2 MEDRAP II RAB/89/005-RER/87/009 FIELD DOCUMENT 92/13 WORKSHOP ON QUALITY CONTROL, PROCESSING AND MARKETING Tunis, April United Nations Development Programme Food and Agricultura Organisation of the United Nations Edited by MEDRAP II Regional Center Tunis-Tunisia
3 All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying or otherwise, without the prior permission of the copyright owner. Applications for such permission, with a statement of the purpose and extent of the reproduction, should be addressed to the Director, Publications Division, Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, Rome, Italy.
4 Preparation of this Document This document is one of a series of documents prepared during the course of the Project identified in the title page. The conclusions and recommendations given were considered appropriate at the time it was prepared. They may be modified in the light of further knowledge gained at subsequent stages of the Project. The designations employed and the presentation of the material in this document do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. The opinions expressed by the Authors in this document are not necessarily those of FAO or the Governments of the participating contries. This document was edited by Hassen AKROUT and Mohieddine BELKHIR in collaboration with Othman BÉJI and KAFFEL, the revision was made by Michel LAMBŒUF.
5 Abstract The workshop on Quality Control. Processing and Marketing of Aquaculture Products was held in Sfax-Tunisia on April The workshop considered several aspects related to sanitary norms, quality control, valorisation of Aquaculture Products, processing technology, marketing, etc On the way back to Tunis, a study tour permitted to visit several processing and aquaculture units (clam hatchery, processing units of blue fish and private fish farming). The participants recognised the necessity of improving handling and quality control of aquaculture products and should take early action to identify and standardise their code and norms, Quality identification labels should be enhanced to promote aquaculture products. In the framework of a common strategy at regional, sub-regional or even at national level, it was stressed the urgent need establish a data bank of codes and norms when existing. The traditional processing of aquaculture products was discussed and the need to promote and conceive an integrated aquaculture industry was reported. In view of approaching new markets, the processing technics should be developped according to the diversified products. Regarding the marketing of aquaculture products, the idea of establishing several grower associations or marketing board was strongly recognised to improve market conditions and also to insure stable prices and available products. As the Mediterranean market is becoming smaller to aquaculture products, it was mentionel that growers and farmers should diversify both the production by introduicing new species and new products ans also the markets. Regional, national and international institutions were strongly invited to help in the matter by matter by training specialised staff, developing new technics and encouraging research in specific themes related to quality control, processing and marketing investigations. It was then recommended to promote the collections, analysis and exchange of information, through networking, about markets of interest to MEDRAP membre countries. Lastly, it was recommended that training and research programmes should be initiated and planned to promote the aquaculture indsutry in MEDRAP Membre Countries.
6 Acknowledgements The Editor would like to thank the Tunisian Authorities, namely the National Coordinator, Mr. Béchir Tritar, for the remarkable help and assistance in the organisation of the meeting. The Editor would aslo like to thank the participants and the invited experts for their positive contribution to the success of the metting. Note from the reviser The revision and publication of this document could only be done a long time after the closure of the project. This has led to some difficulties in finalising the documents and implementing corrections, because authors and contributors as well as some of the original material or files were no longer available. Therefore contributions from participants and session papers annexed to most of the documents were left in their original form. No language corrections were introduction, the content was not modified and left under their respective authors' responsibility. Considering the above, we hope that the reader will understand that a standard of publication could not e maintained on a level as high as we would have liked it to be.
7 CONTENTS Final Report 1 Adopted agenda. 5 List of participants 9 Member countries summary reports Portugal Mrs. M.L. Nunes and Mr. M.A. Dias 13 Morocco Mr. A. Bernoussi 17 Algeria Mr. Z. Farsi 21 Tunisia Mr. N. Drissi 23 Egypt Mr. N. Boles Azer 29 Cyprus Mr. G. Georgiou 33 Lebanon Mr. M. Nuwayhid 37 Croatia Mr. I. Ivos 39 Conferences and lectures 1- Les normes sanitaires, communautaires régissant la production et la mise 41 sur le marché des produits de l'aquaculture (Sanitary norms of aquaculture products and markets in the European Community). By Mrs. PENAS (CEE) 2- L'aquaculture en Europe By Mrs. PENAS (CEE) Contrôle des produits conchylicoles: justification, objectifs, méthodologieet 77 moyens (Quality control of conchyliculture products: justification, objectives, methodology and Means). By Mr. PELLIER (France) 4- Valorisation de la production aquacole marine en France. By Mr. VALLET 93 (France) 5- Comparative efficiency of processing technology to ensure hygienic quality 99 of fishery products with particular reference to developping countries. By Mr. J. DEBEVERE (Belgium) presented by Mr. BELKHIR 6- Quality control, processing and related research works in aquaculture. 111 By Mr. ISTVAN CSENGERY (Hungary) 7- Marché des produits aquacoles et diversification (Market of aquaculture 127 products and diversification). By Mr. Ph. FERLIN (France) 8- Marché des poissons Méditerranéens d'aquaculture (Market of 137 Mediterranean aquaculture fishes). By Mr. JACQUINOT (France) 9- Marketing of aquaculture products (Special regards to the export); By Mr. ISTVAN CSENGERY (Hungary) 147
8 Introduction FINAL REPORT The Mediterranean Regional Aquaculture Project (MEDRAP) convened a workshop on Quality Control, Processing and Marketing of Aquaculture Products, in Sfax (Tunisia), from 22 to 25 April Representatives from both private and public sectors from nine MEDRAP countries (Portugal, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Egypt, Cyprus, Croatia, Lebanon, Turkey) attended the workshop and acitively participated in all its sessions, animated by eight expert invited from associated and non associated countries (France, Scotland, Hungary, Belgium). On behalf of Mr. Hassan AKROUT, the MEDRAP Project Coordinator, unable to attend the workshop due to health reasons, Mr. BELKHIR Mohiedine, expert and the representative of MEDRAP welcomed all the participants and wished them good stay in Tunisia and full success of the workshop that was just opened before by Mr. Bechir TRITAR, the Tunisian National Coordinator. Private aquaculture operators being the main users of research results of this workshop, MEDRAP offered them for the first time a good opportunity to join the meeting and exchange information with researchers and enrich the discussion with their experiments in the field. The workshop agenda was briefly introduced to the participants. It is mainly constituted of three sessions dealing with Quality Control, Processing and Marketing of aquaculture products, and a round table on present status on Quality Control, Processing and Marketing of Aquacole Production within the MEDRAP member countries. The programme also included a study tour on the way back Sfax-Tunis, that permitted to visiting several processing and aquaculture units (clam hatchery, processing units of blue fish belonging to both private and public sectors, and private fish farming). The participants fully adopted the agenda and proceeded to the following Officials for the Worshop: Chairman Vice Chairman Reporters Main report : Mr. Bechir TRITAR (Tunisia) : Mr. Nazih BOLES AZER (Egypt) : Mr. Mahmoud SAHIN (Turkey) Mr. Abderrahmen BERNOUSSI (Morocco) Mr. Tony KIMONIDES (Cyprus) The importance of Quality Control, Processing and Marketing in increasing the aquaculture production and improving the development of the aquaculture sector was generally recognized at both, national and Mediterranean level. The economic viability of aquaculture is considered closely dependent to that subject and should lead to conceive a new regional aquaculture strategy considering that related codes and norms should be identified and standardized. Furthermore, several aspects related to the matter and linked to the technical and economic viability of aquaculture under local sub-regional and regional conditions were carefully discussed through the different and interesting lectures and conferences. Hereby we considered very useful to report the main remarks and suggestions which were formulated during the general discussions on the prospects and problems of aquaculturr, highlighting several needs and major constraints.
9 Participating MEDRAP countries recognized the necessity to improve handling and quality control of aquaculture products and should take early action to identify and standardize their code and normes as they are differing when existing from one country to another. Quality identification labels should be enhanced to promote aquaculture products as opposed to the fished products. In the framework of a common strategy at regional, sub-regional or even national level, there is an urgent need to establish a data bank of codes and normes when existing. This will help insuring better demand promotion for farmed products and on the other hand, saving the consumer from contaminating risks that could be provided from either the fresh or the manufactured products. Specialized institutions, concerned by quality control were asked to keep in touch with each other at regional or national level and get together to coordinate their activities and interventions on the matter. Despite the increasing demand with its complexity in developping the aquaculture products and the difficulties met in their processing as this later is differing from one species to another, the participants discussed the need to report and define the several kinds of aquaculture products that could be elaborated. The participants recognized that this could be done through a consultancy on the subject. The questions of how to secure promotion of the traditional aquaculture products together with the new processed ones was largely discussed. Attention was given to the feasibility of promoting the sector as it requires investigations and farmers should be more sensitive to the aquaculture production prices as supply increases accordingly; that will lead to planning strategy in production and marketing which needs obviously two kinds of cooperations; one between associations of farmers and producers themselves and the other one between European and Arab governments. Regarding the marketing of aquaculture products, the idea of establishing several grower associations or marketing board was strongly recognized to improve market conditions and also to insure stable prices and availability of products. Also special consideration of aspects related to the quality control and processing should be carefully examined as to which marketing is strongly depending and developping programme for aquaculture at Mediterranean scale should aim equally to the domestic market and the export. Furthermore, all participants considered that the Mediterranean market is becoming smaller to aquaculture products. Growers of Farmers should diversify both the production by introducing new species and new products and also the markets by searching new ones to be developped. However, the introduction of new species and new products is not without constraints as technological and biological conditions are differing according to species, each one having its own technology, biology and rearing technics. Discussion on such marketing aspects and the important role that could be played in the natural exploitation of aquaculture products highlighted the necessity that MEDRAP countries should work in elaborating an adequate marketing strategy involving a real coordination, a planification and more efficiency aiming at insuring a permanent marketing development and obviously, by the same way, a production of aquaculture at national, regional and sub-regional levels. Regional training institutions as well as national and international ones were strongly invited by the participants to help in the matter by training specialized staff, developping new technics and encouraging research in specific themes related to quality control, processing and marketing investigations.
10 Lastly, the participants recognized the need of creating a data bank systems which should be specific to the Mediterranean region and involving marketable aquaculture products with prices analysis; the institution of such system should aim particularly to the monitoring, the research-development and its impact on production costs in processing and marketing. Recommendations 1 Farming organization There is a need to encourage the formation of fish farmers' associations in each member country. Such association in each MEDRAP country should normally cooperate in the formation of federation of fish farmers associations. 2 Marketing 2.1 Role of Marketing The development of aquaculture in MEDRAP member countries should move away from its past product-led development to a futur which focuses upon anticipation, identificationand responding to changes in the market. 2.2 Marketing Information Systems Greater efforts should be made to establish marketing information systems for MEDRAP member states. Mechanisms should be established to encourage and promote the collection, analysis and exchange of information, through networking, about markets of interest to MEDRAP member countries. 3 Quality Control 3.1 A compendium of directories of international product specifications should be compiled, and made available to MEDRAP member countries. 3.2 MEDRAP member countries should identify and understand the relevant product specifications for each of the potential target markets. 3.3 MEDRAP member countries who wish to supply such target markets should ensure that they are capable of satisfying any relevant standards applicable. 4 Processing 5 Training 6 Research The processing needs of the aquaculture production industry in MEDRAP member states should be appraised. In particular the opportunities for product diversification based upon existing products and species, and new products and species, should be identified and evaluated so that changing market demands can be targeted and satisfied. The training needs of the aquaculture industry in each MEDRAP member country should be investigated in each of its functional areas, including marketing, quality control, processing and handling, inter alia. Training programs should be planned an initiated to remedy any deficiencies identified. MEDRAP member countries should be encouraged to establish further research programs in marketing, quality control, processing and handling. Exchange and communication of the results of each of these research programs should be encouraged.
11 9:30 : ADOPTED AGENDA Wednesday 22 Opening session: Welcome speech and general introduction Designation of Officials Adoption of the agenda 10:15 : Coffee break 10:30 : Quality control of aquaculture products, with reference to consumer health risks. Mr. J. YOUNG (Scotland) Les normes sanitaires, communautaires régissant la production et la mise sur le marché des produits de l'aquaculture (Sanitary norms of aquaculture products and market in the European Community). Ms. PENAS (CEE). Discussions 13:00 : Lunch 15:00 : Quality control, processing and related research works in aquaculture. Mr. ISTVAN (Hungary). Contrôle de qualité des produits conchylicoles: justification, objectifs, méthodologie et moyens (Quality control of conchyliculture products: justification, objectives, methodology and Means). Mr. PELLIER (France). Discussions 16:45 : Coffee break 17:00 : La commercialisation des coquillages en Tunisie (Marketing of shellfish in Tunisia). Mr. Nejib DRISSI. La transformation des produits de la mer en Tunisie (Processing of sea products in Tunisia) Mr. Hedi BEN HASSEN (Union Tunisienne de l'industrie et du Commerce Alimentaire)
12 9:00 : Thursday 23 Transformation des produits aquacoles (Processing of aquaculture products). Mr. Vallet (France) Important issues in the processing and marketing of aquaculture products. Mr. J. YOUNG (Scotland) Discussions 10:45 : Coffee break 11:00 : Harvesting and processing of shrimp. Mr. J.DEREVERE (Belgium). Presented by Mr. BELKHIR La commercialisation et la transformation des produits de l'aquaculture dans la Communauté (Marketing and Processing of Aquaculture in the European Community). Ms. PENAS (CEE). Discussions 13:00 : Lunch 15:00 : Marché et diversification des produits aquacoles (Market and diversification of aquaculture products). Mr. P. FERLIN (France) Marché des poissons Méditerranéens d'aquaculture (Market of Mediterranean aquaculture fishes). Mr. JACQUINOT (France) Discussions 16:45 : Coffee break 17:00 : Mise sur marché des produits aquacoles (Aquaculture products on the market). Mr. LEDOUX (France); Marketing of aquaculture products (special regards to the export). Mr. ISTVAN (Hungary). Discussions
13 Friday 24 9:00 : Quality control, processing and marking of aquaculture products within the MEDRAP member countries. Summary report presented by each country representatives. Discussions 13:00 : Lunch 17:00 : Workshop report: Conclusions and recommendations 8:00 : Saturday 25 Study tour Departure from Sfax Visit to processing firm (SECAL) Visit to clam hatchery in La Chebba 13:00 : lunch in Sousse Visit to fish farm Aquaculture Tunisienne in Hergla Departure to Tunis.
14 LIST OF PARTICIPANTS MEMBER COUNTRIES REPRESENTATIVES 1- EGYPT: 2- CYPRUS: - Mr. NAZIH BOLES AZER - Mr. MOHAMED MOHAMED ALI EL FEKI Fax: Telex: Mr. GEORGE GEORGIOU - Mr. TONY KIMONIDES Fax: Telex: 4660 MINAGRI 3- PORTUGAL: - Mrs. MARIA LEAONOR NUNES - Mrs. MANUEL ABREU DIAS Fax: Phone: MOROCCO: 5- ALGERIA: 6- TURKEY: - Mr. ADERRAHMAN BERNOUSSI Fax: Mr. ZOUBIR FARSI - Mr. MOHAMED AMEZIANE GUENOUNOU Phone : Telex : Mr. ATILLA OZDEMIR - Mr. MAHMUT SAHIN Fax: Phone: YUGOSLAVIA: - Mr. IGOR IVOS GENMAR, ZADAR Phone: Fax: LEBANON: 9- TUNISIA: Mr. MAMUN NUWAYHID Marine Research Centre-Jounieh Phone: Mr. BECHIR TRITAR National Coordinator - Mr. HEDI GAZBAR Direction Générale des pêches - Mr. ABDELWAHAB ABDELMOULA INSTOP
15 - Mr. YOUSSEF JAGHNOUN Office National des Pêches - Mr. EL GAFSI N. - Mr. KRAIEM NEJMEDDINE Faculté des Sciences 10- MEDRAP: LECTURERS - Mr. HASSEN AKROUT - Mr. MOHEIDDINE BELKHIR 1. Mr. ISTVAN CSENGERI HAKI-HUNGARY Fax: Phone Telex: Mr. PHILIPPE FERLIN IFREMER-Paris Phone: Fax: Mr. JEAN LUC VALLET IFREMER-NANTES Phone: Fax: Mr. CLAUDE PELLIER IFREMER-ARCACHON Phone: Fax: Ms. PENAS JIMENEZ INMACULADA CEE- Phone: Fax: Mr. OLIVIER LEDOUX NORIMPEX-ANGLET Phone: Mr. JACQUINOT GEM-Paris Phone : Fax: Mr. JAMES ALEXANDER YOUNG Stiriling University - Scotland. Phone : Fax: Mr. NEJIB DRISSI Direction Générale des pêches Tunisia 10. Mr. HEDI BENHASSEN UTICA - Tunisia
16 SUMMARY REPORTS ON QUALITY CONTROL AND PROCESSING AND MARKETING OF AQUACULTURE PRODUCTS IN PORTUGAL 1- INTRODUCTION by Mrs. Maria Leonor NUNES and Mr. Manuel ABREU DIAS The per capita consumption of fish in Portugal is one of the highest within european countries, about 50kg/year, however farmed fish only account in a very small percentage for this figure. Thus, the estimated production of farmed species is approximately ton/year, according to values displayed in Table 1, and the whole production is not consumed in Portugal part is exported, mainly to Italy. Main farmed species in Portugal has been rainbow trout and clam, whose production attained in last years values near to 1000 and 7000 ton, respectively, followed by mussel, eel and oyster. In spite of this low production aquaculture in Portugal has big potentialities to be enlarged and it might be supposed that the number of fish farms and mainly the production will be increased in the next years. The main reasons for this development are related to the expected demand of some of these species and to the efforts which are actually being done in research to ameliorate the quality of fish feeds, to prevent, the diseases as well as to decrease the mortalities and to introduce in each case the species more suitable. Having in mind these aspects the production of farmed species has been encouraged as well as the improvement of its quality and the diversification of presentations. Thus, actually INIP is developing a project concerned to the upgrading of some Mugilidae species, particularly Mugil cephalus and Liza ramada, which have interesting sapid characteristics through the preparation of fish fillets of fish minces. 2- QUALITY CONTROL OF AQUACULTURE PRODUCTS Fish is normally graded according to size and in general is not subjected to any special quality control however if there is some suspects the lot can be submitted to some examinations like amines content, sensory evaluation or even to a species identification. Mollusca are always subjected to depuration in order to decrease the microorganism levels to acceptable values which were defined by EC directives. Further more this raw material is regularly subjected to analysis of biotoxins, particularly PSP and DSP, and waters of mollusca beds are also weekly subjected to the biotoxin control in order to evaluate the levels of PSP and DSP. A prevision of toxin blooms is regularly realized too. In general, crustaceans are very often subjected to melanosis ranking, and if there is some suspects o an abusive utilization of sulphites to prevent melanosis they also can be submitted to a SO2 determination whose levels are legislated in Portugal. 3. PROCESSING AND MARKETING OF AQUACULTURE PRODUCTS Most of farmed species are introduced in the market as whole fish without any preparation or special treatment. As a rule, fish is gutted or not according to its size, and preserved in ice in insulated boxes. In fish market these species are sold as whole fresh fish although in some cases, for instance medium or big salmon or sea bass, is sold as chopped fish. Eels are very often utilized in the preparation of traditional canned
17 products or even introduced in the market as smoked fish. Most canned of smoked eel is exported to some countries of North Europe. Bivalve mollusca are always depurated before its introduction on the market according to EC directives and its commercialization is done as fresh raw material too. In the same way, farmed crustacean are also introduced in the market and commercialized as fresh material. Some species are treated with reductor agents, like sulphites, in order to avoid the appearing of melanosis. 4- FISH PROCESSING INDUSTRY IN PORTUGAL The Portugal fish processing industry has a very old tradition and experience on canning, salting and drying methods. The canning industry is based on sardine Sardina pilchardus and tuna (several species0 and the salting and drying on cod Gadus norhua. In the last fifteen years the frozen industry grew up, in number of factories and output capacity. Presently, there are about sixty canning plants and hundred frozen plants. The production of canned fish is about tonnes, from which sardines represent, 58%, tuna 28% and mackerel Scomber japonicus 10%. The frozen industry uses as raw material, on board frozen fish, mainly bake Merluccius spp., red fish Sebastes spp. and plaice Pleuronectes platessa. The frozen fish is filleted or cut in portions normally without defrosting, or just enough natural defrosting to allow to loose fish from the frozen block. The total production of frozen fish is about tones, but not all are really processed in offshore factories, since they are sold as whole fish. Minced fish products are not yet spread on the market. The contribution of aquaculture products as raw materials for fish plants is very small, representing less than 0.1%: only some smoked and canned eels. With the increasing difficulties in fisheries, with reduced quotas, protection of some species and the variation of captures, sizes and species, the processing industry really wants more and more to be supplied by other sources, that means, with aquaculture products. With regular supplies of standard raw materials the industry will have conditions to plan its production all over the year, saving costs, developing technologies for by-products, conducing to cheaper products.
18 FISH CULTURE UNITS Mariculture species nb of units system obs. finfish: sea-bass, sea-bream 119 extensive earth ponds eel, mullets, other ditto 38 semi-intensive " " Salmon 2 intensive concrete ponds turbot 1 intensive fiberglass and concrete tanks sea-bass, sea-bream 2 hatcheries ditto Total 162 (setting + 8) crustaceans: Japanese prawn 2 extensive earth ponds ditto 4 semi-intensive " " molluscs clam 1,600 mussel 10 (1 experimental hatchery) rafts scallop 1 hanging structures 1,611 Freshwaterculture rainbow trout 25 intensive concrete raceways eel 1 intensive Total 26 TOTAL AQUACULTURE PRODUCTION (1989) fiberglass and concrete tanks REGIONS SPECIES FARMING NORTH CENTER LISBOA E ALENTEJO ALGARVE TOTAL SYSTEM V.TEJO Sole extensive Sen bass sea bream githead mulles bream eel prawn Clam cyster scallop custtle - fish rainbow intensive trous eel TOTAL
19 CIRCULAIRE RELATIVE AU CONTROLE DE LA SALUBRITE DES COQUILLAGES AU MAROC by A. BERNOUSSI Le contrôle de la salubrité des coquillages au Maroc se fait selon la circulaire conjointe du Ministère des Pêches Maritimes et de la Marine Marchande et du Ministère de l'agriculture et de la réforme agraire. Cette circulaire a pour objectif d'assurer la surveillance et le contrôle de salubrité des coquillages destinés à la consommation humaine. Elle a trait à: - La délimitation et le classement des zones conchylicoles - La surveillance des zones et établissements conchylicoles - Le transport et le conditionnement des coquillages - L'inspection sanitaire et qualitative des coquillages au niveau des lieux de vente en gros et de détail, ainsi qu'au niveau des postes frontières ouverts à l'importation et à l'exportation des produits animaux ou d'origine animale. CLASSIFICATION ET IDENTIFICATION DES ZONES ETABLISSEMENTS CONCHYLICOLES. Les zones conchylicoles sont identifiées par un code composé: du numéro de la province où est située la zone des initiales relatives à leur état de salubrité ou d'insalubrité (SS : salubrité stable - SI : salubrité instable - IC : insalubrité conditionnelle - ID : insalubrité définitive). du numéro d'ordre de la zone dans la province Les établissements conchylicoles sont identifiés par un code composé de la même formule que les zones, en plus des initiales propres à l'établissement (ex : El, établissement d'élevage). SURVEILLANCE DES ZONES CONCHYLICOLES Les zones à salubrité stable (SS) feront l'objet de contrôle tous les trois mois alors que celles à salubrité instable (SI) sont contrôlées une fois par mois en plus des mesures spéciales pour les zones soumises au phénomène dit des eaux rouges. Pour les zones à insalubrité conditionnelle (IC), elles sont soumises au mêmecontrôle que les précédentes alors que celles à insalubrité définitive (ID), la récolte et la commercialisation sont interdites. Ces zones sont soumises à un contrôle trimestriel en vue d'y suivre l'évolution de l'état de la pollution. SURVEILLANCE DES ETABLISSEMENTS CONCHYLICOLES Tout établissement doit se soumettre aux dispositions prévues par la réglementation en vigueur. En plus, les établissements conchylicoles tiennent des registres où sont consignées toutes leurs activités et ils sont soumis à une suveillance régulière tel que décrite ci-après : Les établissements conchylicoles situés dans les zones SS et SI et/ou exploitant des coquillages provenant de ces lieux sont soumis à des prélèvements mensuels pour analyses de laboratoire alors que ceux situé s dans des zones conchylicoles IC et/ou exploitant des produits provenant de ces zones sont soumis à des prélèvements hebdomadaires.
20 TRANSPORT ET CONDITIONNEMENT Les coquillages doivent êtreemballés des récipients tel que sacs, paniers ou caisses tout en respectant le poids unitaire maximal de ces colis selon chaque espèce. Les produits vivants doivent ètretransportés une température n'excédant pas 15: C alors que les produits issus des coquillages (produits à l'état frais ou usinés) à des températures 0 à 2: C conformément à la réglementation en vigueur sur le transport des denrées périssables. En plus, chaque colis doit êtremuni d'une étiquette de salubrité. Les produits provenant des zones à insalubrité conditionnelle sont accompagnés d'un laisser passer vétérinaire et dirigés vers un bassin d'épuration. CONDITIONS D'HYGIENE APPLECABLES AUX COQUILLAGES Est interdite toute manipulation susceptible de rendre insalubre les coquillages, du lavage au moyen d'eau non reconnue salubre jusqu'à l'entrelposage dans des conditions non conformes à celles approuvées par les autorités de contrôle concernées. Par conséquent, les produits reconnus dangereux pour la santé publique sont saisis et détruits. CONDITIONS DE COMMERCIALISATION Sont autorisés à la vente, les coquillages conditionnés tels que défini au paragraphe de la surveillance des établissements conchylicoles. La vente au détail a lieu dans l'emballage d'origine et dans le respect des conditions fixées au paragraphe des conditions d'hygiène. CONTROLE DE LA SALUBRITE DES PRODUITS AUX LIEUX DE VENTE Les coquillages exposés à la vente au consommateur doivent êtreaccompagnés d'un certificat sanitaire d'origine attestant qu'ils ont été inspectés au niveau du lieu d'origine et reconnus propres à la consommation humaine. Use deuxième inspection est effectuée au niveau des lieux de vente par la méthode organoleptique. Pour les coquillages provenant directment de zones SS et ou SI (n'ayant pas transité par un établissement conchylicole autorisé), des prélèvements sont effectués pour analyses de laboratoire. Cependant la commercialisation de ces produits n'est pas conditionnée par la réception des résultats sauf en cas de doute. CONTROLE DES COQUILLAGES A LTMPORTATION ET A L'EXPORTATION Les coquillages importées importés au Maroc doivent être accompagnés d'un certificat sanitaire d'origine visé par l'autorité compétente du pays exportateur attestant que les produits proviennent de zones salubres et sont propres à la consommation humaine. En outre, les emballages doivent êtremunis de l'etiquette de salubrité portant les références de l'établissement conchylicole d'origine. Un contrôle des produits par méthode organoleptique est effectué et completé chaque fois qu'il est nécessaire par des analyses de laboratoire. Les naissains importés doivent être accompagnés d'un certificat sanitaire délivré par un vétérinaire officiel du pays d'origine et atte4stant qu'ils sont indemnes de toute maladie. Les coquillage destinés à l'exportation doivent être accompagnés du certificat sanitaire d'origine et des bulletins d'analyses de laboratoire et soumis à une deuxième inspection au poste frontière à l'issue de laquelle il est délivré un certificat sanitaire d'exportation.
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