thse utilizing These institutins large clsed multiple user netwrks, thse with institutin-specific systems and thse wi th 1 ittl e r n autmated supprt. The netwrk must al s be pen t interactin between 1 ibraries and ther i nfrmatin sectrs, e.g., publishers, cmmercial infrmatin data base prviders, etc. As is nted in this reprt the term "bibligraphic and cmmunicatins netwrk" will be replaced in future by "1 ibrary and infrmatin netwrk." This reflects the feeling f thse invlved in the pil t prj ect that the frmer term was t restrictive a descriptin fr the netwrk being created. Cntext f the Reprt In publishing this reprt we realize that it is nt easy t digest, incrprating as it des a great deal f infrmatin, sme f it inescapably technical in nature. Part 1 f the reprt deals with the pilt prject itself, and Part 2 is cncerned with the prspect i ve env irnment and recmmendatins fr develpment within that future envirnment. Therefre it seems apprpri ate here t pl ace the reprt in the cntext in which it was written. Abut 20 years ag cmputers began t be used in 1ibraries. The 1ibrary functins perfrmed n cmputers at that time were rudimentary fr several reasns: machines were large, expensive, slw, nt very pwerful; they cul d nt supprt n-line input and utput; prgramming techniques were nt sphisticated; and librarians were still 1earning hw t util i ze autmatin in their libraries. Since that time we have seen majr technlgical advances, such as the widespread use f the silicn chip, which have revlutinized the cmputer cmmunicatins fiel d by all wi ng cmputers t becme simultaneusly smaller, mre pwerful, and cheaper, and which have allwed large numbers f terminals t interact in an n-l i ne mde with a hst cmputer. Prg rammi ng 1anguages and techn i ques have becme much mre sphisticated, as have 1 ibrarians' understanding f the pprtunities and cnstraints f autmatin. Cincident tw decades with these develpments were develpments in ver the past telecmmunicatins, such as packet-switched netwrks and satellite transmissin, prviding ecnmical data transmissin ver lng distances. These develpments prvided in thery the pprtunity fr 1 ibraries acrss the cuntry t share the infrmatin in their respective data bases with each ther. Hwever, in practice, there were severe technical impediments t resurce sharing. Cmputers were incmpatible: different makes culd ther, and all nt easily types f cmmunicate term ina 1 s with each cul d nt cmmuni cate with all cmputers. Differi ng frmats fr data were an additinal cnstraint. An electrnic twer f Babel has existed fr sme time. In the late 1970s, internatinal standards bdies achieved a majr breakthrugh by devising a cnceptual mdel fr a series f standards, s-called prtcls, which, when develped and implemented, wuld allw mst makes f cmputers r terminal s t cmmunicate with ther cmputers. Thi s cnceptual mdel is call ed the Open Systems Intercnnectin (r OSI) mdel, and is the mdel adpted in principle by the Natinal Library f Canada in 1979, as the mst 1 ikely strategy by which the decentral ized natinwide 1ibrary and infrmatin netwrk, s much needed by the Canadian library cmmunity, culd be achieved. Thi s reprt, then, represents the resul ts f fur years f research, develpment, cperative experimentatin, and evaluatin t determine if this OSI mdel which held such theretical prmise wuld wrk in practice t achieve a decentralized library and infrmatin netwrk. It marks a milestne in library netwrk develpment in Canada: in the pinin f the large and diverse grup wh wrked n the prject in varius capacities, we have prven that an pen, decentralized, vluntary library and infrmatin netwrk, perating natinwide, is technically feasible. Much remains t be dne befre that netwrk will becme a reality, but the determinatin f the prject participants t wrk tward that end as quickly as pssible is marked. The recmmendatins in Chapter 8 f thi s reprt embdy the frward pl an endrsed by the varius grups and cmmittees invlved; the Bibligraphic Cmmn 'Interest Grup, which participated in the inet field trial, the Natinal Library's Task Grup n Cmputer/ Cmmunicatins Prtcls fr Bibligraphic Data Interchange, and the Natinal Library Advisry Bard and its three cmmittees: the Bi bl igraphi c and Cmmuni cat ins Netw rk Cmmittee, the Resurce Netwrk Cmmittee, and the Cmmittee n Bibligraphy and Infrmatin Services fr the Scial Sciences and Humanities. 5

8 The inet Field Trial in the Cntext f the Overall Pilt Prject Althugh Canadian 1ibrary participatin in the inet field trial munted by Telecm Canada between July 1982 and July 1983 has received the mst pub1icity, it frms nly a part f the Bibligraphic and Cmmunicatins Netwrk Pilt Prject. Canada has traditinally been a leader in telecmmunicatins technlgy and Telecm Canada's inet Field Trial was ne f the first, if nt the first, attempts in the wrl d t implement the OSI cncept. As such, participating in the trial was an ideal pprtunity fr Canadian 1ibrarians t determine if prtcl s based n the OSI mdel culd be used t make it pssible fr the cmputers in Canadian libraries t cmmunicate with each ther and with ther infrmatin sectrs, and t share data in a way never befre pssible. The inet trial prved this technical feasibility. In the inet trial the OSI standards were implemented largely in ne central cmputer perated by Telecm Canada. This implementatin prvided the supprt services and the cnversin prgrams requi red t intercnnect the varius types f terminals and cmputers. Alternatively, it is pssibl e t implement standard interfaces n each individual cmputer, allwing it then t cmmunicate directly with any ther cmputer having the same standard interfaces. Therefre, the deve 1pment f standard prtcls (i.e., machine-readable messages, thei r frmats, and the. sequence in which they are applied) fr bibligraphic appl icatins has been anther majr thrust in the Bibligraphic and Cmmunicatins Netwrk Pilt Prject. This wrk has been undertaken by experts under cntract t the Natinal Library and wrking under the directin f its Task Grup n Cmputer/Cmmuni catins Prtcl s fr Bibligraphic Data Interchange. Test implementatins f these prtcls have been and are being undertaken by 1ibraries invlved in the verall pilt prject. This tw-prnged apprach t intercnnecting independent systems prmises t prvide libraries and ther infrmatin sectrs with a chice f buying services necessary t participatin in an pen netwrk frm a telecmmunicatins carrier, f implementing the standard interface packages n thei r wn equi pment, r, mre likely, f using a cmbinatin f bth implementatin methds. The third majr thrust f the Bibligraphic and Cmmunicatins Netwrk Pilt Prject was t identify plicy and management issues which surfaced as a result f a grup f libraries wrking tgether in this new envirnment f an pen netwrk. An example was the need t determine what type f crdinatin was required, hw it culd best be prvided, and wh culd best carry ut the functin. Achievements t Date and Future Requirements We can with cnfidence present a number f cnclusins, pse a number f questins t be answered in the future, and nte develpment wrk still t be undertaken. We have prven OSI t be a technically valid mdel fr the develpment f standards and prcedures fr a decentral ized 1ibrary and infrmatin netwrk. One can cnnect diverse systems thrugh standard interfaces. inet is a useful surrgate f an pen netwrk, but it is nly ne f several ptential cnfiguratins which can be used t intercnnect incmpatible systems. The OSI mdel prvides the basis fr standards that are independent f hardware, sftware, and technlgy, thereby enabling library services t be prvided using varius mixtures f manual and autmated supprt, amng large clsed netwrks, institutin specific systems, and institutins having little r n autmated supprt. The standard prtcls t effect transfer f data system-t-system were develped and test implemented n several systems. MARC recrds were successfully transferred between these systems. Based n successful use f electrnic mail fr interlibrary lan (ILL) messaging during the trial, a prtcl was develped t supprt the creatin, sending, receiving, and string f standardized ILL messages using micr-cmputers, and cnnect ins t Telecm Canada and CNCP messaging services. A similar prtcl fr bk rder messages was begun. Videtex is useful fr sme, but nt all, f the library applicatins tested, but the cst f creating and maintaining these data bases n cmmercial systems is high. In an pen netwrk, sphisticated directries f the services available n the netwrk are necessary. Bth analgue and digital vidediscs are expected t becme imprtant media fr the strage and retrieva1 f 1ibrary materi a1s and machine-readable data within the next few years. 6

9 Large cmpsite data bases are necessary fr the ILL and cata 1gui ng supprt funct ins. Hwever, it wul d appear that althugh a given institutin can usefully search n mre than five t six data bases fr these functins, the data bases they search will prbably be ne t three lcal r reginal data bases plus systems prviding natinwide services, such as DOBIS, UTLAS and CAN/OLE. Participatin in the inet trial varied greatly frm institutin t institutin and was dependent n many factrs including size, vlume f wrk, functinal rganizatin, and service pririties. This indicates that participatin in a netwrk can differ cnsiderably frm ne institutin t the next depending n institutin-specific factrs, withut prejudice t the netwrk as a whle. Crdinatin f activity ina netwrk is an essential functin and must perate simul taneusly at several level s - netwrk as a whle, cnsrtia, individual institutin, cmmn carrier. Cnstant cmmunicatin amngst all f them is essential. The Cmmn Interest Grup cncept wrked well fr library crdinatin during the inet trial. Many f the plicy issues that surfaced during the trial are f cncern far beynd the 1ibrary and infrmatin netwrk. These include infrmatin service issues, such as charging fr services and wnership f data, issues pertaining t cntracts, and regulatry issues pertaining t prvisin f telecmmunicatin services t be reslved by bth federal and prvincial regul atry bdies. Because there are as many cst and benefit variables as there are institutins participating in a netwrk, and since netwrk partici patin wi 11 be vl untary and "pay as yu g," each institutin will presumably participate in sme r all f the services ffered within the netwrk t the degree that it perceives cst effectiveness fr its wn service prvisin. Therefre, it wuld seem that althugh csts f netwrk participatin can be established fr an individual institutin r shared system, thse csts cannt be assumed t be applicable t anther institutin r shared system, even ne f simil ar type and size. It will be imprtant in the future fr the Natinal Library, as part f its crdinatin functin, t assist institutins in establishing mechanisms fr analyzing the ptins available and their cst effectiveness fr an institutin's netwrk participatin. The Future The findings f the pilt prject indicate three majr challenges ahead fr Canadian librarians. The first challenge is t define the mst efficient and effective impl ementatin f the evlving OSI prtcls t fulfil the needs f a natinwide bibligraphic netwrk. The secnd challenge is t address ecnmic aspects f 1ibrary and infrmatin netwrk develpment and peratin and the ptimum bal ances f centralizatin/decentral izatin fr varius netwrk facilities and functins. It is widely accepted that access t netwrk resurces and services shuld be as decentralized as pssible and that lcal autnmy shul d be preserved. Oifferent bal ances f central izatin/decentral izatin are likely t be fund ptimum fr different netwrk facilities and functins, such as data bases, prcessing, administratin, and management. The third challenge is t agree n mechanisms by which the evlving netwrk can be crdinated, and thrugh which the plicy issues affecting the library/infrmatin cmmunity can be examined and addressed n an nging basis. Given the dynamic nature f high technlgy itself, and its changing impact n sciety as a whle, the prspective envirnment in which the netwrk will develp must be taken int cnsideratin in future plans. The prspective env irnment fr bth pl icy and techn lg ica1 issues is di scussed in Chapter 7, and it is within this envirnment that the nine recmmendatins in Chapter 8 need t be cnsidered. The recmmendatins centre arund the need fr further practical initiatives t build n the wrk f the Bibligraphic and Cmmunicatins Netwrk Pilt Prject. Specific recmmendatins rel ate t cmputer/cmmunicatin prtcl s fr interchange within a natinwide library and infrmatin netwrk; crdinatin f that netwrk; access t bibligraphic data bases within it; pen netwrk supprt functins and services; assessment f library applicatins f new technlgies; and resurces essential fr the Natinal Library f Canada t cntinue the initiatives begun during the pilt prject. Acknwledgements This reprt is the result f the cmbined cntributin f mre than 100 Canadian librarians, technical experts frm bth the public and private sectrs, and staff f the Canadian telecmmunicatins carriers, all f whm have invested time, mney, and expertise in supprt f the Natinal Library's netwrk develpment prgram ver an extended perid. 7

10 The individuals wh cntributed t this prject are unfrtunately t numerus t mentin separately here. Fi rst and fremst they incl ude the persnnel f the 1ibraries f the Canada Institute fr Infrmatin (CISTI), Scientific Carletn and Technical University, the University f Guelph, l'universite du Quebec, and the University f Waterl. These institutins made a significant investment in time, mney, and expertise in rder t participate in the i Net tri al bth as infrmatin service prviders services. t the trial and They als undertk as users f t crdinate trial the participatin f ther institutins during the trial. Institutins participating thrugh the auspices f ne f the abve include the Library f Parliament, Guelph Public Library, the Industrial Research Institute, Kitchener Public Library, Materials Research Institute at McMaster University, Natinal Research Cuncil's Natinal Aernautical Establishment, and the Ontari 0 Mid-Western Reginal Li brary Centre. The success f library participatin in the inet field trial was in great part due t the enthusiasm, cmmitment, and cperatin f the management and staff f these institutins thrughut the trial perid. Netwrk Cmmittee, and the Cmmittee n Bi bl igraphy and Infrmatin Services fr the Scial Sciences and Humanities, prvided plicy directin, advice, and encuragement thrughut the pilt prject perid. Prgress twards a natinwide 1ibrary and infrmatin netwrk has been greatly fstered by the enthusi asm and supprt f the 1arge number f individuals and institutins wh have invested their time, mney, and expertise in netw rk develpment t date inca nada. The desire f these individuals and institutins als t participate in the next phase f cperat i ve develpment prv i des the fi rm bas is n which a vluntary netwrk can be realized. With thi s ev idence ne can be cnfi dent that, given the necessary resurces, the Canadian library and infrmatin cmmunity will wrk tgether t realize a vluntary decentralized natinwide library and infrmatin netwrk. Cynthia J. Durance Directr Office fr Netwrk Develpment Natinal Library f Canada We wuld als like t thank Telecm Canada fr its cnduct f the inet field trial and its cnsiderable subsidy f library participatin in it. The staff f Tel ecm Canada's Natinal Systems Grup were unfai 1ingly hel pful and sensitive t ur requirements and cncerns. The resurces made av ai 1ab 1e t the Nat i na 1 Library f Canada by the federal gvernment ver a perid f three years made pssible the planning, crdinatin, and evaluatin f the Bibligraphic and Cmmunicatins Netwrk Pilt Prject. The primary peratinal respnsibility fr these functins fell t my staff in the Offi ce fr Netwrk Develpment, and thei r dedicatin, imaginatin, and teamwrk thrughut the planning, cnduct, and reprt writing phases f the pilt prject were instrumental t its success. The persnnel f the Natinal Library as a whle prvided invaluable supprt and willing acceptance f the inevitable additinal wrklad engendered by prject participatin and eval uatin. The cntributin f Guy Syl vestre, the frmer Natinal Librarian, was essential t the inceptin and realizatin f the pilt prject. Last, but nt least, the imprtant cntributin f members past and present f the several advisry bdies t the Natinal Library is acknwledged. The Task Grup n Cmputer/ Cmmunicatins Prtcls fr Bibligraphic Data Interchange prvided expert technlgical advice essential t prject pl anning and evaluatin. The Natinal Library Advisry Bard and its three cmmittees, the Bibligraphic and Cmmunicatins Netwrk Cmmittee, the Resurce 8

11 2. BACKGROUND PART 1: THE PROJECT AND ITS FINDINGS 2.1 Cntext f the pilt prject A number f imprtant develpments during the past five years have created new ptins and pprtunities fr access t services prvided by libraries and ther sectrs f Canada's infrmatin industry. Develpments include maj r imprvements in cst/perfrmance f cmputer/cmmunicatins systems, the intrductin f new technlgies r new blends f existing technlgies, and the intrductin f new and/r imprved services based n these new develpments. It was partially in recgnitin f this rapidly changing envirnment that the Natinal Librarian recmmended in his FUtupe f the Natinal Libmpy that Canadian libraries shuld adpt a pragmatic, vluntary apprach in wrking twards a mre effective natinwide bibligraphic netwrk 1 A particular cncern fr which a pragmatic apprach was desirable was the extent t which it was feasible and cst-effective t decentralize varius functins. While it was generally agreed that access functins shuld be decentralized, it was far less clear t what extent it was feasible and cst-effective t decentralize varius peratins, services, and data bases. Fllwing general acceptance by the library cmmunity f this recmmended apprach, the Natinal Library selected the Open Systems Intercnnectin (OSI) mde12 as the basis n which data culd be interchanged effectively amng autnmus hetergeneus systems. Investigatin and recmmendatin f specific prcedures, r prtcls, fr the interchange f bibl igraphic data within "the OSI framewrk t supprt the develpment f a mre effective natinwide bibligraphic netwrk, was delegated t the Task Grup n Cmputer/Cmmunicatins Prtcls fr Bibligraphic Data Interchange. T assist issues and in defining and prblems relating reslving plicy t bibligraphic cmmunicatin netwrk develpment, the Natinal Library Advisry Bard created the Bibligraphic and Cmmunicatins Netwrk Cmmittee. The Bard al s created the Resurce Netwrk Cmmittee t examine the mst cst-effective means f ensuring the bradest pssible util izatin f Canadian libraries' services and cllectins. At the same time, the Bard changed the name and extended the terms f reference f the frmer Cmmittee n Bi bl igraphical Services fr Canada. This -Bibl igraphy cmmittee was and Infrmatin renamed Cmmittee n Services fr the Scial Sciences and Humanities. The mandate f this cmmittee was enlarged t enable it t functin as the sci al sciences and humanities cunterpart t the Natinal Research Cuncil f Canada's Advisry Bard n Scientific and Technlgical Infrmatin. Cincident with these initiatives t further library and infrmatin netwrk develpment, the Cmputer Cmmunicatins Grup (CCG) f the TransCanada Telephne System (TCTS)3 had designed a suite f val ue-added data cmmuni cat ins serv ices t fac il itate data interchange between independent systems. Furthermre, t verify the need and util ity f these services, it had devised the intelligent netwrk (inet) Gateway Field Trial. Fllwing apprpriate cnsultatin and verificatin that the inet field trial wuld further the develpment bjectives f a natinwide bibligraphic netwrk, the Natinal Library undertk t crdinate the participatin f the Bibligraphic Cmmn Interest Grup (BCIG) in this trial, ne f the nine such grups representing varius Canadian industrial and science sectrs. The verall fi e 1d t ri ali s generally desc ri bed in Sectin 2.2 belw; the BCIG prtin f the field trial is reprted in detail in Sectin 4 belw. 2.2 The inet field trial The ne-year inet field trial cmmenced in July Its basic service cncept, as impl emented in the trial, was t prvide the business and infrmatin cmmunities with imprved facilities fr btaining and using cmputer-based infrmatin services. The principal bjective f 1. The FUtupe f the Natinal Canada (Ottawa: Natinal Canada, 1979), pp Libmpy Library f f 2. InfPmatin ppeessing Sustems Open Systems Intepenneetin - Basie Refepenee Mdel: ISO? (E) ([Geneva:] ISO, 1983). 3. As f September 13, 1983, TCTS was renamed Telecm Canada. Earl ier in 1983, CCG was renamed Natinal Systems Grup (NSG). The new names are used thrughut the reprt. 9

12 Natinal Systems Grup (NSG) 1 in cnducting the t ri a 1 was t defi ne need sand requi rements as a step twards marketing tariffed services fllwing apprval by the Canadian Radi-Televisin and Telecmmunicatins Cmmissin (CRTC). Participants in the trial cnsisted f tw funct i na 11y d i st i net grups: cmmn interest grups and cmmercial infrmatin service prviders. Cmmn interest grups were cmprised f parts f a cmpany r rganizatin r were grups f rganizatins with cmmn infrmatin. messaging. and service requirements. Infrmatin service prviders were rganizatins making infrmatin available n a prfit. nn-prfit. r n-charge basi s. Sme cmmn interest grup members were als infrmatin service prviders. Nine cmmn interest grups participated in the trial: banking. bradcasting. bibligraphic. gvernment. legal. manufacturing. petrleum. real estate. and travel. The Bibligraphic Cmmn Interest Grup had the largest number f participating institutins; it cnsisted f the Natinal Library f Canada (NLC). in the dual rle f grup crdinatr and prject participant. the Canada Institute fr Scientific and Technical Infrmatin (CIST!). and the 1 ibraries f Carl etn University. the Universite du Quebec. the University f Guelph. and the University f Waterl. T facil itate a meaningful eval uatin f bibl igraphic appl icatins f the technlgy available in the inet Trial. these participants agreed t prvide descriptins f the telecmmunicatins technlgy used. f the envirnment in which the technlgy perated. f the prcess f pilt implementatin. and f f effectiveness the results f and impact. the pilt in terms This descriptin and analysis wuld in turn prvide an infrmatin base fr develping cnclusins and recmmendatins at the cmpletin f the trial. The cnclusins and recmmendatins wuld address issues such as: the feasi bil ity f an OSI-like r "pen" netwrk. the applicability f existing and bibligraphic emerging applicatins technlgy. which ptential culd be effectively supprted by this technlgy. management and plicy implicatins f netwrk implementatin. and netwrk implementatin requi rements. Infrmatin service prviders included: BC Tel (Telidn); Bell Canada (Vista); Canada Systems Grup Ltd.; CIRPA/ ADISQ; Cncrd Publ i shi ng Ltd.; Inf Glbe (New Yrk Times and Marketscan); Infmart (Grassrts. Cantel and ORBIT); Infrmatech; I. P. Sharp Ltd.; Macl ean-hunter 1. See prev i us nte. Ltd. (Financial Pst Investment Databank); NB Tel (Datavisin); Official Ai rl ine Guide; QL Systems Ltd. This list is nt exhaustive since sme ther services nt listed in the inet public directry culd als be accessed by arrangement. The services f Dialg Infrmatin Services Inc. 'are an exampl e in thi s cntext. The data bases frm these cmpanies represented the very brad scpe f cmmercially available resurces accessible by the trial participants. NSG underwrte the cst s f user behav i ura 1 research. the cll ectin f data traffic and ther usage statistics. script develpment fr ENVOY100 messaging services. telecmmunicatin csts t and frm the netwrk. sftware and hardware fr the trial netwrk access nde. access t the Vista database. videtex user terminals. and strage and prcessing charges f videtex cntent prvided by the cmmn interest grups. All cntractual bl igatins undertaken by the participants and by NSG were slely fr the duratin f the trial and ceased at the end f the trial. The i Net tri al prvided a packet-switched interface fr three kinds f terminals: alphanumeric integrated terminals. videtex vice/data terminals. Displayphnes. ~~d Alphanumeric terminals included any asynchrnus ASCII terminal which culd interface t Datapac 3101 via Videtex private. terminals leased. had the r dial-up line~. fundamental capabilitietins detail ed in Tel idn the Department speci ficatin f Cm:runica- 699-E fr graphics and character cding. All videtex terminals were equipped with alphanumeric keybards fr accessing the netwrk-cnnected databases. Di spl ayphnes cmbined mst f the features f the alphanumeric and alphagemetric terminals including a built-in-mdem (1200/150 BPS). autdialer. data strage. sft keys. numeric keypad. full keybard. and parallel prt printer interface. The t ri a1 netw rk access nde (TNAN). the i Net service hst. facilitated access t infrmatin services thrugh directries which cntained user prfil es and hst system service descri p- tins. The TNANinterfaced with the trial hsts via the Datapac packet-switched netwrk. Similarly. the inet-cnnected hsts which prvided n-line services t trial participants al s supprted packet-swi tched data cmmunicatin by implementing CCITT X.25 Interactive 2. See H. G. Bwn et al., Pi~tur'e Des~r'iptin Instr'u~tins (PDI) fr' the Telidn videtex System (Ottawa: Department f Cmmunicatins. Cmmunicatins Research Centre. 1979) 10

13 Terminal Hst Interface supprt sftware. 1 The inet trial supprted apprximately 400 terminal s acrss Canada and terminal sin sme Canadian embassies arund the wrld. Fr practical reasns, all inet field trial hsts were in Nrth America, and the verwhelming majrity were lcated in the prvinces f Ontari and Quebec. Majr features f inet as tested in the trial included accessibility; terminal supprt; user authenticatin and administratin; n-line directries f services; aut-access t netwrk-cnnected infrmatin data bases; persnal and administrative messaging; system management; and security. These features are utlined in turn belw. The netwrk culd be entered frm virtually any lcatin in Canada via Datapac, direct distance dial ing, r via dedicated circuit service. Datapac prvides links t the United States and ther internatinal packet-switched netwrks. A wide range f terminals, as utlined abve, culd be used t access the netwrk. editing, multiple addressing with ptins (such as urgent, private, registered, return receipt, and timed del ivery), and an ptin which prvided prmpts t the user fr specific appl icatin-dependent infrmatin. Systems management invlved the mnitring and prvisin f diagnstics t inet-cnnected hsts, terminals, and ther facilities. Security measures were carried ut thrugh such functins as authenticatin and limitatins n access impsed by hst systems. Figure 1 illustrates the user access t infrmatin services which was prvided in the inet field trial. Users emplyed alf~anumeric, alpha-gemetric and Displayphne terminals t access varius infrmatin services. The terminals were als used fr messaging. Figure 2 illustrates hst and terminal intercnnectins in the field trial. User authenticatin identified each user and defined the user's interactin with the netwrk by specifying, fr example, what data bases the user was authenticated t access. User administratin included aspects such as inet perating instructins, "help" messages, and updating f directries. The inet directries cnsisted f three separate types f indexes f accessible data base services: the public directry, the rganizatin directry, and the persnal directry. The public directry prvided a cnslidated listing f all public infrmatin services available thrugh inet. The rgani zatin directry restricted data bases t certain users r user grups. The persnal directry permitted a user t access a selected service with a single keystrke after having lgged n t inet. Directry facil ities are described in mre detail in Sectin 4.4. Simpl Hied access t data bases prvided autmatic access t successive hsts, making the lg-n prcedures t these hsts transparent t the user. All accredited users al s had access t the ENVOY 100 messaging system, which permitted persnal and grup messaging, text 1. Cmite cnsultatif internatinal telegraphique et telephni que, Inter'faae Between Data Temtinal Equipment (DTE) and Data Cir'auit-temtinating Equipment (DCE) fr' Temtinals Oper>ating in the Paaket Mde n Publia Data Netwr'ks: Dr'aft Revised Reammendatin X.25 ([Geneva], ITU, 1980). 11

14 TERMINALS inet Gateway Trial d&ju {$ J~ DISPLAYPHONE INFO/SERVICE PROVIDERS COPMlN INTEREST GROUPS ALPHA-GEOMETRIC ~.. OTHE~ ALPHA-NUMERI C FIGURE 1: DIAGRAM SHOWING USER ACCESS TO INFORMATION SERVICES VIA ;Net 12

15 inet Hst X.25 BCIG HOSTS (1) HTH Electr- I \ Vide- " '\ X.25 ni c Mail I tex \ Hst " Public Hst (3 ) Data Netwrk \ X.25 \ (Datapac) X.25 \ " I I \ "- \ "- \ \ "- '- \ '- \ '\ " '\ Inf Servi ce Hsts (2) FIGURE 2: DIAGRAMSHOWINGHOST AND TERMINAL INTERCONNECTIONSIN THE inet FIELD TRIAL 1. Several hst systems f the Bibligraphic Cmmn Interest Grup (BCIG) had n internal X.25 supprt, and interacted with the Datapac netwrk via external custm PADs (packet assemblydisassembly) and the HTH (hst terminal handlers). 2. Infrmatin service prviders are listed abve in the text. They included Infmart (Grassrts, Cantel and ORBIT), Infrmatech, I.P. Sharp Ltd., and QL Systems Ltd., amng thers. 3. Each f the BCIG partici pants develped a videtex data base n the Busi ness Tel idn System prvided by NSG fr the trial. Other videtex infrmatin service prviders included BC Tel, Bell Canada (Vi sta), CIRPAjADISQ, and NB Tel (Datavisin). 4. The user terminal ppulatin cnsisted f 250 alphagemetric and 150 alphanumeric terminals. 13

16 3. DESIGN OF THE PILOT PROJECT 3.1 Objective and principal cmpnents The bjective f the prject was t test the applicatin f new telecmmunicatins technlgy t bibl igraphic data interchange. The federal gvernment allcated additinal resurces t the Natinal Library t act in the rles f prject crdinatr and prject participant. Resurces t supprt crdinatin were prvided fr the Natinal Library t cntinue its crdinating rle fr libraries in the develpment f a cperative natinwide decentral ized bibl igraphic netwrk. The principal cmpnents f the prject were: a) General prject administratin and crdinatin. b) Participatin f the Bibligraphic Cmmn Interest Grup in the inet Fie1d Tria1 cmprising seven technical subprjects value added netwrk interfaces. directries. bibligraphic data derivatin. interlibrary lan. videtex. file transfer. and use f infrmatin prviders. c) Develpment f cmputer/cmmunicatins prtcls fr bibligraphic data interchange. d) Netwrk plicy issues. e) Videgraphy subprject. f) Netwrk cntract guidelines. g) Interlibrary lan and dcument delivery plicies and practices in Canada. General prject administratin and crdinatin is described in Sectin 3.3 belw. The Bibligraphic Cmmn Interest Grup's participatin in the inet Field Trial is described in Sectin 4. The remaining cmpnents are treated in Sectin Phases The prject had fur main phases: Initial planning phase: May June Preparatry phase: June July Operatinal phase: July July Reprting phase: July Nvember In the initial planning phase. the NLC Office fr Netwrk Develpment wrked clsely with staff frm Telecm Canada's Natinal Systems Grup t assess the ptential f the inet field trial fr bibl igraphic appl icatins. Satisfied that the trial had sufficient features f ptenti al util ity fr 1 ibraries t warrant participatin. the Natinal Librarian sent a letter f intent t the NSG in December stating the Natinal Library's intent t crdinate libraries' participatin in the field trial. Precnditins f participatin were that NLC btain gvernment funding fr participatin. and that members f the BCIG be agreed t jintly by NSG and NLC. In February 1981 five ptential participants were invited t meet with NLC and NSG t hear an explanatin f the prpsed trial features and t assess their interest in participatin. The criteria used in identifying the ptential participants are utlined in Sectin belw. During the perid February 1981 t July NLC and the five rgani zatins planned thei r partici patin in the trial. The preparatry phase f the prject cmmenced in June 1981 when NLC received funding apprval in principle fr the prject. This phase included detailed preparatins fr the inet field trial including design f the prjects t be undertaken by the BCIG during the trial. The peratinal phase f the prject cnsi sted f the ne year inet field trial. which cmmenced July Reprt writing fr varius aspects f the prject cmmenced cnsiderably befre July but nly became the majr prject activity after the end f the field trial in July Administratin and crdinatin General The Natinal Library crdinated the prject thrugh its Offi ce fr Netwrk Develpment. in cnsultatin with three advisry bdies. Techni ca1 aspects f the prject requi ring cnsultatin were referred t the Natinal Library's Task Grup n Cmputer/Cmmunicatins Prtcls fr Bibligraphic Data Interchange. Plicy aspects f the prject requiring cnsultati n were referred. as apprpri ate. t tw cmmittees f the Natinal Library Advi sry Bard. the Bibligraphic and Cmmunicatins Netwrk Cmmittee. and the Resurce Netwrk Cmmittee. The Bibligraphic Cmmn Interest Grup's participatin 1n the inet Field Trial was crdinated by the Natinal Library in cperatin with the BCIG participants and with NSG. The cmpsitin f the BCIG. and the respective crdinating rles f the NLC Office fr Netwrk 14

17 Develpment, f the BCIG parti ci pants, and f NSG are utlined in Sectins belw. Peat, Marwick and Partners, cntracted by NLC as independent cnsultants, cntributed t develping evaluatin methdlgies, t data cllectin, and t data analysis and interpretatin Cmpsitin f the Bibligraphic Cmmn Interest Grup Specific criteria were used in identifying the ptential participants. Each participant had t reside within the gegraphic area f the trial (Mntreal, Ottawa, Trnt)1 and have a stand-alne, peratinal, and stable n-line system. The grup as a whle needed t remain small in rder t maximize crdinated research and develpment, but at the same time, in rder t test diverse systems interfaces, it needed t pssess hardware and sftware systems as varied as pssible. The diversity f types f data bases, in terms f scpe, 1anguage f cntent (English and French), and functin (infrmatin retrieval, catalguing, circulatin), was als a cnsideratin. Each participant needed t be in a psit in t devte the necessary human and financial resurces t participate in the trial and t agree t carry ut necessary data cllectin and evaluatin. In additin, preference was given t institutins that had expressed an urgent requi rement fr access t 1arge 1ibrary and infrmatin data bases. In additin t the Natinal Library and the Canada Institute fr Scientific and Technical Infrmatin (CIST!), the institutins which agreed t participate as bth users and infrmatin prviders were Carl etn University, Universite du Quebec, University f Guelph, and the University f Waterl. Althugh there were nly six direct, r cre, participants in the Bibligraphic Cmmn Interest Grup, abut 26 1ibraries tk part in the trial in varius capacities. Several f the Bibligraphic Cmmn Interest Grup participants subsequently prvided terminals t ther libraries: CISTI placed terminal s with the Natinal Research Cuncil Industrial Material s Research Institute in Mntreal, with the Natinal Research Cuncil Natinal Aernautical Establishment in Ottawa, and with McMaster University. NLC prvided a terminal fr the Library f Parliament. The 1. The gegraphic area f the trial was subsequently extended natinwide, but by that time the BCIG had been frmed and had wrked tgether fr mre than a year, and therefre was nt itself extended. University f Guel ph placed a terminal in the Guel ph Publ ic Library. The University f Waterl prvided terminals t the Kitchener Public Library and t the Mid-Western Reginal Library System. The Universite du Quebec had terminals in the libraries f five f its campuses. In additin, libraries in the Canadian Bradcasting Crpratin/Sciete Radi- Canada, Gul f Canada Limited, and the Ryal Bank f Canada tk part in the inet field trial, althugh nt as part f the Bibligraphic Cmmn Interest Grup. Therefre university, gvernment, public, and special libraries used the services that were available in the verall inet field trial Crdinating rle f the NLC Office fr Netwrk Develpment The Nat ina 1 Library undertk t rgan ize, hst, subsidize, and recrd the minutes f all BCIG meetings. Meetings were scheduled and held when the participants felt they were necessary. On average a meeting was held every tw mnths, but the meetings were mre frequent immediately befre trial start-up and as the trial was ending. Between February 1981 and September 1983, the BCIG met n 17 ccasins. Tpics cvered at these meetings included: Setting f bjectives fr BCIG participatin in the trial and fr each subprject. Detail ed desi gn f each subprj ect and identificatin f the institutins that wuld participate in each subprject, and cnstraints n this participatin. Details, difficulties and slutins pertinent t applicatin develpment and peratins. Evaluatin plans, prcedures and prblems. Exchange f infrmatin, bth general and detailed, between the institutins and NSG. Regular updates frm NSG cncerning the evlving technical capabilities and limitatins f the trial value-added services. Feedback frm the BCIG t NSG and between participating institutins cncerning evlving requirements, capabilities, and limitatins arising frm cntinued participatin. Administrative requirements, prcedures and deadlines fr trial start-up and peratin. Cntract prvisins. Public relatins. 15

18 In retrspect, these meetings prved invaluable and cntributed in large measure t the success f the BCIG trial participatin. They prvided what the participants cnsidered t be an essential frum fr the exchange f infrmatin, prblem slving, the clearing f misunderstandings, and the creatin f an atmsphere f mutual supprt beneficial t all. In the interval between BCIG meetings, OND staff assumed respnsibility fr liaisn, trublesht ing, ass istance in deve 1pment and crdinatin f planning fr the participants befre, during, and after the trial. In general, OND carried ut functins r prcedures which were required by sme r all f the participants, and acted as a cntact in discussins with NSG. These functins included: Plicy cnsideratins as these emerged. Research int the uses f varius technlgies. Assistance in the develpment and implementatin f the varius subprjects at the varius institutins. Site visits when necessary. Liaisn with the crdinatrs at NSG n behalf f the BCIG. Disseminatin f infrmatin, bth general and detailed frm NSG t the BCIG. Crdinatin f the cntent f the directries pages and updates fr each BCIG hst. Assistance in translatin f directries pages; liaisn with BCIG t achieve a limited degree f unifrmity f presentatin in the directries. Cnsul tat in with Peat, Marwick and Partners t design the evaluatin methdlgy and data cllectin instruments; site visits t set up and explain data cllectin prcedures. Management f schedul es fr data cll ectin by trial participants and by NSG. Prvisin f assistance in trubleshting prblems assciated with BCIG hst cnnectins t inet. Planning and cnducting demnstratins bth at NLC and at cnferences. Respnding t general inquiries cncerning the trial and writing press releases, giving speeches, and publ ishing papers n the BCIG participatin in the trial. Negtiatin f trial plicies and prcedures with NSG n behalf f the BCIG. Preparatin f subprject eval uatin reprts and the final reprt f the trial. In additin, as is nted in ther sectins f this reprt, the Natinal Library prvided sme financial supprt t the grup, and assisted in the reslutin f legal prblems. Cnsultatin and jint prblem-slving with the participant rganizatin administratrs Crdinating rle f participants Crdinatin f the types f terminal sand telecmmunicatins lines that were installed at each 1cat in and changes in these installatins during the trial. Crdinatin f inet training fr BCIG at trial start-up. Crdinatin f the creatin and updating f interlibrary lan scripts n ENVOY 100. Disseminatin and eval uatin f infrmatin abut nn-bcig infrmatin service prviders t the BCIG, and crdinatin f training requirements. Analysis and distributin f mnthly statistics received frm NSG. Cnsultatin and advice regarding the creatin f videtex data bases, particul arly when the creatin was cntracted t the private sectr. The participants attended BCIG meetings, cntributed t the design f verall subprjects and f thse fr their respective institutins, develped and implemented the subprjects, handl ed all trub 1esht ing fr thei r wn hst system, crdinated data cllectin and training n bth inet and Infrmatin Service Prvider (ISP) systems, arranged demnstratins, gave speec~es, and/r wrte papers n the inet trial, negtl ated cntracts and agreements, funded their wn participatin as required, and negtiated plicy matters with NSG and the BCIG. An rganizati?n a~min~st[atr was ~esignated in each BCIG lnstltutln t asslst in the administratin f the inet Field Trial serving as the main link between the users in the 1. At NLC, OND inet crdinatrs als acted as the NLC rganizatin administratrs. 16

19 institutin and the ISPs, and as the principal cntact between the institutin and NSG. Organizatin administratrs prvided user supprt, acquired accunt cdes n ISPs' systems fr their users, arranged fr relcatin r remval f NSG-prvided lines and terminals, arranged fr changes t certain parts f user prfil es, and t persnal and rgani zatin directries, and interfaced with the NSG Truble Reprting Centre fr prblems relating t the use f inet and t the ISPs in the netwrk. All BCIG rganizatin administratrs dealt directly with NSG fr administrative arrangements cncerning the intercnnectin f their hst system with Datapac and the Netwrk Access Nde (NAN), including all ther institutin-specific arrangements fr tria1 sta rt-u p and pe rat in. In add itin, they kept and infrmed abut netwrk technical and management arrangements and difficulties, s that an peratinal verview f the BCIG trial participatin as a whle existed thrughut the trial. It is imprtant t nte that in mst cases BCIG participants tk the respnsibility f crdinating the participatin f satellite libraries within their area/institutin, and that in participating libraries, peratinal branches r units cntri buted sta ff, time, and effrt t supprt the prject Crdinating rle f NSG Since the NSG was cnducting the inet Field Trial, it bviusly had t crdinate all aspects f the trial. Hwever, in this reprt, cmments are cnfined t its rle in terms f the BCIG nly. A NSG staff member was designated as general cntact fr the BCIG, as well as t ther Cmmn Interest Grups. NSG staff were present at all BCIG meetings, at 1east part f the time. In additin, ther NSG staff were designated t handle specific functins, such as directries, systems interfaces, infrmatin service prviders, terminals and lines, cntracts, behaviural research studies, statistics, and plicy. During the trial the Truble Reprting Centre in Trnt handl ed all technical cmmunicatin prblems Public relatins The Natinal Library's Office fr Netwrk Develpment crdinated public relatins activities f the BCIG during the pre-trial and trial perids. Since the grup was privy t certain cnfidential infrmatin cncerning each institutin's participatin and t NSG technical infrmatin and develpment plans, this frm f crdinatin seemed necessary. there was a need t ensure that cmmunity wuld be prvided with up-t-date infrmatin abut the prgress f the trial. Furthermre, the 1ibrary accurate and cnduct and Therefre there was agreement amngst the BCIG that and wuld be cnsulted befre participants made pub1ic presentat ins, presented frmal demnstratins, r published articles r papers. Since interest in the trial was high within the bibligraphic cmmunity, the functins f the trial technlgy were cmplex, and participants' implementatins varied, it was imprtant t have crd inatrs with an verall perspect ive n the trial dynamics. Persnnel frm all BCIG institutins made numerus presentatins, gave demnstrat ins and wrte papers presenting either their wn institutins's view f the trial r the grup's as a whle, r bth. Hwever, the largest prtin f the public relatins activity fr the BCIG fell t the persnnel f the and, wh published several articles, gave many speeches, and rganized n-line demnstratins at fur majr cnferences, tw f them fr inter,natinal audiences. They al s prvided n-demand demnstratins t NLC visitrs bth frm Canada and abrad. NSG prvided cnsiderable technical assistance and equipment fr the majr demnstratins, and persnnel frm BCIG institutins assisted NLC in giving demnstratins. 3.4 Funding and csts BCIG participatin in the field trial was subsidized by bth NSG and the Natinal Library. The remainder f this subsectin details the types f resurces which NSG, NLC, and participants suppl ied. In a research and develpment prject f this nature it was pssible t simul ate peratinal use f the technlgy t the extent needed t determine whether the technlgy wul d supprt 1ibrary services. It was nt pssible t simulate a true-t-life peratinal envirnment in which all services and facilities used were charged fr n a pay-fr-use basis, and in which wrklads and transactin vlumes were at currently nrmal levels fr each institutin. In this situatin, which was freseen during the prject planning phase, it was nt pssible t make a rel iable evaluatin f the ecnmic aspects f the use f the technlgy fr library applicatins. During the inet Field Trial, the NSG suppl ied the BCIG with a ttal f 27 alphagemetric terminal sand 25 Di spl ayphnes, and underwrte all installatin and maintenance charges fr these terminals. NSG als absrbed the csts f all telecmmunicatins between the hst systems and the Netwrk Access Nde (NAN) and between 17

20 the terminal s and the NAN. There was al s n charge fr ENVOY messaging amngst the participants fr the duratin f the tri al nr "fr cnnect time t the value-added services. f inet. NSG als prvided mnthly statistics t all participants and infrmatin service prviders. In additin, NSG suppl ied assistance t the BCIG in munting demnstratins f inet in varius lcatins - Mntreal, Quebec City, Banff, and Winnipeg. The Natinal Library subsidized the travel expenses fr the BCIG meetings fr the six cre participants, i.e., thse that were bth users f inet and infrmatin service prviders t it. Other user participants were welcme t attend, but at their wn expense. NLC als let cntracts fr the design and impl ementatin f varius develpments in supprt f the seven subprjects, and munted inet demnstratins with the assistance f the NSG at varius library cnferences - IFLA, ASTED, CARL/ARL, and CLA. During the immediate pre-trial perid (mid-march t mid-july 1982), the Natinal Library paid ENVOY administrative messaging charges fr the BCIG trial crdinatrs. The Natinal Library cntracted wi th Peat, Marwi ck and Partners t cntribute t the technical evaluatin f inet fr the BeIG as a whle. In additin t the financial utlay assciated with applicatin develpment and design, the crdinatin f trial evaluatin, secretariat/truble-shting functins, public relatins and ther crdinatin verhead amunted t apprximately seven persn-years f effrt at NLC each year. This was prvided by NLC. The BCIG institutins participating as ISPs each funded the develpment f the necessary sftware t interface their system t the trial netwrk access nde, paid fr thei r wn al phanumeri c terminals and lines, and prvided staff time and partial funding fr the design and impl ementatin f the subprjects in which they participated. They als crdinated all the inet activities within their wn institutins, and cmpleted the necessary data cllectin fr bth the NSGI and the BCIG2 evaluatin effrts. The nn-inet csts f using inet-cnnected infrmatin service prviders were a participant respnsi bil ity, as were the csts f any training n ISP data bases 3 The use f inet services varied greatl y frm institutin t institutin during the trial. Therefre the csts f participatin varied als. Any cmparisn f use f inet services during the field trial with prpsed market trial rates is dangerus since it assumes that institutinal usage patterns wuld remain unchanged in a tariffed envirnment. 3.5 Legal aspects Letters f intent were participant and NSG prir nn-di sclsure agreement f passwrds, access IDs, hst systems. signed between each t the trial, as was a cvering the security and accunt numbers t Participants als signed inet Field Trial agreements between themsel ves and NSG, and a BCIG agreement between themsel ves and the Natinal Library pertaining t cperative arrangements and respnsibilities. T assi st the BCIG, OND staff wrked with NLC lawyers t negtiate cntentius clauses in the agreement with NSG. Each institutin was respnsible fr any cntracts required between itself and in.et-cnnected infrmat in serv ice prv iders. 1. NSG and its subsidiary, BNR, cnducted a number f surveys t determine user reactin t varius value-added services and t assess individual perceptins f these. 2. BCIG participants established individual and grup evaluatin bjectives fr the trial. In additin, each institutin plus its satellites cntributed t the design, data gathering, and interpretatin f results. 3. NSG rganized and subsidized ne meeting f ISPs t enable them t discuss their respective data bases and services. 18

PRACTICE. The case of designated residence in France: Recent evolution and challenges

PRACTICE. The case of designated residence in France: Recent evolution and challenges IMPLEMENTING ATDS IN PRACTICE The case f designated residence in France: Recent evlutin and challenges Radslaw J. FICEK Directr f asylum department France terre d asile 1 DETENTION OF MIGRANTS IN 2013

Plus en détail

TERMS OF REFERENCE FOR BILATERAL ELECTRIC RELIABILITY OVERSIGHT GROUP

TERMS OF REFERENCE FOR BILATERAL ELECTRIC RELIABILITY OVERSIGHT GROUP TERMS OF REFERENCE FOR BILATERAL ELECTRIC RELIABILITY OVERSIGHT GROUP CADRE DE RÉFÉRENCE DU GROUPE BILATÉRAL DE SUPERVISION DE LA FIABILITÉ DES SERVICES D ÉLECTRICITÉ Cadre de référence du Grupe bilatéral

Plus en détail

Questionnaire to 17th Bi-Annual Report of COSAC / Questionnaire du 17ème Rapport semestriel de la COSAC

Questionnaire to 17th Bi-Annual Report of COSAC / Questionnaire du 17ème Rapport semestriel de la COSAC Questinnaire t 17th Bi-Annual Reprt f COSAC / Questinnaire du 17ème Rapprt semestriel de la COSAC Parliament/Chamber / parlement/chambre Please enter name f yur Parliament/Chamber and cntact details /

Plus en détail

LA TENUE DES RÉUNIONS DES COMMISSIONS DE DISTRICT D AMÉNAGEMENT CONDUCT OF DISTRICT PLANNING COMMISSION MEETINGS

LA TENUE DES RÉUNIONS DES COMMISSIONS DE DISTRICT D AMÉNAGEMENT CONDUCT OF DISTRICT PLANNING COMMISSION MEETINGS CONDUCT OF DISTRICT PLANNING COMMISSION MEETINGS LA TENUE DES RÉUNIONS DES COMMISSIONS DE DISTRICT D AMÉNAGEMENT A Guideline on the Conduct of District Planning Commission Meetings Directive sur la tenue

Plus en détail

Audio and Web Conferencing services. Orange Business Services. Web Conferencing

Audio and Web Conferencing services. Orange Business Services. Web Conferencing Audio and Web Conferencing services Orange Business Services Web Conferencing web conferencing completely integrated audio and web services conference availability 24hrs/7days up to 100 participants complete

Plus en détail

systematic Innovation - theory and interactive training Animé par : Dr. Professeur Hans Schnitzer De l université technologique de GRAZ Autriche

systematic Innovation - theory and interactive training Animé par : Dr. Professeur Hans Schnitzer De l université technologique de GRAZ Autriche Seminaire de frmatin systematic Innvatin - thery and interactive training Animé par : Dr. Prfesseur Hans Schnitzer De l université technlgique de GRAZ Autriche LE 04 Mai 2011 Design thery 4 Business develpment

Plus en détail

Construire son projet : Rédiger la partie impacts (2/4) Service Europe Direction des Programmes et de la Formation pour le Sud

Construire son projet : Rédiger la partie impacts (2/4) Service Europe Direction des Programmes et de la Formation pour le Sud Construire son projet : Rédiger la partie impacts (2/4) Service Europe Direction des Programmes et de la Formation pour le Sud Sommaire Construire son projet : Rédiger la partie impacts (2/4) Comment définir

Plus en détail

Electricité. Electricity. Platine triphasée très basse tension Extra-low voltage three-phase mounting plate. Ref : 302 186. Français p 1.

Electricité. Electricity. Platine triphasée très basse tension Extra-low voltage three-phase mounting plate. Ref : 302 186. Français p 1. Electricité Electricity Français p 1 English p 5 Versin : 6012 Platine triphasée très basse tensin Extra-lw vltage three-phase munting plate Electricité Platine triphasée très basse tensin 1 Descriptin

Plus en détail

Gestion des finances publiques et transparence et surveillance budgétaire Eligibilité à l'appui budgétaire pour les PTOM

Gestion des finances publiques et transparence et surveillance budgétaire Eligibilité à l'appui budgétaire pour les PTOM Gestin des finances publiques et transparence et surveillance budgétaire Eligibilité à l'appui budgétaire pur les PTOM Preparé pur l' Atelier de Frmatin pur les Ordnnateurs territriaux des PTOM 9-10 Décembre

Plus en détail

CAMP D ÉTÉ - HOCKEY MRO. Semaines du 17 et du 24 août 2015

CAMP D ÉTÉ - HOCKEY MRO. Semaines du 17 et du 24 août 2015 (English versin, click here) CAMP D ÉTÉ - HOCKEY MRO Semaines du 17 et du 24 aût 2015 OBJECTIFS Le camp de hckey MRO est un camp de jur qui vise à furnir à tus les participants l ccasin d apprendre et

Plus en détail

by Alfred Ainsley Archer Department of Animal Science McGill University, Montreal July, 2000

by Alfred Ainsley Archer Department of Animal Science McGill University, Montreal July, 2000 A FRAMEWORK TO INTEGRATE AND ANALYSE INDUSTRY-WIDE INFORMATION FOR ON-FARM DECISION MAKING IN DAIRY CATTLE BREEDING by Alfred Ainsley Archer Department of Animal Science McGill University, Montreal July,

Plus en détail

Electricité. Electricity. Platine triphasée très basse tension Extra-low voltage three-phase mounting plate. Ref : 302 186. Français p 1.

Electricité. Electricity. Platine triphasée très basse tension Extra-low voltage three-phase mounting plate. Ref : 302 186. Français p 1. Electricité Electricity Français p 1 English p 5 Versin : 6012 Platine triphasée très basse tensin Extra-lw vltage three-phase munting plate Electricité Platine triphasée très basse tensin 1 Descriptin

Plus en détail

AINoE. Rapport sur l audition d AINoE Paris, 18 juin 2003

AINoE. Rapport sur l audition d AINoE Paris, 18 juin 2003 AINoE Abstract Interpretation Network of Excellence Patrick COUSOT (ENS, Coordinator) Rapport sur l audition d AINoE Paris, 18 juin 2003 Thématique Rapport sur l audition d AINoE Paris, 18 juin 2003 1

Plus en détail

THE BOARD OF HEATLH REFERRED THE FOLLOWING REPORT RECOMMENDATIONS TO CITY COUNCIL:

THE BOARD OF HEATLH REFERRED THE FOLLOWING REPORT RECOMMENDATIONS TO CITY COUNCIL: 1 2. APPOINTMENT OF ASSOCIATE MEDICAL OFFICERS OF HEALTH IN CAMERA - PERSONAL MATTERS ABOUT IDENTIFIABLE THE BOARD OF HEATLH REFERRED THE FOLLOWING REPORT RECOMMENDATIONS TO CITY COUNCIL: 1. That Council

Plus en détail

Loi sur le point de service principal du gouvernement du Canada en cas de décès

Loi sur le point de service principal du gouvernement du Canada en cas de décès CANADA CONSOLIDATION CODIFICATION Main Point of Contact with the Government of Canada in case of Death Act Loi sur le point de service principal du gouvernement du Canada en cas de décès S.C. 2015, c.

Plus en détail

SGR Services de gestion des risques

SGR Services de gestion des risques Title: Safety Achievement Financial Incentive System (SAFIS) Titre : Système d incitation financière à la sécurité DIRECTIVE Effective / En vigueur: 01/05/2008 Release / Diffusion No. 003 Page 1 of / de

Plus en détail

Corporate Interrelationships (Trust and Loan Companies) Regulations. Règlement sur les relations intersociétés (sociétés de fiducie et de prêt)

Corporate Interrelationships (Trust and Loan Companies) Regulations. Règlement sur les relations intersociétés (sociétés de fiducie et de prêt) CANADA CONSOLIDATION CODIFICATION (Trust and Loan Companies) Regulations Règlement sur les relations intersociétés (sociétés de fiducie et de prêt) SOR/2008-60 DORS/2008-60 À jour au 6 juin 2016 Published

Plus en détail

BILL C-539 PROJET DE LOI C-539 C-539 C-539 HOUSE OF COMMONS OF CANADA CHAMBRE DES COMMUNES DU CANADA. An Act to promote local foods

BILL C-539 PROJET DE LOI C-539 C-539 C-539 HOUSE OF COMMONS OF CANADA CHAMBRE DES COMMUNES DU CANADA. An Act to promote local foods C-539 C-539 First Session, Forty-first Parliament, Première session, quarante et unième législature, HOUSE OF COMMONS OF CANADA CHAMBRE DES COMMUNES DU CANADA BILL C-539 PROJET DE LOI C-539 An Act to promote

Plus en détail

Research Fellowship - Application Instructions

Research Fellowship - Application Instructions Le français suit l anglais Research Fellwship - Applicatin Instructins General Applicatin Prcess 1. Applicatins must be received by 5 pm EDT Friday July 31, 2015. Send all applicatin materials in a single

Plus en détail

Minority Investment (Banks) Regulations. Règlement sur les placements minoritaires (banques) Current to January 25, 2016. À jour au 25 janvier 2016

Minority Investment (Banks) Regulations. Règlement sur les placements minoritaires (banques) Current to January 25, 2016. À jour au 25 janvier 2016 CANADA CONSOLIDATION CODIFICATION Minority Investment (Banks) Regulations Règlement sur les placements minoritaires (banques) SOR/2001-402 DORS/2001-402 À jour au 25 janvier 2016 Published by the Minister

Plus en détail

2 players Ages 8+ Note: Please keep these instructions for future reference. WARNING. CHOKING HAZARD. Small parts. Not for children under 3 years.

2 players Ages 8+ Note: Please keep these instructions for future reference. WARNING. CHOKING HAZARD. Small parts. Not for children under 3 years. Linja Game Rules 2 players Ages 8+ Published under license from FoxMind Games NV, by: FoxMind Games BV Stadhouderskade 125hs Amsterdam, The Netherlands Distribution in North America: FoxMind USA 2710 Thomes

Plus en détail

Loi sur l aide financière à la Banque Commerciale du Canada. Canadian Commercial Bank Financial Assistance Act CODIFICATION CONSOLIDATION

Loi sur l aide financière à la Banque Commerciale du Canada. Canadian Commercial Bank Financial Assistance Act CODIFICATION CONSOLIDATION CANADA CONSOLIDATION CODIFICATION Canadian Commercial Bank Financial Assistance Act Loi sur l aide financière à la Banque Commerciale du Canada S.C. 1985, c. 9 S.C. 1985, ch. 9 Current to September 10,

Plus en détail

POSTING APPLICATION OF THE PAY EQUITY ACT (SECTIONS 76.3 AND 76.4) PAY EQUITY AUDIT WITHIN THE PAY EQUITY PLAN OF THE CONSEIL DU TRÉSOR

POSTING APPLICATION OF THE PAY EQUITY ACT (SECTIONS 76.3 AND 76.4) PAY EQUITY AUDIT WITHIN THE PAY EQUITY PLAN OF THE CONSEIL DU TRÉSOR Version officielle en français disponible ici POSTING APPLICATION OF THE PAY EQUITY ACT (SECTIONS 76.3 AND 76.4) PAY EQUITY AUDIT WITHIN THE PAY EQUITY PLAN OF THE CONSEIL DU TRÉSOR FOR ALL EMPLOYEES IN

Plus en détail

EOIS Service Provider Connect Service Provider User Guide. Chapter 4: Service Provider Management

EOIS Service Provider Connect Service Provider User Guide. Chapter 4: Service Provider Management EOIS Service Provider Connect Service Provider User Guide Chapter 4: Service Provider Management Version: 1.0 October, 2015 Document Versions Version # Date Description V 1.0 September 2015 First version

Plus en détail

Minority Investment (Bank Holding Companies) Regulations. Règlement sur les placements minoritaires (sociétés de portefeuille bancaires)

Minority Investment (Bank Holding Companies) Regulations. Règlement sur les placements minoritaires (sociétés de portefeuille bancaires) CANADA CONSOLIDATION CODIFICATION Minority Investment (Bank Holding Companies) Règlement sur les placements minoritaires (sociétés de portefeuille bancaires) SOR/2001-401 DORS/2001-401 À jour au 25 janvier

Plus en détail

Cheque Holding Policy Disclosure (Banks) Regulations. Règlement sur la communication de la politique de retenue de chèques (banques) CONSOLIDATION

Cheque Holding Policy Disclosure (Banks) Regulations. Règlement sur la communication de la politique de retenue de chèques (banques) CONSOLIDATION CANADA CONSOLIDATION CODIFICATION Cheque Holding Policy Disclosure (Banks) Regulations Règlement sur la communication de la politique de retenue de chèques (banques) SOR/2002-39 DORS/2002-39 Current to

Plus en détail

companies FEDERAL BILINGUAL VET DIPLOMA IN COMMERCE May 30th, 2013 Département de la solidarité et de l'emploi

companies FEDERAL BILINGUAL VET DIPLOMA IN COMMERCE May 30th, 2013 Département de la solidarité et de l'emploi FEDERAL BILINGUAL VET DIPLOMA IN COMMERCE A new offer adapted to English speaking companies May 30th, 2013 19.06.2013 - Page 1 SWISS PILOT PROJECT DEVELOPED IN GENEVE Project from the Swiss Confederation

Plus en détail

If you have issues viewing or accessing this file contact us at NCJRS.gov.

If you have issues viewing or accessing this file contact us at NCJRS.gov. f yu have issues viewing r accessing this file cntact us at NCJRS.gv.. '..L - - 'L.- - _ ;;_'; 4< a-... -- ' - - ;; '- - - - - ;; - u.. -.. - t - - ;; - - - -... - - -...- Y.- '' / ':..:.l_ -- '''-'--:-

Plus en détail

DNA Data Bank Advisory Committee Regulations. Règlement sur le Comité consultatif de la banque nationale de données génétiques CONSOLIDATION

DNA Data Bank Advisory Committee Regulations. Règlement sur le Comité consultatif de la banque nationale de données génétiques CONSOLIDATION CANADA CONSOLIDATION CODIFICATION DNA Data Bank Advisory Committee Regulations Règlement sur le Comité consultatif de la banque nationale de données génétiques SOR/2000-181 DORS/2000-181 Current to October

Plus en détail

LOI SUR LES ARCHIVES ARCHIVES ACT DÉCRET 1985/017 O.I.C. 1985/017 LOI SUR LES ARCHIVES ARCHIVES ACT

LOI SUR LES ARCHIVES ARCHIVES ACT DÉCRET 1985/017 O.I.C. 1985/017 LOI SUR LES ARCHIVES ARCHIVES ACT Pursuant to subsection 12(1) of the Archives Act, the commissioner in Executive Council orders as follows: 1. The annexed regulations respecting Records Management are hereby made and established. 2. The

Plus en détail

S-9.05 Small Business Investor Tax Credit Act 2003-39 RÈGLEMENT DU NOUVEAU-BRUNSWICK 2003-39 NEW BRUNSWICK REGULATION 2003-39. établi en vertu de la

S-9.05 Small Business Investor Tax Credit Act 2003-39 RÈGLEMENT DU NOUVEAU-BRUNSWICK 2003-39 NEW BRUNSWICK REGULATION 2003-39. établi en vertu de la NEW BRUNSWICK REGULATION 2003-39 under the SMALL BUSINESS INVESTOR TAX CREDIT ACT (O.C. 2003-220) Regulation Outline Filed July 29, 2003 Citation........................................... 1 Definition

Plus en détail

Please find attached a revised amendment letter, extending the contract until 31 st December 2011.

Please find attached a revised amendment letter, extending the contract until 31 st December 2011. Sent: 11 May 2011 10:53 Subject: Please find attached a revised amendment letter, extending the contract until 31 st December 2011. I look forward to receiving two signed copies of this letter. Sent: 10

Plus en détail

RESULTING FROM THE ANTI-SEMITIC LEGISLATION IN FORCE DURING THE OCCUPATION. (Decree 99-778 of September 10, 1999) QUESTIONNAIRE. Family Name...

RESULTING FROM THE ANTI-SEMITIC LEGISLATION IN FORCE DURING THE OCCUPATION. (Decree 99-778 of September 10, 1999) QUESTIONNAIRE. Family Name... COMMISSION FOR THE COMPENSATION OF VICTIMS OF SPOLIATION RESULTING FROM THE ANTI-SEMITIC LEGISLATION IN FORCE DURING THE OCCUPATION (Decree 99-778 of September 10, 1999) Case Number : (to remind in all

Plus en détail

Electronic Commerce Protection Regulations (CRTC) Règlement sur la protection du commerce électronique (CRTC) Current to January 25, 2016

Electronic Commerce Protection Regulations (CRTC) Règlement sur la protection du commerce électronique (CRTC) Current to January 25, 2016 CANADA CONSOLIDATION CODIFICATION Electronic Commerce Protection Regulations (CRTC) Règlement sur la protection du commerce électronique (CRTC) SOR/2012-36 DORS/2012-36 À jour au 25 janvier 2016 Published

Plus en détail

Chargé de projets européens

Chargé de projets européens Manager de prjets eurpéens Catégrie A - Ingénieur d études (IE) CDD de 2 ans renuvelables, À cmpter de mars 2012 Branche d activité prfessinnelle (BAP) : Famille prfessinnelle : Empli type : J Gestin et

Plus en détail

Usage guidelines. About Google Book Search

Usage guidelines. About Google Book Search This is a digital copy of a book that was preserved for generations on library shelves before it was carefully scanned by Google as part of a project to make the world s books discoverable online. It has

Plus en détail

A propos de ce livre Ceci est une copie numérique d un ouvrage conservé depuis des générations dans les rayonnages d une bibliothèque avant d être numérisé avec précaution par Google dans le cadre d un

Plus en détail

BILL C-682 PROJET DE LOI C-682 C-682 C-682 HOUSE OF COMMONS OF CANADA CHAMBRE DES COMMUNES DU CANADA

BILL C-682 PROJET DE LOI C-682 C-682 C-682 HOUSE OF COMMONS OF CANADA CHAMBRE DES COMMUNES DU CANADA C-682 C-682 Second Session, Forty-first Parliament, 62-63-64 Elizabeth II, 2013-2014-201 Deuxième session, quarante et unième législature, 62-63-64 Elizabeth II, 2013-2014-201 HOUSE OF COMMONS OF CANADA

Plus en détail

RECRUITMENT CONSULTANT POST

RECRUITMENT CONSULTANT POST HUMAN RESOURCES DIVISION DIVISION DES RESSOURCES HUMAINES HR/2015/26/CSLT/LK/16-ASB DB/lk 19 August 2015 RECRUITMENT CONSULTANT POST The NATO Supprt & Prcurement Agency (NSPA) in Capellen, G.-D. f Luxemburg,

Plus en détail

A basic collaborative city logistics solution: the Urban Consolidation Centre

A basic collaborative city logistics solution: the Urban Consolidation Centre A basic cllabrative city lgistics slutin: the Urban Cnslidatin Centre Lucile Faure, Guillaume Marquès, Patrick Burlat Ecle Natinale supérieure des Mines de Saint-Etienne France Benit Mntreuil Laval University,

Plus en détail

CAISSE D'AMORTISSEMENT DE LA DETTE SOCIALE. Établissement public national administratif (French national public entity)

CAISSE D'AMORTISSEMENT DE LA DETTE SOCIALE. Établissement public national administratif (French national public entity) FIRST PROSPECTUS SUPPLEMENT DATED 22 DECEMBER 2014 TO THE BASE PROSPECTUS DATED 10 JUNE 2014 CAISSE D'AMORTISSEMENT DE LA DETTE SOCIALE Établissement public national administratif (French national public

Plus en détail

French 2208A. French for Healthcare Le français de la santé

French 2208A. French for Healthcare Le français de la santé French 2208A French for Healthcare Le français de la santé Professeur : Heures de bureau : Olga Kharytonava disponible tous les jours par courriel, sauf le week-end. Préalable - Fr 1900 E ou Fr 1910, ou

Plus en détail

PROJET DE LOI C- BILL C- SECRET SECRET HOUSE OF COMMONS OF CANADA CHAMBRE DES COMMUNES DU CANADA

PROJET DE LOI C- BILL C- SECRET SECRET HOUSE OF COMMONS OF CANADA CHAMBRE DES COMMUNES DU CANADA SECRET C- SECRET C- First Session, Forty-first Parliament, Première session, quarante et unième législature, HOUSE OF COMMONS OF CANADA CHAMBRE DES COMMUNES DU CANADA BILL C- PROJET DE LOI C- An Act to

Plus en détail

CHAPTER 150 CHAPITRE 150

CHAPTER 150 CHAPITRE 150 CHAPTER 150 CHAPITRE 150 Entry Warrants Act Loi sur les mandats Table of Contents 1 Definitions judge juge non-conforming place lieu non conforme originating Act loi habilitante place lieu police officer

Plus en détail

Rapport Final ANNEXES. Novembre 2013. Le projet est financé par l Union européenne

Rapport Final ANNEXES. Novembre 2013. Le projet est financé par l Union européenne ÉVALUATION DE LA FACILITÉ DE SOUTIEN À LA PAIX EN AFRIQUE - PARTIE 2 : ANALYSE DE LA MISE EN ŒUVRE GÉNÉRALE DE L'APF COMME INSTRUMENT DE SOUTIEN AUX EFFORTS DE L'AFRIQUE POUR LA GESTION DES CONFLITS SUR

Plus en détail

Bibliothèque numérique de l enssib

Bibliothèque numérique de l enssib Bibliothèque numérique de l enssib European integration: conditions and challenges for libraries, 3 au 7 juillet 2007 36 e congrès LIBER Results from the Seminar on Measuring Quality in Libraries Bayir,

Plus en détail

Commercial Loan (Trust and Loan Companies) Regulations. Règlement sur les prêts commerciaux (sociétés de fiducie et de prêt)

Commercial Loan (Trust and Loan Companies) Regulations. Règlement sur les prêts commerciaux (sociétés de fiducie et de prêt) CANADA CONSOLIDATION CODIFICATION Commercial Loan (Trust and Loan Companies) Regulations Règlement sur les prêts commerciaux (sociétés de fiducie et de prêt) SOR/92-349 DORS/92-349 Current to January 25,

Plus en détail

I-12 Insurance Act 2001-56 RÈGLEMENT DU NOUVEAU-BRUNSWICK 2001-56 NEW BRUNSWICK REGULATION 2001-56. établi en vertu de la.

I-12 Insurance Act 2001-56 RÈGLEMENT DU NOUVEAU-BRUNSWICK 2001-56 NEW BRUNSWICK REGULATION 2001-56. établi en vertu de la. I-12 Insurance Act 2001-56 NEW BRUNSWICK REGULATION 2001-56 under the INSURANCE ACT (O.C. 2001-344) Filed July 27, 2001 1 Section 6 of New Brunswick Regulation 85-151 under the Insurance Act is amended

Plus en détail

Support Orders and Support Provisions (Banks and Authorized Foreign Banks) Regulations

Support Orders and Support Provisions (Banks and Authorized Foreign Banks) Regulations CANADA CONSOLIDATION CODIFICATION Support Orders and Support Provisions (Banks and Authorized Foreign Banks) Regulations Règlement sur les ordonnances alimentaires et les dispositions alimentaires (banques

Plus en détail

Rational Team Concert

Rational Team Concert Une gestion de projet agile avec Rational Team Concert Samira Bataouche Consultante, IBM Rational France 1 SCRUM en Bref Events Artifacts Development Team Source: Scrum Handbook 06 Décembre 2012 Agilité?

Plus en détail

Florida International University. Department of Modern Languages. FRENCH I Summer A Term 2014 FRE 1130 - U01A

Florida International University. Department of Modern Languages. FRENCH I Summer A Term 2014 FRE 1130 - U01A Florida International University Department of Modern Languages FRENCH I Summer A Term 2014 FRE 1130 - U01A Class time: Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday; 6:20 P.M. - 9:00 P.M. Instructors: Prof. Jean-Robert

Plus en détail

MAT 2377 Solutions to the Mi-term

MAT 2377 Solutions to the Mi-term MAT 2377 Solutions to the Mi-term Tuesday June 16 15 Time: 70 minutes Student Number: Name: Professor M. Alvo This is an open book exam. Standard calculators are permitted. Answer all questions. Place

Plus en détail

Annonce de voyage Concerne les voyages en Suisse par les transports publics Utilisation d un véhicule privé La demande d utilisation d un véhicule

Annonce de voyage Concerne les voyages en Suisse par les transports publics Utilisation d un véhicule privé La demande d utilisation d un véhicule Annonce de voyage Concerne les voyages en Suisse par les transports publics Utilisation d un véhicule privé La demande d utilisation d un véhicule privée ne doit plus être utilisée. Elle est remplacée

Plus en détail

First Nations Assessment Inspection Regulations. Règlement sur l inspection aux fins d évaluation foncière des premières nations CONSOLIDATION

First Nations Assessment Inspection Regulations. Règlement sur l inspection aux fins d évaluation foncière des premières nations CONSOLIDATION CANADA CONSOLIDATION CODIFICATION First Nations Assessment Inspection Regulations Règlement sur l inspection aux fins d évaluation foncière des premières nations SOR/2007-242 DORS/2007-242 Current to September

Plus en détail

APPENDIX 2. Provisions to be included in the contract between the Provider and the. Holder

APPENDIX 2. Provisions to be included in the contract between the Provider and the. Holder Page 1 APPENDIX 2 Provisions to be included in the contract between the Provider and the Obligations and rights of the Applicant / Holder Holder 1. The Applicant or Licensee acknowledges that it has read

Plus en détail

Paxton. ins-20605. Net2 desktop reader USB

Paxton. ins-20605. Net2 desktop reader USB Paxton ins-20605 Net2 desktop reader USB 1 3 2 4 1 2 Desktop Reader The desktop reader is designed to sit next to the PC. It is used for adding tokens to a Net2 system and also for identifying lost cards.

Plus en détail

ADQ IR Implementation

ADQ IR Implementation ADQ IR Implementation DSNA experience Direction Générale de l Aviation Civile CONTENTS DSNA considerations ADQ objectives The context : a coordinated approach DSNA approach to ADQ implementation The pillars

Plus en détail

Date: 09/11/15 www.crmconsult.com Version: 2.0

Date: 09/11/15 www.crmconsult.com Version: 2.0 Date: 9/11/2015 contact@crmconsult.fr Page 1 / 10 Table des matières 1 SUGARPSHOP : SCHEMA... 3 2 PRESENTATION... 4 3 SHOPFORCE WITH SCREENSHOTS... 5 3.1 CLIENTS... 5 3.2 ORDERS... 6 4 INSTALLATION...

Plus en détail

Disclosure on Account Opening by Telephone Request (Banks) Regulations

Disclosure on Account Opening by Telephone Request (Banks) Regulations CANADA CONSOLIDATION CODIFICATION Disclosure on Account Opening by Telephone Request (Banks) Regulations Règlement sur la communication en cas de demande téléphonique d ouverture de compte (banques) SOR/2001-472

Plus en détail

Minority Investment (Insurance Holding Companies) Regulations. Règlement sur les placements minoritaires (sociétés de portefeuille d assurances)

Minority Investment (Insurance Holding Companies) Regulations. Règlement sur les placements minoritaires (sociétés de portefeuille d assurances) CANADA CONSOLIDATION CODIFICATION Minority Investment (Insurance Holding Companies) Regulations Règlement sur les placements minoritaires (sociétés de portefeuille d assurances) SOR/2001-405 DORS/2001-405

Plus en détail

DK6000. Quick Start Guide for Suppliers. March 2015 V1.1 0 /

DK6000. Quick Start Guide for Suppliers. March 2015 V1.1 0 / DK6000 Quick Start Guide for Suppliers March 2015 V1.1 0 / LOGIN Change the language Contact Us Your Username is Case Sensitive If you ve forgotten your password, do not try several time, just enter your

Plus en détail

Assoumta Djimrangaye Coordonnatrice de soutien au développement des affaires Business development support coordinator

Assoumta Djimrangaye Coordonnatrice de soutien au développement des affaires Business development support coordinator 2008-01-28 From: [] Sent: Monday, January 21, 2008 6:58 AM To: Web Administrator BCUC:EX Cc: 'Jean Paquin' Subject: RE: Request for Late Intervenorship - BCHydro Standing Offer C22-1 Dear Bonnie, Please

Plus en détail

Règlement sur les avances comptables pour frais de voyage et de déménagement (Forces canadiennes)

Règlement sur les avances comptables pour frais de voyage et de déménagement (Forces canadiennes) CANADA CONSOLIDATION CODIFICATION Accountable Travel and Moving Advance Regulations (Canadian Forces) Règlement sur les avances comptables pour frais de voyage et de déménagement (Forces canadiennes) C.R.C.,

Plus en détail

David Marsden Labour market segmentation in Britain: the decline of occupational labour markets and the spread of entry tournaments

David Marsden Labour market segmentation in Britain: the decline of occupational labour markets and the spread of entry tournaments David Marsden Labour market segmentation in Britain: the decline of occupational labour markets and the spread of entry tournaments Article (Accepted version) (Refereed) Original citation: Marsden, David

Plus en détail

An Act to Amend the New Brunswick Income Tax Act. Loi modifiant la Loi de l impôt sur le revenu du Nouveau-Brunswick CHAPTER 26 CHAPITRE 26

An Act to Amend the New Brunswick Income Tax Act. Loi modifiant la Loi de l impôt sur le revenu du Nouveau-Brunswick CHAPTER 26 CHAPITRE 26 2003 CHAPTER 26 CHAPITRE 26 An Act to Amend the New Brunswick Income Tax Act Assented to April 11, 2003 Her Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Legislative Assembly of New Brunswick, enacts

Plus en détail

SUBVENTION POUR LA PARTICIPATION À UN COLLOQUE SUPPORT FOR PARTICIPATION IN A CONFERENCE

SUBVENTION POUR LA PARTICIPATION À UN COLLOQUE SUPPORT FOR PARTICIPATION IN A CONFERENCE SUBVENTION POUR LA PARTICIPATION À UN COLLOQUE SUPPORT FOR PARTICIPATION IN A CONFERENCE 1. M DU (OU DE LA) CHERCHEUR(E): NAME OF RESEARCHER: 3. TITRE DU COLLOQUE: TITLE OF CONFERENCE: 2. VEUILLEZ COCHER

Plus en détail

STATUTES OF CANADA 2010 LOIS DU CANADA (2010) CHAPITRE 9 CHAPTER 9 ASSENTED TO SANCTIONNÉE. An Act to amend the Employment Insurance Act

STATUTES OF CANADA 2010 LOIS DU CANADA (2010) CHAPITRE 9 CHAPTER 9 ASSENTED TO SANCTIONNÉE. An Act to amend the Employment Insurance Act Third Session, Fortieth Parliament, 59 Elizabeth II, 2010 Troisième session, quarantième législature, 59 Elizabeth II, 2010 STATUTES OF CANADA 2010 LOIS DU CANADA (2010) CHAPTER 9 CHAPITRE 9 An Act to

Plus en détail

AMESD-Puma2010-EFTS- Configuration-update-TEN (en-fr)

AMESD-Puma2010-EFTS- Configuration-update-TEN (en-fr) AMESD-Puma2010-EFTS- Configuration-update-TEN (en-fr) Doc.No. : EUM/OPS/TEN/13/706466 Issue : v3 Date : 7 May 2014 WBS : EUMETSAT Eumetsat-Allee 1, D-64295 Darmstadt, Germany Tel: +49 6151 807-7 Fax: +49

Plus en détail

Archived Content. Contenu archivé

Archived Content. Contenu archivé ARCHIVED - Archiving Content ARCHIVÉE - Contenu archivé Archived Content Contenu archivé Information identified as archived is provided for reference, research or recordkeeping purposes. It is not subject

Plus en détail

Loi sur le Bureau de la traduction. Translation Bureau Act CODIFICATION CONSOLIDATION. R.S.C., 1985, c. T-16 L.R.C. (1985), ch.

Loi sur le Bureau de la traduction. Translation Bureau Act CODIFICATION CONSOLIDATION. R.S.C., 1985, c. T-16 L.R.C. (1985), ch. CANADA CONSOLIDATION CODIFICATION Translation Bureau Act Loi sur le Bureau de la traduction R.S.C., 1985, c. T-16 L.R.C. (1985), ch. T-16 Current to September 30, 2015 À jour au 30 septembre 2015 Published

Plus en détail

Industry development policy in Lyon metropolitan area. May the 17th, 2011

Industry development policy in Lyon metropolitan area. May the 17th, 2011 Industry develpment plicy in Lyn metrplitan area May the 17th, 2011 Lyn metrplitan regin: 2.9 millins inhabitants Milan 3,9 RUL 2,9 Manchester 2,5 Francfrt 2,5 Munich 2,4 Turin 2,2 Lyn 1,3 Saint-Etienne

Plus en détail

Minority Investment (Trust and Loan Companies) Regulations. Règlement sur les placements minoritaires (sociétés de fiducie et de prêt) CODIFICATION

Minority Investment (Trust and Loan Companies) Regulations. Règlement sur les placements minoritaires (sociétés de fiducie et de prêt) CODIFICATION CANADA CONSOLIDATION CODIFICATION Minority Investment (Trust and Loan Companies) Regulations Règlement sur les placements minoritaires (sociétés de fiducie et de prêt) SOR/2001-406 DORS/2001-406 Current

Plus en détail

Section B: Receiving and Reviewing the Technician Inspection Report & Claims Decision Process

Section B: Receiving and Reviewing the Technician Inspection Report & Claims Decision Process Phoenix A.M.D. International Inc. - Claim Procedures, Timelines & Expectations Timelines & Expectations 1. All telephone messages and e-mail correspondence is to be handled and responded back to you within

Plus en détail

2015-2016. Plan de services en français Commission de la fonction publique. French-language Services Plan Public Service Commission

2015-2016. Plan de services en français Commission de la fonction publique. French-language Services Plan Public Service Commission 2015-2016 Plan de services en français Cmmissin de la fnctin publique French-language Services Plan Public Service Cmmissin Table des matières Table f Cntents Message de la cmmissaire... 2 Message frm

Plus en détail

Regulatory Capital (Cooperative Credit Associations) Regulations. Règlement sur le capital réglementaire (associations coopératives de crédit)

Regulatory Capital (Cooperative Credit Associations) Regulations. Règlement sur le capital réglementaire (associations coopératives de crédit) CANADA CONSOLIDATION CODIFICATION Regulatory Capital (Cooperative Credit Associations) Regulations Règlement sur le capital réglementaire (associations coopératives de crédit) SOR/92-528 DORS/92-528 Current

Plus en détail

Smile Mobile Dashboard

Smile Mobile Dashboard Smile Mobile Dashboard 1. Magento Extension The iphone and Android applications require access to data from your Magento store. This data is provided through an extension, available on Magento Connect

Plus en détail

Autres termes clés (Other key terms)

Autres termes clés (Other key terms) Autres termes clés (Other key terms) Norme Contrôle qualité des cabinets réalisant des missions d audit ou d examen d états financiers et d autres missions d assurance et de services connexes ( Quality

Plus en détail

Implementation of OECD Guidelines in Canada

Implementation of OECD Guidelines in Canada Implementation of OECD Guidelines in Canada March 1314, 2001 Berlin, Germany 1. 2. 3. 4. Overview Canada s involvement in OECD on Electronic Commerce and Consumer Protection Electronic Commerce in Canada

Plus en détail

Appendix C CRITERIA FOR A PROFESSIONAL GROWTH PLAN SUPERVISION OF PROFESSIONAL STAFF: TEACHER EVALUATION GCNA

Appendix C CRITERIA FOR A PROFESSIONAL GROWTH PLAN SUPERVISION OF PROFESSIONAL STAFF: TEACHER EVALUATION GCNA SUPERVISION OF PROFESSIONAL STAFF: TEACHER EVALUATION Appendix C CRITERIA FOR A PROFESSIONAL GROWTH PLAN A Professional Growth Plan is a written statement describing a teacher s intended focus for professional

Plus en détail

Règlement relatif à l examen fait conformément à la Déclaration canadienne des droits. Canadian Bill of Rights Examination Regulations CODIFICATION

Règlement relatif à l examen fait conformément à la Déclaration canadienne des droits. Canadian Bill of Rights Examination Regulations CODIFICATION CANADA CONSOLIDATION CODIFICATION Canadian Bill of Rights Examination Regulations Règlement relatif à l examen fait conformément à la Déclaration canadienne des droits C.R.C., c. 394 C.R.C., ch. 394 Current

Plus en détail

French 2208A. French for Healthcare Le français de la santé

French 2208A. French for Healthcare Le français de la santé French 2208A French for Healthcare Le français de la santé Professeur : Heures de bureau : Iryna Punko disponible tous les jours par courriel, sauf le week-end. Préalable - Fr 1900 E ou Fr 1910, ou permission

Plus en détail

THE LAW SOCIETY OF UPPER CANADA BY-LAW 19 [HANDLING OF MONEY AND OTHER PROPERTY] MOTION TO BE MOVED AT THE MEETING OF CONVOCATION ON JANUARY 24, 2002

THE LAW SOCIETY OF UPPER CANADA BY-LAW 19 [HANDLING OF MONEY AND OTHER PROPERTY] MOTION TO BE MOVED AT THE MEETING OF CONVOCATION ON JANUARY 24, 2002 2-aes THE LAW SOCIETY OF UPPER CANADA BY-LAW 19 [HANDLING OF MONEY AND OTHER PROPERTY] MOTION TO BE MOVED AT THE MEETING OF CONVOCATION ON JANUARY 24, 2002 MOVED BY SECONDED BY THAT By-Law 19 [Handling

Plus en détail

SOIL MOISTURE AND RADON GAS. Bliss L. Tracy Radiation Protection Bureau Health Canada

SOIL MOISTURE AND RADON GAS. Bliss L. Tracy Radiation Protection Bureau Health Canada SOIL MOISTURE AND RADON GAS Bliss L. Tracy Radiation Protection Bureau Health Canada CGEO Workshop on Soil Moisture Saskatoon SK 19-20 June 2007 Outline What is radon? Where does it come from? Why is it

Plus en détail

Disclosure on Account Opening by Telephone Request (Trust and Loan Companies) Regulations

Disclosure on Account Opening by Telephone Request (Trust and Loan Companies) Regulations CANADA CONSOLIDATION CODIFICATION Disclosure on Account Opening by Telephone Request (Trust and Loan Companies) Regulations Règlement sur la communication en cas de demande téléphonique d ouverture de

Plus en détail

Instructions Mozilla Thunderbird Page 1

Instructions Mozilla Thunderbird Page 1 Instructions Mozilla Thunderbird Page 1 Instructions Mozilla Thunderbird Ce manuel est écrit pour les utilisateurs qui font déjà configurer un compte de courrier électronique dans Mozilla Thunderbird et

Plus en détail

AUDIT COMMITTEE: TERMS OF REFERENCE

AUDIT COMMITTEE: TERMS OF REFERENCE AUDIT COMMITTEE: TERMS OF REFERENCE PURPOSE The Audit Committee (the Committee), assists the Board of Trustees to fulfill its oversight responsibilities to the Crown, as shareholder, for the following

Plus en détail

EN UNE PAGE PLAN STRATÉGIQUE

EN UNE PAGE PLAN STRATÉGIQUE EN UNE PAGE PLAN STRATÉGIQUE PLAN STRATÉGIQUE EN UNE PAGE Nom de l entreprise Votre nom Date VALEUR PRINCIPALES/CROYANCES (Devrait/Devrait pas) RAISON (Pourquoi) OBJECTIFS (- AN) (Où) BUT ( AN) (Quoi)

Plus en détail

Diplomatic Motor Vehicle Diversion Remission Order. Décret de remise pour affectation de véhicules automobiles à des fins diplomatiques

Diplomatic Motor Vehicle Diversion Remission Order. Décret de remise pour affectation de véhicules automobiles à des fins diplomatiques CANADA CONSOLIDATION CODIFICATION Diplomatic Motor Vehicle Diversion Remission Order Décret de remise pour affectation de véhicules automobiles à des fins diplomatiques SI/78-162 TR/78-162 Current to January

Plus en détail

PROVINCE OF QUEBEC TOWN OF KIRKLAND PROVINCE DE QUÉBEC VILLE DE KIRKLAND AVIS PUBLIC PUBLIC NOTICE

PROVINCE OF QUEBEC TOWN OF KIRKLAND PROVINCE DE QUÉBEC VILLE DE KIRKLAND AVIS PUBLIC PUBLIC NOTICE PROVINCE DE QUÉBEC VILLE DE KIRKLAND AVIS PUBLIC AUX PERSONNES INTÉRESSÉES AYANT LE DROIT DE SIGNER UNE DEMANDE DE PARTICIPATION À UN RÉFÉRENDUM Second projet des règlements numéros 90-58-81, 90-58- 82

Plus en détail

Editing and managing Systems engineering processes at Snecma

Editing and managing Systems engineering processes at Snecma Editing and managing Systems engineering processes at Snecma Atego workshop 2014-04-03 Ce document et les informations qu il contient sont la propriété de Ils ne doivent pas être copiés ni communiqués

Plus en détail

APPENDIX 6 BONUS RING FORMAT

APPENDIX 6 BONUS RING FORMAT #4 EN FRANÇAIS CI-DESSOUS Preamble and Justification This motion is being presented to the membership as an alternative format for clubs to use to encourage increased entries, both in areas where the exhibitor

Plus en détail

Promotion of bio-methane and its market development through local and regional partnerships. A project under the Intelligent Energy Europe programme

Promotion of bio-methane and its market development through local and regional partnerships. A project under the Intelligent Energy Europe programme Promotion of bio-methane and its market development through local and regional partnerships A project under the Intelligent Energy Europe programme Contract Number: IEE/10/130 Deliverable Reference: W.P.2.1.3

Plus en détail

Net-université 2008-1-IS1-LEO05-00110. http://www.adam-europe.eu/adam/project/view.htm?prj=5095

Net-université 2008-1-IS1-LEO05-00110. http://www.adam-europe.eu/adam/project/view.htm?prj=5095 Net-université 2008-1-IS1-LEO05-00110 1 Information sur le projet Titre: Code Projet: Année: 2008 Type de Projet: Statut: Accroche marketing: Net-université 2008-1-IS1-LEO05-00110 Projets de transfert

Plus en détail

Pension Plan Transfer Agreements Regulations. Règlement sur les régimes de pension visés par les accords de transfert

Pension Plan Transfer Agreements Regulations. Règlement sur les régimes de pension visés par les accords de transfert CANADA CONSOLIDATION CODIFICATION Pension Plan Transfer Agreements Regulations Règlement sur les régimes de pension visés par les accords de transfert SOR/98-445 DORS/98-445 Current to June 6, 2016 À jour

Plus en détail

FORMATION D INGENIEURS B.T.P. PAR L APPRENTISSAGE DANS LE CADRE DE LA MISSION A L ETRANGER SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING TRAINING BY APPRENTICESHIP

FORMATION D INGENIEURS B.T.P. PAR L APPRENTISSAGE DANS LE CADRE DE LA MISSION A L ETRANGER SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING TRAINING BY APPRENTICESHIP CONVENTION DE STAGE DANS LE CADRE DE LA MISSION A L ETRANGER SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING TRAINING BY APPRENTICESHIP Réglant sous forme de stages dans une tierce entreprise, l accueil d un apprenti pour complément

Plus en détail

BILL S-217 PROJET DE LOI S-217 S-217 S-217 SENATE OF CANADA SÉNAT DU CANADA. An Act to amend the Financial Administration Act (borrowing of money)

BILL S-217 PROJET DE LOI S-217 S-217 S-217 SENATE OF CANADA SÉNAT DU CANADA. An Act to amend the Financial Administration Act (borrowing of money) S-217 S-217 First Session, Forty-first Parliament, Première session, quarante et unième législature, SENATE OF CANADA SÉNAT DU CANADA BILL S-217 PROJET DE LOI S-217 An Act to amend the Financial Administration

Plus en détail

Décret de remise relatif à l exportation temporaire d aéronefs. Temporary Export of Aircraft Remission Order

Décret de remise relatif à l exportation temporaire d aéronefs. Temporary Export of Aircraft Remission Order CANADA CONSOLIDATION CODIFICATION Temporary Export of Aircraft Remission Order Décret de remise relatif à l exportation temporaire d aéronefs C.R.C., c. 799 C.R.C., ch. 799 Current to January 25, 2016

Plus en détail

Application Form/ Formulaire de demande

Application Form/ Formulaire de demande Application Form/ Formulaire de demande Ecosystem Approaches to Health: Summer Workshop and Field school Approches écosystémiques de la santé: Atelier intensif et stage d été Please submit your application

Plus en détail

Initiative d excellence de l université de Bordeaux. Réunion du Comité stratégique 17-19 décembre 2014. Recommandations

Initiative d excellence de l université de Bordeaux. Réunion du Comité stratégique 17-19 décembre 2014. Recommandations Initiative d excellence de l université de Bordeaux Réunion du Comité stratégique 17-19 décembre 2014 Recommandations 2/1 RECOMMANDATIONS DU COMITE STRATEGIQUE Une feuille de route pour le conseil de gestion

Plus en détail

Autres termes clés (Other key terms)

Autres termes clés (Other key terms) Carve-out method Autres termes clés (Other key terms) Norme Rapports d assurance sur les contrôles d une société de services extérieurs (, Assurance Reports on Controls at a Third Party Service Organization)

Plus en détail