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1 04/02/2013 ide International ide Burkina aso Market development of low cost irrigation technologies to improve Production and Productivity for smallholder farmers Products for the Bottom of the Pyramid ide s founder began promoting product design for the poor in 1982 long before it became a trend. Extremely cheap and money-making or money-saving. Easy to maintain without many tools. Easily transported considering the poor live in remote areas. ble to function effectively in a variety of environments. Energy efficient and powered by renewable energy, such as human power, wind, or sun. Provide a benefit powerful enough to convince a customer to risk capital investment. Some partners Source: O easibility study Context HCD CROP & RM BUDGETS GIS Undertake detailed water assessment & E Calculate clients & tech demand based on population density ssess input and output markets Understand the customer IMPCT ssess returns to farmer SCLE M I Requirement % of Customers Requiring Microf inance to Purchase MIT Work ing Capital Requirement Total armer unding Requirement SURVEY RESULTS Incremental annnual finance requirement unds available in the local market unds required to be raised Mean One Year Increase in PPP Calculate annual uptake and demand for technologies by year Calculate total costs (demand x Price + Inputs) 70% 60% 40% $226,829 $136,098 $362,927 Budge t by ctivity $362,927 $145,171 $217,756 IDE Ethi opia $857, IDE Gha na $292, IDE Zambia $853, $135 Calculate total value chain funding required Rura l M arke ting TOTL Va lue Cha in Supply Chai n Deve lopme nt Deve lopment UNIT COSTS TOTL $1,738, $571, $310, $246, $234, $773, $712, $329, $1,896, $2,003, $1,530, $873, $4,407, Prepare Budget COST EECTIVENESS Different realities Malnutrition Illiteracy ide Large Experiences on new Technology Development 10% of Economic nnual Growth 1

2 04/02/2013 ide Centre of Technology West frica Improving Production & Productivity Courgette/Zucchini Rendement (kg/500 m² Goutte à goutte rrosage manuel ubergine Melon Courgette Culture 80 days 3 cycles 4,4 tonnes (4.400 kilograms) on 500 sq.meters for 3 cycles C per bag (100 kilograms) C for entire crop season Product ide Burkina aso Package Kit Storage tank Support ilter Price C 100 sq.meters = 106 US$ 500 sq.meters = 372 US$ Improving Production & Productivity Water saving (drip 500 sq.meters) = 42% comparing to bucket/watering can farmers Time gain (drip 500 sq.meters) = 3 hours comparing to traditional bucket farmers Irrigation efficiency (drip 500 sq meters) = 95% compared to 60% for traditional bucket farmers Source: ide Return on Investment Investissement Retour Sites en cours de production sites ayant connu un tarrissement des points d'eau: rrêt total ou réduction de la production OM BP KE KE NB BP BJL BB IBL BJL OH OS O O OH YB TJ YR BP BB OH OS Source: ide 2

3 04/02/2013 ide R R OSHORE SUPPLIERS Drip systems Last mile distribution R procure NTIONL SUPPLIERS ilters Tanks warehouse quality control distribution MI R R R R low of product low of service low of finance HUB import R RETILERS GENTS RMERS MI MICROINNCE PRTNERS ide Demand Creation ide Demand Creation Visites par site, total = 6408 au 15 août OM BP KE KE NB BP BJL BB IBL BJL OH OS O O OH YB TJ YR BP BB OH OS Source: ide Thank you Merci 3

4 Le Niger dans la zone sahélienne Les contraintes au développement de l irrigation au Niger Dr. Mossi Maïga Illiassou, chercheur à l Institut National de la Recherche gronomique du Niger (INRN) Elhadj Saminou, Directeur de la mise en valeur à l Office National des aménagements hydro-agricoles (ONH) 1 2 DES CONDITIONS CLIMTIQUES DÉVORBLES POTENTIEL HYDRO-GRICOLE DU NIGER Le Niger qui est un pays au 2/3 désertique 11% seulement du territoire est réellement sécurisé, au point de vue agricole, vis-à-vis des aléas climatiques : la bande allant de l isohyète 350 mm à 750 mm. ces conditions climatiques, s ajoutent la faiblesse des systèmes de production, la dégradation des ressources naturelles ainsi que la croissance démographique, Le Niger est un pays fréquemment confronté aux problèmes alimentaires. 3 4 xes de développement de l irrigation au Niger : typologie de l irrigation rbre de typologie des systèmes irrigués au Niger u Niger, l irrigations est développée selon quatre axes typologiques : Les aménagements hydro agricoles à maîtrise totale de l eau encadrés par l ONH. Coûts d aménagement de l ordre de 8 à 14 millions de C par hectare ( euros/ha) ; Les périmètres des cultures de contre-saison encadrés par les services agricoles, les ONGs, à maîtrise partielle de l eau. Coût représentent 2 à 6 millions C/ha ( euros/ha) ; L irrigation privée qui comporte des aménagements de petites tailles (moins de 1 ha à quelques hectares), à maîtrise partielle ou totale. Coût d aménagement entre et C ( euros/ha) ; Irrigation Maîtrise totale Investisseur public Investisseur agriculteur utre investisseur Grands et moyens périmètres irrigués d initiative publique Périmètres irrigués villageois d initiative publique Petits périmètres irrigués collectifs Petits périmètres irrigués individuels Petits et moyens périmètres irrigués d agro-business Grands et moyens périmètre irrigué agro-industriel T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 La mobilisation des eaux de ruissellement qui permet d améliorer les rendements des cultures pluviales. Coûts d aménagement entre à C/ha ( euros/ha). Maîtrise partielle Cultures de décrue T7 1

5 SUPERICIE MÉNGÉES ET MISES EN VLEUR CONTRIBUTION DE L GRICULTURE IRRIGUER L SECURITE LIMENTIRE Catégorie d aménagement H (ONH) leuve Niger DM Maradi Komadougou Vallées de l'ïr et plaines & oasis du Nord Superficie aménagée (ha) Superficie exploitée (ha) Taux moyen d exploitation 90 % 96 % 100 % 100 % 60 % Intensité culturale 2,0 1,3 2,0 1,5 2,0 Irrigation privée % 2,0 Périmètres de % 1,0 contre-saison Total % - Le riz : tonnes de riz (dont tonnes dans les H) - produits horticoles et tubercules : tonnes foyers : environ d un million de personnes - ournisseurs d intrants et de services - Manutentionnaires, commerçants, transporteurs. 7 8 CONTRIBUTION DE L GRICULTURE L ECONOMIE NTIONLE Principaux atouts et contraintes majeures au développement de l irrigation PLUVILE IRRIGUÉE PI/PT(%) Surface cultivée ha ha 1% Valeur de la production Revenus d exportation 121 milliards C ( euros) 1,0 milliard C ( euros) 50 milliards C ( euros) 30% 8,9 milliards C ( euros). 90% spects liés au développement de l irrigation Environnement institutionnel et juridique touts -existence d une volonté politique en faveur de l irrigation -émergence d une dynamique paysanne (CMN, UCOPRI, NO) -Emergence d initiatives privées d encadrement de producteurs (GIE, GSC, CPS, etc.) Contraintes -des lacunes en personnel qualifié au sein des administrations en charge du développement de l irrigation et insuffisance du tissu entrepreneurial ; -insuffisance de la coordination entre acteurs et de la clarification des règles du jeu face aux différents aspects de l évolution économique ; -faiblesse du mouvement paysan et situation de certaines coopératives H extrêmement préoccupante ; -gestion foncière déresponsabilisante des H ; 9 -résistance des mentalités de certains personnels de l administration dans la mise en œuvre de la législation rurale et même de certaines initiatives. Principaux atouts et contraintes majeures au développement de l irrigation spects liés au développement de l irrigation spects techniques d aménagement et de gestion hydraulique touts -abondance des ressources en eau et existence d un schéma global de valorisation; -disponibilité de techniques efficientes variées adaptés aux différents modes de mobilisation de l eau et d aménagement des terres, avec une dynamique d ouverture à l innovation technologique. Contraintes -absence de schémas d aménagement détaillés par unité physique (bassin versant); -non opérationnalité du dispositif d appui technique (ONH) et du système coopératif en matière de gestion de l eau et d entretien sur les H; -insuffisance des capacités du secteur privé à assumer certaines activités immédiatement privatisables comme la gestion de l eau. Principaux atouts et contraintes majeures au développement de l irrigation spects liés au développement de l irrigation Valorisation agricole des investissements touts -existence de paquets techniques performants; et -bonne maîtrise des techniques culturales vulgarisées. Contraintes -exiguïté des parcelles sur les H; -faibles avancées sur les problèmes variétaux, de fertilisation et phytosanitaires (riz), de semences (oignon); -forte dépendance des programmes de recherche vis-à-vis des financements extérieurs; -difficultés d approvisionnement en intrants (engrais, pesticides) de qualité. 2

6 Principaux atouts et contraintes majeures au développement de l irrigation spects liés au développement de l irrigation Environnement économique touts -avancée institutionnelle et réglementaire significative favorable à l émergence d un réseau bancaire de proximité durable et stable; -détaxation sur les matériels agricoles; -potentiel de production de phosphates naturels pour amendement et demande potentiellement solvable; -refonte des textes réglementant les associations de producteurs favorable à l émergence interprofessions viables; -mise en place de Chambres consulaires qui constituent de nouvelles opportunités de représentation des différentes catégories de producteurs; -existence d un système d information sur les marchés Contraintes -système bancaire encore squelettique -crédit mutualiste émergeant incapable de faire face à la demande exprimée, en particulier pour les financements du moyen et du long terme; -importations d engrais souffrant de distorsions de l économie et systèmes de distribution des engrais rencontrent des difficultés de planification des quantités à écouler; -absence d organisations interprofessionnelles opérationnelles et actives et de syndicats (groupe de pression) ; -faible couverture des produits issus de l irrigation (excepté le riz) par les systèmes formels de collecte, de traitement et de diffusion de l information économique; -insuffisance et mauvais état des infrastructures de désenclavement malgré les efforts faits -faible capacité de stockage, de conservation; et de transformation. Principaux atouts et contraintes majeures au développement de l irrigation spects liés au développement de l irrigation spects environnementaux touts -existence d un cadre réglementaire de gestion de l environnement qui institutionnalise les études d impact; -capitalisation de nombreuses techniques de préservation et de restauration de l environnement; -prise en compte grandissante des populations face aux phénomènes environnementaux. Contraintes -distorsion entre l ampleur des phénomènes érosifs et le niveau des interventions; -faible niveau éducationnel des populations pour la maîtrise des doses d application des produits chimiques; -eutrophisation des plans d eau due aux phosphates et nitrates et propagation de la jacinthe d eau; -connaissance insuffisante par les populations du rapport avantages/coûts lié à la protection de l environnement. 15 3

7 OVER-VIEW O IRRIGTED GRICULTURE IN NIGERI: PROSPECTS ND CONSTRINTS BY SNI MIKO (Ph.D) PRESENTTION OUTLINE History of Irrigation in Nigeria Irrigation Potentials of Nigeria Present irrigation Situation Constraints in existing schemes Researchable reas Possible Collaborators/ Donors HISTORY O IRRIGTION DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERI Traditional irrigation throughout Nigeria used elemental irrigation systems long before the colonial period. These systems included seasonally inundated depressions in upland areas. In the north, shadoof irrigation was also used along rivers, and some farmers used surface wells HISTORY CONT. In 1949, the Northern Region established the first government irrigation agency By the end of the 1960s, government projects-- all relatively small--brought 9,000 hectares under irrigation. In 1975, the ederal Government established the Ministry of Water Resources. HISTORY CONT. In 1976, GN created 11 River Basin Development uthorities (RBD) with responsibilities for irrigation water supply and the comprehensive development of water resources. Major irrigation projects after the mid-1970s included the South Chad Irrigation Project in Borno State, he Bakolori Project in Sokoto State, the Kano River Project. In Kano State HISTORY CONT Three main categories of irrigation development exist in Nigeria today: - Public irrigation schemes, (formal irrigation); - armer-owned and operated irrigation schemes (informal irrigation) -Residual flood plains (fadama) The most important irrigated crops are rice, wheat, and vegetables. 1

8 Present Situation of Irrigated griculture The total estimated land used for irrigated farming was 218,840 ha under formal irrigation sector The sector accounts for 13% of the irrigated area and an estimated 0.25% of total agricultural area irrigated area is estimated at 95,000 M tons of grains and 105,000 M tons of vegetables, which represents 0.9% and 2.3% of the National Production IRRIGTION POTENTILS O NIGERI Nigeria has a total land area of km 2 and estimated 170m people Land cover ranges from thick mangrove, rain forests in the south to a near-desert condition in northeast. 39% of the land mass is potentially suitable for agriculture and out of this approximately 4.5 to 5.0%of (3.14 million hectares) the land is judged suitable for irrigated agriculture. Only 975,000 hectares are currently under surface irrigation. The country is well drained with a close network of rivers and streams. IRRIGTION POTENTILS O NIGERI Currently 13 RBDs with 62 irrigation schemes are ederally funded number of State governments and privately controlled schemes exist (northern parts) Nigeria s total annual renewable water resources are estimated at km 3 nnual internally produced water resources amount to 221 km 3, (214 km 3 surface water, 87 km 3 groundwater, and 80 km 3 an overlap between surface and groundwater). IRRIGTION POTENTILS Cont. External water resources coming from Niger, Cameroon and Benin are estimated at 65.2 km 3 /year. Exploitable surface water resources are estimated to be 80 percent of the natural flow, which is about 96 km 3 /year. nnual extractable groundwater resources are about km 3 Dam capacity is estimated to be 45.6 km 3. Expansive areas with good soils and shallow aquifers with good quality water for irrigation. damawa, Taraba, Plateau, Kaduna and Niger States are also potential areas. reas of high irrigation potentials Constraints in existing schemes Planning and design flaws. bias towards hardware (infrastructure and machinery) investment to the neglect of software (policies formulation, institutional strengthening and capacity building) Inadequate financial resources for operations and maintenance Inconsistency in government policy that established the River Basin Development uthorities (RBDs), 2

9 Constraints in existing schemes Corruption and rent seeking resulting in higher project costs and lower economic returns on irrigation investments Lack of organized armer Group/WUs Inadequate and Low Skill Manpower Inadequate gricultural Extension Services Irrigation Infrastructural Decay RBD Sokoto Rima Hadejia Jamare Upper Niger Lower Niger Chad Basin Upper Benue Table 1: Performance of some schemes under 6 RBDs No. of Project s Total Irrigable rea (ha) Potential Developed ctual Performance (% of potential) Year Established 6 81,307 26, ,000 17,233 12, ,250 4, ,600 8, ,000 20,500 5, , Constraints in existing schemes Lack of effective mobilization of farmer resources through genuine participation in project operation, maintenance and management. Inadequate construction/maintenance of implements, plants and machinery to ensure compliance with cropping calendar. Scarcity and high cost of spare parts for lifting devices requent communal clashes hindering the continuous functioning of many projects High labour costs Inactive fiscal intervention such as credit guarantee policies to assist farmers with timely inputs procurement Lack of synergy between States and ederal policies on agriculture/water resources use. Researchable reas Irrigation methods/ Water management techniques for crops. Salinity and groundwater problems (management and control) Water harvesting technologies Socio-economic studies on existing Irrigation Schemes Sustainable use of poor quality water for irrigation purposes Researchable reas Deficit irrigation techniques Evapo-transpiration management Bio-drainage for waterlogged areas Participatory Irrigation Management Cropping strategies to mitigate water scarcity effects Drought mitigation through supplementary irrigation lternative water lifting devices Conflicts resolution strategies on resource use Possible Collaborators/ Donors ederal Ministry of griculture and Rural Development ederal Ministry of Water Resources/States Ministries of Water Resources Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) gricultural Research Council of Nigeria (RCN) Research Institutes (IR, NERLS, LCRI, Water Resources Institute) International und for gricultural Development (ID). DID USID NGOs GR BMG 3

10 NEPD - griculture Private Sector involvement in griculture in the contest of Comprehensive frican griculture Development Programme (CDP) gw Seminar/World Water Week/Stockholm 26 th ugust 2012 Njabulo Zwane Illovo Sugar LTD Comprehensive frica griculture Development Programme (CDP) framework to stimulate & guide alignment and strengthening of frica s capacity to sustain high agriculture performance Why CDP ramework to stimulate, guide and support building and strengthening of systems and capacity for frica to achieve ood and Nutritional Security Increased Income and Poverty alleviation Sustainable socio-economic growth CDP - transforming frican griculture Issues and Challenges: Institutional capacity and alignment (e.g. fragmentation in mandates and responsibilities) Comprehensive and integrated approaches (e.g. linking of infrastructure development to agriculture development objectives) 10% Public Expenditure allocation to griculture (by 2008) 6% nnual griculture Productivity growth rate (by 2015) Market development (policies and related infrastructure) Research, science and technology inancing (private sector investments) What is CDP about Level and quality of productivity able to position agriculture as an engine for GROWTH Policy environment to provide desired incentives for both state and non-state players (Security, investments, Governance, etc ) Institutional arrangements and capacity for effective and efficient implementation CDP Implementation (growing results a reform agenda ) Investment Plans Evidence-based planning Integrated & Comprehensive Plans/Programme Local financing Policy Reforms transparency, accountability (M&E /M) Incentives for trade/markets Institutions Inclusiveness & collective responsibility Inter-Ministerial Collaboration new form of partnerships 1

11 Rationale for Irrigate frica The low coverage of irrigation technology and the slow rate of growth in coverage clearly represent a lost opportunity for frica and a tremendous potential for future investment and policy effort; frican countries produce 38 percent of their crops (by value) from approximately 7 percent of their cultivated land on which water is managed, which again suggests that additional investment in irrigation would pay large benefits; The disproportionate contribution to agricultural production of frica s small irrigated area suggests that returns on additional investment in irrigation would be high, in terms of greater food security Irrigate frica- a strategy for water The first of the four CDP pillars or thrusts is aimed at extending the area under sustainable land management and reliable water control systems. To assist governments to implement projects for the rehabilitation of existing and moribund irrigation schemes that have fallen into disuse To assist in identifying, planning, designing and constructing new irrigation schemes and associated water storage and conveyance infrastructure where opportunities exist; Irrigate frica To facilitate irrigation technology transfer to the smallholder producers, while concurrently improving yields, easing commodity marketing and improving the overall profitability of smallholder irrigation operations; help the countries identify policy and technical reforms that need to be undertaken to create a suitable environment for irrigation; and assist countries to mobilize additional national, private sector and external resources to fund irrigation projects. Key Observations Made Continued concern over food security in frica and a persistent agricultural productivity lag behind is a high agenda at the political level; Regions have refocused attention on the importance of key investments in the frican gricultural sector; Irrigation is the productivity improvement capital and technological investment that has been promoted persistently by donors, research analysts, and scientists, National Governments have responded well to increase the agriculture budget through the Maputo Declaration (2003) Challenges for Water Management Remain a Threat In the context of climate variability and change, ensuring a reliable supply of water to the root zone is critical for sustainable and productive agriculture in the continent. To date frica has developed far less irrigation than other regions, and irrigates only a tiny fraction of the potential irrigable area urther, many existing irrigation schemes, especially those in the smallholder sector, are performing at levels far below their potential. Research, science and technology CDP will build on existing investment plans, translating the plans into concrete action on the ground, mobilizing private sector engagement in irrigation across the value chain; 2

12 Impact low high However Challenges Remain nalysis of gross risks (gross risk = before controls) Unable to gain access to land Political instability World Price Reduction Competitor orex, uel Electricity KEY issues to be addressed by Irrigate frica Institutional framework, for water resource use in frica is a major constraint; The agronomic issues including irrigation area, irrigation technology, agricultural productivity, and poverty and food security; Will assess the potential for improving performance in the agricultural food security sector through increasing irrigation sector investments; Will explore private sector partnerships for sustainable investments. low Likelihood high Key Challenges at the armer level Institutional capacity and alignment Smallholders face a special set of problems which act to limit productivity and may even threaten viability; Lack of capital or credit to purchase inputs; low and declining productivity of cropland; lack of management capacity and regulatory systems; lack of farmer capacity; technical/business/civic understanding; high costs of inputs and transportation; and inadequate irrigation infrastructure; Internal conflicts and competition due to lack of lack of longterm advocacy strategies to manage the relationships Is the Model sustainable inancing is essential for the modernisation/expansion of the sugar out grower schemes as well as for promoting sustainability: Capital intensive to establish new scheme and the need for recurrent new investments (irrigation structures every 6-8 years, new plants This calls for long term development finance and general support to the development and; Strong decentralized administrative capacity to implement the legal provisions, combined with the political will to do so with emphasis on certification to facilitate transfer of land to more. The core of the issue for optimal smallholder performance and development would appear to be a strong milling performance plus a supportive small grower infrastructure (seed cane supplies, extension services etc), along with predictable revenue structures. Issues for consideration on land administration Security of tenure legal provisions for land rights to protect the interests of the indigenous people that make land leases fully tradable and usable as collateral for credit and the capacity to register land transactions. These range from leasehold to freehold, to lease agreements and sharing agreements of various kinds. legal framework for the allocation of land to smallholders, including women, and to national or international investors, combined with clearly spelled out processes for community consultation, involvement, and/compensation certification of communal land rights, on either a group or individual basis, legal system that makes provision for financial and tax aspects such as repatriation of funds, tax rates, corporate tax implications that discourage acquisition of land for speculative purposes. dditional effort is clearly required to conceptualize expected favourable institutional changes and establish a region wide information base that could be used to populate a set of indicators, once defined 3

13 Conclusion CDP offers the opportunity to redefine the shape of governance needed in particular to institutionalize collective action directed at production consistency and quality maintenance amongst the investors and smallholders and to mobilize the community participation required for sustainable development prospects and the political will to guide griculture Investment and ccess to Land. Market Integration and Development dditional effort is clearly required to conceptualize expected favourable institutional changes and establish a region wide policies to support investment initiatives within the continent. THNK YOU 4

14 Improving water use efficiency and basic infrastructure for smallholder farmers to make use of available water Ricardo M. Maria ebruary, Population continue to grow (21,000000), 70% relay on agriculture as source of income and employment Net-importer of cereals and vegetables Downstream of major international rivers Context Drought/flood become cyclic disaters in southern Mozambique Rainfed agriculture is dominant type of land use (95% of agricultural land), especially in central and northern Mozambique gricultural land 36 million, irrigated land 90,500 ha, 48,870 is operational (70% sugar cane, 20% rice, 10% citrus). Rainfall and food security Rainfall and food security Cabo Delgado Nassa Irrigated gricult. land per province Tete Sofala Manica Zambezia Nampula Total area (ha) Inhambane Gaza Maputo Cabo Delgado Gaza Inhambane Manica Maputo Nampula Provinces Niassa Sofala Tete Zambezia Challenges to development of irrigation system in Mozambique Limited use capacity of existing irrigation infrastructure Limited capacity of agricultural support services Lack of agricultural policy conducive to development of irrigation system Lack of resources for rehabilitation and maintenance of existing irrigation schemes Conflict of interest among institutions (Water and griculture) Some commodities have domestic and foreign market, Irrigation can catalyze food production Political stability bundant water resources Enambling factor of use of irrigation Joint PPP agriculture development programs (BGC, PRO-SVN) 1

15 What needs to be done What needs to be done Policy dvocacy for instituitional and legal reforms on water, small-scale irrigation use and maintenance Land tenure needs to be improved Training Manpower working on irrigation sector needs to be strengthened to enhance their research capacity Ownership among users and straightening their knowledge on irrigation is needed for more efficiente and sustainable water utilization Challenges of smallholders Plataformas de Invest. E Desenvolv. Poor soil fertility Climate variability (Drought and floods) CWG ccess to market ccess of information and knowledge NSRP SOECS CGIR ISM GROUP Current situation Suggested change Innovation platform for soil reseach and extension Potential collaborating instituitions GR-SHP IIM Hosting Organization IIM Land and Water Management Department Irrigation Institute of Mozambique (Mo) Research on ISM innovations task force Key partners Resource mobilization task force Soil Health Consortium of Mozambique SHCM Policy and communication task force Key CGIR Monitoring and evaluation task force Extension, training and market access task force PROIRI - Pro-irrigation project ( Mo) ICRIST Mozambique GR-SHP GRIUTURO and Technoserve 2

16 05/02/2013 Introduction Irrigation in South frica The total land area of South frica is ha bout 13-14% ( ha) is suitable for arable farming. South frica is a water scarce country with its average rainfall well below that of the world average at 450mm bout ha of is currently under irrigation where about ha is smallholder farmers Mary Jean M Gabriel Department of griculture, orestry and isheries 5 th ebruary Irrigation systems types Challenges Security of tenure ccess to water Extension unding Lack of irrigation specialists Training for farmers Water quality 3 4 Governance structure Government is composed of three spheres which are distinctive, interdependent and interrelated. These are namely: National Provincial Local griculture is a concurrent National and Provincial competence under the jurisdiction of the following Departments Department of griculture, orestry and isheries Provincial Departments of griculture The Department of Water ffairs is the custodian of water resources in the country. The Department of Rural Development and Land Reform Legislative ramework The National Water ct (ct 36 of 1986) makes provisions for water resources management within the context of sustainability (economic, social and environmental), equity and efficiency. The new National Water Resources Strategy provides the implementation framework for the National Water ct. 2000: The draft strategy document entitled National guidelines for integrated management of agricultural water use. 2007: Draft Irrigation Strategy for South frica was developed. 2010: Draft Policy framework for the irrigation in South frica focus on revitalization of irrigation schemes : Re-alignment of the Irrigation Strategy 5 6 1

17 05/02/2013 Strategic Interventions Training and capacity building Strategic Interventions - Partnerships Strengthen and build capacity within the Department Team building Training Study tours Participation in water use & irrigation related forums DWUID is sponsoring bursaries for students studying agricultural engineering and hydrology at the University of Kwa Zulu Natal Strengthen partnerships with the relevant government departments, research & tertiary institutions, organized agriculture, agri-business and international organizations. Water Quality Task Team Water Use and Irrigation Working Group Coordination Committees on gricultural Water orums with the Department of Water ffairs orums with the Department of Rural Development and Land Reform orums with the Department of Science and Technology orums with the Provincial Departments of griculture The South frican Irrigation Institute South frican Regional Irrigation ssociation South frican Committee on Irrigation and Drainage International Committee on Irrigation and Drainage SRI NIRES 7 8 Strategic Interventions revitalization and expansion Strategic Interventions research support Support for the revitalization of government irrigation schemes and development of new irrigation areas through Departmental programmes such as Comprehensive griculture Support Package and Letsema Illima Support research on issues relating to water relevant to the griculture, orestry and isheries sector and share best practise methods with stakeholders Work in collaboration with other Departments on research on water related issues e.g. the impacts of various types of pollution on water resources - agricultural produce and health Support for water use and irrigation interventions for subsistence and small-holder farmers 9 10 Strategic Interventions Regional and international relations Develop guidelines, norms and standards, frameworks and other strategic documentation on water management and irrigation Participation in Joint Management Committees e.g. with Lesotho and Mozambique Participation in bilateral agreements with various countries Participation in agreements with international organisations like IWMI etc

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