For a more Sustainable Chemistry. Lyon - Sep 18, 2012

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1 Guy-Noël SAUVION Eco-design Indicators TM For a more Sustainable Chemistry Lyon - Sep 18, 2012

2 AGENDA The Solvay Group Our commitment to Sustainability Our Proprietary Indicators Internal Presentation: Q2 12 results 2

3 CREATING A MAJOR PLAYER IN CHEMISTRY SOLVAY ACQUIRED RHODIA, SEPTEMBER 2011 EUR 12.7 billion NET SALES Offering a broad range of products that contribute to improving quality of life and the performance of its customers TOP 10 worldwide largest chemical player A strong commitment to sustainable development with a clear focus on innovation & operational excellence EUR 2.1 billion REBITDA 110 MAJOR INDUSTRIAL SITES 29,000 EMPLOYEES EUR 825 million NET INCOME GROUP PRESENTATION COPYRIGHT 2011 SOLVAY SA nv 3

4 OUR STRENGTHS Strong in fast growing regions Highly diversified end-markets Technology efficient new capacities Innovation focused on sustainable solutions for the future GROUP PRESENTATION COPYRIGHT 2011 SOLVAY SA nv 4

5 i & mers n or mers r Fi ts ly PA6. 6Pomers, dia In terme tes Eng iner ingp las tics #2 Polyamide & Intermediates drogen de, Perox GROUP PRESENTATION COPYRIGHT 2011 SOLVAY SA nv 5 GLOBAL LEADERSHIP POSITIONS 90% OF SALES AMONG THE TOP 3 Hy da h&so As diu mbicar bona te lu loseace PVC, Ceber ta te #3 Vinyls & Acetow ltysu Spec iafac tan ts,p hosp horu sc hem &Dip is tryheno ls #1 Essential Chemicals hbar Hig ierpo ly mers, formance h Hig Per ly Eng iner ing Po ds,f &Compoulu dpo ina tely #1 Specialty Polymers #1 Consumer Chemicals formancesi h- Hig Perlicas,Rare hs Ear Sy tems #1 Silica & Rare Earth Systems

6 DEVELOPING SUSTAINABLE SOLUTIONS FOR THE FUTURE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT Strengthening our innovative capabilities 6 major innovation themes aligned with megatrends: sustainable energy solutions renewable chemistry nanotechnology & advanced materials eco-efficient processes organic electronics consumer chemicals EXTERNAL PARTNERSHIPS Collaboration with academic partnerships, start ups and venture capital funds to create synergies Guaranteeing a seamless link between fundamental and applied research 54m IN VENTURING 274m R&D 322 NEW PATENTS 1,700 R&D EMPLOYEES 12 MAJOR R&D CENTERS GROUP PRESENTATION COPYRIGHT 2011 SOLVAY SA nv 6

7 SHAPING THE FUTURE RESPONSIBILITY AT THE HEART OF OUR STRATEGY A strong commitment to sustainable development Doing business in a responsible way, with a clear focus on innovation and operational excellence BETTER SOLUTIONS FOR THE ENVIRONMENT Development of more competitive technologies and processes More advanced solutions for recycling Conservation of natural resources & reduction of emissions and waste GROUP PRESENTATION COPYRIGHT 2011 SOLVAY SA nv 7

8 Solar impulse invents the future with Solvay Image Jean Revillard GROUP PRESENTATION COPYRIGHT 2011 SOLVAY SA nv 8

9 AGENDA The Solvay Group Our commitment to Sustainability Our Proprietary Indicators GROUP PRESENTATION COPYRIGHT 2011 SOLVAY SA nv 9

10 The Rhodia Way: a 360 commitment Reference framework integrated into our management processes Individual and collective commitment of the Group s employees Commitment toward our six stakeholders Social and environmental approach. Reference framework implemented at all sites to assess and improve practices Strictly controlled process audited by independent organizations The stages of continuous improvement The stakeholders Customers Employees Environment Investors Introduction Deployment Maturity Performance Suppliers Communities 10 Rhodia Way will be expanded into Solvay Way and become the Corporate Social Responsibility tool of the Group

11 Our commitments toward our stakeholders CUSTOMERS Develop more sustainable solutions for health and the environment EMPLOYEES Guarantee employee health and safety, respect social rights and develop employability ENVIRONMENT Introduction of processes to limit the impact of our activities on the environment INVESTORS Guarantee the interests of shareholders with rigorous and vigilent governance SUPPLIERS Include them in our sustainable development approach COMMUNITIES Anticipate and manage industrial risks. Communicate transparently 11

12 12 The evaluation process

13 Progression of the Sustainable Development approach Rhodia 2007 Rhodia 2008 Rhodia 2009 Rhodia 2010 Rhodia 2011 CUSTOMERS 1 - CLIENTS 4,0 Level 1 Introduction Level 2 Deployment Level 3 Maturity Level 4 Performance 3,0 COMMUNITIES 6 - COMMUNAUTES 2,0 EMPLOYEES 2 - COLLABORATEURS 1,0 0,0 SUPPLIERS 5 - FOURNISSEURS ENVIRONMENT 3 - ENVIRONNEMENT 4 - INVESTISSEURS INVESTORS

14 Rhodiaway: involvement of the R&D function Risks Industrial & Suppliers Community Customers Opportunities Cost control Social Risks Denigration Attacks Boycott Shareholders Environment Employees Customers loyalty Internal enrolment Innovation & business Chemical Industry has to face the expectations of all its stakeholders: Changing Risks into Opportunities! 14

15 Environmental Evaluation: the 3E team Vision Missions 1. To become a relevant partner in the field so as to act either defensively or proactively 2. To objectively assess the impact of our processes and products at each step of life cycle 3. To contribute to our customers process environmental assessment 4. To promote production routes more environmentally friendly Position our key processes and products vs. our competitors Propose simplified methods to facilitate the selection of process routes Survey the changes of methods, norms and indicators 15

16 Starting from Life Cycle Assessment SUPPLIERS ENVIRONMENT Solvay EMPLOYEES LCA is a global process which implies to collect data far beyond Solvay s perimeter INVESTORS COMMUNITIES CUSTOMERS The approach is consistent with this requirement 16

17 Method Flows of input and output materials and energy at each stage of the life cycle are listed to carry out an exhaustive assessment of: the consumption of energy and natural resources the emissions into the environment (air, water and soil) Source ADEME

18 Results The emission and consumption data is processed to assess the potential impact of the product on the environment: greenhouse effect, atmospheric acidification, exhaustion of natural resources, etc. LCA is therefore a multi criteria method. Example for classification: Impact method Exchange with nature Inventory For 1 functional unit Classification Global Warming Non-Renewable energy Mineral Extraction Carcinogens Non Carcinogens Respiratory Inorganics Respiratory Organics Ionizing Radiations Ozone Layer Depletion Aquatic Eco-toxicity Terrestrial Eco-toxicity Terrestrial Acidification + nutrification Land Occupation Impact Categories kg CO 2 eq. MJ Primary MJ Primary kg éq. C 2 H 3 Cl kg éq. C 2 H 3 Cl kg éq. PM 2,5 Kg éq. C 2 H 4 éq. Bq C-14 kg éq. CFC-11 kg éq. TEG in water kg éq. TEG in soil kg éq. SO 2 m² org. arable + Modeling Damage Categories Climate Change kg CO 2 eq. Resources MJ Primary Human Health DALY Ecosystem Quality PDF x m² x yr 18 18

19 Relevance of impact indicators All the indicators have not currently the same reliability. Therefore they are not used at the same frequency Source ADEME

20 Environmental impact: system and function(s) Product Life «CRADLE» Raw Material Extraction From Nature Production of : - Intermediate products - Energy Product Manufacture «GATE» + Functional Unit Manufacture Usage - Destruction - Storage for Recycling «GRAVE» Functional Unit = 1 unit of PRODUCT Functional Unit = a FUNCTION Cradle-to-Gate Cradle-to-Grave Both assessments are relevant 20

21 Life Cycle Assessment: Methodology & Tools A standardized method Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) Principles and Framework ISO Requirements & Guidelines ISO Inventory Base Databases d inventaire Specific Tools Characterization Base Methods d impact Ecoinvent Impact 2002 IPCC 2007 GWP 100y Ecoinvent Impact Goal & Scope definition Applications 2 Inventory Analysis 4 Interpretation of the results Marketing Strategy Development Inputs (mass & energy) Software Simapro Outputs (mass & energy) 3 Impact assessment Impact & Damage Assessment General methodology which needs specific adaptations Peer review is highly recommended 21

22 a B Change Clima te ble Non Renew Energy iogen ic Car bon ior ity Pr ding tomas Acor ACDV* recommendations Min imum: fromcra dletoga te Distribution Production Application 1kg Raw Materials End of Life Source ACDV *ACDV: Association Chimie du Végétal

23 d Pt t t d t t t t CO2em ite Biorou te it hcar bontrap Biorou te w Fos ilrou te Biogenic Carbon CO2trape Considering Biogenic Carbon ble Renewa Energy CO 2 biogenic CO 2 fossil CO 2 biogenic CO 2 fossil CO 2 fossil lan forma ion Trans ling Recyc Non Renewable Resources CO 2 fossil CO 2 fossil la ion Formu do fuse En CO 2 fossil lica ion Ap Source ACDV 23 23

24 Case study # 1 Technyl CR 218 V30 Polyamide 6 for compounding 24

25 Life-cycle Assessment of the Peugeot 208 s Fan Motor Assembly manufactured from recycled Technyl Rhodia Engineering Plastics Valeo PSA Peugeot Citroën June 2012

26 A response to environmental challenges Conserving non-renewable resources Saving energy Reducing CO 2 emissions constitute major challenges for today s automotive manufacturers. Automobiles now comprise an average of 20% polymers => 150 to 250 kg of plastic per vehicle. The use of recycled plastics offers a response to these challenges. Recycled polyamides: a significant means of reducing the environmental impact of motor vehicles 26

27 Three actors in the automotive value chain combine their know-how Chemical company Plastic compounder OEM Automaker Polymer chemistry Compounding of engineering plastics Conversion and assembly Installation and marketing POLYMER TECHNYL COMPOUND MODULE NEW 208 Pooling of resources and expertise by a partnership including all actors in the value chain 27

28 Peugeot 208: Spotlight on eco-design With the incorporation of 25% green materials out of total vehicle polymer content (excluding rubber) of 170 kg (versus 7% on the 207), the 208 has reached a new milestone in eco-design. (PSA) The 208 is equipped with a Fan Motor Assembly (FMA) comprised of recycled Technyl by Rhodia. The three partners commissioned a Life-cycle Assessment (LCA) to evaluate the environmental benefit of this part. Peugeot 208 Fan Motor Assembly Recycled Technyl Polyamide 6 (30% reinforcement) The LCA measured the environmental impact of the Fan Motor Assembly manufactured from recycled Technyl 28

29 Recycled Technyl CR 218 V30 by Rhodia: properties similar to those of non-recycled material IDENTICAL MODULE WITH THE SAME TENSILE STRENGTH RETENTION OF TENSILE MECHANICAL PROPERTIES AFTER 2,000 H at 130 C 9,600 MPa 100% 75% 80% 75% 50% PSA requirements = 50% 9,600 MPa 25% 0 5,000 10,000 0% (in MPa = MegaPascals) (%) Technyl C 218 V30 (non-recycled polyamide): Weight: 945g Relative density: 1.35 Technyl CR 218 V30 (recycled polyamide): Weight: 945g Relative density: 1.35 Its mechanical properties and durability made it possible to develop a part with the same weight and design as parts made from new material 29

30 l P i a o C t mp one er i ) ) ) S ) ) ) i =consump =agrava = =gren = i=con ozonepea lo t i o i energyresources A full Life-cycle Assessment Plastic + OEM Automaker User compounder Chemical company Production of NON-RECYCLED Technyl Production of RECYCLED Technyl Injection of Fan Motor Assembly A single LCA (since design and weight are identical) Two different LCAs (since formulations are different) Seven environmental indicators reflected in the Life-cycle Assessment ho hem toc ica le Dep tion da tion(kge oxhy leneequ ) iv. bu tr tion to =conks inam bien ta ir Pr imarytion energy consu (MJo fpr imaryenergy tionfteres tr ia le Dep tion ft heoz layiv. CFC1Equ ft he tionoheozone layer (kg ho le in fnon- rces(kg bequ iv. dep le ffos tionolan dm lresources blerenewresou inera lima tec hange(kg iv. CO2 Equ housegasem is ions hica tion Eu trop3- iv. (kg PO4 Equ dis bance turfaqua ticenv ironmen ts di fica Ac tioniv. (kg SO2Equ bu tr tiontoac dra in 30 A single collaborative approach with a multi-criteria analysis reflecting the whole value chain

31 FMA FMA FMA FMA FMA FMA FMA A significant reduction in environmental impact over all indicators Recyc le dfma Recyc le dfma New Recyc le dfma New Recyc le dfma New New Recyc le dfma Recyc le dfma New New Recyc le dfma New The introduction of recycled polyamide significantly reduces the environmental impact of the part throughout its life cycle (by -9 to -28%) for all components assessed 31

32 Environmental impact proportional to mass production Examples of the environmental impact of the annual production* of Peugeot 208s equipped with a FMA comprised of Rhodia recycled Technyl (instead of non-recycled Technyl ): * an estimated 400,000 vehicles per year EUTROPHICATION Dissemination in fresh water of the equivalent of 300 kg of phosphate, equivalent to effluents linked to the cultivation of 50t of wheat in France (6.7 ha). CLIMATE CHANGE Greenhouse gas emissions (in CO 2 equivalent) by 400,000 cars traveling around the Paris ring road. PHOTOCHEMICAL OXIDATION FMA with standard Technyl FMA with Recycled Technyl Photochemical ozone production (in C 2 H 4 equivalent) by 2,200,000 cars traveling around the Paris ring road. DEPLETION OF NON-RENEWABLE RESOURCES DEPLETION OF THE OZONE LAYER PRIMARY ENERGY CONSUMPTION Consumption of 18 million mega joules of primary energy, equivalent to the primary energy consumption linked to the production of 1400 MWh of electricity in France, or nearly 200 times the French annual per capita consumption (2009). ACIDIFICATION The emission of 3600 kg of SO 2 eq. into the atmosphere, equivalent to the emissions from the production of 2500 MWh by a coal power plant in Germany, about 400 times the German annual per capita consumption (2009). 32

33 Proactive collaboration leading to an advantageous environmental assessment A collaborative project ensuring an exhaustive study: An environmental initiative conducted in partnership with all industrial actors on a mass-produced motor vehicle A comprehensive multi-criteria analysis of the vehicle s entire life cycle submitted for critical review by an independent expert. Extremely positive results: The performance qualities of recycled Technyl result in a design and durability identical to designs using standard Technyl, leaving the environmental impact resulting from its production or use unchanged The full environmental benefit thus comes from the production of the recycled polyamide Positive environmental results over the full life cycle for all criteria evaluated (i.e. a decrease ranging from 9-28% depending on the indicator). 33

34 AGENDA The Solvay Group Our commitment to Sustainability Our Proprietary Indicators Sustainable Portfolio Management: SPM Sustainability Index: SI 34

35 Indicator «An indicator is a tool for simplification, quantification & communication» * Simplification: for a global view of the impacts - find a compromise between a single-criterion analysis and a comprehensive review of multiple impacts Quantification: to make balanced decisions - compare objectively new solutions vs. existing ones Communication: to share data with stakeholders - enrol internal and external partners in our approach 35 * Adama Ouattara, Thesis 2011, INPT: Méthodologie d éco-conception de procédés par optimisation multi-objectif et aide à la décision multi-critère

36 Found in literature: from the most simple E-factor Carbon efficiency Atom economy Total Waste / Total Products (kg/kg) Amount of C in products / Amount of C in reactants (%) A + B C MW of G C + D E / E + F G MW of (A + B + D + F) (%) Limited to the reaction perimeter Limited to mass or mol balances 36

37 to the most complicated Economic, Environment & Societal impacts are agregated in one single indicator 37 Source BASF

38 AGENDA The Solvay Group Our commitment to Sustainability Our Proprietary Indicators Sustainable Portfolio Management: SPM Sustainability Index: SI 38

39 Which TOOL? Which METHODOLOGY? SOLVAY GROUP 39

40 Sustainable Portfolio Management (SPM) SOLVAY GROUP Operations Vulnerability Potential vulnerability of our operations and upstream value chain to rising costs from sustainability related issues Market Alignment Products and solutions which significantly and measurably help customers and consumers to address their own sustainable related needs 40

41 Operations Vulnerability SOLVAY GROUP 1. Produce an Ecoprofile Cradle-to-Gate Standardized format, following guidelines from EcoInvent 2. Monetize the Ecoprofile Authoritative external data, shadow cost 3. Calculate the Operations Vulnerability Monetized ecoprofile divided by the average sales price of the product in the application Operations Vulnerability External Cost = Physical Impact X Shadow Cost Total sustainability themes costs = Sales 41

42 Market Alignment SOLVAY GROUP 42

43 Definitions of the SPM Matrix Action Zones SOLVAY GROUP Products in markets likely to be negatively impacted by Sustainability but, produced through low impact production chains Products in markets with strong Sustainability drivers and produced through low impact production chains (-Products -) in markets likely negatively impacted by Sustainability and produced through high impact production chains Products in markets with strong Sustainability drivers but, produced through high impact production chains 43

44 Typical results chart SOLVAY GROUP 44

45 SOLVAY GROUP AGENDA The Solvay Group Our commitment in Sustainability Our Proprietary Indicators Sustainable Portfolio Management: SPM Sustainability Index: SI 45

46 Project Cycle Low High Cost Design Concept Detailed Design Procurement Construction Start-up As the project proceeds, costs accumulate and the overall cost estimate becomes more certain G.P. Towler / UOP. For educational use in conjunction with Sinnott & Towler Chemical Engineering Design only. Do not copy

47 The earlier, the better At the same time, the influence of design decisions on project costs decreases Low High TM Cost Design Influence Design Concept Detailed Design Procurement Construction Start-up This creates an incentive to try to guide the design as early as possible In terms of Cost and Environmental Impact G.P. Towler / UOP. For educational use in conjunction with Sinnott & Towler Chemical Engineering Design only. Do not copy

48 Cost structure and profitability criteria Cumulated net cash flow generated + Initial market launch 1 NPV 10 years after the initial market launch year 10 years Time Return on investment 308 NPV (Net Present Value) = 1 Depreciation 72 VCI (Value Creation Index) # 1 / 2 Fixed Costs Variable Costs Cash Cost Full Cost CFROI (Cash Flow Return On Investment) # IRR (Internal Rate of Return) 3 Capital engaged Full Cost 48

49 Coupling economic & environmental evaluations Based on the same process description, 3 E team delivers : -The economic evaluation -The environmental assessment of the project 49

50 3kg Clima Change te 120MJ Resources 10- Human Hea lt h Ecosy Qua lity 10-m yr tem m Wa Impac tert Environmental impact Assessment of developing products requires a simplified approach based on specific tools - Processes and products under development for which data are not yet detailed - Preliminary assessments for selecting priorities for exhaustive assessments Sustainability Index (SI) Qualitative / Quantitative (simplified) Life Cycle Assessment Methodology (LCA) Initially designed for Innovation Projects Delivers elements for a preliminary positioning of our products Qualitative or simplified quantitative approach Founded on precise data For existing products & Processes 5, éq. CO2 Delivers values for an argumented external communication 6DALY 5. 2PDF. ² éq. Allows a quick vision Reveals to be adequate for existing products Internally developed Tool Commitment for a deep analysis Standard Tool qualitative simplified quantitative detailed quantitative Continuous and consistent approach 50

51 A single structure for Rhodia two tools : Qualitative SI & Quantitative SI 5 axes = the 5 components of the environmental impact followed throughout the project (refer to the 5 main Area of Protection : AoP) Comparative Assessment to a reference (e.g. competitor solution) Impact degradation Impact reduction 51

52 hase 5p hase 4p hase 3p hase 2p hasep hase 0p In dus ia tr ia duc t Comerc ia liza ion t liza ion t Proces Tec hno logy Pilo Opera ionin dus ia tr tup &Da Acqu is it ion ta ibility Scou ing t Rhodia Sustainability Index (SI): A tool for assessing projets from phase 0 to phase 5 l&comerc lpro 1 Feas &Sca le- Mandatory tool : Qualitative SI Key tool : Quantitative SI Possible as soon as quantitative data are available Recommended as soon as results from qualitative assessment evidence a need for a deeper investigation Provide arguments for making a decision about interest for a LCA Full LCA (critical review) If proof of interest Qualitative SI & Quantitative SI provide a coherent assessment all along the project life and with LCA 52

53 Rhodia SI : qualitative assessment Positioning is implemented answering a series of questions, distributed over the 5 axes Production & Application steps are both analyzed, separately, with the same format Questionnaires : 20 questions for production steps 20 questions for applications steps and end of life Answer to each question = quotation : -2 if product establishes a major improvement as compared to the reference -1 if product establishes a significant improvement as compared to the reference 0 if product is similar to the reference Distribution matrix +1 if product establishes a significant degradation as compared to the reference +2 if product establishes a major degradation as compared to the reference. 53

54 updated : updated : RHODIA Qualitative SI : Tool structure (supported by an Excel file) Application steps & end of life only green cells can be filled in Product Benchmark GUIDELINES Notes : Details on (if relevant for the assessment) : General comments on products - sourcing - end of life - specific performances - manufacturing process description - application & function Positive as w ell as negative impacts have to be reported : - sourcing in developing countries (impact on average w ages) - children's labor at suppliers (from cradle) - health and safety conditions at suppliers Societal & ethics features - ethics : tests on animals for raw materials ; if yes : is there an alternative? - deforestation - application : impacts on addiction This list is not exhaustive but must push to a deep analysis of all potential societal impacts, in order to prepare the construction of a comprehensive index Eventual missing features in the questionnaire for environmental impact Additional infos on sustainability Give details about the expected (according to your know ledge) effect on the overall assessment Guide Answer the questions below for the production steps (including manufacture of the raw materials) using the following advices: 1) answer the questions with your current knowledge (your knowledge at the date); 2) use the chart below as a reference for possible answers; 3) for each group of 2 questions you have to choose only one answer; 4) if the information is unknown to date, the answer should be 0; 5) you should take into account potential opportunities and risks. 6) Only light green cells can be modified or filled-in major improvement versus benchmark significant improvement versus benchmark no change versus benchmark significant degradation versus benchmark major degradation versus benchmark Results 0 0 Climate change 0,00 0 Non-Renewable Resources consumption 0,00 0 Human health 0,00 0 Eco-system quality 0,00 0 Water management 0,00 0 QUESTIONS consommation d'énergie fossile No Answer rejets aqueux No Answer rejets atmosphériques (VOC, Toxiques et Ecotoxiques) No Answer recours à des matières premières bio-sourcées No Answer déforestation induite par la culture des matières 5 premières végétales No Answer 6 matières premières classifiées toxiques No Answer matières premières classifiées eco- toxiques No Answer émissions de sous-produits GES No Answer consommation d'énergie renouvelable No Answer Production steps Market : Answer the questions below for the application steps of the product life using the following advices: 1) answer the questions with your current knowledge (your knowledge at the date); 2) use the chart below as a reference for possible answers; 3) for each group of 2 questions you have to choose only one answer; 4) if the information is unknown to date, the answer should be 0; 5) you should take into account potential opportunities and risks. 6) Only light green cells can be modified or filled-in major improvement versus benchmark significant improvement versus benchmark no change versus benchmark significant degradation versus benchmark major degradation versus benchmark Cradle-to-Gate Qualitative Sustainablity Index (production) Results 0 0 Climate change 0,00 0 Non-Renewable Resources consumption 0,00 0 Human health 0,00 0 Climate change 2 Ecosystem quality 0,00 0 Water Management 0, QUESTIONS Non-Renewable Resources Water management -2 consumption 1 consommation d'énergie fossile à l'utilisation No Answer Eco-system quality guide une plus grande consommation est une dégradation des rejets plus importants constituent une dégradation le remplacement de matières premières classifiées est une amélioration le remplacement de matières premières classifiées est une amélioration les GES (gaz à effet de serre) sont : CO 2, N 2 O, CH 4, HFCs, PFCs, SF 6 une plus grande consommation d'énergie renouvelable, en remplacement d'une énergie fossile, est une amélioration. 2 efficacité (kg/fonction) dans la fonction d'usage No Answer volatilité No Answer 0 efficacité 0 (kg/fonction) dans la transformation du produit 4 fini No Answer 5 gestion de l'eau (transformation comments / utilisation) No Answer durabilité du marché No Answer biodégradabilité No Answer eco-toxicité du produit No Answer toxicité des produits de dégradation (utilisation et/ou fin un produit générant des produits ecotoxiques lors de sa destruction constitue 11 No Answer de vie) une dégradation projet un produit conduisant à une moindre consommation d'énergie dans la 12 consommation d'énergie fossile à la transformation No Answer fabrication du produit fini constitue une amélioration projet un produit assurant une même fonction pendant un temps plus long constitue 13 durée de vie en utilisation No Answer une amélioration projet 14 teneur du produit en carbone bio-sourcé No Answer un produit plus efficace dans la fabrication du produit fini (pour une même fonction) constitue une amélioration un produit qui conduirait à la création d'un besoin artificiel constituerait une dégradation. un produit générant des produits toxiques lors de sa destruction constitue une dégradation un produit de même efficacité remplaçant un produit toxique constitue une amélioration un produit de même efficacité remplaçant un produit ecotoxique constitue une amélioration projet 15 recyclabilité du produit fini No Answer un produit plus recyclable constitue une amélioration 10 recours à des lavages poussés No Answer l'augmentation de lavages du produit est une dégradation projet un produit autorisant une valorisation énergétique en fin de vie constitue une une plus grande valorisation (énergétique ou par recyclage) est une 16 valorisation énergétique du produit fini No Answer 11 valorisation des sous-produits No Answer amélioration amélioration projet concentration du produit fini en matière active No Answer un produit plus concentré constitue une amélioration 12 nombre d'étapes (cradle-to-gate) pour accéder au produit No Answer un plus grand nombre d'étapes est une dégradation projet un produit émettant moins de GES lors de son utilisation ou sa fin de vie (hors projet 18 émission de GES à l'utilisation No Answer CO2 biogénique des produits bio-sourcés, traité à la question 14) est une l'utilisation du charbon pour produire l'énergie au lieu d'une autre siource 13 recours au charbon pour la génération d'énergie No Answer amélioration. fossible constitue une dégradation projet projet un produit permettant l'optimisation du transport (densité, concentration, 19 gestion du transport du produit / produit fini No Answer la nécessité de procéder à un séchage poussé du produit (surtout par Questionnaires emballage, ) to est une amélioration be 14 séchages intensifs No Answer évaporation) est une dégradation projet projet un produit permettant plus aisément de réparer un produit fini est une 20 réparabilité du produit fini No Answer le positionnement du site de production dans une zone de stress hydrique amélioration 15 utilisation d'eau dans des régions de fort stress hydrique No Answer constitue une dégradation projet projet filled-in le recours à des synthèses à haute température et nécessitant un 16 nécessité de refroidissement intensif No Answer refroidissement intensif est une dégradation projet génération de déchets non valorisés 17 No Answer une plus grande production de déchets est une dégradation (mise en décharge) projet Guide des rejets plus importants constituent une dégradation ecotoxicité des produits de dégradation (utilisation et/ou 8 No Answer fin de vie) un recours accru aux produits bio-sourcés est une amélioration les effets négatifs sont pris en compte dans la matrice de traduction sur les composantes de l'impact environnemental 9 toxicité du produit No Answer un recours à une déforestation plus importante est une dégradation 0 Human health Market : Water Management Ecosystem quality guide un produit conduisant à une moindre consommation d'énergie dans son utilisation (pour une même fonction) constitue une amélioration. Un produit plus efficace (quantité moindre pour une même fonction) constitue une amélioration Un produit plus volatil (pertes par évaporation) constitue en général une dégradation un produit conduisant à une moindre consommation d'eau dans la fabrication ou dans l'utilisation du produit fini constitue une amélioration. un produit biodégradable est une amélioration Gate-to-Grave Qualitative Index (application) Climate change 2,00 1,00 0,00-1,00-2,00-3, une plus grande teneur en produit bio-sourcé constitue une amélioration. 0 Non-Renewable Resources consumption Human health comments 18 génération de déchets incinérés sans valorisation No Answer une plus grande production de déchets est une dégradation un plus grand recours à des matières premières recyclées est une 19 recours à des matières premières recyclées No Answer amélioration projet projet 20 synthèse en milieu aqueux No Answer une plus grande utilisation d'eau à la synthèse est une dégradation projet Project identification & summary of results Fully locked document, only to be modified by 3 E 54 questions answers guides comments 30 min to learn 2 hrs to fill-in

55 tme t t mwetoslyfsfo> = y= ro< tenreuvtanni t t 55 Rhodia SI : quantitative assessment A tool for team to respond to project team requirement for deepened assessment ho dso fc basesharac iza ion ter da ta inven tory Fin is he dpro duc From a quantitative inventory of inputs/outputs quotation of the environmental impact as compared to the reference )Impac ts:cnreheqwm s ( Co- Pro duc ts In dia terme tes Energy &Ut ilit ies Wa ter Em is ions ir toa Em is ions towa ter Was te trea tmen Transpor ion ta

56 ter Rhodia method for assessing project environmental impact and its toolbox Sustainability Index were reviewed by PwC. &Copers house Pr icewa PwC consider that the 3 E method, developed by Rhodia, fulfills the objective of providing project teams with a complete and consistent system for environmental evaluation of Innovation Projects. The accuracy level of the evaluations is adapted to the level of acquired knowledge for the developing product at the time of evaluation. By establishing the Qualitative SI as a deliverable for the project tollgates within Rhodia Innovation Project Management process and by guiding action plans according to identified risks & opportunities as far as environmental impact is concerned, PwC recognize this method as aiming at orientating the development of new products towards more environment friendly solutions and, as such, as being an eco-conception approach. 56

57 Qualitative Rhodia SI: the reference tool for a RhodiaWay practice: Innovating while incorporating CSR Associated metrics Associated tools % of innovation Projects evaluated according to SI method % of innovation Projects selected according to SI method Number of LCA realized Innovation management guidelines Database ICPM Sustainability Index target: 90% of all innovation projects evaluated

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